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Federal Reserve Economic Data (FRED) is a database maintained by the Research division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis that has more than 816,000 economic
time series In mathematics Mathematics (from Greek: ) includes the study of such topics as numbers ( and ), formulas and related structures (), shapes and spaces in which they are contained (), and quantities and their changes ( and ). There is no gen ...

time series
from 107 sources. They cover
banking A bank is a financial institution Financial institutions, otherwise known as banking institutions, are corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), stat ...

banking
, business/fiscal,
consumer price index#REDIRECT consumer price index A consumer price index measures changes in the price level of a weighted average market basket of Goods, consumer goods and Services marketing, services purchased by households. A CPI is a statistical estimate con ...
es, employment and population, exchange rates,
gross domestic product Gross domestic product (GDP) is a monetary Image:National-Debt-Gillray.jpeg, In a 1786 James Gillray caricature, the plentiful money bags handed to King George III are contrasted with the beggar whose legs and arms were amputated, in the ...
,
interest rates An interest rate is the amount of interest In finance Finance is the study of financial institutions, financial markets and how they operate within the financial system. It is concerned with the creation and management of money and inves ...
, monetary aggregates,
producer price indexes
producer price indexes
, reserves and monetary base, U.S. trade and international transactions, and U.S. financial data. The time series are compiled by the Federal Reserve and many are collected from government agencies such as the
U.S. Census#REDIRECT United States census The United States Census (plural censuses or census) is a census A census is the procedure of systematically enumerating, and acquiring and recording information about the members of a given Statistical population, ...
and the
Bureau of Labor Statistics The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is a unit of the United States Department of Labor The United States Department of Labor (DOL) is a cabinet-level department of the U.S. federal government responsible for occupational safety and health, ...
.


Services

ALFRED (Archival Federal Reserve Economic Data) lets users retrieve vintage versions of economic data that were available on specific dates in history. The ALFRED website states that “In general, economic data for past observation periods are revised as more accurate estimates become available. As a result, previous vintages of data can be superseded and may no longer be available from various data sources." It also says that "Vintage or real-time economic data allows academics to reproduce others’ research, build more accurate forecasting models and analyze economic policy decisions using the data available at the time.” GeoFRED is a data-mapping tool that displays FRED data series in color-coded form on the state, metropolitan statistical areas and county levels. CASSIDI is a data service that provides nationwide data on banking market structures and definitions, as well as banking markets for individual depository institutions. FRASER (The Federal Reserve Archival System for Economic Research) is a digital archive begun in 2004 to safeguard, preserve and provide easy access to the United States’ economic history—particularly the history of the Federal Reserve System—through digitization of documents related to the U.S. financial system. Digitized documents include: * Publications of the
Federal Reserve Board of Governors The Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, commonly known as the Federal Reserve Board, is the main governing body of the Federal Reserve, Federal Reserve System. It is charged with overseeing the Federal Reserve Banks and with helping ...
* Publications of each of the Federal Reserve banks * Statements, speeches and archival materials of Federal Reserve policymakers * Government data publications * Statistical releases * Congressional hearings * Books * Reports by various organizations To create and maintain FRASER, the St. Louis Fed collaborated with the
United States Government Printing Office The United States Government Publishing Office (USGPO or GPO; formerly the United States Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch A legislature is a deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of ...
,
Federal Depository Library Program The Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) is a government program created to make Federal government of the United States, U.S. federal government publications available to the public at no cost. As of April 2021, there are 1,114 depository li ...
libraries and several university and public libraries. St. Louis Fed Research also hosts IDEAS, a bibliographic database drawn from
Research Papers in Economics Research Papers in Economics (RePEc) is a collaborative effort of hundreds of volunteers in many countries to enhance the dissemination of research in economics Economics () is the social science that studies how people interact with val ...
(RePEc), which consists of economic research from more than one million academic articles and papers. As of January 2022, the IDEAS site states it has more 3,800,000 items of research that can be browsed or searched, and more than 3,400,000 that can be downloaded in full text.


Usage

The economic data published on FRED are widely reported in the media and play a key role in financial markets. In a 2012 ''
Business Insider ''Business Insider'' (''BI'' is an American financial and business news website founded in 2007. Since 2015, a majority stake in ''Business Insider''s parent company Insider Inc. has been owned by the German publishing house Axel Springer Axe ...
'' article titled "The Most Amazing Economics Website in the World", Joe Weisenthal quoted
Paul Krugman Paul Robin Krugman ( ; born February 28, 1953) is an American economist An economist is a professional and practitioner in the social science Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or ...
as saying: "I think just about everyone doing short-order research — trying to make sense of economic issues in more or less real time — has become a FRED fanatic.""The Most Amazing Economics Website in the World"
Joe Weisenthal, ''Business Insider'', March 23, 2012.


See also

* Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis


References


External links

* {{Official website, https://fred.stlouisfed.org/
Federal Depository Library

U.S. Government Printing Office - Federal Digital System
Economic indicators Economic databases Federal Reserve System Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis data services