HOME

TheInfoList




A
national identity National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one or more states or to one or more nations A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language A language is a structured system of communication us ...
of the
English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually become the World language, leading lan ...
as the people or ethnic group native to
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...

England
developed in the
Middle Ages In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...
arguably beginning with the unification of the
Kingdom of England The Kingdom of England (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from Latin ''communicare'', meaning "to share" or ...

Kingdom of England
in the 10th century, but explicitly in the 11th century after the
Norman Conquest The Norman Conquest (or the Conquest) was the 11th-century invasion and occupation of England by an army made up of thousands of Normans, Duchy of Brittany, Bretons, County of Flanders, Flemish, and men from other Kingdom of France, French ...
, when
EnglishryEnglishry or, in Old French Old French (, , ; French language, Modern French: ) was the language spoken in Northern France from the 8th century to the 14th century. Rather than a unified Dialect#Dialect or language, language, Old French was reall ...
came to be the status of the subject indigenous population. From the eighteenth century the terms 'English' and 'British' began to be seen as interchangeable to many of the English. While the official
United Kingdom census Coincident full censuses have taken place in the different jurisdictions of the United Kingdom every ten years since 1801, with the exceptions of 1941 (during the Second World War), Ireland in 1921 and Scotland in 2021 (because of the COVID-19 pa ...
does record ethnicity, English/Welsh/Scottish/Northern Irish/British is a single tick-box under the "White" heading for the answer to the ethnicity question asked in England and Wales (while making the distinction of
white Irish } White Irish is an ethnicity classification used in the United Kingdom Census 2011, 2011 United Kingdom Census. In the 2011 census, the White Irish population was 1,105,673 or 1.7% of the UK total population. This total includes the White Ir ...
). Although Englishness and
Britishness Britishness is the state or quality of being British, or of embodying British characteristics. It comprises the claimed qualities that bind and distinguish the British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the Uni ...
are used synonymously in some contexts, the two terms are not identical and the relation of each to the other is complex. Englishness is often a response to different national identities within Britain such as Scottishness, Irishness, Welshness and Cornishness. Sometimes Englishness is thought to be encapsulated in terms of a particular relation to sport:
fair play Fair play or Fairplay usually refers to sportsmanship. Fair play or Fairplay may also refer to: Media * ''Fair Play'', a 1972 TV movie starring Paul Ford * Fair Play (film), ''Fair Play'' (film), a 2014 Czech drama * Fairplay (magazine), ''Fairpl ...
, for instance. Arguably, England's "national games" are football and, particularly,
cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
. As cricket historian Dominic Malcolm argues, the link between cricket and England's national identity became solidified through literature. Works such as James Love's "Cricket: an heroic poem" and Mary Mitford's "our Village," along with Nyren's "cricketers of my Time" and Pycroft's "The Cricket Field," purported to identify the characteristics of cricket with the notional characteristics of English society, such as pragmatism, integrity, and independence.


See also

*
Cricket test The cricket test, also known as the Tebbit test, was a controversial phrase coined in April 1990 by the British Conservative Party (UK), Conservative politician Norman Tebbit in reference to the perceived lack of loyalty to the England cricket tea ...
*
Culture of England The culture of England is defined by the cultural Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, cus ...
*
English nationalism English nationalism is the nationalism Nationalism is an idea and movement that promotes the interests of a particular nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common ...
*
English independence English independence is a political stance advocating secession of England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. Th ...
*
Social history of England English society comprises the group behaviour of the English people, and of collective social interactions, organisation and political attitudes in England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United ...
*
St George's Day in England Saint George Saint George (Greek language, Greek: Γεώργιος; died 23 April 303), also George of Lydda, was a Christians, Christian who is venerated as a saint in Christianity. According to tradition he was a soldier in the Roman army ...
*
National identity National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one or more states or to one or more nations A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language A language is a structured system of communication us ...
*
Scottish national identity Scottish national identity is a term referring to the sense of national identity National identity is a person's identity or sense of belonging to one or more states or to one or more nations A nation is a community of people formed on the ...
*
Welsh nationalism Welsh nationalism ( cy, Cenedlaetholdeb Cymreig) emphasises and celebrates the distinctiveness of Welsh language, culture of Wales, culture, and History of Wales, history, and calls for more self-determination for Wales, which might include more ...


References


Further reading

* * * * * * * * * *


External links

* * * * * * * {{England topics English culture English society History of nationality National identities Politics of England
Identity Identity may refer to: Social sciences * Identity (social science), personhood or group affiliation in psychology and sociology Group expression and affiliation * Cultural identity, a person's self-affiliation (or categorization by others ...