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The England cricket team represents
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
and
Wales Wales ( cy, Cymru ) is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It is bordered by England to the Wales–England border, east, the Irish Sea to the north and west, and the Bristol Channel to the south. It ...
in
international cricket International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of ...
. Since 1997, it has been governed by the
England and Wales Cricket Board The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is the national governing body of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...
(ECB), having been previously governed by
Marylebone Cricket Club Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) is a cricket club founded in 1787 and based since 1814 at Lord's Cricket Ground Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known as Lord's, is a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played betw ...
(the MCC) since 1903. England, as a founding nation, is a Full Member of the
International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law ...
(ICC) with
Test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment) A test or examination (exam or evaluation) is an educational assessment Educational assessment or educational evaluation is the systematic process of documenting and using em ...
,
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
(ODI) and
Twenty20 International A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a w ...
(T20I) status. Until the 1990s, Scottish and Irish players also played for England as those countries were not yet ICC members in their own right. England and
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
were the first teams to play a Test match (15–19 March 1877), and along with
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
, these nations formed the Imperial Cricket Conference (the predecessor to today's International Cricket Council) on 15 June 1909. England and Australia also played the first ODI on 5 January 1971. England's first T20I was played on 13 June 2005, once more against Australia. , England have played 1,043 Test matches, winning 378 and losing 314 (with 351 draws). In Test series against Australia, England play for
The Ashes The Ashes is a Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...

The Ashes
, one of the most famous trophies in all of sport, and they have won the urn on 32 occasions. England have also played 760 ODIs, winning 383. They have appeared in the final of the
Cricket World Cup The Cricket World Cup (officially known as ICC Men's Cricket World Cup) is the international championship The International Championship is a professional Snooker world rankings, ranking snooker tournament. The reigning champion is Judd Trump. ...
four times, winning once in
2019 2019 was designated as International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by the United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; french: link=no, Assemblée générale, AG) is one of the six pr ...
; they have also finished as runners-up in two ICC Champions Trophies (2004 and 2013). England have played 143 T20Is, winning 75. They won the
ICC T20 World Cup The ICC Men's T20 World Cup (earlier known as ICC World Twenty20) is the international championship of Twenty20 cricket Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game pla ...
in 2010, and were runners-up in 2016. , England are ranked fourth in Tests, second in ODIs and first in T20Is by the ICC.


History

The first recorded incidence of a team with a claim to represent England comes from 9 July 1739 when an "All-England" team, which consisted of 11 gentlemen from any part of England exclusive of
Kent Kent is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert ...
, played against "the Unconquerable County" of Kent and lost by a margin of "very few notches".Waghorn, pp.22–23. Such matches were repeated on numerous occasions for the best part of a century. In 1846 William Clarke formed the
All-England Eleven In English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two ...
. This team eventually competed against a
United All-England Eleven The United All-England Eleven (UEE) was an English cricket team formed in 1852 by players breaking away from William Clarke (cricketer, born 1798), William Clarke's William Clarke's All-England Eleven, All-England Eleven (AEE). Key UEE players incl ...
with annual matches occurring between 1847 and 1856. These matches were arguably the most important contest of the English season if judged by the quality of the players.


Early tours

The first overseas tour occurred in September 1859 with England touring North America. This team had six players from the All-England Eleven, six from the United All-England Eleven and was captained by George Parr. With the outbreak of the
American Civil War The American Civil War (also known by other names Other most often refers to: * Other (philosophy), a concept in psychology and philosophy Other or The Other may also refer to: Books * The Other (Tryon novel), ''The Other'' (Tryon nove ...
, attention turned elsewhere. English tourists visited Australia in 1861–62 with this first tour organised as a commercial venture by Messrs Spiers and Pond, restaurateurs of
Melbourne Melbourne ( ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers to: * Capital letter Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger uppercase or capitals (or more formally ''majuscule'') and smaller ...

Melbourne
. Most matches played during tours prior to 1877 were "against odds", with the opposing team fielding more than 11 players to make for a more even contest. This first Australian tour were mostly against odds of at least 18/11. The tour was so successful that Parr led a second tour in 1863–64.
James Lillywhite James Lillywhite (23 February 1842 – 25 October 1929) was an English Test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment), an educational assessment intended to measure the respondents' knowledge or other abilities Arts and ...

James Lillywhite
led a subsequent England team which sailed on the P&O steamship ''Poonah'' on 21 September 1876. They played a combined Australian XI, for once on even terms of 11-a-side. The match, starting on 15 March 1877 at the
Melbourne Cricket Ground The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), also known locally as "The 'G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park Yarra Park (35.469 hectares) is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct, the premier sporting precin ...

Melbourne Cricket Ground
came to be regarded as the inaugural Test match. The combined Australian XI won this Test match by 45 runs with
Charles Bannerman Charles Bannerman (3 July 1851 – 20 August 1930) was an English-born Australia cricket team, Australian cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he represented Australia in three Test cricket, Test matches between 1877 and 1879. At the domestic le ...
of Australia scoring the first Test century. At the time, the match was promoted as ''James Lillywhite's XI v Combined Victoria and New South Wales''. The teams played a return match on the same ground at Easter, 1877, when Lillywhite's team avenged their loss with a victory by four wickets. The first Test match on English soil occurred in 1880 with England victorious; this was the first time England fielded a fully representative side with W. G. Grace included in the team.


1880s

England lost their first home series 1–0 in 1882, with ''
The Sporting Times ''The Sporting Times'' (founded 1865, ceased publication 1932) was a weekly British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Gr ...
'' printing an obituary on English cricket: As a result of this loss, the tour of 1882–83 was dubbed by England captain
Ivo Bligh Ivo Francis Walter Bligh, 8th Earl of Darnley, (13 March 1859 – 10 April 1927), styled Hon. Ivo Bligh until 1900, lord of the manor, lord of the Manor of Cobham, Kent, was a British nobility, British noble, parliamentarian and cricketer. Blig ...
as "the quest to regain the ashes". England, with a mixture of amateurs and professionals, won the series 2–1. Bligh was presented with an urn that contained some ashes, which have variously been said to be of a
bail Bail is a set of pre-trial In law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by it ...
,
ball A ball is a round object (usually spherical of a sphere A sphere (from Greek language, Greek —, "globe, ball") is a geometrical object in three-dimensional space Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional s ...

ball
or even a woman's veil, and so
The Ashes The Ashes is a Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...

The Ashes
was born. A fourth match was then played which Australia won by four wickets. However, the match was not considered part of the Ashes series. England dominated many of these early contests with England winning the Ashes series 10 times between 1884 and 1898. During this period England also played their first Test match against
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
in 1889 at
Port Elizabeth Port Elizabeth, officially renamed Gqeberha () and colloquially often referred to as PE, is a major seaport city and the most populous city in the Eastern Cape The Eastern Cape ( xh, eMpuma-Kapa, af, Oos-Kaap, st, Kapa Botjhabela) is one o ...

Port Elizabeth
.


1890s

England won the 1890 Ashes series 2–0, with the third match of the series being the first Test match to be abandoned. England lost 2–1 in the 1891–92 series, although England regained the urn the following year. England again won the 1894–95 series, winning 3–2 under the leadership of
Andrew Stoddart Andrew Ernest Stoddart (11 March 1863 – 4 April 1915) was an English sportsman who played international cricket for England cricket team, England, and rugby union for England national rugby union team, England and the British and Irish Lions, ...
. In 1895–96, England played South Africa, winning all Tests in the series. The 1899 Ashes series was the first tour where the MCC and the counties appointed a selection committee. There were three active players: Grace,
Lord Hawke Martin Bladen Hawke, 7th Baron Hawke (16 August 1860 – 10 October 1938), generally known as Lord Hawke, was an English Amateur status in first-class cricket, amateur cricketer active from 1881 to 1911 who played for Yorkshire County Cricket C ...

Lord Hawke
and
Warwickshire Warwickshire (; abbreviated Warks) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers ( ...
captain
Herbert Bainbridge Herbert William Bainbridge (29 October 1862 – 3 March 1940) was an English first-class cricketer and association football, footballer. Bainbridge played cricket principally for Eton College, Eton, Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC), Surrey County Cr ...

Herbert Bainbridge
. Prior to this, England teams for home Tests had been chosen by the club on whose ground the match was to be played. England lost the 1899 Ashes series 1–0, with Grace making his final Test appearance in the first match of the series.


1900s

The start of the 20th century saw mixed results for England as they lost four of the eight Ashes series between 1900 and 1914. During this period, England lost their first series against South Africa in the 1905–06 season 4–1 as their batting faltered. England lost their first series of the new century to Australia in 1901–02 Ashes. Australia also won the 1902 series, which was memorable for exciting cricket, including
Gilbert Jessop Gilbert Laird Jessop (19 May 1874 – 11 May 1955) was an England cricket team, English cricket player, often reckoned to have been the fastest run-scorer cricket has ever known. He was Wisden Cricketer of the Year for 1898. Career Jessop was ...

Gilbert Jessop
scoring a Test century in just 70 minutes. England regained the Ashes in 1904 under the captaincy of
Pelham Warner Sir Pelham Francis Warner, (2 October 1873 – 30 January 1963), affectionately and better known as Plum Warner or "the Grand Old Man" of English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, Wes ...

Pelham Warner
. R. E. Foster scored 287 on his debut and
Wilfred Rhodes Wilfred Rhodes (29 October 1877 – 8 July 1973) was an English professional cricketer who played 58 Test cricket, Test matches for England cricket team, England between 1899 and 1930. In Tests, Rhodes took 127 Wicket#Dismissing a batsman, ...

Wilfred Rhodes
took 15 wickets in a match. In 1905–06, England lost 4–1 against South Africa. England avenged the defeat in 1907, when they won the series 1–0 under the captaincy of Foster. However, they lost the 1909 Ashes series against Australia, suing 25 players in the process. England also lost to South Africa, with
Jack Hobbs Sir John Berry Hobbs (16 December 1882– 21 December 1963), always known as Jack Hobbs, was an English Professional sports, professional cricketer who played for Surrey County Cricket Club, Surrey from 1905 to 1934 and for England national cri ...

Jack Hobbs
scoring his first of 15 centuries on the tour.


1910s

England toured Australia in 1911–12 and beat their opponents 4–1. The team included the likes of Rhodes, Hobbs,
Frank Woolley Frank Edward Woolley (27 May 1887 – 18 October 1978) was an English professional cricketer who played for Kent County Cricket Club between 1906 and 1938 and for the England cricket team. A genuine all-rounder, Woolley was a left-handed batting ...
and
Sydney Barnes Sydney Francis Barnes (19 April 1873 – 26 December 1967) was an English Professional sport#Cricket, professional cricketer who is regarded as one of the greatest Bowling (cricket), bowlers of all time. He was right-handed and bowled at a pac ...
. England lost the first match of the series but bounced back and won the next four Tests. This proved to be the last Ashes series before the war. The 1912 season saw England take part in a unique experiment. A nine-Test triangular tournament involving England, South Africa and Australia was set up. The series was hampered by a very wet summer and player disputes however and the tournament was considered a failure with the ''Daily Telegraph'' stating: With Australia sending a weakened team and the South African bowlers being ineffective England dominated the tournament winning four of their six matches. The match between Australia and South Africa at
Lord's Lord's Cricket Ground, commonly known as Lord's, is a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch ...
was visited by
King George V George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was King of the United Kingdom There have been 12 British monarchs There have been 12 British monarchs since the political union A political union is a typ ...

King George V
, the first time a reigning monarch had watched Test cricket. England went on one more tour before the outbreak of the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...

First World War
, beating South Africa 4–0, with Barnes taking 49 wickets in the series.


1920s

England's first match after the war was in the 1920–21 season against Australia. Still feeling the effects of the war England went down to a series of crushing defeats and suffered their first whitewash losing the series 5–0. Six Australians scored hundreds while Mailey spun out 36 English batsmen. Things were no better in the next few Ashes series losing the 1921 Ashes series 3–0 and the 1924–25 Ashes 4–1. England's fortunes were to change in 1926 as they regained the Ashes and were a formidable team during this period dispatching Australia 4–1 in the 1928–29 Ashes tour. On the same year the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
became the fourth nation to be granted
Test status Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national representative teams that have been granted Test status, as deter ...
and played their first game against England. England won each of these three Tests by an innings, and a view was expressed in the press that their elevation had proved a mistake although
Learie Constantine Learie Nicholas Constantine, Baron Constantine, (21 September 19011 July 1971) was a West Indies, West Indian cricketer, lawyer and politician who served as Trinidad and Tobago's High Commissioner to the United Kingdom and became the UK's first ...

Learie Constantine
did the double on the tour. In the 1929–30 season England went on two concurrent tours with one team going to New Zealand (who were granted Test status earlier that year) and the other to the West Indies. Despite sending two separate teams England won both tours beating New Zealand 1–0 and the West Indies 2–1.


1930s

The 1930 Ashes series saw a young
Don Bradman Sir Donald George Bradman, Companion of the Order of Australia, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), nicknamed "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman's ...
dominate the tour, scoring 974 runs in his seven Test innings. He scored 254 at Lord's, 334 at
Headingley Headingley is a suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Televis ...
and 232 at
The Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

The Oval
. Australia regained the Ashes winning the series 3–1. As a result of Bradman's prolific run-scoring the England captain
Douglas Jardine Douglas Robert Jardine ( 1900 – 1958) was a cricketer who played 22 Test cricket, Test matches for England, captaining the side in 15 of those matches between 1931 and 1934. A right-handed Batting (cricket), batsman, he is best known for ...

Douglas Jardine
chose to develop the already existing
leg theory Leg theory is a bowling (cricket), bowling tactic in the sport of cricket. The term ''leg theory'' is somewhat archaic and seldom used any longer, but the basic tactic remains a play in modern cricket. Simply put, leg theory involves concentrating ...
into fast leg theory, or bodyline, as a tactic to stop Bradman. Fast leg theory involved bowling fast balls directly at the batsman's body. The batsman would need to defend himself, and if he touched the ball with the bat, he risked being caught by one of a large number of fielders placed on the leg side. Using Jardine's fast leg theory, England won the next Ashes series 4–1, but complaints about the Bodyline tactic caused crowd disruption on the tour, and threats of diplomatic action from the
Australian Cricket Board Cricket Australia (CA), formerly known as the Australian Cricket Board (ACB), is the governing body for professional and amateur cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a c ...
, which during the tour sent the following cable to the MCC in London: Later, Jardine was removed from the captaincy and the
Laws of Cricket The ''Laws of Cricket'' is a code which specifies the rules of the game of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two oppos ...
changed so that no more than one fast ball aimed at the body was permitted per over, and having more than two fielders behind square leg was banned. England's following tour of India in the 1933–34 season was the first Test match to be staged in the subcontinent. The series was also notable for Stan Nichols and Nobby Clark bowling so many bouncers that the Indian batsman wore solar toupées instead of caps to protect themselves. Australia won the 1934 Ashes series 2–1 and kept the urn for the following 19 years. Many of the wickets of the time were friendly to batsmen resulting in a large proportion of matches ending in high scoring draws and many batting records being set. England drew the 1938 Ashes, meaning Australia retained the urn. England went into the final match of the series at The Oval 1–0 down, but won the final game by an innings and 579 runs.
Len Hutton Sir Leonard Hutton (23 June 1916 – 6 September 1990) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...
made the highest ever Test score by an Englishman, making 364 in England first innings to help them reach 903, their highest ever score against Australia. The 1938–39 tour of South Africa saw another experiment with the deciding Test being a
timeless TestA timeless Test is a match of Test cricket'' Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration, and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national representative teams t ...
that was played to a finish. England lead 1–0 going into the final timeless match at Durban. Despite the final Test being 'timeless', the game ended in a draw after 10 days as England had to catch the train to catch the boat home. A record 1,981 runs were scored, and the concept of timeless Tests was abandoned. England went on one final tour of the West Indies in 1939 before the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, although a team for an MCC tour of India was selected more in hope than expectation of the matches being played.


1940s

Test cricket resumed after the war in 1946, and England won their first match back against India. However, they struggled in the 1946–47 Ashes series, losing 3–0 in Australia under
Wally Hammond Walter Reginald Hammond (19 June 1903 – 1 July 1965) was an English first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-an ...

Wally Hammond
's captaincy. England beat South Africa 3–0 in 1947 with
Denis Compton Denis Charles Scott Compton (23 May 1918 – 23 April 1997) was an English cricketer who played in 78 Test cricket, Test matches and spent his whole cricket career with Middlesex County Cricket Club, Middlesex. He was also an accomplished assoc ...

Denis Compton
scoring 1,187 runs in the series. The 1947–48 series against the West Indies was another disappointment for England, with the side losing 2–0 following injuries to several key players. England suffered further humiliation against Bradman's invincible side in the 1948 Ashes series. Hutton was controversially dropped for the third Test, and England were bowled out for just 52 at The Oval. The series proved to be Bradman's final Ashes series. In 1948–49, England beat South Africa 2–0 under the captaincy of George Mann. The series included a record breaking stand of 359 between Hutton and
Cyril Washbrook Cyril Washbrook (6 December 1914 – 27 April 1999) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket ...
. The decade ended with England drawing the Test series against New Zealand, with every match ending in a draw.


1950s

Their fortunes changed on the 1953 Ashes tour as they won the series 1–0. England did not lose a series between their 1950–51 and 1958–59 tours of Australia and secured famous victory in 1954–55 under the captaincy of
Len Hutton Sir Leonard Hutton (23 June 1916 – 6 September 1990) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...
, thanks to
Frank Tyson Frank may refer to: People As a name * Frank (given name) Frank is a masculine given name. While ''Frank'' has been a European name in its own right, the given name in the English-speaking United States arose in the 20th century as a shor ...
whose 6/85 at Sydney and 7/27 at Melbourne are remembered as the fastest bowling ever seen in Australia. The 1956 series was remembered for the bowling of
Jim Laker James Charles Laker (9 February 1922 – 23 April 1986) was an English professional cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played ...
who took 46 wickets at an average of 9.62, including figures of 19/90 at
Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a football Football is a family of team sport A team is a Old Trafford Old Trafford () is a association football, football stadium in Old Trafford (area), Old Trafford, Greater Manchester, England, and the hom ...
. After drawing to South Africa, England defeated the West Indies and New Zealand comfortably. The England team then left for Australia in the 1958–59 season with a team that had been hailed as the strongest ever to leave on an Ashes tour but lost the series 4–0 as
Richie Benaud Richard Benaud (; 6 October 1930 – 10 April 2015) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposi ...

Richie Benaud
's revitalised Australians were too strong, with England struggling with the bat throughout the series. On 24 August 1959, England inflicted its only 5–0 whitewash over
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
. All out for 194 at The Oval, India lost the last test by an innings. England's batsman
Ken Barrington Kenneth Frank Barrington (24 November 193014 March 1981), was an English international cricketer who played for the England cricket team and Surrey County Cricket Club in the 1950s and 1960s. He was a right-handed Batting (cricket), batsman and ...
and
Colin Cowdrey Michael Colin Cowdrey, Baron Cowdrey of Tonbridge, (24 December 19324 December 2000) was an English first-class cricketer who played for Oxford University Cricket Club, Oxford University (1952–1954), Kent County Cricket Club (1950–1976) an ...
both had an excellent series with the bat, with Barrington scoring 357 runs across the series and Cowdrey scoring 344.


1960s

The early and middle 1960s were poor periods for English cricket. Despite England's strength on paper, Australia held the Ashes and the West Indies dominated England in the early part of the decade. May stood down as captain in 1961 following the 1961 Ashes defeat.
Ted Dexter Edward Ralph Dexter, (15 May 1935 – 25 August 2021) was an English national cricket team, England international cricketer. An aggressive middle-order batsman of ferocious power and a fast bowling, right-arm medium bowler, he captained Sussex ...
succeeded him as captain but England continued to suffer indifferent results. In 1961–62, they beat Pakistan, but also lost to India. The following year saw England and Australia tie the 1962–63 Ashes series 1–1, meaning Australia retained the urn. Despite beating New Zealand 3–0, England went on to lose to the West Indies, and again failed in the 1964 Ashes, losing the home series 1–0, which marked the end of Dexter's captaincy. However, from 1968 to 1971 they played 27 consecutive Test matches without defeat, winning 9 and drawing 18 (including the abandoned Test at Melbourne in 1970–71). The sequence began when they drew with Australia at Lord's in the Second Test of the 1968 Ashes series and ended in 1971 when
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
won the Third Test at The Oval by four wickets. They played 13 Tests with only one defeat immediately beforehand and so played a total of 40 consecutive Tests with only one defeat, dating from their innings victory over the West Indies at The Oval in 1966. During this period they beat New Zealand, India, the West Indies, and Pakistan, and under
Ray Illingworth Raymond Illingworth Commander of the Order of the British Empire, CBE (8 June 1932 – 25 December 2021) was an English cricketer, cricket commentator and administrator. , he was one of only nine players to have taken 2,000 wickets and made 20 ...
's leadership, regained
The Ashes The Ashes is a Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...

The Ashes
from Australia in 1970–71.


1970s

The 1970s, for the England team, can be largely split into three parts. Early in the decade, Illingworth's side dominated world cricket, winning the Ashes away in 1971 and then retaining them at home in 1972. The same side beat Pakistan at home in 1971 and played by far the better cricket against India that season. However, England were largely helped by the rain to sneak the Pakistan series 1–0 but the same rain saved India twice and one England collapse saw them lose to India. This was, however, one of (if not the) strongest England team ever with the likes of Illingworth,
Geoffrey Boycott Sir Geoffrey Boycott (born 21 October 1940) is a retired Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cric ...
,
John Edrich John Hugh Edrich, (21 June 1937 – 23 December 2020) was an English first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more da ...
,
Basil D'Oliveira Basil Lewis D'Oliveira Commander of the Order of the British Empire, CBE Order of Ikhamanga, OIS (4 October 1931 – 19 November 2011) was an England cricket team, England international cricketer of South African Cape Coloured background, whose p ...
,
Dennis Amiss Dennis Leslie Amiss (born 7 April 1943) is a former English cricketer and cricket administrator. He played for both Warwickshire County Cricket Club, Warwickshire and England cricket team, England. A right-handed batsman, Amiss was a stroke make ...
,
Alan Knott Alan Philip Eric Knott (born 9 April 1946) is a former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitc ...
,
John Snow John Snow (15 March 1813 – 16 June 1858) was an English physician and a leader in the development of anaesthesia Anesthesia or anaesthesia (from Greek "without sensation") is a state of controlled, temporary loss of sensation or aware ...
and
Derek Underwood Derek Leslie Underwood (born 8 June 1945) is an English former international cricketer, and a former President of the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC). Through much of his career, Underwood was regarded as one of the best bowler (cricket), bowlers ...

Derek Underwood
at its core. The mid-1970s were more turbulent. Illingworth and several others had refused to tour India in 1972–73 which led to a clamour for Illingworth's job by the end of that summer – England had just been beaten 2–0 by a flamboyant West Indies side – with several England players well over 35.
Mike Denness Michael Henry Denness (1 December 1940 – 19 April 2013) was a Scottish cricketer who played for England national cricket team, England, Scotland national cricket team, Scotland, Kent County Cricket Club, Kent and Essex County Cricket Club, Ess ...

Mike Denness
was the surprising choice but only lasted 18 months; his results against poor opposition were good, but England were badly exposed as ageing and lacking in good fast bowling against the 1974–75 Australians, losing that series 4–1 to lose the Ashes. Denness was replaced in 1975 by
Tony Greig Anthony William Greig (6 October 194629 December 2012) was a South African-born Test cricket captain turned Sports commentator, commentator. Greig qualified to play for the England cricket team by virtue of his Scottish people, Scottish parent ...
. While he managed to avoid losing to Australia, his side were largely thrashed the following year by the young and very much upcoming West Indies for whom Greig's infamous "grovel" remark acted as motivation. Greig's finest hour was probably the 1976–77 win over India in India. When Greig was discovered as being instrumental in World Series Cricket, he was sacked, and replaced by
Mike Brearley John Michael Brearley (born 28 April 1942) is a retired English first-class cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is ...
. Brearley's side showed again the hyperbole that is often spoken when one side dominates in cricket. While his side of 1977–80 contained some young players who went on to become England greats, most notably future captains
Ian Botham Sir Ian Terence Botham, Baron Botham, (born 24 November 1955) is an English cricket commentator, member of the House of Lords and a former cricketer who has been chairman of Durham County Cricket Club since 2017. Hailed as one of the greatest ...
,
David Gower David Ivon Gower (born 1 April 1957) is an English cricket commentator and former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of wh ...

David Gower
and
Graham Gooch Graham Alan Gooch, (born 23 July 1953) is a former English first-class cricketer who captain (cricket), captained Essex County Cricket Club, Essex and England cricket team, England. He was one of the most successful international batsman, bats ...
, their opponents were often very much weakened by the absence of their World Series players, especially in 1978, when England beat New Zealand 3–0 and Pakistan 2–0 before thrashing what was effectively Australia's 2nd XI 5–1 in 1978–79.


1980s

The England team, with Brearley's exit in 1980, was never truly settled throughout the 1980s, which will probably be remembered as a low point for the team. While some of the great players like Botham, Gooch and Gower had fine careers, the team seldom succeeded in beating good opposition throughout the decade and did not score a home Test victory (except against minnows Sri Lanka) between September 1985 and July 1990. Botham took over the captaincy in 1980 and they put up a good fight against the West Indies, losing a five match Test series 1–0, although England were humbled in the return series. After scoring a pair in the first Test against Australia, Botham lost the captaincy due to his poor form, and was replaced by Brearley. Botham returned to form and played exceptionally in the remainder of the series, being named man of the match in the third, fourth and fifth Tests. The series became known as Botham's Ashes as England recorded a 3–1 victory.
Keith Fletcher Keith William Robert Fletcher (born 20 May 1944) is an English former first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more d ...
took over as captain in 1981, but England lost his first series in charge against India.
Bob Willis Robert George Dylan Willis (born Robert George Willis; 30 May 1949 – 4 December 2019) was an English cricketer, who played for Surrey County Cricket Club, Surrey, Warwickshire County Cricket Club, Warwickshire, Northerns cricket team, Nort ...
took over as captain in 1982 and enjoyed victories over India and Pakistan, but lost the Ashes after Australia clinched the series 2–1. England hosted the World Cup in 1983 and reached the semi-finals, but their Test form remained poor, as they suffered defeats against New Zealand, Pakistan and the West Indies. Gower took over as skipper in 1984 and led the team to a 2–1 victory over India. They went on to win the 1985 Ashes 3–1, although after this came a poor run of form. Defeat to the West Indies dented the team's confidence, and they went on to lose to India 2–0. In 1986,
Micky Stewart Michael James Stewart (born 16 September 1932) is an English former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricke ...
was appointed the first full-time England coach. England beat New Zealand, but there was little hope of them retaining the Ashes in 1986–87. However, despite being described as a team that 'can't bat, can't bowl and can't field', they went on to win the series 2–1. After losing consecutive series against Pakistan, England drew a three match Test series against New Zealand 0–0. They reached the final of the 1987 World Cup, but lost by seven runs against Australia. After losing 4–0 to the West Indies, England lost the Ashes to a resurgent Australia led by Allan Border. With the likes of Gooch banned following a rebel tour to South Africa, a new look England side suffered defeat again against the West Indies, although this time by a margin of 2–1.


1990s

If the 1980s were a low point for English Test cricket, then the 1990s were only a slight improvement. The arrival of Gooch as captain in 1990 forced a move toward more professionalism and especially fitness though it took some time for old habits to die. Even in 2011, one or two successful county players have been shown up as physically unfit for international cricket. Creditable performances against India and New Zealand in 1990 were followed by a hard-fought draw against the 1991 West Indies and a strong performance in the
1992 Cricket World Cup The 1992 Cricket World Cup (officially the Benson & Hedges World Cup 1992) was the fifth staging of the Cricket World Cup, organised by the International Cricket Council (ICC). It was held in Australia and New Zealand from 22 February to 25 Marc ...
in which the England team finished as runners-up for the second consecutive World Cup, but landmark losses against Australia in 1990–91 and especially Pakistan in 1992 showed England up badly in terms of bowling. So bad was England's bowling in 1993 that
Rod Marsh Rodney William Marsh (born 4 November 1947) is an Australian former professional cricketer who played as a wicketkeeper for the Australia national cricket team, Australia national team. Marsh had a Test career spanning from the 1970–71 to ...
described England's pace attack at one point as "pie throwers". Having lost three of the first four Tests played in England in 1993, Gooch resigned to be replaced by
Michael Atherton Michael Andrew Atherton (born 23 March 1968) is a broadcaster, journalist and a former England international first-class cricketer. A right-handed opening batsman for Lancashire County Cricket Club, Lancashire and England national cricket tea ...
. More selectorial problems abounded during Atherton's reign as new chairman of selectors and coach Ray Illingworth (then into his 60s) assumed almost sole responsibility for the team off the field. The youth policy which had seen England emerge from the West Indies tour of 1993–94 with some credit (though losing to a seasoned Windies team) was abandoned and players such as Gatting and Gooch were persisted with when well into their 30s and 40s. England continued to do well at home against weaker opponents such as India, New Zealand and a West Indies side beginning to fade but struggled badly against improving sides like Pakistan and South Africa. Atherton had offered his resignation after losing the 1997 Ashes series 3–2 having been 1–0 up after two matches – eventually to resign one series later in early 1998. England, looking for talent, went through a whole raft of new players during this period, such as
Ronnie Irani Ronald Charles Irani (born 26 October 1971) is a former England cricketer who played Tests and ODIs for England. He played only three Test cricket, Tests for English cricket team, England, with decidedly mixed success, but found a niche in One Day I ...

Ronnie Irani
,
Adam Hollioake Adam John Hollioake (born 5 September 1971) is a professional athlete who is the only international cricketer to compete professionally as a Mixed Martial Artist. He has also competed as a professional boxer. However he is most well known as a cri ...
, Craig White,
Graeme Hick Graeme Ashley Hick (born 23 May 1966) is a Zimbabwean-born former England cricketer who played 65 Test cricket, Test matches and 120 One Day Internationals for English cricket team, England. He was born in Rhodesia, and as a young man played in ...
and
Mark Ramprakash Mark Ravin Ramprakash (born 5 September 1969) is an English former cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he initially made his name playing for Middlesex County Cricket Club, Middlesex, and was selected for English cricket team, England aged 21. ...

Mark Ramprakash
. At this time, there were two main problems: * The lack of a genuine all-rounder to bat at 6, Botham having left a huge gap in the batting order when he retired from Tests in 1992. *
Alec Stewart Alec James Stewart (born 8 April 1963) is an English former cricketer, and former captain of the England cricket team, who played Test cricket and One Day Internationals as a right-handed wicket-keeper-batsman. He is the fourth-most-cap (sport ...
, a sound wicket-keeper and an excellent player of quick bowling, could not open and keep wicket, hence his batting down the order, where he was often exposed to spin which he did not play as well. Stewart took the reins as captain in 1998, but another losing Ashes series and early World Cup exit cost him Test and ODI captaincy in 1999. This should not detract from the 1998 home Test series where England showed great fortitude to beat a powerful South African side 2–1. Another reason for their poor performances were the demands of
County Cricket Inter-county cricket matches are known to have been played since the early 18th century, involving teams that are representative of the historic counties of England The historic counties of England are areas that were established for admin ...
teams on their players, meaning that England could rarely field a full-strength team on their tours. This eventually led to the ECB taking over from the MCC as the governing body of England and the implementation of central contracts. 1992 also saw Scotland sever ties with the England and Wales team, and begin to compete as the Scotland national team. By 1999, with coach David Lloyd resigning after the World Cup exit and new captain
Nasser Hussain Nasser Hussain (born 28 March 1968) is a British people, British cricket commentator and former cricketer who captained the England cricket team between 1999 and 2003, with his overall international career extending from 1990 to 2004. A pug ...

Nasser Hussain
just appointed, England hit rock bottom (literally ranked as the lowest-rated Test nation) after losing 2–1 to New Zealand in shambolic fashion. Hussain was booed on the Oval balcony as the crowd jeered "We've got the worst team in the world" to the tune of "
He's Got the Whole World in His Hands "He's Got the Whole World in His Hands" is a traditional African-American spiritual (music), spiritual, first published in 1927. It became an international pop music, pop hit in 1957–58 in a recording by English singer Laurie London, and has be ...
".


2000s

Central contracts were installed – reducing players workloads – and following the arrival of Zimbabwean coach
Duncan Fletcher Duncan Andrew Gwynne Fletcher (born 27 September 1948) is a Zimbabwean cricket coach and former cricketer, who has coached the England cricket team, England and India national cricket team, Indian national teams. He was England coach between 1 ...

Duncan Fletcher
, England thrashed the fallen West Indies 3–1. England's results in Asia improved that winter with series wins against both
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...
and
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka (, ; si, ශ්‍රී ලංකාව, Śrī Laṅkā, translit-std=ISO (); ta, இலங்கை, Ilaṅkai, translit-std=ISO ()), formerly known as Ceylon, and officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is ...
. Hussain's side had a far harder edge to it, avoiding the anticipated "Greenwash" in the
2001 Ashes series The 2001 cricket series between English cricket team, England and Australian cricket team, Australia for the Ashes was played in England from 5 July to 27 August 2001. Australia won the Test series 4–1 and retained the Ashes that had been in t ...
against the all-powerful Australian team. The nucleus the side was slowly coming together as players such as Hussain himself,
Graham Thorpe Graham Paul Thorpe, (born 1 August 1969) is a former English cricketer who played for England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scot ...
,
Darren Gough Darren Gough (born 18 September 1970) is a retired English cricketer and former captain of Yorkshire County Cricket Club. The spearhead of England's bowling attack through much of the 1990s, he is England's second highest wicket-taker in one-da ...
and
Ashley Giles Ashley Fraser Giles (born 19 March 1973) is a former English first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more days' schedu ...

Ashley Giles
began to be regularly selected. By 2003 though, having endured another Ashes drubbing as well as another first-round exit from the 2003 Cricket World Cup, World Cup, Hussain resigned as captain after one Test against South African cricket team in England in 2003, South Africa. Michael Vaughan took over, with players encouraged to express themselves. England won five consecutive Test series prior to facing Australia in the 2005 Ashes series, International cricket in 2005#ICC Championship tables in May 2005, taking the team to second place in the ICC Test Championship table. During this period England defeated the West Indies West Indian cricket team in England in 2004, home and English cricket team in West Indies in 2003–04, away, New Zealand cricket team in England in 2004, New Zealand, and Bangladeshi cricket team in England in 2005, Bangladesh at home, and English cricket team in South Africa in 2004–05, South Africa in South Africa. In June 2005, England played its first ever Twenty20 International, T20 international match, Australian cricket team in England in 2005#England v Australia (13 June), defeating Australia by 100 runs. Later that year, England defeated Australia 2–1 in a thrilling series to regain the Ashes for the first time in 16 years, having lost them in 1989. Following the 2005 Ashes win, the team suffered from a spate of serious injuries to key players such as Vaughan, Giles, Andrew Flintoff and Simon Jones (cricketer), Simon Jones. As a result, the team underwent an enforced period of transition. A English cricket team in Pakistan in 2005–06, 2–0 defeat in Pakistan was followed by two drawn away series with English cricket team in India in 2005–06, India and Sri Lankan cricket team in England in 2006, Sri Lanka. In the Pakistani cricket team in England in 2006, home Test series victory against Pakistan in July and August 2006, several promising new players emerged. Most notable were the left-arm orthodox spin bowler Monty Panesar, the first Sikh to play Test cricket for England, and left-handed opening batsman Alastair Cook. The 2006–07 Ashes series was keenly anticipated and was expected to provide a level of competition comparable to the 2005 series. In the event, England, captained by Flintoff who was deputising for the injured Vaughan, lost all five Tests to concede the first Ashes whitewash in 86 years. In the 2007 Cricket World Cup, England lost to most of the Test playing nations they faced, beating only the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
and Bangladesh national cricket team, Bangladesh, although they also avoided defeat by any of the non-Test playing nations. Even so, the unimpressive nature of most of their victories in the tournament, combined with heavy defeats by New Zealand, Australia and South Africa, left many commentators criticising the manner in which the England team approached the one-day game. Coach Duncan Fletcher resigned after eight years in the job as a result and was succeeded by former Sussex County Cricket Club, Sussex coach Peter Moores (cricketer), Peter Moores. In 2007–08, England toured English cricket team in Sri Lanka in 2007–08, Sri Lanka and English cricket team in New Zealand in 2007–08, New Zealand, losing the first series 1–0 and winning the second 2–1. These series were followed up at home in May 2008 with a New Zealand cricket team in England in 2008, 2–0 home series win against New Zealand, with the results easing pressure on Moores – who was not at ease with his team, particularly star batsman Kevin Pietersen. Pietersen succeeded Vaughan as captain in June 2008, after England had been well beaten by South African cricket team in England in 2008, South Africa at home. The poor relationship between the two came to a head on the English cricket team in India in 2008–09, 2008–09 tour to India. England lost the series 1–0 and both men resigned their positions, although Pietersen remained a member of the England team. Moores was replaced as coach by Zimbabwean Andy Flower. Against this background, England toured the English cricket team in West Indies in 2008–09, West Indies under the captaincy of Andrew Strauss and, in a disappointing performance, lost the Test series 1–0. The 2009 Ashes series featured the first Test match played in Wales, at Sophia Gardens (cricket ground), Sophia Gardens, Cardiff. England drew the match thanks to a last-wicket stand by bowlers James Anderson (cricketer), James Anderson and Panesar. A victory for each team followed before the series was decided at The Oval. Thanks to fine bowling by Stuart Broad and Graeme Swann and a debut century by Jonathan Trott, England regained the Ashes.


2010s

After a drawn English cricket team in South Africa in 2009–10, Test series in South Africa, England won their first ever ICC world championship, the 2010 ICC World Twenty20, 2010 World Twenty20, with a seven-wicket win over Australia in Barbados. The following winter in the 2010–11 Ashes series, 2010–11 Ashes, they beat Australia 3–1 to retain the urn and record their first series win in Australia for 24 years. Furthermore, all three of their wins were by an innings – the first time a touring side had ever recorded three innings victories in a single Test series. Cook earned Man of the Series with 766 runs. England struggled to match their Test form in the 2011 Cricket World Cup. Despite beating South Africa and tying with eventual winners India, England suffered shock losses to Ireland and Bangladesh before losing in the quarter-finals to Sri Lanka. However the team's excellent form in the Test match arena continued and on 13 August 2011, they became the world's top-ranked Test team after Indian cricket team in England in 2011, comfortably whitewashing India 4–0, their sixth consecutive series victory and eighth in the past nine series. However, this status only lasted a year – having England cricket team against Pakistan in the UAE in 2011–12, lost 3–0 to Pakistan over the winter, England were South African cricket team in England in 2012, beaten 2–0 by South Africa, who replaced them at the top of the rankings. It was their first home series loss since 2008, against the same opposition. This loss saw the resignation of Strauss as captain (and his retirement from cricket). Cook, who was already in charge of the ODI side, replaced Strauss and led England to a English cricket team in India in 2012–13, 2–1 victory in India – their first in the country since 1984–85. In doing so, he became the first captain to score centuries in his first five Tests as captain and became England's leading century-maker with 23 centuries to his name. After finishing as runners-up in the 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, ICC Champions Trophy, England faced Australia in back-to-back Ashes series. A 2013 Ashes series, 3–0 home win secured England the urn for the fourth time in five series. However, in 2013–14 Ashes series, the return series, they found themselves utterly demolished in a 5–0 defeat, their second Ashes whitewash in under a decade. Their misery was compounded by batsman Jonathan Trott leaving the tour early due to a stress-related illness and the mid-series retirement of spinner Graeme Swann. Following the tour, head coach Flower resigned his post while Pietersen was dropped indefinitely from the England team. Flower was replaced by his predecessor, Moores, but he was sacked for a second time after a string of disappointing results including failing to advance from the group stage at the 2015 Cricket World Cup, 2015 World Cup. He was replaced by Australian Trevor Bayliss who oversaw an upturn of form in the ODI side, including series victories against New Zealand cricket team in England in 2015#ODI series, New Zealand and English cricket team against Pakistan in the UAE in 2015–16#ODI series, Pakistan. In the Test arena, England reclaimed the Ashes 2015 Ashes series, 3–2 in the summer of 2015. England entered the 2019 Cricket World Cup as favourites, having been ranked the number one ODI side by the ICC for over a year prior to the tournament. However, shock defeats to Pakistan and Sri Lanka during the 2019 Cricket World Cup group stage, group stage left them on the brink of elimination and needing to win their final two games against India and New Zealand to guarantee progression to the semi-finals. This was achieved, putting their campaign back on track, and an eight-wicket victory over Australia in the semi-final at Edgbaston meant England were in their first World Cup final since 1992. The 2019 Cricket World Cup Final, final against New Zealand at Lord's has been described as one of the greatest and most dramatic matches in the history of cricket, with some calling it the "greatest ODI in history", as both the match and subsequent Super Over were tied, after England went into the final over of their innings 14 runs behind New Zealand's total. England won by virtue of having scored more boundaries throughout the match, securing their maiden World Cup title in their fourth final appearance.


Recent results


Forthcoming fixtures

As set out by the International Cricket Council, ICC's Future Tours Programme, below is England's full international fixture list until the end of the 2021–22 international season. Winter 2021–22 *November to January: English cricket team in Australia in 2021–22 for five Tests (2021–22 Ashes series) *March: English cricket team in the West Indies in 2021–22 for two Tests and three T20Is Summer 2022 *June: New Zealand cricket team in England in 2022 for three Tests, English cricket team in the Netherlands in 2022 for three ODIs *July: Indian cricket team in England in 2022 for three ODIs and three T20Is *July to September: South African cricket team in England in 2022 for three Tests, three ODIs and three T20Is


Governing body

The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is the governing body of English cricket and the England cricket team. The Board has been operating since 1 January 1997 and represents England on the
International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of people that has the authority to exercise governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law ...
. The ECB is also responsible for the generation of income from the sale of tickets, sponsorship and broadcasting rights, primarily in relation to the England team. The ECB's income in the 2006 calendar year was £77 million. Prior to 1997, the Test and County Cricket Board (TCCB) was the governing body for the English team. Apart from in Test matches, when touring abroad, the England team officially played as Marylebone Cricket Club, MCC up to and including the 1976–77 tour of Australia, reflecting the time when MCC had been responsible for selecting the touring party. The last time the England touring team wore the bacon-and-egg colours of the MCC was on the 1996–97 tour of New Zealand.


Status of Wales

Historically, the England team represented the whole of Great Britain in international cricket, with Scottish or Welsh national cricket team, Welsh national teams playing sporadically and players from both countries occasionally representing England. Cricket Scotland, Scotland became an independent member of the ICC in 1994, having severed links with the TCCB two years earlier. Criticism has been made of the England and Wales Cricket Board using only the England name while utilising Welsh players such as Simon and Geraint Jones. With Welsh players pursuing international careers exclusively with an England team, there have been a number of calls for Wales to become an independent member of the ICC, or for the ECB to provide more fixtures for a Welsh national team. However, both Cricket Wales and Glamorgan County Cricket Club have continually supported the ECB, with Glamorgan arguing for the financial benefits of the Welsh county within the English structure, and Cricket Wales stating they are "committed to continuing to play a major role within the ECB" The absence of a Welsh cricket team has seen a number of debates within the National Assembly for Wales, Welsh Senedd. In 2013 a debate saw both Conservative Party (UK), Conservative and Welsh Labour Party, Labour members lend their support to the establishment of an independent Welsh team. In 2015, a report produced by the National Assembly for Wales, Welsh National Assembly's petitions committee, reflected the passionate debate around the issue. Bethan Sayed, Bethan Jenkins, Plaid Cymru's spokesperson on heritage, culture, sport and broadcasting, and a member of the petitions committee, argued that Wales should have its own international team and withdraw from the ECB. Jenkins noted that Ireland (with a population of 6.4 million) was an ICC member with 6,000 club players whereas Wales (with 3 million) had 7,500. Jenkins said: "Cricket Wales and Glamorgan CCC say the idea of a Welsh national cricket team is 'an emotive subject', of course having a national team is emotive, you only have to look at the stands during any national game to see that. To suggest this as anything other than natural is a bit of a misleading argument." In 2017, the First Minister of Wales, Carwyn Jones called for the reintroduction of the Welsh one-day team stating: "[It] is odd that we see Ireland and Scotland playing in international tournaments and not Wales."


Team colours

In February 2021, England and Wales Cricket Board announced that England's Principal partner NatWest has been replaced by Cinch, an online used car marketplace. England's kit is manufactured by New Balance, who replaced previous manufacturer Adidas in April 2017. When playing Test cricket, England's Cricket clothing and equipment, cricket whites feature the three lions badge on the left of the shirt and the name of the sponsor Cinch on the centre. English fielders may wear a navy blue cap or white sun hat with the ECB logo in the middle. Helmets are also coloured navy blue. Before 1997 the uniform sported the TCCB lion and stumps logo on the uniforms, while the helmets, jumpers and hats had the three lions emblem. In limited overs cricket, England's ODI and Twenty20 shirts feature the Cinch logo across the centre, with the three lions badge on the left of the shirt and the New Balance logo on the right. In ODIs, the kit comprises a blue shirt with navy trousers, whilst the Twenty20 kit comprises a flame red shirt and navy trousers. In International Cricket Council, ICC limited-overs tournaments, a modified kit design is used with sponsor's logo moving to the sleeve and 'ENGLAND' printed across the front. Over the years, England's ODI kit has cycled between various shades of blue (such as a pale blue used until the mid-1990s, when it was replaced in favour of a bright blue) with the occasional all-red kit. In April 2017, ECB brought back traditional cable-knit sweater for test matches under new supplier New Balance.


International grounds

''Listed chronologically in order of first match and include neutral fixtures such as World Cup and Champions Trophy games''


Tournament history


ICC World Test Championship


Cricket World Cup

:''*The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win.''


ICC T20 World Cup

:''*The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win.''


ICC Champions Trophy

:''*The win percentage excludes no results and counts ties as half a win.''


Honours

*ICC Cricket World Cup, World Cup: ** Champions (1):
2019 2019 was designated as International Year of the Periodic Table of Chemical Elements by the United Nations General Assembly The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA or GA; french: link=no, Assemblée générale, AG) is one of the six pr ...
** Runners-up (3): 1979 Cricket World Cup, 1979, 1987 Cricket World Cup, 1987, 1992 Cricket World Cup, 1992 *ICC Men's T20 World Cup, T20 World Cup: ** Champions (1): 2010 World Twenty20, 2010 **Runners-up (1): 2016 T20 World Cup, 2016 *ICC Champions Trophy, Champions Trophy: ** Runners-up (2): 2004 ICC Champions Trophy, 2004, 2013 ICC Champions Trophy, 2013


Records


Test matches


Test team records

*Highest team total: 903–7 dec. v.
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
at
The Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

The Oval
in 1938 *Lowest team total: 45 v. Australia at Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney in 1886/87 *England are the only team in the history of Test cricket to have secured 100 victories by an innings


Test individual records

*Most matches: 166 Tests – James Anderson (cricketer), James Anderson *Longest-serving captain: 59 Tests – Alastair Cook


Test batting records

*Most runs: 12,472 – Alastair Cook *Best average: 60.73 – Herbert Sutcliffe *Highest individual score: 364 –
Len Hutton Sir Leonard Hutton (23 June 1916 – 6 September 1990) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...
v. Australia at
The Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

The Oval
in 1938 *Record partnership: 411 –
Colin Cowdrey Michael Colin Cowdrey, Baron Cowdrey of Tonbridge, (24 December 19324 December 2000) was an English first-class cricketer who played for Oxford University Cricket Club, Oxford University (1952–1954), Kent County Cricket Club (1950–1976) an ...
and Peter May (cricketer), Peter May v.
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Edgbaston in 1957 *Most centuries: 33 – Alastair Cook *Most double centuries: 7 –
Wally Hammond Walter Reginald Hammond (19 June 1903 – 1 July 1965) was an English first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-an ...

Wally Hammond
*England's most prolific opening partnership was
Jack Hobbs Sir John Berry Hobbs (16 December 1882– 21 December 1963), always known as Jack Hobbs, was an English Professional sports, professional cricketer who played for Surrey County Cricket Club, Surrey from 1905 to 1934 and for England national cri ...

Jack Hobbs
and Herbert Sutcliffe. In 38 innings, they averaged 87.81 for the first wicket, with 15 century partnerships and 10 others of 50 or more *Most ducks: 38 – Stuart Broad


Test bowling records

*Most wickets: 632 – James Anderson *Best average: 10.75 – George Lohmann *Best innings bowling: 10/53 –
Jim Laker James Charles Laker (9 February 1922 – 23 April 1986) was an English professional cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played ...
v. Australia at Old Trafford in 1956 *Best match bowling: 19/90 – Jim Laker v. Australia at Old Trafford in 1956 *Best strike rate: 34.1 – George Lohmann *Best economy rate: 1.31 – William Attewell *Five England bowlers have taken four wickets in an over, three of these at Headingley. They were Maurice Allom v. New Zealand at Christchurch in 1929–30, Kenneth Cranston v. South Africa at Headingley in 1947, Fred Titmus v. New Zealand at Headingley in 1965, Chris Old v. Pakistan at Edgbaston in 1978 and Andy Caddick v. West Indies at Headingley in 2000


Test fielding records

*Most catches by an outfielder: 175 – Alastair Cook *Most dismissals as wicketkeeper: 269 –
Alan Knott Alan Philip Eric Knott (born 9 April 1946) is a former cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitc ...
*Most dismissals in an innings: 7 – Bob Taylor (cricketer), Bob Taylor v.
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
at Wankhede Stadium, Bombay in 1979/80 *Most dismissals in a match: 11 – Jack Russell (cricketer and artist), Jack Russell v.
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
at Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg in 1995/96


Test record versus other nations


One Day Internationals


ODI team records

*Highest team total: 481/6 (50 overs) v.
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
at Trent Bridge in 2018 *Lowest team total: 86 (32.4 overs) v.
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...
at Old Trafford in 2001


ODI individual records

*Most matches: 223 – Eoin Morgan *Longest-serving captain: 124 matches – Eoin Morgan


ODI batting records

*Most runs: 6,957 – Eoin Morgan *Best average: 51.33 – Joe Root *Best strike rate: 118.66 – Jos Buttler *Highest individual score: 180 – Jason Roy v. Australia at
Melbourne Cricket Ground The Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), also known locally as "The 'G", is an Australian sports stadium located in Yarra Park Yarra Park (35.469 hectares) is part of the Melbourne Sports and Entertainment Precinct, the premier sporting precin ...

Melbourne Cricket Ground
in 2018 *Record partnership: 256* – Alex Hales and Jason Roy v. Sri Lanka national cricket team, Sri Lanka at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Edgbaston in 2016 *Most centuries: 16 – Joe Root *Most ducks: 13 – Marcus Trescothick,
Alec Stewart Alec James Stewart (born 8 April 1963) is an English former cricketer, and former captain of the England cricket team, who played Test cricket and One Day Internationals as a right-handed wicket-keeper-batsman. He is the fourth-most-cap (sport ...
, Eoin Morgan and Jos Buttler


ODI bowling records

*Most wickets: 269 – James Anderson (cricketer), James Anderson *Best average: 19.45 – Mike Hendrick *Best bowling: 6/31 – Paul Collingwood v. Bangladesh national cricket team, Bangladesh at Trent Bridge in 2005 *Best strike rate: 32.7 – Andrew Flintoff *Best economy rate: 3.27 – Mike Hendrick


ODI fielding records

*Most catches by an outfielder: 108 – Paul Collingwood *Most dismissals as wicketkeeper: 213 – Jos Buttler *Most dismissals in a match: 6 – Alec Stewart v. Zimbabwe national cricket team, Zimbabwe at Old Trafford in 2000; Matt Prior v.
South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is the world's 23rd-most populous nation and covers an area of . South Africa has three capital citie ...
at Trent Bridge in 2008; Jos Buttler v. South Africa at The Oval in 2013


ODI record versus other nations


T20 Internationals

Where applicable, a minimum of 10 innings batted or 100 balls bowled applies. Figures include games up to 10 November 2021.


T20I team records

*Highest team total: 241/3 v. New Zealand national cricket team, New Zealand at McLean Park in 2019 *Lowest team total: 80 v.
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
at R. Premadasa Stadium, Colombo (RPS) in 2012


T20I individual records

*Most matches: 113 – Eoin Morgan *Longest-serving captain: 70 matches – Eoin Morgan


T20I batting records

*Most runs: 2,428 – Eoin Morgan *Best average: 41.30 – Dawid Malan *Best strike rate: 144.93 – Jason Roy *Highest individual score: 116* – Alex Hales v. Sri Lanka national cricket team, Sri Lanka at Zohur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium, Chittagong in 2014 *Record partnership: 182 – Dawid Malan and Eoin Morgan v. New Zealand national cricket team, New Zealand at McLean Park in 2019 *Most centuries: 1 – Alex Hales, Dawid Malan, Liam Livingstone, Jos Buttler *Most ducks: 9 – Luke Wright


T20I bowling records

*Most wickets: 79 – Chris Jordan (cricketer), Chris Jordan *Best average: 16.84 – Graeme Swann *Best bowling: 4/2 – Adil Rashid v.
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
at Dubai in 2021 *Best strike rate: 13.8 – Paul Collingwood *Best economy rate: 6.36 – Graeme Swann


T20I fielding records

*Most catches by an outfielder: 46 – Eoin Morgan *Most dismissals as wicket-keeper: 47 – Jos Buttler *Most dismissals in an innings: 4 – Matt Prior v. South Africa at Newlands Cricket Ground, Cape Town in 2007


T20I record versus other nations


Most England appearances

These lists show the five players (or those tied for fifth) with the most appearances for England in each form of the game. The lists are correct up to matches starting on 10 November 2021. * † = players who are available for selection and have represented England in the format during the past 12 months.


Squad

This lists all the active players who have played for England in the past year (since 1 November 2020) and the forms in which they have played, and any players (in italics) outside this criteria who have been selected in the team's most recent squad or have some form of central contract. Moeen Ali has played in all formats of the game over the past one year but has since announced his retirement from Test cricket. The ECB offers a number of central contracts in September each year to England players whom the selectors think will form the core of the team. Other players who play enough games during the year can gain Incremental contracts, and there are also Pace bowling development contracts for promising fast bowlers. Key *S/N = Shirt number *C/T = Contract type (Central / Incremental / Pace )


Coaching staff

* Director of cricket :
Ashley Giles Ashley Fraser Giles (born 19 March 1973) is a former English first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cricket. A first-class match is one of three or more days' schedu ...

Ashley Giles
* Head coach : Chris Silverwood * Assistant coach :
Graham Thorpe Graham Paul Thorpe, (born 1 August 1969) is a former English cricketer who played for England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scot ...
* Assistant coach : Paul Collingwood * Batting coach : Marcus Trescothick * Spin bowling coach : Jeetan Patel * Pace bowling coach : Jon Lewis (cricketer, born 1975), Jon Lewis * Fielding coach : Carl Hopkinson * Wicket-keeping coach : James Foster (cricketer, born 1980), James Foster


England Men's Cricketer of the Year

At the start of each season the ECB presents the England Men's Cricketer of the Year award to "recognise outstanding performances in all formats of international cricket over the past year", voted on by members of the cricket media. The previous winners of this award are: *2006/07: Andrew Flintoff *2007/08: Ian Bell *2008/09: Kevin Pietersen *2009/10: Graeme Swann *2010/11: Jonathan Trott *2011/12: James Anderson (cricketer), James Anderson *2012/13: Matt Prior *2013/14: Ian Bell *2014/15: Joe Root *2015/16: Joe Root


Eligibility of players

The England cricket team represents England and Wales. However, under International Cricket Council, ICC regulations, players can qualify to play for a country by nationality, place of birth or residence, so (as with any national sports team) some people are eligible to play for more than one team. ECB regulations state that to play for England, a player must be a British citizenship, British citizen, and have either been born in England or Wales, or have lived in England or Wales for three years. This has led to players who also held other nationalities becoming eligible to play for England. The qualification period for those born outside England and Wales has varied in the past, but in November 2018 the ECB announced that the period would be reduced to three years in all circumstances, in line with ICC regulations. Of the current squad (see above), Jason Roy was born to British parents in South Africa so had to fulfil residency requirements. In addition, Chris Jordan (cricketer), Chris Jordan, Ben Stokes and Tom Curran have British citizenship, having lived in England since their youth, while Eoin Morgan also holds Irish citizenship. Curran's younger brother, Sam, was born in the UK, so did not have to undergo a qualification period. Jofra Archer, though born in Barbados to a Barbadian mother, qualifies through his English father. ICC regulations also allow cricketers who represent List of International Cricket Council members#Top Associate/Affiliate Members, associate (i.e. non-Test-playing) nations to switch to a Test-playing nation, provided nationality requirements are fulfilled. In recent years, this has seen Irish internationals Ed Joyce, Boyd Rankin and Eoin Morgan switch to represent England, whilst Gavin Hamilton (cricketer), Gavin Hamilton previously played for Scotland – though Joyce, Rankin and Hamilton were later able to re-qualify for and represent the countries of their birth.


See also

* List of England cricket captains * List of England cricket team coaches * List of England Test cricketers * List of England ODI cricketers * List of England Twenty20 International cricketers


Notes


References


Bibliography

*


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:England Cricket Team 1877 establishments in the United Kingdom Cricket in England Cricket in Wales England and Wales England in international cricket, * National cricket teams Sports organisations of England Wales in international cricket Men's national sports teams of England, C Men's national sports teams of Wales, C