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cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
, a team's
innings An innings is one of the divisions of a cricket match during which one team takes its turn to batting (cricket), bat. Innings also means the period in which an individual player bats (acts as either striker or nonstriker). Innings, in cricket, a ...
ends in one of the following ways. In cases 1 and 2, the team are said to be ''all out'', because they do not have two players available to bat. # All but one of the batsmen are
out Out may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films *Out (1957 film), ''Out'' (1957 film), a documentary short about the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 *Out (1982 film), ''Out'' (1982 film), an American film directed by Eli Hollander *Out (200 ...
. # The batting side only has one not-out batsman who is still able to bat (the others are incapacitated through injury, illness or absence; see
retirement Retirement is the withdrawal from one's position or occupation or from one's active working life. A person may also semi-retire by reducing work hours or workload. Many people choose to retire when they are old or incapable of doing their job d ...
). # The team batting last scores the required number of runs to win. # The game runs out of time for either side to win, and so finishes as a
draw Draw, drawing, draws, or drawn may refer to: Common uses * Draw (terrain), a terrain feature formed by two parallel ridges or spurs with low ground in between them * Drawing (manufacturing), a process where metal, glass, or plastic or anything e ...
. # The set number of
overs In cricket, an over consists of six consecutive legal delivery (cricket), deliveries bowling (cricket), bowled from one end of a cricket pitch to the player batting at the other end, almost always by a single bowler. A maiden over is an over in ...
(sets of 6 deliveries) have been bowled (in
limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played b ...
). # The team's captain declares the innings closed. # The Match Referee decides that one team has forfeited the game. Law 13 covers the end of the innings.


Taking wickets

When the bowling team has dismissed all but one of the
batsmen In cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail ...
the innings is said to be over. The batting team is said to be 'all out' or '
bowled out This is a general glossary __NOTOC__ A glossary (from grc, γλῶσσα / language, speech, wording) also known as a vocabulary or clavis, is an alphabetical list of terms in a particular domain of knowledge Domain knowledge is knowledg ...
'. For example, in most games, each side has 11 players, so 10 wickets need to be taken to bowl a side out. There is an exception to this rule if one or more batsmen are injured and/or ill and cannot bat. In such cases, when only one batsman remains not out and capable of batting, the innings is over. In the case of a
Super Over A Super Over, also called a one-over eliminator or officially a one over per side eliminator, is a Tiebreaker, tie-breaking method used in Limited overs cricket, limited-overs cricket matches, where both teams play a single, additional Over (crick ...
innings, only two batsmen must be dismissed for the innings to be over.


Overs bowled

In some games, each team is allocated a set number of overs and its innings is closed once they have been bowled (subject to the innings not ending by another method beforehand). A restriction can be imposed in a one-innings game, or in the first innings of a two innings game. Where such a restriction is imposed in a one-innings game, it is said to be a
limited overs Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket in which a match is generally completed in one day, which includes List A cricket (8-hour games) and Twenty20 cricket (3-hour games). The name reflects t ...
match. An example of this is an ODI match, where each team can bat for only 50 consecutive
overs In cricket, an over consists of six consecutive legal delivery (cricket), deliveries bowling (cricket), bowled from one end of a cricket pitch to the player batting at the other end, almost always by a single bowler. A maiden over is an over in ...
. Once the 50 overs are up, and the team has not been bowled out, the innings is closed. If rain intervenes so that all the allocated overs cannot be bowled in the time available for the game, the overs restriction may be modified so that the game may be completed in the time that remains.


Declaration

If the captain of the batting team feels that his team has amassed a sufficiently large score, he, or the batsmen at the crease deputising for him, may end his team's innings voluntarily by ''declaring''. This option does not apply to limited overs matches. Declarations allow the declaring side to use all the remaining time to attempt to gain the wickets necessary for victory. The strategic consideration is to gamble a certain draw for a possible victory, while risking defeat if the target is achieved by the incoming batting side.


Achieving the target

If one team has completed all of their scheduled innings, while the other team has not, then the initial team is said to have set a "target", which is the number of runs they have scored plus one, that the other team must "chase". If the chasing team manages to achieve the target, their innings is ended and they win. In rain-affected matches in which the Duckworth-Lewis method applies, the target to be reached may be less than the actual target set by the first batting side. In a two-innings match where the
follow-on In the game of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising ...
has been enforced, the initial batting team may have to chase the target set by the other team.


Forfeiture

In the event of the match being disrupted by unruly fans of the host team, the Match Referee may cede the match to the visiting team, if they are in a vantage position.


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:End Of An Innings Cricket terminology Cricket laws and regulations