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Elba ( it, isola d'Elba, ; la, Ilva;
Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ), refers collectively to the diale ...
: Αἰθαλία, ''Aithalia'') is a
Mediterranean The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western Europe, Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa ...
island in
Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Citizenship , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = Italian , demogra ...
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Alps and List of islands of Italy, several islands surrounding it, whose ...

Italy
, from the coastal town of
Piombino Piombino is an Italy, Italian town and ''comune'' of about 35,000 inhabitants in the province of Livorno (Tuscany). It lies on the border between the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, in front of Elba Island and at the northern side of Maremma ...
on the Italian mainland, and the largest island of the
Tuscan Archipelago The Tuscan Archipelago is a chain of islands between the Ligurian Sea Image:Ligurian Sea map.png, 300px, The Ligurian Sea The Ligurian Sea ( it, Mar Ligure; french: Mer Ligurienne; lij, Mâ Ligure) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between th ...

Tuscan Archipelago
. It is also part of the
Arcipelago Toscano National Park Arcipelago Toscano National Park is a large Tuscan Archipelago national park and marine park in the Provinces of Province of Grosseto, Grosseto and Province of Livorno, Livorno, western Tuscany, Italy. Geography The Tuscan archipelago (chain of isl ...
, and the third largest island in Italy, after
Sicily (man) it, Siciliana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = Ethnicity , demographics1_footnotes = , demographi ...

Sicily
and
Sardinia Sardinia ( ; it, Sardegna ; sc, Sardigna or ) is the Mediterranean islands#By area, second-largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, after Sicily, and one of the Regions of Italy, 20 regions of Italy. It is located west of the Italian Penin ...

Sardinia
. It is located in the
Tyrrhenian Sea The Tyrrhenian Sea (; it, Mar Tirreno , french: Mer Tyrrhénienne , sc, Mare Tirrenu, co, Mari Tirrenu, scn, Mari Tirrenu, nap, Mare Tirreno) is part of the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by ...
about east of the French island of
Corsica Corsica (, Upper , Southern , ; french: link=no, Corse ; lij, link=no, Còrsega) is an island in the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a connected to the , surrounded by the and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north ...

Corsica
. The island is part of the
province of Livorno The province of Livorno or, traditionally, province of Leghorn ( it, provincia di Livorno) is a province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, ...
and is divided into seven municipalities, with a total population of about 30,000 inhabitants which increases considerably during the summer. The municipalities are
Portoferraio Portoferraio () is a town and ''comune'' in the province of Livorno, on the edge of the eponymous harbour of the island of Elba. It is the island's largest city. Because of its terrain, many of its buildings are situated on the slopes of a tiny hi ...

Portoferraio
(which is also the island's principal town),
Campo nell'Elba Campo nell'Elba is a ''comune'' (municipality) on the island of Elba, in the Province of Livorno in the Italy, Italian region of Tuscany, located about southwest of Florence and about south of Livorno. See also *Monte Capanne *Marina di Campo Air ...
,
Capoliveri Capoliveri is a ''comune'' (municipality) on the island of Elba in Italy. Administratively it is part of the Province of Livorno in the Tuscany region, located about southwest of Florence and about south of Livorno. The name appeared for the first ...
,
Marciana Marciana is a town and ''comune'' in the province of Livorno, Tuscany (Italy), located in the western Elba Island. References
Elba {{Livorno-geo-stub ...

Marciana
,
Marciana Marina Marciana Marina is a town and ''comune'' in the province of Livorno (administrative region of Tuscany, Italy), one of the most important towns of Elba Island. It is situated at sea level, with nearly 2.000 inhabitants. There is a small marinaCirc ...

Marciana Marina
,
Porto Azzurro Porto Azzurro is a ''comune The (; plural: ) is a basic Administrative division, constituent entity of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides many of the basic civil functions: Civi ...

Porto Azzurro
, and Rio. Elba is famous as the site of
Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General o ...

Napoleon
's first exile, in 1814 to 1815.


Geography

Elba is the largest remaining stretch of land from the ancient tract that once connected the Italian peninsula to Corsica. The northern coast faces the Ligurian Sea, the eastern coast the Piombino Channel, the southern coast the Tyrrhenian Sea, and the Corsica Channel divides the western tip of the island from neighbouring Corsica.


Geology

The island itself is made up of slices of rocks which once formed part of the ancient Tethyan seafloor. These rocks have been through at least two
orogenies An orogeny is an event that leads to both structural Deformation (physics), deformation and compositional differentiation of the Earth's lithosphere (Crust (geology), crust and uppermost Mantle (geology), mantle) at Convergent boundary, converge ...
, the
Alpine orogeny The Alpine orogeny or Alpide orogeny is an orogenic An orogeny is an event that leads to both structural Deformation (physics), deformation and compositional differentiation of the Earth's lithosphere (Crust (geology), crust and uppermost Mant ...
and the Apennine orogeny. The second of these two events was associated with subduction of the Tethyan oceanic crust underneath
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of Italian Peninsula, a peninsula delimited by the Alps and List of islands of Italy, several islands surrounding it, whose ...

Italy
and the obduction of parts of the ancient seafloor onto the continents. Later extension within the stretched inner part of the
Apennine mountains The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (; grc-gre, links=no, Ἀπέννινα ὄρη or Ἀπέννινον ὄρος; la, Appenninus or  – a singular with plural meaning;''Apenninus'' (Greek or ) has the form of an adjective, which wou ...
caused adiabatic melting and the intrusion of the
Mount Capanne Mount Capanne ( it, Monte Capanne) is the highest mountain on the Italy, Italian island of Elba and in the province of Livorno, Tuscany, Italy. It is located in the western part of the island, reaching a height of in elevation above the Mediterra ...
and the La Serra-Porto Azzuro granitoids. These igneous bodies brought with them
skarn Skarns or tactites are hard, coarse-grained metamorphic rocks that form by a process called metasomatism Metasomatism (from the Greek μετά (change) and σῶμα (body)) is the chemical alteration of a rock by hydrothermal and other fluids. ...

skarn
fluids which dissolved and replaced some of the carbonate units, precipitating
iron Iron () is a chemical element In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behav ...

iron
-rich minerals in their place. One of the
iron Iron () is a chemical element In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behav ...

iron
-rich minerals,
ilvaite
ilvaite
, was first identified on the island and takes its name from the
Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic languages, Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area around Rome, known as Latium. Through the power of the Roman Republic, it became ...

Latin
word for Elba. More recently, high-angle faults formed within the tectonic pile, allowing for the migration of
iron Iron () is a chemical element In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behav ...

iron
-rich fluids through the crust. The deposits left behind by these fluids formed the island's rich seams of
iron ore Iron ores are rocks In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, the rock (geology), rocks of which it i ...
. The terrain is quite varied and is thus divided into several areas based on
geomorphology Geomorphology (from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek ...

geomorphology
. The mountainous and most recent part of the island can be found to the west, the centre of which is dominated by
Mount Capanne Mount Capanne ( it, Monte Capanne) is the highest mountain on the Italy, Italian island of Elba and in the province of Livorno, Tuscany, Italy. It is located in the western part of the island, reaching a height of in elevation above the Mediterra ...
(at a height of 1,018 metres, or 3,340 feet), also called the "roof of the Tuscan Archipelago". The mountain is home to many animal species including the
mouflon The mouflon (''Ovis gmelini'') is a wild sheep ''Ovis'' is a genus of mammals, part of the Caprinae subfamily of the ruminant family (biology), family Bovidae. Its seven highly sociable species are known as sheep. Domestic sheep are members of ...

mouflon
and
wild boar The wild boar (''Sus scrofa''), also known as the wild swine, common wild pig, Eurasian wild pig, or simply wild pig, is a suid native to much of Eurasia Eurasia () is the largest continental area on Earth, comprising all of Europe and ...

wild boar
, two species that flourish despite the continuous influx of tourists. The central part of the island is a mostly flat section with the width being reduced to just four kilometres (). It is where the major centres can be found: Portoferraio, Campo nell'Elba. To the east is the oldest part of the island, formed over 3 million years ago. In the hilly area, dominated by Monte Calamita, are the deposits of
iron Iron () is a chemical element In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behav ...

iron
that made Elba famous.


Hydrography

Rivers rarely exceed in length, and it is common for the shorter ones to dry up during the summer. The largest rivers, sorted by length, are: * Fosso San Francesco ; * Fosso Barion, ; * Fosso Redinoce, Between Poggio and Marciana, at the foot of Mount Capanne, is a spring called Fonte Napoleone, known for its quality.


Climate

The climate of the island is predominantly Mediterranean, except for Mount Capanne, where winters tend to be moderately cold. Precipitation is concentrated in autumn and comprises a normal rainfall. The island lies in the
rain shadow A rain shadow is an area of significantly reduced rainfall behind a mountainous region, on the side facing away from prevailing winds, known as its Windward and leeward#Meteorological significance, leeward side. Evaporation, Evaporated moistu ...

rain shadow
of the large and mountainous island of Corsica, so precipitation totals are somewhat reduced from the mainland (most of the island receives less than 750 mm (30 inches) annually). Snowfall in winter is rare in the lowlands and melts quickly. The table below shows the average temperatures for the islands by month.


History


Early history

The island was originally inhabited by
Ligures The Ligures (singular Ligus or Ligur; English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has e ...
IlvatesThe Ilvates were a Ligurian tribe, whose name is found only in the writings of Livy Titus Livius''Titus'' is the praenomen (the personal name); ''Livius'' is the nomen (the ''gentile'' name, i.e. "belonging to the gens Livia"). Therefore, Titu ...
, who gave it the ancient name Ilva. It was well known from very ancient times for its
iron Iron () is a chemical element In chemistry Chemistry is the study of the properties and behavior of . It is a that covers the that make up matter to the composed of s, s and s: their composition, structure, properties, behav ...

iron
resources and valued mines. The
Greeks The Greeks or Hellenes (; el, Έλληνες, ''Éllines'' ) are an ethnic group An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has cer ...

Greeks
called it Aethalia (Αιθαλία, "fume"), after the fumes of the metal producing furnaces.
Apollonius of Rhodes Apollonius of Rhodes ( grc, Ἀπολλώνιος Ῥόδιος ''Apollṓnios Rhódios''; la, Apollonius Rhodius; fl. first half of 3rd century BCE) was an ancient Greek author, best known for the ''Argonautica The ''Argonautica'' ( el, ...
mentions it in his epic poem ''
Argonautica The ''Argonautica'' ( el, Ἀργοναυτικά , translit=Argonautika) is a Greek literature, Greek epic poem written by Apollonius of Rhodes, Apollonius Rhodius in the 3rd century BC. The only surviving Hellenistic civilization, Hellenistic ...
'', describing that the
Argonauts The Argonauts (; Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , or , ''Kiní Neoellinikí Glóssa''), generally referred to by speakers simply as Greek (, ) ...

Argonauts
rested here during their travels. He writes that signs of their visit were still visible in his day, including skin-coloured pebbles that they dried their hands on and large stones which they used at discus.
Strabo Strabo''Strabo'' (meaning "squinty", as in strabismus Strabismus is a condition in which the eyes do not properly align with each other when looking at an object. The eye that is focused on an object can alternate. The condition may be pre ...

Strabo
(5.2.6) presents a slightly different account: "because the scrapings, which the Argonauts formed when they used their strigils, became congealed, the pebbles on the shore remain variegated still to this day." The island was then settled by the
Etruscans The Etruscan civilization () of ancient Italy The history of Italy covers the Ancient Period, the Middle Ages and the modern era. Since classical times, ancient Phoenicians, Magna Graecia, Greeks, Etruscan civilization, Etruscans, and Celts ha ...
, who started mining iron at Elba, and later (after 480 BC) by the
Romans Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, ...
, who christened the island with the name of Ilva.


Middle Ages and early modern

In the early
medieval period In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and collection, the study, organization and presentation and the interpretation of past events and affairs of the people of Europe since the beginning of ...
, Elba was invaded by the Ostrogoths and the
Lombards The Lombards () or Langobards ( la, Langobardi) were a Germanic people The Germanic peoples were a historical group of people living in Central Europe Central Europe is an area of Europe between Western Europe and Eastern Europe, based on ...
, and then it became a possession of the
Republic of Pisa The Republic of Pisa ( it, Repubblica di Pisa) was an independent state centered on the Tuscan Tuscan may refer to: Places * A person from, or something of, from, or related to Tuscany, a region of Italy * Tuscan Archipelago Currency * Tuscan p ...
. After the
battle of Meloria The Battle of Meloria was fought near the islet of Meloria in the Ligurian Sea on 5 and 6 August 1284 between the fleets of the Republics of Republic of Genoa, Genoa and Republic of Pisa, Pisa as part of the Genoese-Pisan War. The victory of Gen ...
, the Republic of Genova took possession of Elba, but it was regained by Pisa in 1292. The island was retained for two centuries by the
Appiani family 220px, Coat of arms of the House of Appiani. The Appiani (also Appiano or d'Appiano) is an Italian nobility, Italian noble family, originally from Al Piano or Appiano, a now disappeared toponym identified with the modern La Pieve in the ''comune ...
, Lords of
Piombino Piombino is an Italy, Italian town and ''comune'' of about 35,000 inhabitants in the province of Livorno (Tuscany). It lies on the border between the Ligurian Sea and the Tyrrhenian Sea, in front of Elba Island and at the northern side of Maremma ...
, when they sold Pisa to the
house of Visconti A house is a single-unit residential building, which may range in complexity from a rudimentary hut to a complex structure of wood, masonry, concrete or other material, outfitted with plumbing, electrical, and heating, ventilation, and air con ...
of Milan in 1399. In 1544, the
Barbary pirates The Barbary pirates, or Barbary corsairs or Ottoman corsairs, were Muslim Muslims () are people who follow or practice Islam Islam (; ar, اَلْإِسْلَامُ, al-’Islām, "submission o God) is an Abrahamic religio ...
from North Africa devastated Elba and the coasts of Tuscany. In 1546, part of the island was handed over to
Cosimo I de' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany Cosimo I de' Medici (12 June 1519 – 21 April 1574) was the second Duke of Florence from 1537 until 1569, when he became the first Grand Duchy of Tuscany, Grand Duke of Tuscany, a title he held until his death. Life Rise to power Cosimo was ...
, who fortified Portoferraio and renamed it "Cosmopoli", while the rest of the island was returned to the Appiani in 1577. In 1596,
Philip II of Spain Philip II) in Spain , image_flag = Bandera de España.svg , image_coat = Escudo de España (mazonado).svg , national_motto = , national_anthem = , image_map = , map_caption ...

Philip II of Spain
captured Porto Longone and had two fortresses built there. This part of Elba came into the direct power of Spain through the State of the Presidi, including Porto Longone. In 1736, the sovereignty of this part of Elba was claimed by the Kingdom of Naples but remained abandoned.


Late modern and contemporary

The
British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ir ...

British
landed on the Island of Elba in 1796, after the occupation of
Livorno Livorno () is a port city on the Ligurian Sea 300px, The Ligurian Sea The Ligurian Sea ( it, Mar Ligure; french: Mer Ligurienne; lij, Mâ Ligure) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlant ...

Livorno
by the French Republican troops, to protect the 4,000 French royalists who had found asylum in Portoferraio two years earlier. In 1801, the
Peace of Luneville Peace is a concept of societal friendship and harmony in the absence of hostility and violence. In a social sense, peace is commonly used to mean a lack of social conflict, conflict (such as war) and freedom from fear of violence between indiv ...
gave Elba to the
Kingdom of Etruria The Kingdom of Etruria (; it, Regno di Etruria) was an Italian kingdom between 1801 and 1807 which made up a large part of modern Tuscany it, Toscano (man) it, Toscana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , ...
, and it was transferred to France in 1802 by the
Peace of Amiens The Treaty of Amiens (French language, French: ''la paix d'Amiens'') temporarily ended hostilities between French First Republic, France and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, United Kingdom at the end of the War of the Second Coa ...
. The French Emperor
Napoleon Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) was a French military and political leader. He rose to prominence during the French Revolution The French Revolution ( ) refers to the period that began with the Estates General o ...

Napoleon
was exiled to Elba, after his forced abdication following the Treaty of Fontainebleau, and conveyed to the island on HMS ''Undaunted'' by Captain Thomas Ussher; he arrived at Portoferraio on 4 May 1814. He was allowed to keep a personal guard of 600 men and was nominally
sovereign of Elba
sovereign of Elba
, although the nearby sea was patrolled by the French and British navies. During the months that he stayed on the island, Napoleon carried out a series of economic and social reforms to improve the quality of life. After staying for almost ten months, he escaped to France on 26 February 1815. At the
Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna (, ) of 1814–1815 was an international diplomatic conference to reconstitute the European political order after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) w ...

Congress of Vienna
, Elba was restored to the
Grand Duchy of Tuscany The Grand Duchy of Tuscany ( it, Granducato di Toscana; la, Magnus Ducatus Etruriae) was an Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of t ...
. In 1860, it became part of the new unified
Kingdom of Italy The Kingdom of Italy ( it, Regno d'Italia) was a state that existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II en, Victor Emmanuel Mario Albert Eugene Ferdinand Thomas , house = House of Savoy, Savoy , father = Charles Albert o ...
. During the
Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, the island was liberated from German occupation by the French ''
1er Corps d'Armée
1<sup>er</sup> Corps d'Armée
'' supported by British forces including Royal Naval Commandos on 17 June 1944, in '' Opération Brassard''. Faulty intelligence and strong defences made the battle more difficult than expected. In 1954, the waters off the coast Elba would become the sight of the infamous crash of
BOAC Flight 781 BOAC Flight 781 was a de Havilland Comet The de Havilland DH.106 Comet was the world's first commercial jet airlinerJet Airliner may refer to: * Jet airliner, an aeroplane powered by jet engines * "Jet Airliner" (Steve Miller Band son ...
. In recent decades, thanks to its rich cultural heritage, cuisine and nature, the island has become an important international tourist destination.


Transportation

The island is connected to the mainland via the four ferry companies, Toremar,
Moby Lines 240px, MS ''Moby Aki'' in Livorno, 2007. Moby Lines (Moby Lines S.p.A.) is an Italy, Italian shipping company that operates ferry, ferries and cruiseferry, cruiseferries between the Italian or French mainland and the islands of Elba, Sardinia and ...
, Blunavy and
Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries . Port Image:01 Corsica Ferries Mega Express Four.jpg">260px, MS ''Mega Express Four'' at Ajaccio Corsica Ferries - Sardinia Ferries (Corsica Ferries France SAS – Forship SpA) is a France-Italy based ferry company that operates traffic to a ...
, all offering routes between Piombino and Portoferraio, the capital located in the north,
Cavo Cavo is an American hard rock Hard rock or heavy rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music Rock music is a broad genre of popular music Popular music is music with wide appeal that is typically distributed to large audiences t ...
,
Rio Marina Rio Marina is a ''frazione'' of the ''comune'' of Rio, Italy, Rio, in the Province of Livorno in the Italy, Italian region Tuscany, located on the island of Elba. History The first traces of settlements in the area date to the 15th century. In the ...
and Porto Azzurro, on the east coast of the island. There is an airport on the island,
Marina di Campo Airport Marina di Campo Airport ( it, Aeroporto di Marina di Campo) is the airport of the Italy, Italian island of Elba,Marina di Campo Airpo ...
. It is served by Silver Air with flights to the Italian mainland.


Cycling

The island has a network of trails for road racers looking for more technical routes for their training, trails and dirt roads for bikers to have fun on, and accessible routes for families with children who need safe and relaxing routes. On the road from
Rio nell'Elba Rio nell'Elba is a ''frazione'' of the ''comune'' of Rio, Italy, Rio, in the Province of Livorno in the Italy, Italian region Tuscany, located about southwest of Florence and about south of Livorno. Main sights * Orto dei Semplici Elbano, a bota ...
going to Porto Azzurro is the "Fonte di Coppi". Towards the end of his career
Fausto Coppi Angelo Fausto Coppi (; 15 September 1919 – 2 January 1960) was an Italian cyclist, the dominant international cyclist of the years after the Second World War World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or ...

Fausto Coppi
, the "campionissimo", came here to train on the roads of Elba. He still retained a celebrity status but was no longer at the peak of his career that ended with his death a few years later. The plaque on the fountain reads: "1960–2010, here the champion quenched his thirst, after fifty years on the run".


Gallery

File:Elba Enfola.jpg, Enfola Beach File:Elba litorale.jpg, South coast of Elba File:Elba Westküste.jpg, West coast of Elba File:Aerial view of Elba 2.jpg, Aerial view of Elba File:MteCapanne.JPG, Mount Capanne File:Portoferraio Lighthouse 01.jpg, Lighthouse in
Portoferraio Portoferraio () is a town and ''comune'' in the province of Livorno, on the edge of the eponymous harbour of the island of Elba. It is the island's largest city. Because of its terrain, many of its buildings are situated on the slopes of a tiny hi ...

Portoferraio
File:Marciana Marina - Hafen und Monte Capanne.jpg,
Marciana Marina Marciana Marina is a town and ''comune'' in the province of Livorno (administrative region of Tuscany, Italy), one of the most important towns of Elba Island. It is situated at sea level, with nearly 2.000 inhabitants. There is a small marinaCirc ...

Marciana Marina
File:Capoliveri 01.jpg,
Capoliveri Capoliveri is a ''comune'' (municipality) on the island of Elba in Italy. Administratively it is part of the Province of Livorno in the Tuscany region, located about southwest of Florence and about south of Livorno. The name appeared for the first ...
File:Capoliveri Elbe Elba.JPG,
Capoliveri Capoliveri is a ''comune'' (municipality) on the island of Elba in Italy. Administratively it is part of the Province of Livorno in the Tuscany region, located about southwest of Florence and about south of Livorno. The name appeared for the first ...
File:Fetovaia01.jpg, Fetovaia beach File:Bandiera_isola_elba.JPG, Flag of Elba


See also

*
List of islands of Italy This is a list of islands of Italy. There are over 400 islands in Italy, including islands in the Mediterranean Sea (including the marginal seas: Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea, Libyan Sea, Ligurian Sea, Sea of Sardinia, Tyrrhenian Sea, and inland isl ...
*
Tuscan Archipelago The Tuscan Archipelago is a chain of islands between the Ligurian Sea Image:Ligurian Sea map.png, 300px, The Ligurian Sea The Ligurian Sea ( it, Mar Ligure; french: Mer Ligurienne; lij, Mâ Ligure) is an arm of the Mediterranean Sea, between th ...

Tuscan Archipelago
*''
The Count of Monte Cristo ''The Count of Monte Cristo'' (french: Le Comte de Monte-Cristo) is an adventure novel Adventure fiction is a genre of fiction that usually presents danger, or gives the reader a sense of excitement. History In the Introduction to the ''Enc ...
'', 1844 novel by Alexandre Dumas


References


Further reading

* *


External links

* {{Authority control Islands of Tuscany Mediterranean islands Arcipelago Toscano National Park Palaces and residences of Napoleon Tuscany Wine regions of Italy