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Edgar William Garbisch (April 7, 1899 – December 13, 1979) was an American
college football College football (french: football universitaire) is gridiron football Gridiron football,
player, military officer, businessman and art collector. He played eight years of college football at
Washington & Jefferson College Washington & Jefferson College (W&J College or W&J) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, ...
(1917–1920) and the
United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point or simply Army is a four-year United States service academy in West Point, New York West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United Stat ...
(1921–1924) and was an
All-American An All-America team is a hypothetical American sports team composed of outstanding amateur players. These players are broadly considered by media and other relevant commentators as the best positional players in a particular sport, for a specific ...
each year from 1922 to 1924. He was inducted to the
College Football Hall of Fame The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame A hall, wall, or walk of fame is a list of individuals, achievements, or animals, usually chosen by a group of electors, to mark their in their field. In some cases, these halls of fame c ...
in 1954. Garbisch was the sales manager of the Postum cereal company in the late 1920s and early 1930s and president of Cellulose Products Corp. and Tisch Inc., in the 1930s. During World War II, he served as a colonel in the U.S. Army and was responsible for directing all military construction in New England and New York, including 39 Army airfields and embarkation camps. From 1945 to 1971, he was affiliated with Grocery Store Products, Inc., first as president and then as chief executive officer and chairman. Garbisch was married for more than 50 years to Bernice Chrysler, the daughter of Chrysler founder Walter P. Chrysler, and they became important art collectors. Their collection of American
Naïve art Naïve art is usually defined as visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after applicat ...
paintings, consisting of more than 2,600 pieces, was considered the most comprehensive ever assembled with much of it being given to museums during their lifetimes.


Early years

Garbisch was born in
La Porte, Indiana La Porte (French for "The Door") is a city in LaPorte County, Indiana, United States, of which it is the county seat. Its population was estimated to be 21,569 in 2019. It is one of the two principal cities of the Michigan City, Indiana, Michigan ...
in 1899. His parents were Henry Christian and Sophia Carolina Garbisch. He attended Washington High School in
Washington, Pennsylvania Washington is a city in and the county seat of Washington County, Pennsylvania, United States. Located within the Greater Pittsburgh Region in the southwestern part of the state, it is the home of Washington & Jefferson College and PONY Baseball ...
, played at the tackle position on the school's football team and was also a "star tennis player."


College football

Garbisch enrolled at
Washington & Jefferson College Washington & Jefferson College (W&J College or W&J) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, ...
in the fall of 1917. He played football and tennis all four years at Washington & Jefferson and was captain of the college's 1920 football team. Garbisch received a bachelor of arts degree from Washington & Jefferson in 1921. Garbisch next enrolled at the
United States Military Academy The United States Military Academy (USMA), also known as West Point or simply Army is a four-year United States service academy in West Point, New York West Point is the oldest continuously occupied military post in the United Stat ...
in July 1921. While attending the Military Academy, he played at the
center Center or centre may refer to: Mathematics *Center (geometry) In geometry, a centre (or center) (from Ancient Greek language, Greek ''κέντρον'') of an object is a point in some sense in the middle of the object. According to the spe ...
,
guard Guard or guards may refer to: Professional occupations * Bodyguard, who protects an individual from personal assault * Crossing guard, who stops traffic so pedestrians can cross the street * Lifeguard, who rescues people from drowning * Prison gu ...
and place-kicker position for the
Army Black Knights football The Army Black Knights football team, previously known as the Army Cadets, represents the United States Military Academy in college football. Army is a NCAA Division I Football Bowl Subdivision, Division I Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) member o ...
team from 1921 to 1924. He was credited with developing the "roving center method" of playing defensive football in 1921. In 1922, he helped lead Army to an 8-0-2 record, and he kicked a 47-yard field goal from a placement near the sideline to give Army a 17-14 victory over rival Navy. At the end of the 1922 season, Garbisch was selected as a consensus All-American, receiving first-team honors from
Walter Camp Walter Chauncey Camp (April 7, 1859 – March 14, 1925) was an American football American football, referred to simply as football in the United States and Canada and also known as gridiron, is a team sport played by two teams of eleven ...
, the ''New York Tribune'',
Norman E. Brown Norman Edgar Brown (October 10, 1890 – March 31, 1958) was an American sportswriter Sports journalism is a form of writing Writing is a medium of human communication that involves the representation of a language with written symbols. Wr ...
, and the Romelke Press Clipping Bureau. In 1923, he was again selected as a first-team All-American by
Tom Thorp Thomas Joseph Thorp (March 6, 1884 – July 6, 1942) was an American football player and coach, sports writer, and football and horse racing official. He served as the head football at Fordham University from 1912 to 1913 and at New York Univers ...
, for the ''Baltimore News'', and
Percy Haughton Percy Duncan Haughton (July 11, 1876 – October 27, 1924) was an American football and baseball player and coach. He served as head football coach at Cornell University from 1899 to 1900, at Harvard University from 1908 to 1916, and at Columbia U ...
. Garbisch also received second-team All-American honors from ''Athletic World'' magazine, selected based on votes cast by 500 coaches, and Davis J. Walsh, sports editor for the
International News Service The International News Service (INS) was a U.S.-based news agency (newswire) founded by newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in 1909.
. On November 30, 1924, with President
Calvin Coolidge Calvin Coolidge (born John Calvin Coolidge Jr.; ; July 4, 1872 – January 5, 1933) was an was an American lawyer and politician, who became the 30th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the hea ...

Calvin Coolidge
in attendance at the annual
Army–Navy Game The Army–Navy Game is an American college football College football (french: football universitaire) is gridiron football Gridiron football,Grantland Rice Henry Grantland "Granny" Rice (November 1, 1880July 13, 1954) was an early 20th-century American sportswriting, sportswriter known for his elegant prose. His writing was published in newspapers around the country and broadcast on the radio. Earl ...
wrote:
Ed Garbisch, the big Army captain, used his big right toe as a flaming howitzer today in the Baltimore Stadium and beat the Navy singlehanded as 80,000 people looked down upon the field of war. . . . For it was Garbisch 12 and Navy 0 . . . He had, after the early misses, been adjusting his famous toe to the proper range with care and coolness.
At the end of the 1924 season, he was selected as a first-team All-American by Walter Camp,
International News Service The International News Service (INS) was a U.S.-based news agency (newswire) founded by newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst in 1909.
,''ESPN College Football Encyclopedia'', p. 1156 ''
Liberty Broadly speaking, liberty is the ability to do as one pleases, or a right or immunity enjoyed by prescription or by grant (i.e. privilege). It is a synonym for the word freedom Freedom, generally, is having the ability to act or change withou ...
'' magazine,
Newspaper Enterprise Association The Newspaper Enterprise Association (NEA) is an editorial column and comic strip A comic strip is a sequence of drawings, often cartoons A cartoon is a type of illustration An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visua ...
,
Billy Evans William George Evans (February 10, 1884 – January 23, 1956), nicknamed "The Boy Umpire", was an American umpire (baseball), umpire in Major League Baseball who worked in the American League from 1906 to 1927. He became, at age 22, the youn ...

Billy Evans
, Davis J. Walsh, and
Walter Eckersall Walter Herbert "Eckie" Eckersall (June 17, 1886 – March 24, 1930) was an American college football player, Official (American football), official, and Sports journalism, sportswriter for the ''Chicago Tribune''. He played for the Chicago Maroon ...
for the ''
Chicago Tribune The ''Chicago Tribune'' is a daily newspaper based in Chicago (''City in a Garden''); I Will , image_map = , map_caption = Interactive maps of Chicago , coordinates = , coordinates_footnote ...

Chicago Tribune
''. Garbisch was also the captain of the Army tennis team while at West Point and competed in the 1925 Wimbledon tournament. He was the Military Academy's tennis champion for four consecutive years and reportedly "played in all the major invitation tennis tournaments." Garbisch graduated from the U.S. Military Academy in 1925 ranked 17th in a class of 245 cadets.


Later years

After graduating from the Military Academy, Garbisch was commissioned as a lieutenant and assigned to the Fifteenth Engineers at Fort Humphrey, Virginia. In December 1925, President Calvin Coolidge accepted Garbisch's resignation from the Army, and Garbisch announced his intention to pursue a career in business. Beginning in 1926, Garbisch was employed by the Postum Cereal Company, Postum cereal division of General Food Sales Co. By 1930, he had been promoted to sales manager of the Postum division. Garbisch married Bernice Chrysler, daughter of Walter P. Chrysler, on January 4, 1930. Garbisch was the president of Cellulose Products Corp. from 1931 to 1935 and president and chairman of Tisch Inc. (later Kernap Inc.) from 1933 to 1942. In 1937, Garbisch became a director of Grocery Store Products Co. He rejoined the Army during World War II and served with the rank of colonel. He served for four years from January 1942 to December 1945 as an engineer responsible for directing all military construction in New England and New York, including 39 Army airfields and embarkation camps. After leaving the military at the end of 1945, Garbisch returned to Grocery Store Products, Inc. He served as its president from 1945 to 1947 and chairman and chief executive officer from 1947 to 1971. In 1971, the company merged with and became a subsidiary of The Clorox Company. In 1954, Garbisch was inducted into the
College Football Hall of Fame The College Football Hall of Fame is a hall of fame A hall, wall, or walk of fame is a list of individuals, achievements, or animals, usually chosen by a group of electors, to mark their in their field. In some cases, these halls of fame c ...
. In 1959, he was also inducted into the Helms Athletic Foundation's college football hall of fame. Garbisch died at his home in Cambridge, Maryland, in December 1979 after a long illness. His wife also died at their home several hours later.


Art collection

Garbisch and his wife were well known art collectors. They had a widely recognized collection of American furniture and paintings, American and European brass and wrought iron fixtures, and European and Chinese porcelain. Their collection of American
Naïve art Naïve art is usually defined as visual art The visual arts are art forms such as painting Painting is the practice of applying paint Paint is any pigmented liquid, liquefiable, or solid mastic composition that, after applicat ...
paintings, consisting of more than 2,600 pieces, was considered the most comprehensive ever assembled at the time of their death. During their lifetimes, much of their collection of Naïve art was donated to museums, including the National Gallery of Art, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Philadelphia Museum of Art, Baltimore Museum of Art, Chrysler Museum of Art, and Flint Institute of Arts. A smaller collection of paintings, including Picasso's "Seated Acrobat with Folded Arms," was sold at auction in May 1980 for $14.8 million—then a record for any auction in the United States.


References

{{DEFAULTSORT:Garbisch, Edgar 1899 births 1979 deaths American football centers American football guards United States Military Academy people Army Black Knights football players Army Black Knights men's tennis players Washington & Jefferson Presidents football players Washington & Jefferson Presidents men's tennis players All-American college football players College Football Hall of Fame inductees People from Cambridge, Maryland People from La Porte, Indiana People from Washington, Pennsylvania Players of American football from Pennsylvania Military personnel from Pennsylvania