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Ernest Fraser Jacob (12 September 1894 – 7 October 1971) was a British medievalist and scholar who was President of the Chetham Society, Lancashire Parish Register Society and Ecclesiastical History Society.


Education

He was educated at Twyford School,
Winchester College Winchester College is a public school (fee-charging independent day and boarding school) in Winchester, Hampshire, England. It was founded by William of Wykeham in 1382 and has existed in its present location ever since. It is the oldest of the ...
, and then for a period at New College, Oxford - broken by service in World War I. He won a fellowship to
All Souls College, Oxford All Souls College (official name: College of the Souls of All the Faithful Departed) is a constituent college of the University of Oxford in England. Unique to All Souls, all of its members automatically become fellows (i.e., full members of t ...
, and taught there and at Christ Church where his pupils included A. L. Rowse.


Professor

He was then Professor of History at Manchester University from 1929 to 1944 before returning to
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town and only city of Oxfordshire. In 2020, its population was estimated at 151,584. It is north-west of London, south-east of Birmingham and north-east of Bristol. The city is home to the ...
as Chichele Professor of Modern History at All Souls from 1950 until 1961. He was an able academic politician, and is said to have recruited Sir Lewis Namier to
Manchester Manchester () is a city in Greater Manchester, England. It had a population of 552,000 in 2021. It is bordered by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, and the neighbouring city of City of Salford, Salford to ...
by reading in his newspaper that Namier had no position, making a phone-call to invite him to take a chair, and only then walking over to tell the Vice-Chancellor of the recruitment. Jacob was a Member of the Chetham Society, serving as a Member of Council from 1931 and as President from 1938 until 1971. He was a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries,
Royal Historical Society The Royal Historical Society, founded in 1868, is a learned society of the United Kingdom which advances scholarly studies of history. Origins The society was founded and received its royal charter in 1868. Until 1872 it was known as the Histori ...
and British Academy and also President of the Ecclesiastical History Society (1965–66).Past Presidents - Ecclesiastical History Society
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Legacy

Jacob is remembered as the link between the old school of 'structuralist' medievalists, including distinguished names such as
William Stubbs William Stubbs (21 June 182522 April 1901) was an English historian and Anglican bishop. He was Regius Professor of Modern History at the University of Oxford between 1866 and 1884. He was Bishop of Chester from 1884 to 1889 and Bishop of ...
, T. F. Tout and F. W. Maitland, and the subsequent school of more socio-political medieval historiography, to which J. S. Roskell, K.B. McFarlane and C. A. J. Armstrong belonged. His professorships at Manchester and Oxford did much to make the two schools England's academic centres for medieval studies.


References


External links


Chetham Society
{{DEFAULTSORT:Jacob, E. F. 1894 births 1971 deaths People educated at Winchester College Academics of the Victoria University of Manchester Alumni of New College, Oxford Fellows of All Souls College, Oxford British medievalists People educated at Twyford School Chichele Professors of Modern History 20th-century British historians Presidents of the Ecclesiastical History Society Chetham Society Lancashire Parish Register Society