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Duke University is a
private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two decades from the charts. Both "In Pri ...
research university A research university is a university A university ( la, universitas, 'a whole') is an educational institution, institution of higher education, higher (or Tertiary education, tertiary) education and research which awards academic degrees in v ...
in
Durham, North Carolina Durham ( ) is a city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defi ...
. Founded by
Methodist Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist
s and
Quakers Quakers are people who belong to a historically Protestant Christian Protestantism is a form of that originated with the 16th-century , a movement against what its followers perceived to be in the . Protestants originating in the Ref ...

Quakers
in the present-day town of
Trinity The Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian ...
in 1838, the school moved to Durham in 1892. In 1924, tobacco and electric power industrialist
James Buchanan Duke James Buchanan Duke (December 23, 1856 – October 10, 1925) was an American tobacco village in Xanthi, Greece Tobacco is the common name of several plants in the '' Nicotiana'' genus Genus (plural genera) is a taxonomic rank Tax ...
established
The Duke Endowment The Duke Endowment is a private foundation Foundation may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Games * ''Foundation'', an List of Amiga games (A–H)#F, Amiga video game * ''Foundation'', a 2019 simulation video game by Polymorph Games Lite ...
and the institution changed its name to honor his deceased father,
Washington Duke Washington Duke (December 18, 1820 – May 8, 1905) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ( ...
. The campus spans over on three contiguous sub-campuses in Durham, and a marine lab in
Beaufort
Beaufort
. The West Campus—designed largely by architect
Julian Abele Julian Francis Abele (April 30, 1881April 23, 1950) was a prominent African-American architect, and chief designer in the offices of Horace Trumbauer. He contributed to the design of more than 400 buildings, including the Widener Memorial Library ...
, an African American architect who graduated first in his class at the
University of Pennsylvania School of Design The University of Pennsylvania Stuart Weitzman School of Design is the design school of the University of Pennsylvania The University of Pennsylvania (Penn or UPenn) is a Private university, private Ivy League research university in Philadel ...
—incorporates
Gothic architecture Gothic architecture (or pointed architecture) is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of sty ...
with the
Duke Chapel Duke University Chapel is a chapel located at the center of the campus of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town ...

Duke Chapel
at the campus' center and highest point of elevation, is adjacent to the Medical Center. East Campus, away, home to all first-years, contains
Georgian Georgian may refer to: Common meanings * Anything related to, or originating from Georgia (country) **Georgians, an indigenous Caucasian ethnic group **Georgian language, a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians **Georgian scripts, three scripts ...
-style architecture. The university administers two concurrent schools in Asia, Duke-NUS Medical School in
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
(established in 2005) and
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
in
Kunshan, China
Kunshan, China
(established in 2013). Duke is ranked among the top universities in the United States. The undergraduate admissions are among the most selective in the country, with an overall acceptance rate of 5.7% for the class of 2025. Duke spends more than $1 billion per year on research, making it one of the ten largest research universities in the United States. More than a dozen faculty regularly appear on annual lists of the world's most-cited researchers. , 15 Nobel laureates and 3 Turing Award winners have been affiliated with the university. Duke alumni also include 50
Rhodes Scholars 250px, Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker">Oxford.html" ;"title="Rhodes House in Oxford">Rhodes House in Oxford, designed by Sir Herbert Baker The Rhodes Scholarship is an international Postgraduate education, postgraduate a ...
, the third highest number of Churchill Scholars of any university (behind
Princeton Princeton University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two ...

Princeton
and
Harvard Harvard University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly t ...

Harvard
), and the fifth-highest number of
Rhodes Rhodes (; el, Ρόδος, translit=Ródos ) is the largest of the Dodecanese The Dodecanese (, ; el, Δωδεκάνησα, ''Dodekánisa'' , literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek#REDIRECT Greek Gre ...
,
Marshall Marshall may refer to: Places United States * Marshall, Alaska * Marshall, Arkansas * Marshall, California * Lotus, California, former name Marshall * Marshall Pass, a mountain pass in Colorado * Marshall, Illinois * Marshall, Indiana * Marshall, ...
, Truman, Goldwater, and Udall Scholars of any American university between 1986 and 2015.Top Scholar Rankings: 1986–2015
. ''Kansas State University'', 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
Duke is the alma mater of one
president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state A head of state (or chief of state) is the public persona A persona (plural personae or personas), depending on the context, can refer to either the public image of ...

president of the United States
(
Richard Nixon Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913April 22, 1994) was the 37th president of the United States The president of the United States (POTUS) is the and of the . The president directs the of the and is the of the . The power o ...

Richard Nixon
) and 14 living billionaires. Duke is the second-largest private employer in North Carolina, with more than 39,000 employees. The university has been ranked as an excellent employer by several publications.


History


Beginnings

Duke first opened in 1838 as Brown's Schoolhouse, a private subscription school founded in Randolph County in the present-day town of
Trinity The Christian Christians () are people who follow or adhere to Christianity, a monotheistic Abrahamic religion based on the life and teachings of Jesus in Christianity, Jesus Christ. The words ''Christ (title), Christ'' and ''Christian ...
. Organized by the Union Institute Society, a group of Methodists and Quakers, Brown's Schoolhouse became the Union Institute Academy in 1841 when North Carolina issued a charter. The academy was renamed Normal College in 1851 and then Trinity College in 1859 because of support from the
Methodist Church Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist Church
. In 1892, Trinity College moved to Durham, largely due to generosity from Julian S. Carr and
Washington Duke Washington Duke (December 18, 1820 – May 8, 1905) was an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America ( ...
, powerful and respected Methodists who had grown wealthy through the tobacco and electrical industries. Carr donated land in 1892 for the original Durham campus, which is now known as East Campus. At the same time, Washington Duke gave the school $85,000 for an initial endowment and construction costs—later augmenting his generosity with three separate $100,000 contributions in 1896, 1899, and 1900—with the stipulation that the college "open its doors to women, placing them on an equal footing with men." In 1924 Washington Duke's son, James B. Duke, established
The Duke Endowment The Duke Endowment is a private foundation Foundation may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Games * ''Foundation'', an List of Amiga games (A–H)#F, Amiga video game * ''Foundation'', a 2019 simulation video game by Polymorph Games Lite ...
with a $40 million trust fund. Income from the fund was to be distributed to hospitals, orphanages, the
Methodist Church Methodism, also called the Methodist movement, is a group of historically related denominations Denomination may refer to: * Religious denomination, such as a: ** Christian denomination ** Jewish denomination ** Islamic denomination ** Hindu d ...

Methodist Church
, and four colleges (including Trinity College). , the president of Trinity at the time, insisted that the institution be renamed Duke University to honor the family's generosity and to distinguish it from the myriad other colleges and universities carrying the "Trinity" name. At first, James B. Duke thought the name change would come off as self-serving, but eventually, he accepted Few's proposal as a memorial to his father. Money from the endowment allowed the university to grow quickly. Duke's original campus, East Campus, was rebuilt from 1925 to 1927 with
Georgian Georgian may refer to: Common meanings * Anything related to, or originating from Georgia (country) **Georgians, an indigenous Caucasian ethnic group **Georgian language, a Kartvelian language spoken by Georgians **Georgian scripts, three scripts ...
-style buildings. By 1930, the majority of the
Collegiate Gothic Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style subgenre of Gothic Revival architecture, popular in the late-19th and early-20th centuries for college and high school buildings in the United States and Canada, and to a certain extent Europe. ...
-style buildings on the campus one mile (1.6 km) west were completed, and construction on West Campus culminated with the completion of Duke Chapel in 1935.Duke University Chapel – History
. ''Friends of Duke Chapel.'' Retrieved July 5, 2011.
In 1878, Trinity (in Randolph County) awarded A.B. degrees to three sisters—Mary, Persis, and Theresa Giles—who had studied both with private tutors and in classes with men. With the relocation of the college in 1892, the Board of Trustees voted to again allow women to be formally admitted to classes as day students. At the time of Washington Duke's donation in 1896, which carried the requirement that women be placed "on an equal footing with men" at the college, four women were enrolled; three of the four were faculty members' children. In 1903 Washington Duke wrote to the Board of Trustees withdrawing the provision, noting that it had been the only limitation he had ever put on a donation to the college. A woman's residential dormitory was built in 1897 and named the Mary Duke Building, after Washington Duke's daughter. By 1904, fifty-four women were enrolled in the college. In 1930, the Woman's College was established as a coordinate to the men's undergraduate college, which had been established and named Trinity College in 1924.


Expansion and growth

Engineering Engineering is the use of scientific principles to design and build machines, structures, and other items, including bridges, tunnels, roads, vehicles, and buildings. The discipline of engineering encompasses a broad range of more speciali ...

Engineering
, which had been taught at Duke since 1903, became a
separate school In Canada, a separate school is a type of school that has constitutional status in three provinces (Ontario ("Loyal she began, loyal she remains") , Label_map = yes , image_map = Ontario in Canada 2.svg , map ...
in 1939. The university president's official residence, the , was completed in 1934. In athletics, Duke hosted and competed in the first Rose Bowl ever played outside California in
Wallace Wade Stadium Wallace Wade Stadium, in full Brooks Field at Wallace Wade Stadium, is a 40,004-seat outdoor stadium in the southeastern United States, located on the campus of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. Primarily used for American football, it is ...

Wallace Wade Stadium
in 1942; the second such game was played in
Arlington, Texas Arlington is a city in the U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are currently 50. Bound together in a , each state holds al jurisdiction over a separate and defined geographic territory where it shares its with the . Due to ...

Arlington, Texas
, in 2021, moved as a result of the
COVID-19 pandemic The COVID-19 pandemic is an ongoing global pandemic A pandemic (from , , "all" and , , "local people" the 'crowd') is an of an that has spread across a large region, for instance multiple or worldwide, affecting a substantial numbe ...

COVID-19 pandemic
. During World War II, Duke was one of 131 colleges and universities nationally that took part in the
V-12 Navy College Training Program The V-12 Navy College Training Program was designed to supplement the force of commissioned officers in the United States Navy during World War II. Between July 1, 1943, and June 30, 1946, more than 125,000 participants were enrolled in 131 college ...
which offered students a path to a navy commission. In 1963 the Board of Trustees officially
desegregated Desegregation is the process of ending the separation of two groups, usually referring to races. Desegregation is typically measured by the index of dissimilarity allowing researchers to determine whether desegregation efforts are having impact on ...
the undergraduate college. Duke enrolled its first black graduate students in 1961. The school did not admit Black undergraduates until September 1963. The teaching staff remained all-White until 1966. Increased activism on campus during the 1960s prompted
Martin Luther King Jr. Martin Luther King Jr. (born Michael King Jr.; January 15, 1929 – April 4, 1968) was an African American African Americans (also referred to as Black Americans or Afro-Americans) are an ethnic group of Americans with total or part ...
to speak at the university in November 1964 on the progress of the
Civil Rights Movement The 1954–1968 civil rights movement in the United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North ...
. Following Douglas Knight's resignation from the office of university president,
Terry Sanford James Terry Sanford (August 20, 1917April 18, 1998) was an American lawyer and politician from North Carolina North Carolina () is a U.S. state, state in the Southeastern United States, Southeastern region of the United States. North Caroli ...

Terry Sanford
, the former governor of North Carolina, was elected president of the university in 1969, propelling The
Fuqua School of Business The Fuqua School of Business (pronounced ) is the business school of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. It enrolls more than 1,300 students in degree-seeking programs. Duke Executive Education also offers non-degree business education and ...
' opening, the William R. Perkins library completion, and the founding of the Institute of Policy Sciences and Public Affairs (now the Sanford School of Public Policy). The separate Woman's College merged back with Trinity as the liberal arts college for both men and women in 1972. Beginning in the 1970s, Duke administrators began a long-term effort to strengthen Duke's reputation both nationally and internationally. Interdisciplinary work was emphasized, as was recruiting minority faculty and students. During this time it also became the birthplace of the first Physician Assistant degree program in the United States.
Duke University Hospital Duke University Hospital is a 957-acute care bed academic tertiary care facility located in Durham, North Carolina. Established in 1930, it is the flagship teaching hospital for the Duke University Health System, a network of physicians and hospit ...
was finished in 1980 and the student union building was fully constructed two years later. In 1986 the men's soccer team captured Duke's first
National Collegiate Athletic Association The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) is a nonprofit organization A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and ...
(NCAA) championship, and the men's basketball team followed shortly thereafter with championships in
1991 It was the final year of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of tension between the and the and their respective allies, the and the , which began following . Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, bu ...
and
1992 1992 was designated as: * International Space YearThe International Space Year (ISY) was 1992, the year of the quincentenary of Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus * lij, Cristoffa C(or)ombo * es, Cristóbal Colón * pt, C ...
, then again in
2001 2001 was designated as International Year of Volunteers. Events January * January 1 – Kolkata (in West Bengal, India) officially restores its name from Calcutta. * January 9 – iTunes is launched. * January 10 – The U.S. ...
,
2010 2010 was designated as: *International Year of Biodiversity The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the dat ...
, and
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovern ...
. Duke Forward, a seven-year fundraising campaign, raised $3.85 billion by August 2017.


Recent history

In 2014, Duke removed the name of Charles B. Aycock, a white-supremacist
governor of North Carolina The governor of North Carolina is the head of government of the United States, U.S. state of North Carolina. The governor directs the Executive (government), executive branch of the Government of North Carolina, government and is the Commander-i ...
, from an undergraduate dormitory. It is now known as the East Residence Hall. On August 19, 2017, following the violent clashes at the
Unite the Right rally The Unite the Right rally was a white supremacist rally that took place in Charlottesville, Virginia Charlottesville, colloquially known as C'ville, is an independent city (United States), independent city in the Commonwealth (U.S. state) ...
in
Charlottesville, Virginia Charlottesville, colloquially known as C'ville, is an independent city (United States), independent city in the Commonwealth (U.S. state), Commonwealth of Virginia. It is the county seat of Albemarle County, Virginia, Albemarle County, which su ...
, the statue of Confederate Gen.
Robert E. Lee Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American Confederate general best known for his service to the Confederate States of America The Confederate States of America (CSA), commonly referred to as the Co ...

Robert E. Lee
was removed from the entrance to the Duke University Chapel, after having been vandalized by protesters. In August 2020, the first undergraduates from
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
arrived for their study abroad on Duke's campus. Due to COVID-19, Chinese Duke undergraduate and graduate students unable to travel to the United States were reciprocally hosted at the Duke Kunshan campus.


Controversies

In 2006, three men's lacrosse team members were falsely accused of rape, which garnered significant media attention. On April 11, 2007, North Carolina Attorney General
Roy Cooper Roy Asberry Cooper III (born June 13, 1957) is an American attorney and politician serving as the 75th governor of North Carolina The governor of North Carolina is the head of government of the United States, U.S. state of North Carolina. T ...

Roy Cooper
dropped all charges and declared the three players innocent. Cooper stated that the charged players were victims of a "tragic rush to accuse." The District Attorney,
Mike Nifong Michael Byron Nifong (born September 14, 1950) is an American former North Carolina North Carolina () is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U. ...
, was subsequently disbarred. In 2019, Duke paid $112.5 Million to settle False Claims Act allegations related to scientific research misconduct. A researcher at the school was falsifying or fabricating research data, in order to win grants for financial gain. The researcher was arrested in 2013 on charges of embezzling funds from the university. The scheme was exposed by the allegations made through a lawsuit, filed by a whistleblower, who had worked as a Duke employee, and discovered the false data. In response to the misconduct settlement, Duke established an advisory panel of academics from
Caltech The California Institute of Technology (Caltech)The university itself only spells its short form as "Caltech"; other spellings such a"Cal Tech" and "CalTech" are incorrect. The Institute is also occasionally referred to as "CIT", most notably ...
,
Stanford Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a Private university, private research university in Stanford, California. The campus occupies , among the largest in the United States, and enrolls over 17,000 students. Sta ...

Stanford
and
Rockefeller University The Rockefeller University is a private graduate university in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Lite ...

Rockefeller University
. Based on the recommendations of this panel, the Duke Office of Scientific Integrity (DOSI) was established under the leadership of Lawrence Carin, an engineering professor who is one of the world's leading experts on machine learning and artificial intelligence The establishment of this office brings Duke's research practices in line with those at peer institutions like
Johns Hopkins University The Johns Hopkins University (Johns Hopkins, Hopkins, or JHU) is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty S ...

Johns Hopkins University
.


Campus

Duke University currently owns 256 buildings on of land, which includes the Duke Forest. The campus is divided into four main areas: West, East, and Central campuses and the Medical Center, which are all connected via a free bus service. On the Atlantic coast in , Duke owns as part of its marine lab. One of the major public attractions on the main campus is the Sarah P. Duke Gardens, established in the 1930s. Duke students often refer to the campus as "the Gothic Wonderland," a sports_nickname referring to the
Collegiate Gothic Collegiate Gothic is an architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically identifiable. It is a sub-class of Style (visual arts), style i ...
architecture of West Campus. Much of the campus was designed by
Julian Abele Julian Francis Abele (April 30, 1881April 23, 1950) was a prominent African-American architect, and chief designer in the offices of Horace Trumbauer. He contributed to the design of more than 400 buildings, including the Widener Memorial Library ...
, one of the first prominent African-American architects and the chief designer in the offices of architect
Horace Trumbauer Horace Trumbauer (December 28, 1868 – September 18, 1938) was a prominent American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United St ...
. The residential quadrangles are of an early and somewhat unadorned design, while the buildings in the academic quadrangles show influences of the more elaborate late French and Italian styles. The freshmen campus, known as East Campus, is composed of buildings in the
Georgian architecture Georgian architecture is the name given in most English-speaking countries to the set of architectural style An architectural style is a set of characteristics and features that make a building or other structure notable or historically iden ...
style. In 2011,
Travel+Leisure Travel + Leisure Co. (formerly Wyndham Destinations, Inc. and Wyndham Worldwide Corporation) is an American timeshare A timeshare (sometimes called vacation ownership) is a property with a divided form of ownership or use rights. These prope ...
listed Duke among the most beautiful college campuses in the United States. The stone used for West Campus has seven primary colors and seventeen shades of color. The university supervisor of planning and construction wrote that the stone has "an older, more attractive antique effect" and a "warmer and softer coloring than the " that gave the university an "artistic look." James B. Duke initially suggested the use of stone from a quarry in
Princeton, New Jersey Princeton is a municipality with a borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, off ...
, but later amended the plans to purchase a local quarry in to reduce costs.King, William E
DukeStone
''Duke University Historical Notes.'' Retrieved January 12, 2011.
Duke Chapel Duke University Chapel is a chapel located at the center of the campus of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town ...

Duke Chapel
stands at the center of West Campus on the highest ridge. Constructed from 1930 to 1935, the chapel seats 1,600 people and, at is one of the tallest buildings in Durham County. A number of construction projects in recent years include renovations to Duke Chapel, Wallace Wade Stadium (football) and Cameron Indoor Stadium (basketball). In early 2014, the Nicholas School of the Environment opened a new home, Environmental Hall, a five-story, glass-and-concrete building that incorporates the highest sustainable features and technologies, and meets or exceeds the criteria for LEED platinum certification. The School of Nursing in April 2014 opened a new addition to the Christine Siegler Pearson Building. In summer 2014, a number of construction projects were completed. The project is part of the final phase of renovations to Duke's West Campus libraries that have transformed one of the university's oldest and most recognizable buildings into a state-of-the-art research facility. The David M. Rubenstein Rare Book and Manuscript Library reopened in August 2015 after about $60 million in renovations to the sections of the building built in 1928 and 1948. The renovations include more space, technology upgrades and new exhibits. In 2013, construction projects included transforming buildings like Gross Hall and Baldwin Auditorium, plus new construction such as the Events Pavilion. About was updated at Gross Hall, including new lighting and windows and a skylight. Baldwin's upgrades include a larger stage, more efficient air conditioning for performers and audience and enhanced acoustics that will allow for the space to be "tuned" to each individual performance. The Events Pavilion opened to students in 2013 and serves as temporary dining space while the West Campus Union undergoes major renovations, expected to be completed in the spring of 2016. From February 2001 to November 2005, Duke spent $835 million on 34 major construction projects as part of a five-year strategic plan, "Building on Excellence." Completed projects since 2002 include major additions to the business, law, nursing, and divinity schools, a new library, the
Nasher Museum of Art The Nasher Museum of Art (previously the Duke University Museum of Art) is the art museum of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in th ...
, a football training facility, two residential buildings, an engineering complex, a public policy building, an eye institute, two genetic research buildings, a student plaza, the French Family Science Center, and two new medical-research buildings. In early 2012, the Duke Cancer Center opened next to Duke Hospital in Durham. The patient care facility consolidates nearly all of Duke's outpatient clinical care services.


West, East, and Central Campuses

''See main article,
Duke University West Campus West Campus is part of Duke University's campus in Durham, North Carolina, Durham, North Carolina. West Campus, along with Duke University East Campus, East Campus, make up most of Duke University, Duke's main campus. The campus follows the Colleg ...
'' West Campus, considered the main campus of the university, houses the sophomores and juniors, along with some seniors. Most of the academic and administrative centers are located there. Main West Campus, with
Duke Chapel Duke University Chapel is a chapel located at the center of the campus of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town ...

Duke Chapel
at its center, contains the majority of residential quads to the south, while the main academic quad, library, and Medical Center are to the north. The campus, spanning , includes Science Drive, which is the location of science and engineering buildings. The residential quads on West Campus are Craven Quad, Crowell Quad, Edens Quad, Few Quad, Keohane Quad, Kilgo Quad, and Wannamaker Quad. Most of the campus eateries and sports facilities—including the historic basketball stadium,
Cameron Indoor Stadium Cameron Indoor Stadium is an indoor arena located on the campus of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. The 9,291-seat facility is the primary indoor athletic venue for the Duke Blue Devils and serves as the home court for Duke Duke Blue Dev ...
—are on West Campus. East Campus, the original location of Duke after it moved to Durham, functions as a first-year campus, housing the university's freshmen dormitories as well as the home of several academic departments. Since the 1995–96 academic year, all freshmen—and only freshmen, except for upperclassmen serving as Resident Assistants—have lived on East Campus, an effort to build class unity. The campus encompasses and is from West Campus. African and African American Studies, Art History, History, Cultural Anthropology, Literature, Music, Philosophy, and Women's Studies are housed on East. Programs such as dance, drama, education, film, and the University Writing Program reside on East. The self-sufficient East Campus contains the freshmen residence halls, a dining hall, coffee shop, post office, Lilly Library, Baldwin Auditorium, a theater, Brodie Gym, tennis courts, several disc golf baskets, and a walking track as well as several academic buildings. The East Campus dorms are Alspaugh, Basset, Bell Tower, Blackwell, Brown, East House (formerly known as Aycock), Epworth, Gilbert-Addoms, Giles, Jarvis, Pegram, Randolph, Southgate, Trinity, and Wilson. Separated from downtown by a short walk, the area was the site of the Women's College from 1930 to 1972. Central Campus, consisting of between
East East or Orient is one of the four cardinal direction The four cardinal directions, or cardinal points, are the directions , , , and , commonly denoted by their initials N, E, S, and W. East and west are (at s) to north and south, with east ...
and
West West or Occident is one of the four cardinal directions or points of the compass The points of the compass are an evenly spaced set of horizontal directions (or azimuth An azimuth (; from Arabic اَلسُّمُوت ''as-sumūt'', 'the di ...
campuses, housed around 1,000 sophomores, juniors, and seniors, as well as around 200 professional students in double or quadruple apartments. However, the housing of undergraduates on Central Campus ended after the 2018–2019 school year. Central Campus is home to the
Nasher Museum of Art The Nasher Museum of Art (previously the Duke University Museum of Art) is the art museum of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in th ...
, the Freeman Center for Jewish Life, the Center for Muslim Life, the Duke Police Department, the Duke Office of Disability Management, a
Ronald McDonald House Ronald McDonald House Charities (RMHC) is an American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, from, or related to the United States of America, commonly known as the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly ...

Ronald McDonald House
, and administrative departments such as Duke Residence Life and Housing Services. Central Campus has several recreation and social facilities such as basketball courts, a sand volleyball court, a turf field, barbecue grills and picnic shelters, a general gathering building called "Devil's Den", a restaurant known as "Devil's Bistro", a convenience store called Uncle Harry's, and the Mill Village. The Mill Village consists of a gym and group study rooms.Central Campus
. ''Duke Student Affairs.'' Retrieved May 3, 2011.


Other key places

Duke Forest, established in 1931, consists of in six divisions, just west of West Campus. The largest private research forest in North Carolina and one of the largest in the nation, the Duke Forest demonstrates a variety of forest stand types and silvicultural treatments. Duke Forest is used extensively for research and includes the Aquatic Research Facility, Forest Carbon Transfer and Storage (FACTS-I) research facility, two permanent towers suitable for micrometeorological studies, and other areas designated for animal behavior and ecosystem study. More than of trails are open to the public for hiking, cycling, and horseback riding. The Duke Lemur Center, located inside the Duke Forest, is the world's largest sanctuary for rare and endangered
strepsirrhine Strepsirrhini or Strepsirhini (; ) is a suborder of primate A primate ( ) (from Latin , from 'prime, first rank') is a eutherian mammal Mammals (from Latin language, Latin , 'breast') are a group of vertebrate animals constituting ...

strepsirrhine
primates. Founded in 1966, the Duke Lemur Center spans and contains nearly 300 animals of 25 different species of
lemur Lemurs ( ) (from Latin ''lemures'' – ghosts or spirits) are wet-nosed primates of the superfamily SUPERFAMILY is a database and search platform of structural and functional annotation for all proteins and genomes. It classifies amino acid s ...

lemur
s,
galago Galagos , also known as bush babies, or ''nagapies'' (meaning "night monkeys" in Afrikaans Alaric speaking Afrikaans. Afrikaans (, ) is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of Sout ...

galago
s and
loris Loris is the common name for the strepsirrhine Strepsirrhini or Strepsirhini (; ) is a suborder of primate A primate ( ) (from Latin , from 'prime, first rank') is a eutherian mammal Mammals (from Latin language, Latin , 'brea ...

loris
es. The Sarah P. Duke Gardens, established in the early 1930s, is situated between West Campus and Central Campus. The gardens occupy , divided into four major sections:The Sarah P. Duke Gardens History
''Duke Gardens.'' Retrieved July 5, 2011.
the original Terraces and their surroundings; the H.L. Blomquist Garden of Native Plants, devoted to flora of the Southeastern United States; the W.L. Culberson Asiatic Arboretum, housing plants of Eastern Asia, as well as disjunct species found in Eastern Asia and Eastern North America; and the Doris Duke Center Gardens. There are of allées and paths throughout the gardens.
Duke University Medical Center Duke University Hospital is a 957-acute care bed academic tertiary care Health care, health-care, or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health Health is a state of physical, mental and social well-being Well-being, also know ...
, bordering Duke's West Campus northern boundary, combines one of the top-rated hospitals and one of the top-ranked
medical schools A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surge ...
in the U.S. Founded in 1930, the Medical Center occupies in 99 buildings on . Duke University Marine Laboratory, located in the town of
Beaufort, North Carolina Beaufort ( ) is a town in and the county seat of Carteret County Carteret County is located in the U.S. state of North Carolina. As of the 2010 United States Census, 2010 census, the population was 66,469. Its county seat is Beaufort, North Caro ...

Beaufort, North Carolina
, is also technically part of Duke's campus. The marine lab is situated on Pivers Island on the
Outer Banks The Outer Banks (frequently abbreviated OBX) are a string of barrier islands and Spit (landform), spits off the coast of North Carolina and southeastern Virginia, on the east coast of the United States. They line most of the North Carolina coas ...
of North Carolina, across the channel from Beaufort. Duke's interest in the area began in the early 1930s and the first buildings were erected in 1938.Duke University Marine Lab
. ''Duke Marine Lab.'' Retrieved June 21, 2011.
The resident faculty represent the disciplines of oceanography, marine biology, marine biomedicine, marine biotechnology, and coastal marine policy and management. The Marine Laboratory is a member of the National Association of Marine Laboratories. In May 2014, the newly built Orrin H. Pilkey Marine Research Laboratory was dedicated.


Singapore and China

In April 2005, Duke and the
National University of Singapore The National University of Singapore (NUS) is a national National may refer to: Common uses * Nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common culture, and, in many cases, ...
signed a formal agreement under which the two institutions would partner to establish the Duke-NUS Medical School in
Singapore Singapore (), officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign state, sovereign island city-state in maritime Southeast Asia. It lies about one degree of latitude () north of the equator, off the southern tip of the Malay Peninsula, bor ...

Singapore
. Duke-NUS is intended to complement the National University of Singapore's existing undergraduate medical school, and had its first entering class in 2007. The curriculum is based on that of the
Duke University School of Medicine The Duke University School of Medicine, commonly known as Duke Med, is the Medical school in the United States, medical school of Duke University. It is located in the Collegiate Gothic-style Duke University West Campus, West Campus of Duke Unive ...
. 60% of matriculates are from Singapore and 40% are from over 20 countries. The school is part of the National University of Singapore system, but distinct in that it is overseen by a Governing Board, including a Duke representative who has veto power over any academic decision made by the Board. In 2013,
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
(abbreviated "DKU"), a partnership between Duke University,
Wuhan University Wuhan University (WHU; ; colloquially ) is a national research university located in Wuhan, Hubei. It is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China, and was recognized by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a Class A Double Fir ...
, and the city of Kunshan, was established in
Kunshan Kunshan is a county-level city in southeastern Jiangsu Province, Jiangsu province with Shanghai bordering its eastern border and Suzhou on its western boundary. It is under the administration of the prefecture-level city of Suzhou. Name Ther ...

Kunshan
, China. The university runs Duke degree graduate programs and an undergraduate liberal arts college. Undergraduates are awarded degrees from both Duke Kunshan University and Duke University upon graduation and become members of Duke and DKU's alumni organizations. DKU conducted research projects on
climate change Contemporary climate change includes both the global warming caused by humans, and its impacts on Earth's weather patterns. There have been previous periods of climate change, but the current changes are more rapid than any known even ...
, health-care policy and
tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pathogen, disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host (biology), host tissues to the in ...

tuberculosis
prevention and control.


Administration and organization

Duke University has 12 schools and institutes, three of which host undergraduate programs: Trinity College of Arts and Sciences,
Pratt School of Engineering The Pratt School of Engineering is located at Duke University in the United States. The school's associated research, education, alumni and service-to-society efforts are collectively known as Duke Engineering. Research expenditures at Duke Enginee ...
, and
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
. The university has "historical, formal, ongoing, and symbolic ties" with the
United Methodist Church The United Methodist Church (UMC) is a worldwide mainline Protestant The mainline Protestant churches (also called mainstream Protestant and sometimes oldline Protestant) are a group of Protestant denominations in the United States that contras ...

United Methodist Church
, but is a
nonsectarian Nonsectarian institutions are secular Secularity, also the secular or secularness (from Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. Latin was originally spoken in the area a ...
and independent institution. Duke's endowment had a market value of $8.6 billion in the fiscal year that ended June 30, 2019. The university's special academic facilities include an
art museum An art museum is a building or space for the display of art Art is a diverse range of (products of) human activities Humans (''Homo sapiens'') are the most populous and widespread species of primates, characterized by bipedality, ...
, several language labs, the Duke Forest, the Duke Herbarium, a lemur center, a phytotron, a free-electron laser, a
nuclear magnetic resonance Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) is a physical phenomenon A phenomenon (; plural phenomena) is an observable In physics Physics (from grc, φυσική (ἐπιστήμη), physikḗ (epistḗmē), knowledge of nature, from ...
machine, a nuclear lab, and a marine lab. Duke is a leading participant in the National Lambda Rail Network and runs a program for gifted children known as the
Talent Identification Program The Duke University Talent Identification Program (commonly referred to as "Duke TIP") is a gifted education program based at Duke University. Founded in 1980 as one of the first pre-collegiate studies programs offered by an American university, ...
.


Academics


Admissions

Admission to Duke is defined by ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
'' as "most selective." Duke received nearly 50,000 applications for the Class of 2025, with an overall acceptance rate of 5.7%. The yield rate (the percentage of accepted students who choose to attend) for the Class of 2023 was 54%. The Class of 2024 had an ACT range of 34-35 and an SAT range of 1500–1570. (Test score ranges account for the 25th-75th percentile of accepted students.) From 2001 to 2011, Duke has had the sixth highest number of
Fulbright The Fulbright Program, including the Fulbright–Hays Program, is one of several United States Cultural Exchange Programs United States cultural exchange programs, particularly those programs with ties to the Bureau of Educational and Cultura ...

Fulbright
,
Rhodes Rhodes (; el, Ρόδος, translit=Ródos ) is the largest of the Dodecanese The Dodecanese (, ; el, Δωδεκάνησα, ''Dodekánisa'' , literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek#REDIRECT Greek Gre ...
, Truman, and Goldwater scholarships in the nation among private universities.Recently Elected U.S. Rhodes Scholars
''The Rhodes Trust.'' Retrieved January 12, 2011.
The university practices
need-blind admission Need-blind admission is a term used in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists ...
s and meets 100% of admitted students' demonstrated needs. About 50 percent of all Duke students receive some form of financial aid, which includes need-based aid, athletic aid, and merit aid. The average need-based grant for the 2018–19 academic year was $53,255. In 2020, a study by the
Chronicle of Higher Education ''The Chronicle of Higher Education'' is a newspaper and website that presents news, information, and jobs for college and Faculty (academic staff), university faculty and student affairs professionals (staff members and administrators). A subscri ...
ranked Duke first on its list of "Colleges That Are the Most Generous to the Financially Neediest Students". Roughly 60 merit-based full-tuition scholarships are offered, including the Angier B. Duke Memorial Scholarship awarded for academic excellence, the Benjamin N. Duke Scholarship awarded for community service, and the Robertson Scholars Leadership Program, a joint scholarship and leadership development program granting full student privileges at both Duke and UNC-Chapel Hill. Other scholarships are geared toward students in North Carolina, African-American students, children of alumni, and high-achieving students requiring financial aid.Financial Aid Statistics
. ''Duke Financial Aid.'' Retrieved May 3, 2011.


Graduate profile

In 2009, the
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surge ...
received 5,166 applications and accepted approximately 4% of them, while the average
GPA The pascal (symbol: Pa) is the SI derived unit SI derived units are units of measurement ' Measurement is the number, numerical quantification (science), quantification of the variable and attribute (research), attributes of an object or event ...

GPA
and ACT scores for accepted students from 2002 through 2009 were 3.74 and 34, respectively. The
School of Law A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction. Law degrees Argentina In Argentina, la ...
accepted approximately 13% of its applicants for the Class of 2014, while enrolling students had a median GPA of 3.75 and median
LSAT The Law School Admission Test (LSAT) is a standardized test A standardized test is a test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment), an educational assessment intended to measure the respondents' knowledge or other abil ...
of 170. The university's graduate and professional schools include the
Graduate School File:CCMDonation49.JPG, Student receives degree from the Monterrey Institute of Technology and Higher Education, Mexico City, 2013 A graduate school (sometimes shortened to grad school) is a school that awards advanced academic degrees (e.g., ma ...
, the
Pratt School of Engineering The Pratt School of Engineering is located at Duke University in the United States. The school's associated research, education, alumni and service-to-society efforts are collectively known as Duke Engineering. Research expenditures at Duke Enginee ...
, the
Nicholas School of the Environment The Nicholas School of the Environment is one of ten graduate and professional schools at Duke University and is headquartered on Duke’s main campus in Durham, N.C. A secondary coastal facility, Duke University Marine Laboratory, is maintained in ...
, the
School of Medicine A medical school is a tertiary educational institution, or part of such an institution, that teaches medicine, and awards a professional degree for physicians and surgeons. Such medical degrees include the Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surge ...
, the Duke-NUS Medical School, the School of Nursing, the
Fuqua School of Business The Fuqua School of Business (pronounced ) is the business school of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. It enrolls more than 1,300 students in degree-seeking programs. Duke Executive Education also offers non-degree business education and ...
, the
School of Law A law school (also known as a law centre or college of law) is an institution specializing in legal education, usually involved as part of a process for becoming a lawyer within a given jurisdiction. Law degrees Argentina In Argentina, la ...
, the
Divinity School A seminary, school of theology, theological seminary, or divinity school is an educational institution for educating students (sometimes called ''seminarians'') in scripture, theology, generally to prepare them for ordination to serve as clergy, i ...
, and the
Sanford School of Public Policy The Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity, North Carolina, Trinity ...
.


Undergraduate curriculum

Duke offers 46 arts and sciences majors, four engineering majors, 52 minors (including two in engineering) and Program II, which allows students to design their own interdisciplinary major in arts & sciences, and IDEAS, which allows students to design their own engineering major.Majors, Minors & Schools
''Duke Admissions'', 2012. Retrieved November 26, 2012.
Twenty-four certificate programs also are available. Students pursue a major and can pursue a combination of a total of up to three, including minors, certificates, and/or a second major. Eighty-five percent of undergraduates enroll in the Trinity College of Arts and Sciences. The balance enroll in Duke's
Pratt School of Engineering The Pratt School of Engineering is located at Duke University in the United States. The school's associated research, education, alumni and service-to-society efforts are collectively known as Duke Engineering. Research expenditures at Duke Enginee ...
. Undergraduates at Duke Kunshan can choose from 15 interdisciplinary majors approved by the
Chinese Ministry of Education The Ministry of Education (MOE) of the Government of China, People's Republic of China is the agency of the State Council of the People's Republic of China that regulates all aspects of the educational system in mainland China, including compuls ...
, and more majors are in the process of approval, including new major in behavioral science.


Trinity College of Arts and Sciences

Trinity's curriculum operates under the revised version of "Curriculum 2000." The curriculum aims to help students develop critical faculties and judgment by learning how to access, synthesize, and communicate knowledge effectively. The intent is to assist students in acquiring perspective on current and historical events, conducting research and solving problems, and developing tenacity and a capacity for hard and sustained work.Curriculum 2000: Index of the Report . ''Duke University.'' Retrieved June 12, 2011. Freshmen can elect to participate in the FOCUS Program
, which allows students to engage in an interdisciplinary exploration of a specific topic in a small group setting in their first semesters.


Pratt School of Engineering

The curriculum of Duke's Pratt School of Engineering, significantly transformed in recent years, immerses students in design, computing, research, and entrepreneurship — but still accommodates educational opportunities, including double majors, in a variety of disciplines from across Duke. The school emphasizes undergraduate research opportunities with faculty. Research and design opportunities arise through a real-world design course for first-year students, internships, independent study and research fellowships, and through design-focused capstone courses. More than 60 percent of Duke Engineering undergraduates have an intensive research experience during their four years, and nearly a fifth publish or present a research paper off-campus. Nearly 54 percent of Duke Engineering undergraduates intern or study abroad. Eighty-five percent have jobs or job offers at the time of graduation.


Duke Kunshan University

Duke Kunshan's undergraduate curriculum focuses heavily on interdisciplinary coursework and majors. Noah M. Pickus, Associate Provost and Senior Advisor at Duke and Dean of Undergraduate Curricula Affairs and Faculty Development at Duke Kunshan University, oversaw the development of the university's future-focused, internationalized curriculum.


Libraries and museums

Duke Libraries includes the Perkins, Bostock, and Rubenstein Libraries on West Campus, the Lilly and Music Libraries on East Campus, the Pearse Memorial Library at the Duke Marine Lab, and the separately administered libraries serving the schools of
business Business is the activity of making one's living or making money by producing or buying and selling products (such as goods and services). Simply put, it is "any activity or enterprise entered into for profit." Having a business name A trad ...
,
divinity Divinity or the divine are things that are either related to, devoted to, or proceeding from a deity A deity or god is a supernatural The supernatural encompasses supposed phenomena that are not subject to the laws of nature.https://ww ...
,
law Law is a system A system is a group of Interaction, interacting or interrelated elements that act according to a set of rules to form a unified whole. A system, surrounded and influenced by its environment, is described by its bounda ...
,
medicine Medicine is the science Science () is a systematic enterprise that builds and organizes knowledge Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts ( descriptive knowledge), skills (proced ...
, and
Duke Kunshan University Duke Kunshan University (DKU) is a Chinese-American partnership of Duke University (Durham, North Carolina, United States) and Wuhan University (Wuhan, Hubei, China) to create a Liberal arts education, liberal arts and research university offeri ...
. Duke's art collections are housed at the
Nasher Museum of Art The Nasher Museum of Art (previously the Duke University Museum of Art) is the art museum of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in th ...
on Central Campus. The museum was designed by
Rafael Viñoly Rafael Viñoly Beceiro (born 1944) is a Uruguayan architect. He is the principal of Rafael Viñoly Architects, which he founded in 1983, and has offices in New York City, Palo Alto, London, Manchester, Abu Dhabi and Buenos Aires. Life and car ...

Rafael Viñoly
and is named for Duke alumnus and art collector Raymond Nasher. The museum opened in 2005 at a cost of over $23 million and contains over 13,000 works of art, including works by William Cordova,
Marlene Dumas Marlene Dumas (born 3 September 1953) is a South African artist and painter currently based in the Netherlands The Netherlands ( nl, Nederland ), informally referred to as Holland, is a country primarily located in Western Europe and partly ...

Marlene Dumas
,
Olafur Eliasson Olafur Eliasson ( is, Ólafur Elíasson; born 5 February 1967) is a Danish–Iceland Iceland ( is, Ísland; ) is a Nordic countries, Nordic island country in the Atlantic Ocean, North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an are ...

Olafur Eliasson
,
David Hammons David Hammons (born 24 July 1943) is an American artist especially known for his works in and around New York City New York City (NYC), often simply called New York, is the List of United States cities by population, most populous city in ...
, Barkley L. Hendricks, Christian Marclay, Kerry James Marshall, Alma Thomas, Hank Willis Thomas, Bob Thompson (painter), Bob Thompson, Kara Walker, Andy Warhol, Carrie Mae Weems, Ai Weiwei, Fred Wilson (artist), Fred Wilson, and Lynette Yiadom-Boakye, Lynette Yiadom Boakye.


Research

Duke's research expenditures in the 2018 fiscal year were $1.168 billion, the tenth largest in the U.S. In fiscal year 2019 Duke received $571 million in funding from the National Institutes of Health. Duke is Carnegie Classification of Institutions of Higher Education, classified among "R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity". Throughout the school's history, Duke researchers have made breakthroughs, including the biomedical engineering department's development of the world's first real-time, three-dimensional ultrasound diagnostic system and the first engineered blood vessels and stents. In 2015, Paul Modrich shared the Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In 2012, Robert Lefkowitz along with Brian Kobilka, who is also a former affiliate, shared the Nobel Prize in chemistry for their work on cell surface receptors. Duke has pioneered studies involving nonlinear dynamics, chaos, and complex systems in physics. In May 2006 Duke researchers mapped the final human chromosome, which made world news as it marked the completion of the Human Genome Project. Reports of Duke researchers' involvement in new AIDS vaccine research surfaced in June 2006. The biology department combines two historically strong programs in botany and zoology, while one of the divinity school's leading theologians is Stanley Hauerwas, whom ''Time (magazine), Time'' named "America's Best Theologian" in 2001. The graduate program in literature boasts several internationally renowned figures, including Fredric Jameson, Michael Hardt, and Rey Chow, while philosophers Robert Brandon and Lakatos Award-winner Alexander Rosenberg contribute to Duke's ranking as the nation's best program in philosophy of biology, according to the ''Philosophical Gourmet Report''.


Rankings and reputation


Undergraduate rankings

In 2016, ''The Washington Post'' ranked Duke seventh overall based on the accumulated weighted average of the rankings from ''U.S. News & World Report'', ''Washington Monthly'', ''Wall Street Journal''/''Times Higher Education'', ''Times Higher Education'' (global), ''Money'' and ''Forbes''. In 2021, Duke was ranked fifth in the ''Wall Street Journal''/''Times Higher Education'' College Rankings, having risen five places in the past year. In addition, Duke was ranked second for student outcomes. The rankings take into account graduation rate, teaching reputation, graduate salaries, and student debt. In 2020, Duke was ranked 22nd in the world by ''U.S. News & World Report'' and 20th in the world by the ''Times Higher Education World University Rankings''. ''QS World University Rankings'' ranked Duke 52th the world for its 2022 rankings. ''Center for World University Rankings (CWUR)'' ranked Duke 20th globally in its 2020-21 report. Duke was ranked 28th best globally by the ''Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU)'' in 2019, focusing on quality of scientific research and the number of Nobel Prizes. The 2010 report by the ''Center for Measuring University Performance'' puts Duke at sixth in the nation. The 2012 Global Employability Ranking as published by ''The New York Times'' surveyed hundreds of chief executives and chairmen from around the world and asked them to select the best universities from which they recruited. Duke placed 26th in the world and 12th in the country. Duke also ranked 42nd in the world and 12th in the country on ''Times Higher Education''s global employability ranking in 2019. In 2018, Duke enrolled 106 National Merit Scholars, the 19th university in rank by number. Duke ranks fifth among national universities to have produced
Rhodes Rhodes (; el, Ρόδος, translit=Ródos ) is the largest of the Dodecanese The Dodecanese (, ; el, Δωδεκάνησα, ''Dodekánisa'' , literally "twelve islands") are a group of 15 larger plus 150 smaller Greek#REDIRECT Greek Gre ...
, Marshall, Truman, Goldwater, and Udall Scholars. , Duke graduates have received 25 Churchill Scholarships to the University of Cambridge. Only graduates of Princeton and Harvard have received more Churchill awards. As of 2020, Duke has produced 8 Mitchell Scholarship, Mitchell Scholars.''Kiplinger''s ''50 Best Values in Private Universities 2013–14'' ranks Duke at fifth best overall after taking financial aid into consideration. In a 2016 study by ''Forbes'', Duke ranked 11th among universities in the United States that have produced billionaires and first among universities in the South. A survey by the ''Journal of Blacks in Higher Education'' in 2002 ranked Duke as the #1 university in the country in regard to the integration of African American students and faculty. According to a poll of recruiters conducted by ''The Wall Street Journal'', Duke ranks second in terms of producing the best graduates who have received either a marketing or liberal arts degree. In a corporate study carried out by ''The New York Times'', Duke's graduates were shown to be among the most valued in the world, and ''Forbes'' magazine ranked Duke seventh in the world on its list of 'power factories' in 2012. Duke was ranked 17th on Thomson Reuters' list of the world's most innovative universities in 2015. The ranking graded universities based on patent volume and research output among other factors. In 2015, NPR ranked Duke first on its list of "schools that make financial sense". Time (magazine), Time'' magazine'' ranked Duke third on its list of the "Best 50 Colleges for African Americans". The ranking was based on representation, affordability and post-graduate earnings. In 2016, ''Forbes'' ranked Duke sixth on its list of "Expensive Schools Worth Every Penny". Duke has also been recognized as the third-best university employer in the country, behind Stanford University and Harvard University.


Graduate school rankings

Duke has been named one of the top universities for graduate outcomes several years in a row, having tied with Harvard University and Yale University. In ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
''s "America's Best Graduate Schools 2021", Duke's medical school ranked third in research and 26th in primary care. The School of Law was ranked 12th in the 2021 rankings by the same publication, with Duke's nursing school ranked second while the
Sanford School of Public Policy The Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in the present-day town of Trinity, North Carolina, Trinity ...
ranked fifth in Public Policy Analysis for 2019. Among business schools in the United States, the
Fuqua School of Business The Fuqua School of Business (pronounced ) is the business school of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. It enrolls more than 1,300 students in degree-seeking programs. Duke Executive Education also offers non-degree business education and ...
is ranked tied for tenth overall by ''U.S. News & World Report'' for 2020, while ''BusinessWeek'' ranked its full-time MBA program first in the nation in 2014. The graduate programs of Duke's
Pratt School of Engineering The Pratt School of Engineering is located at Duke University in the United States. The school's associated research, education, alumni and service-to-society efforts are collectively known as Duke Engineering. Research expenditures at Duke Enginee ...
ranked 24th in the U.S. by ''U.S. News & World Report'' in its 2020 rankings. ''Times Higher Education'' ranked the mathematics department tenth in the world in 2011. Duke's graduate-level specialties that are ranked among the top ten in the nation include areas in the following departments: biological sciences, medicine, nursing, engineering, law, business, English, history, physics, statistics, public affairs, physician assistant (ranked #1), clinical psychology, political science, and sociology. In 2007, Duke was ranked 22nd in the world by
Wuhan University Wuhan University (WHU; ; colloquially ) is a national research university located in Wuhan, Hubei. It is one of the most prestigious and selective universities in China, and was recognized by the Chinese Ministry of Education as a Class A Double Fir ...
's Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation. The ranking was based on journal article publication counts and citation frequencies in over 11,000 academic journals from around the world. A 2012 study conducted by academic analytics ranks Duke fourth in the nation (behind only Harvard,
Stanford Stanford University, officially Leland Stanford Junior University, is a Private university, private research university in Stanford, California. The campus occupies , among the largest in the United States, and enrolls over 17,000 students. Sta ...

Stanford
, and MIT) in terms of faculty productivity. In 2013, Duke Law ranked sixth in ''Forbes'' magazine's ranking of law schools whose graduates earn the highest starting salaries. In 2013, Duke's Fuqua School of Business was ranked sixth in terms of graduate starting salaries by ''U.S. News & World Report''. In the same year, a ranking compiled by the University of Texas at Dallas ranked Fuqua fifth in the world based on the research productivity of its faculty. The MEM (Masters in Engineering Management) program has been ranked third in the world by Eduniversal In 2013, ''Forbes'' ranked Duke fourth in the nation in terms of return on investment (ROI). The ranking used alumni giving as a criterion to determine which private colleges offer the best returns. In 2018, Above the Law (blog), Above the Law ranked Duke Law third in the nation in its ranking of law schools based on employment outcomes. In 2013, ''Business Insider'' ranked Duke's Fuqua School of Business fifth in the world based on an extensive survey of hiring professionals. In the same year, ''Forbes'' magazine ranked Fuqua eighth in the country based on return on investment. In 2014, Duke was named the 20th best global research university according to rankings published by ''U.S. News & World Report'' and the University Ranking by Academic Performance published by Middle East Technical University. The ''U.S. News'' ranking was based on 10 indicators that measure academic research performance and global reputations. The University Ranking by Academic Performance uses citation data obtained from Thomson Reuters' Web of Science to rank universities based on research output.


Student life


Student body

Duke's student body consists of 6,526 undergraduates and 9,108 graduate and professional students (as of fall 2019). The median family income of Duke students is $186,700, with 56% of students coming from the top 10% highest-earning families and 17% from the bottom 60%.


Residential life

Duke requires its students to live on campus for the first three years of undergraduate life, except for a small percentage of second-semester juniors who are exempted by a lottery system.RLHS: Housing
. ''Duke Residence Life and Housing Services.'' Retrieved May 3, 2011.
This requirement is justified by the administration as an effort to help students connect more closely with one another and sustain a sense of belonging within the Duke community. Thus, 85% of undergraduates live on campus.Campus Life
''U.S. News & World Report.'' Retrieved January 12, 2011.
All freshmen are housed in one of 14 residences on East Campus. These buildings range in occupancy size from 50 (Epworth—the oldest residence hall, built in 1892 as "the Inn") to 250 residents (Trinity). Most of these are in the Georgian style typical of the East Campus architecture. Although the newer residence halls differ in style, they still relate to East's Georgian heritage. Learning communities connect the residential component of East Campus with students of similar academic and social interests. Similarly, students in FOCUS Program (University Study Program), FOCUS, a first-year program that features courses clustered around a specific theme, live together in the same residence hall as other students in their cluster. Sophomores and juniors reside on West Campus, while the majority of undergraduate seniors choose to live off campus. West Campus contains six quadrangles—the four along "Main" West were built in the 1930s, while two newer ones have since been added. Central Campus provided housing for over 1,000 students in apartment buildings, until 2019. All housing on West Campus is organized into "houses"—sections of residence halls—to which students can return each year. House residents create their house identities. There are houses of unaffiliated students, as well as wellness houses and living-learning communities that adopt a theme such as the arts or foreign languages. There are also numerous "selective living groups" on campus for students wanting self-selected living arrangements. SLGs are residential groups similar to fraternities or sororities, except they are generally co-ed and unaffiliated with any national organization. Many of them also revolve around a particular interest such as entrepreneurship, civic engagement or African-American or Asian culture. Fifteen fraternities and nine sororities also are housed on campus. Most of the non-fraternity selective living groups are coeducational.


Greek and social life

About 30% of undergraduate men and about 40% of undergraduate women at Duke are members of fraternities and sororities. Most of the 17 Interfraternity Council recognized fraternity chapters live in sections within the residence halls. Eight National Pan-Hellenic Council (historically African American) fraternities and sororities also hold chapters at Duke. The first historically African American Greek letter organization at Duke University was the Omega Psi Phi, Omega Zeta chapter, founded on April 12, 1974. In addition, there are seven other fraternities and sororities that are a part of the Inter-Greek Council, the multicultural Greek umbrella organization. Duke also has Selective Living Groups, or SLGs, on campus for students seeking informal residential communities often built around themes. SLGs are residential groups similar to fraternities or sororities, except they are generally co-ed and unaffiliated with any national organizations. Fraternity chapters and SLGs frequently host social events in their residential sections, which are often open to non-members. In the late 1990s, a new keg policy was put into effect that requires all student groups to purchase kegs through Duke Dining Services. According to administrators, the rule change was intended as a way to ensure compliance with alcohol consumption laws as well as to increase on-campus safety. Some students saw the administration's increasingly strict policies as an attempt to alter social life at Duke. As a result, off-campus parties at rented houses became more frequent in subsequent years as a way to avoid Duke policies. Many of these houses were situated in the midst of family neighborhoods, prompting residents to complain about excessive noise and other violations. Police have responded by breaking up parties at several houses, handing out citations, and occasionally arresting party-goers. In the mid-to-late 2000s, the administration made a concerted effort to help students re-establish a robust, on-campus social life and has worked with numerous student groups, especially the Duke University Union, to feature a wide array of events and activities. In March 2006, the university purchased 15 houses in the Trinity Historic District, Trinity Park area that Duke students had typically rented and subsequently sold them to individual families in an effort to encourage renovations to the properties and to reduce off-campus partying in the midst of residential neighborhoods. Duke athletics, particularly men's basketball, traditionally serves as a significant component of student life. Duke's students have been recognized as some of the most creative and original fans in all of collegiate athletics. Students, often referred to as Cameron Crazies, show their support of the men's basketball team by "tenting" for home games against key Atlantic Coast Conference opponents, especially rival University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill (UNC). Because tickets to all varsity sports are free to students, they line up for hours before each game, often spending the night on the sidewalk. For a mid-February game against UNC, some of the most eager students might even begin tenting before spring classes begin. The total number of participating tents is capped at 100 (each tent can have up to 12 occupants), though interest is such that it could exceed that number if space permitted.Brill, Bill.
Duke basketball: 100 seasons: a legacy of achievement
', p. 97. Sports Publishing L.L.C, 2004. Retrieved August 25, 2011.
Tenting involves setting up and inhabiting a tent on the grass near
Cameron Indoor Stadium Cameron Indoor Stadium is an indoor arena located on the campus of Duke University in Durham, North Carolina. The 9,291-seat facility is the primary indoor athletic venue for the Duke Blue Devils and serves as the home court for Duke Duke Blue Dev ...
, an area known as Krzyzewskiville, or K-Ville for short. There are different categories of tenting based on the length of time and number of people who must be in the tent. At night, K-Ville often turns into the scene of a party or occasional concert, including setting Bonfires.


Activities


Student organizations

More than 400 student clubs and organizations operate on Duke's campus.Duke Student Organizations
. ''Duke Student Affairs.'' Retrieved July 4, 2011.
These include numerous student government, special interest, and service organizations. Duke Student Government (DSG) charters and provides most of the funding for other student groups and represents students' interests when dealing with the administration. The Duke University Union (DUU) is the school's primary programming organization, serving a center of social, cultural, intellectual and recreational life. There are a number of student-run businesses operating on campus, including Campus Enterprises, which offer students real-world business experience. Cultural groups are provided funding directly from the university via the Multicultural Center as well as other institutional funding sources. One of the most popular activities on campus is competing in sports. Duke has 37 sports clubs, and several intramural teams that are officially recognized. Performance groups such as Hoof 'n' Horn, the country's second-oldest student-run musical theater organization, a cappella groups, student bands, and theater organizations are also prominent on campus. As of the 2016–2017 school year, there are seven a cappella groups recognized by the Duke University A Cappella Council: Deja Blue, Lady Blue, Out of the Blue, the Pitchforks, Rhythm & Blue, Something Borrowed Something Blue, and Speak of the Devil. The Duke University mock trial team won the national championship in 2012. The Duke University Student Dining Advisory Committee provides guidance to the administration on issues regarding student dining, life, and restaurant choices. Cultural groups on campus include the Asian Students Association, Blue Devils United (the student lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender group), Black Student Alliance, Diya (South Asian Association), Jewish Life at Duke, Mi Gente (Latino Student Association), International Association/International Council, Muslim Student Association, Native American Student Coalition, Newman Catholic Student Center, Languages Dorm, and Students of the Caribbean.


Civic engagement

More than 75 percent of Duke students pursue service-learning opportunities in Durham and around the world through DukeEngage and other programs that advance the university's mission of "knowledge in service to society." Launched in 2007, DukeEngage provides full funding for select Duke undergraduates who wish to pursue an immersive summer of service in partnership with a U.S. or international community. As of summer 2013, more than 2,400 Duke students had volunteered through DukeEngage in 75 nations on six continents. Duke students have created more than 30 service organizations in Durham and the surrounding area. Examples include a weeklong camp for children of cancer patients (Camp Kesem) and a group that promotes awareness about sexual health, rape prevention, alcohol and drug use, and eating disorders (Healthy Devils). The Duke-Durham Neighborhood Partnership, started by the Office of Community Affairs in 1996, attempts to address major concerns of local residents and schools by leveraging university resources. Another community project, "Scholarship with a Civic Mission", is a joint program between the Hart Leadership Program and the Kenan Institute for Ethics. Another program includes Project CHILD, a tutoring program involving 80 first-year volunteers; and an after-school program for at-risk students in Durham that was started with a $2.25 million grant from the Kellogg Foundation in 2002. Two prominent civic engagement pre-orientation programs also exist for incoming freshmen: Project CHANGE and Project BUILD. Project CHANGE is a free weeklong program co-sponsored by the Kenan Institute for Ethics and the Duke Women's Center with the focus on ethical leadership and social change in the Durham community; students are challenged in a variety of ways and work closely with local non-profits. Project BUILD is a freshman volunteering group that dedicates 3,300 hours of service to a variety of projects such as schools, Habitat for Humanity, food banks, substance rehabilitation centers, homeless shelters. Some courses at Duke incorporate service as part of the curriculum to augment material learned in class such as in psychology or education courses (known as service learning courses).


Student media

''The Chronicle (Duke University), The Chronicle'', Duke's independent undergraduate daily newspaper, has been continually published since 1905 and now, along with its website, has a readership of about 70,000. Its editors are responsible for selecting the term "Duke Blue Devils, Blue Devil". The newspaper won Best in Show in the tabloid division at the 2005 Associated Collegiate Press National College Media Convention. Cable 13, established in 1976, is Duke's student-run television station. It is a popular activity for students interested in film production and media. WXDU, licensed in 1983, is the university's nationally recognized, noncommercial FM radio station, operated by student and community volunteers. ''The Chanticleer'' is Duke University's undergraduate yearbook. It was founded while the institution was still Trinity College in 1911, and was first published in 1912. The yearbook been published continually ever since, apart from 1918 when many students left for military service in World War I. In 1919 the yearbook was titled ''The Victory'' to mark the war's end.


Alumni

Duke's active alumni base of more than 145,000 devote themselves to the university through organizations and events such as the annual Reunion Weekend and Homecoming. There are 75 Duke clubs in the U.S. and 38 such international clubs. For the 2008–09 fiscal year, Duke tied for third in alumni giving rate among U.S. colleges and universities according to ''
U.S. News & World Report ''U.S. News & World Report'' is an American media company that publishes news, opinion, consumer advice, rankings, and analysis. Founded as a news magazine in 1933, ''U.S. News'' transitioned to primarily web-based publishing in 2010, although it ...
''. Based on statistics compiled by PayScale in 2011, Duke alumni rank seventh in mid-career median salary among all U.S. colleges and universities.


Duke Alumni Association

Duke Alumni Association (DAA) is an alumni association automatically available to all Duke graduates. Benefits include alumni events, a global network of regional DAA alumni chapters, educational and travel opportunities and communications such as The Blue Note, social media and ''Duke Magazine''. It provides access to the Duke Lemur Center,
Nasher Museum of Art The Nasher Museum of Art (previously the Duke University Museum of Art) is the art museum of Duke University Duke University is a Private university, private research university in Durham, North Carolina. Founded by Methodists and Quakers in th ...
, Duke Rec Centers and other campus facilities.


''Duke Magazine''

''Duke Magazine'', an alumni magazine, is the university's flagship vehicle for stories about the Duke community. It has been published five-six times a year by the Office of Alumni Affairs since 2002.


Athletics

Teams for then Trinity College were known originally as the Trinity Eleven, the Blue and White or the Methodists. William H. Lander, as editor-in-chief, and Mike Bradshaw, as managing editor, of the Trinity Chronicle began the academic year 1922-23 referring to the athletic teams as the Blue Devils. The Chronicle staff continued its use and through repetition, Blue Devils eventually caught on. The Duke University Athletic Association chairs 27 sports and more than 650 student-athletes. The Blue Devils are members of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division I level, the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS) and the Atlantic Coast Conference. Men's sports include baseball, basketball, cross country, fencing, football, golf, lacrosse, soccer, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field, and wrestling; women's sports include basketball, cross country, fencing, field hockey, golf, lacrosse, rowing, soccer, softball, swimming & diving, tennis, track & field, and volleyball. Duke's teams have won 17 NCAA team national championships—the women's golf team has won NCAA Women's Golf Championship, seven (1999, 2002, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2014 and 2019), the Duke Blue Devils men's basketball, men's basketball team has won five (
1991 It was the final year of the Cold War The Cold War was a period of tension between the and the and their respective allies, the and the , which began following . Historians do not fully agree on its starting and ending points, bu ...
,
1992 1992 was designated as: * International Space YearThe International Space Year (ISY) was 1992, the year of the quincentenary of Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus * lij, Cristoffa C(or)ombo * es, Cristóbal Colón * pt, C ...
,
2001 2001 was designated as International Year of Volunteers. Events January * January 1 – Kolkata (in West Bengal, India) officially restores its name from Calcutta. * January 9 – iTunes is launched. * January 10 – The U.S. ...
,
2010 2010 was designated as: *International Year of Biodiversity The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the dat ...
, and
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovern ...
), the Duke Blue Devils men's lacrosse, men's lacrosse team has won three (2010 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship, 2010, 2013 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship, 2013, and 2014 NCAA Division I Men's Lacrosse Championship, 2014), and the men's soccer (NCAA Division I Men's Soccer Championship, 1986) and women's tennis (NCAA Women's Tennis Championship, 2009) teams have won one each. Duke consistently ranks among the top in the National Association of Collegiate Directors of Athletics (NACDA) Directors' Cup, an overall measure of an institution's athletic success. For Division I in 2015, Duke finished 20th overall and fifth in the ACC. The Blue Devils have finished within the top 10 six times since the inception of the Cup in 1993–94. Also, Athletic Director Kevin White earned multiple awards in 2014, including the National Football Foundation's John L. Toner Award. On the academic front, nine Duke varsity athletics programs registered a perfect 1,000 score in the NCAA's multi-year Academic Progress Report (APR) released in April 2016.


Men's basketball

Duke's men's basketball team is one of the nation's most successful basketball programs. The team's success has been particularly outstanding over the past 30 years under coach Mike Krzyzewski (often simply called "Coach K"). The Blue Devils are the only team to win five national championships since the NCAA Tournament field was expanded to 64 teams in 1985, 11 Final Fours in the past 25 years, and eight of nine ACC tournament championships from 1999 to 2006. Coach K has also coached the United States men's national basketball team, USA men's national basketball team since 2006 and led the team to Olympic golds in 2008 United States men's Olympic basketball team, 2008, 2012 United States men's Olympic basketball team, 2012, and 2016. His teams also won FIBA Basketball World Cup, World Championship gold in 2010 FIBA World Championship, 2010 and 2014 FIBA Basketball World Cup, 2014. Overall, 32 Duke players have been selected in the first round of the NBA Draft in the Coach K era. More than 50 Duke players have been selected in the NBA Draft.


Football

The Blue Devils have won seven List of Atlantic Coast Conference football champions, ACC Football Championships, have had ten players honored as ACC Player of the Year (the most in the ACC), and have had three Pro Football Hall of Famers come through the program (second in the ACC to only Miami Hurricanes football, Miami's four). The Blue Devils have produced 11 College Football Hall of Famers, which is tied for the second most in the ACC. Duke has also won 18 total conference championships (7 ACC, 9 Southern Conference, and 1 Big Five Conference). That total is tied with Clemson for the highest in the ACC. The most famous Duke football season came in 1938, Young, Jim
The 1938 Iron Dukes: A Lasting Legacy
. ''Duke Magazine'', July/August 2003. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
when Wallace Wade coached the "Iron Dukes" that shut out all regular season opponents; only three teams in history can claim such a feat. That same year, Duke made their first Rose Bowl appearance, where they lost 7–3 when USC Trojans football, USC scored a touchdown in the final minute of the game. Wade's Blue Devils lost another Rose Bowl to Oregon State Beavers football, Oregon State in 1942, this one held at Duke's Wallace Wade Stadium, home stadium due to the attack on Pearl Harbor, which resulted in the fear that a large gathering on the West Coast might be in range of Japanese aircraft carriers. The football program proved successful in the 1950s and 1960s, winning six of the first ten List of Atlantic Coast Conference football champions, ACC football championships from 1953 to 1962 under coach William D. Murray, Bill Murray; the Blue Devils would not win the ACC championship again until 1989 under coach Steve Spurrier.Duke Blue Devils
''Theacc.com.'' Retrieved June 12, 2011.
David Cutcliffe was brought in prior to the 2008 season, and amassed more wins in his first season than the previous three years combined. The 2009 team won 5 of 12 games, and was eliminated from bowl contention in the next-to-last game of the season. Wiseman, Steve
Dilweg: Duke kept looking for next Spurrier
. ''The Herald-Sun'', July 2011. Retrieved August 1, 2011.
Mike MacIntyre, the defensive coordinator, was named 2009 Assistant Coach of the Year by the American Football Coaches Association (AFCA). While the football team has struggled at times on the field, the graduation rate of its players is consistently among the highest among Football Bowl Subdivision, Division I FBS schools. Duke's high graduation rates have earned it more AFCA Academic Achievement Awards than any other institution. In 2012, the Duke football team made its first bowl game appearance since 1994 with a win over arch-rival North Carolina Tar Heels football, North Carolina, a bowl which they would lose to the Cincinnati Bearcats football, Cincinnati Bearcats in the by a score of 48–34. 2013 marked the beginning of the Blue Devils' recent but relative success, having a breakout 10–2, 6-2 (ACC) season while claiming the title of Coastal Division Champions. Duke would go on to play the Florida State Seminoles football, Florida State Seminoles in the 2013 ACC Championship Game, ACC Championship game where they would lose to the national champions 45–7. Duke received an invite to the 2013 Chick-fil-A Bowl, Chick-fil-a Peach Bowl that same year in which they took on the Texas A&M Aggies football, Texas A&M Aggies led by college football legend Johnny Manziel, losing by a score of 52–48. For the 2014 season, Duke finished 9–3, 5–3 (ACC) and earned a trip to the Sun Bowl, where the Blue Devils lost to the Pac-12's Arizona State 36–31. In 2015, the Detroit Lions drafted Duke offensive guard Laken Tomlinson and the Washington Redskins drafted wide receiver Jamison Crowder. In 2019, Duke quarterback Daniel Jones (American football), Daniel Jones was drafted sixth overall by the New York Giants.


Track and field

In 2003 Norm Ogilvie was promoted to Director of Track and Field, and has led athletes to over 60 individual Atlantic Coast Conference, ACC championships, and 81 All-America selections, along with most of the track and field records being broken during his tenure. A new facility, the Morris Williams Track and Field Stadium, opened in 2015.


See also

* List of colleges and universities in North Carolina


References


External links

*
Duke Athletics website
{{authority control Duke University, Duke family Educational institutions established in 1838 Universities and colleges accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools Universities and colleges in Durham, North Carolina Private universities and colleges in North Carolina Universities and colleges in the Research Triangle 1838 establishments in North Carolina Universities and colleges affiliated with the Methodist Episcopal Church