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The Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) was a
United Kingdom government department The Government of the United Kingdom ga, Rialtas na Ríochta Aontaithe sco, Govrenment o the Unitit Kinrick , image = HM Government logo.svg , image_size=220px, date_established = , state = United Kingdom The United Kingdom o ...
formed on 19 October 1970. It was replaced with the creation of the
Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform The Department for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform (BERR) was a Departments of the United Kingdom Government, United Kingdom government department. The department was created on 28 June 2007 on the disbanding of the Department of Trade ...
and the
Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills The Department for Innovation, Universities and Skills (DIUS) was a British government departments, UK government department created on 28 June 2007 to take over some of the functions of the Department for Education and Skills (United Kingdom), Dep ...
on 28 June 2007.


History

The department was first formed on 19 October 1970 with the merger of the
Board of Trade The Board of Trade is a British government body concerned with commerce and industry, currently within the Department for International Trade. Its full title is The Lords of the Committee of the Privy Council appointed for the consideration of a ...
and the
Ministry of Technology The Minister of Technology was a position in the government of the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' ...
, creating a new cabinet post of
Secretary of State for Trade and Industry The Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, also referred to as the Business Secretary, is a senior Minister of the Crown within the Government of the United Kingdom, and head of the Department for Business, Energy and ...
. The new department also took over the
Department of EmploymentThe Secretary of State for Employment was a position in the Cabinet of the United Kingdom. In 1995 it was merged with Secretary of State for Education to make the Secretary of State for Education and Employment. In 2001 the employment functions wer ...

Department of Employment
's former responsibilities for monopolies and mergers. In January 1974, the department's responsibilities for energy production were transferred to a newly created
Department of EnergyA Ministry of Energy or Department of Energy is a government department in some countries that typically oversees the production of fuel and electricity; in the United States, however, it manages nuclear weapons development and conducts energy-relate ...
. On 5 March that year, following a
Labour Party Labour Party or Labor Party may refer to: Angola *MPLA, known for some years as "Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola – Labour Party" Antigua and Barbuda *Antigua and Barbuda Labour Party Argentina *Labour Party (Argentina) Armenia ...
victory in the February 1974
general election A general election is a political voting election where generally all or most members of a given political body are chosen. These are usually held for a nation, state, or territory's primary legislative body, and are different from by-election ...
, the department was split into the Department of Trade, the Department of Industry and the
Department of Prices and Consumer Protection The Department of Prices and Consumer Protection was a short-lived United Kingdom government department created by the incoming Labour Party (UK), Labour government in 1974 when the functions of the Department of Trade and Industry (United Kingdo ...
.


Reformation

In 1983 the departments of Trade and Industry were reunited. The Department of Energy was re-merged back into the DTI in 1992, but various media-related functions transferred to the
Department of National Heritage , type = Department , logo = DCMS logo 1.png , logo_width = , logo_caption = , seal = , seal_width = , seal_caption = , picture = Government Offices Great George Street.jpg , picture_width = 200px , picture_caption = 100 Parliament ...
. Until it was succeeded in June 2007 the DTI continued to set the
energy policy of the United Kingdom The current energy policy of the United Kingdom is the responsibility of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy The Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS) is a department of the government of ...
. After the 2005 general election the DTI was renamed to the Department for Productivity, Energy and Industry, but the name reverted to Department of Trade and Industry less than a week later, after widespread derision, including some from the
Confederation of British Industry The Confederation of British Industry (CBI) is a UK business organization, which in total claims to speak for 190,000 businesses, this is made up of around 1,500 direct members and 188,500 non-members. The non members are represented through the 140 ...
.


Structure

The DTI had a wide range of responsibilities. There were ultimately nine main areas covered by the DTI: * Company Law * Trade * Business Growth * Innovation * Employment Law * Regional Economic Development * Energy * Science * Consumer Law.


Emergent technology

From 1999 to 2005 it led the national E-Commerce Awards with InterForum, a not for profit membership organisation that helped British businesses to trade electronically. This aimed to encourage Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises to develop their business through the use of E-Commerce technologies.


Corporate policing

It also had responsibility for investigating misconduct by company directors, in which role
Private Eye ''Private Eye'' is a British fortnightly satirical Satire is a genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In ...
repeatedly lampooned it as "the Department of Timidity and Inaction".


See also

* Avanti (project) *
Energy in the United Kingdom Energy use in the United Kingdom stood at 2,249 TWh (193.4 million Tonne of oil equivalent, tonnes of oil equivalent) in 2014. This equates to energy consumption ''per capita'' of 34.82 MWh (3.00 tonnes of oil equivalent) compared to a 2010 world ...
* Restricted Enforcement Unit *
United Kingdom budget The Budget A budget is a financial plan for a defined period, often one year. It may also include planned sales volumes and revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities ...
*
Business Link Business Link was a government-funded business advice and guidance service in England. It consisted of an online portal managed by HM Revenue and Customs , type = Non-ministerial government department , seal = , logo = HM Revenue & Custom ...
– set up by the DTI in 1993 *
UK Trade & Investment , type = Non-ministerial government department , nativename = , nativename_a = , nativename_r = , logo = UKtrade.svg , logo_width = 190px , logo_caption = , seal = , seal_width = , seal_caption = , picture = Department for Business, Enterp ...
– set up in 1999 *
Special Representative for International Trade and Investment The Special Representative for International Trade and Investment was a member of the British royal family who represented the Sovereign for UK Trade & Investment which reports jointly to the Foreign Office and the Department for Business, Innovatio ...


References


External links


Department of Trade and Industry
(Archive) *
DTI Website Archived on 6 June 2007

Friends of the Action Group



Video clips


Enterprise Initiative
{{Authority control Trade and Industry
Economy of the United Kingdom {{Commons category, Economy of the United Kingdom United Kingdom United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' use ...
Government agencies disestablished in 2007 Industry in the United Kingdom Innovation in the United Kingdom Ministries established in 1970 1970 establishments in the United Kingdom Trade in the United Kingdom