This article is about the
demographic Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the period ...

features of the
population Population typically refers the number of people in a single area whether it be a city or town, region, country, or the world. Governments typically quantify the size of the resident population within their jurisdiction by a process called a ...

Denmark Denmark ( da, Danmark, ) is a Nordic country The Nordic countries, or the Nordics, are a geographical and cultural region In geography, regions are areas that are broadly divided by physical characteristics ( physical geography), hu ...

, including
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
ethnicity An ethnic group or ethnicity is a grouping of people A people is any plurality of persons considered as a whole. Used in politics and law it is a term to refer to the collective or community of an ethnic group, a nation, to the public or ...
, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations, and other aspects of the population.

National demographics

Since 1980, the number of Danes has remained constant at around 5 million in Denmark and nearly all the population growth from 5.1 up to the 2018 total of 5.8 million was due to
immigration Immigration is the international movement of people to a destination country A country is a distinct territorial body or political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a collective ident ...
. According to 2021 figures from Statistics Denmark, 86% of Denmark's population of over 5,840,045 was of
Danish Danish may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to the country of Denmark * A national or citizen of Denmark, also called a "Dane", see Demographics of Denmark * Danish people or Danes, people with a Danish ancestral or ethnic identity * Danis ...
descent, defined as having at least one parent who was born in Denmark and has Danish citizenship.
The remaining 14% were of a foreign background, defined as immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants. With the same definition, the most common countries of origin were Demographics of Turkey, Turkey,
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...

, Germans, Germany, Iraqis, Iraq, Romanians, Romania, Syrians, Syria, Somalis, Somalia, Demographics of Iran, Iran, Demographics of Afghanistan, Afghanistan, and Yugoslavs, Yugoslavia and its successor states. More than 817,438 individuals (14%) are migrants and their descendants (199,668 second generation migrants born in Denmark). Of these 817,438 immigrants and their descendants: * 294,798 (36.1%) have a Western World, Western background (Norwegians, Norway, Germans, Germany, Bosnians, Bosnia and Herzegovina, British people, UK,
Poland Poland, officially the Republic of Poland, is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 Voivodeships of Poland, administrative provinces, covering an area of , and has a largely Temperate climate, temperate seasonal cli ...

, Romanians, Romania and Icelanders, Iceland; definition: EU countries, non-EU Nordic countries, Andorra, Liechtenstein, Monaco, San Marino, Switzerland, Vatican State, Canada, USA, Australia and New Zealand). * 522,640 (63.9%) have a non-Western background (Turkish people, Turkey, Romani people, Romani, Iraqi people, Iraq, Iranian people, Iran, Kurdistan province, Kurdistan, Pakistani people, Pakistan, Thai people, Thailand and Somali people, Somalia; all other countries).

Ethnic groups

Non-Scandinavian minority group, ethnic minorities include: * Afghans * Inuit (Greenlandic) from the territory of Greenland * Turkish people, Turks * Arab people, Arabs (i.e. Palestinians, followed by Moroccan people, Moroccans, Syrian people, Syrians, Lebanese people, Lebanese, Yemenis, Egyptians, Iraqis and Jordanians) * Vietnamese people, Vietnamese * Thai people, Thai * Jews * Han Chinese, Chinese * Pakistani people, Pakistanis (including Pashtuns) * Demographics of Iran, Iranians * Kurdish people, Kurds * Somali people, Somalis * People of Ethiopia, Ethiopians * Sudanese * Indian people, Indians * Chileans (the most numerous of Latin Americans, Latin American nationalities) * Bosniaks * Poles * Albanians * Bangladeshi people, Bangladeshis * Romani people

Historic minorities

Ethnic minorities in Denmark include a handful of groups: * Approximately 15,000 people in Denmark belong to a North Schleswig Germans, German minority traditionally referred to as ''hjemmetyskere'' meaning "domestic Germans" in Danish, and as ''North Schleswig Germans, Nordschleswiger'' in German. This minority of Germans hold Danish citizenship and self-identify as Germans. Many of them speak German or Low German as their home language. There are also several thousand German citizens and other ethnic Germans residing in Denmark with no historical connection to this group. * An estimated 23,000 people in Denmark proper are ethnic Faroese people, Faroese, while 19,000 Greenlandic people in Denmark, Greenlanders reside permanently in Denmark. Many of these use the Faroese language, Faroese and Greenlandic languages, respectively, as their first language. All residents of the The unity of the Realm, Kingdom (viz. Denmark proper, the Faroe Islands and Greenland) holds Danish nationality law, Danish citizenship, unless they inherit or otherwise receive a foreign citizenship. * The History of the Jews in Denmark, Danish Jews number around 6,000 in 2020 according to the organisation Jewish Community in Denmark, around 1,700 being card-carrying members of the organisation. * There are close to 10,000 Romani people in Denmark.

Modern minorities

In the modern minorities counts first-generation immigrants, second-generation (Descendants in Danish statistics classification) and third-generation (Children of descendants in Danish classification). Children of descendants can be either of "Danish origin" (if both of their parents were born in Denmark with Danish citizenship) and of "foreign origin" (if one of their parents is a second-generation immigrant and another first-generation). Therefore, this table included all people of the respective background, people who are classified as of "foreign background" and third-generation immigrants, who classified as of "Danish origin".

Total fertility rate from 1850 to 1899

The total fertility rate is the number of children born per woman. It is based on fairly good data for the entire period. Sources: Our World In Data and Gapminder Foundation.

Vital statistics since 1900

Data according to Statistics Denmark, which collects the official statistics for Denmark. Note. Population as of 31 December.

Current vital statistics

Life expectancy from 1775 to 2015

Sources: Our World In Data and the United Nations. 1775–1950 1950–2015 Source: ''UN World Population Prospects''


The Church of Denmark () is state-supported and, according to statistics from January 2019, accounts for about 74.7% of Denmark's religious affiliation. Denmark has had religious freedom guaranteed since 1849 by the Constitution, and numerous other religions are officially recognised,Freedom of religion and religious communities in Denmark
– The Ministry of Ecclesiastical Affairs – May 2006. Km.dk
including several Christian denominations, Muslim, Jewish, Buddhist, Hindu and other congregations as well as Forn Siðr — Ásatrú and Vanatrú Association in Denmark, Forn Siðr, a revival of Scandinavian pagan tradition. The Department of Ecclesiastical Affairs recognises roughly a hundred religious congregations for tax and legal purposes such as conducting wedding ceremonies. Islam is the second largest religion in Denmark. In 2020, an estimated 4.4% of the Danish population were Muslims. For historical reasons, there is a formal distinction between 'approved' () and 'recognised' () congregations of faith. The latter include 11 traditional denominations, such as Roman Catholics, the Reformed Church, the Mosaic Congregation, Methodists and Baptists, some of whose privileges in the country date hundreds of years back. These have the additional rights of having priests appointed by royal resolution and to christen/name children with legal effect.

Demographic statistics


Denmark's population from 1769. From 1970 registerbased, and as of 1 January; not census. * Source Statistics Denmark, "Folketal efter hovedlandsdele (summariske tal fra folketællinger)" (table FT) * To curb population decline, Denmark began subsidizing the Do it for Denmark advertising campaign in 2014. Demographic statistics according to the World Population Review in 2019. *One birth every 8 minutes *One death every 9 minutes *One net migrant every 34 minutes *Net gain of one person every 24 minutes Demographic statistics according to the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated. ;Population: :5,809,502 (July 2018 est.) ;Age structure: :''0-14 years:'' 16.57% (male 493,829 /female 468,548) :''15-24 years:'' 12.67% (male 377,094 /female 358,807) :''25-54 years:'' 39.03% (male 1,147,196 /female 1,119,967) :''55-64 years:'' 12.33% (male 356,860 /female 359,264) :''65 years and over:'' 19.42% (male 518,200 /female 609,737) (2018 est.) ;Median age: :total: 41.9 years. Country comparison to the world: 35th :male: 40.8 years :female: 42.9 years (2018 est.) ;Birth rate: :10.9 births/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 178th ;Death rate: :9.3 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 55th ;Total fertility rate: :1.78 children born/woman (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 152nd ;Mother's mean age at first birth: :29.1 years (2015 est.) ;Population growth rate: :0.59% (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 148th ;Net migration rate: :2.1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2017 est.) Country comparison to the world: 46th ;Life expectancy at birth: :total population: 81 years (2018 est.) Country comparison to the world: 34th :male: 79.1 years (2018 est.) :female: 83.1 years (2018 est.) ;Ethnic groups: :Danish (includes Greenlandic (who are predominantly Inuit) and Faroese) 86.3%, Turkish 1.1%, other 12.6% (largest groups are Polish, Syrian, German, Iraqi, and Romanian) (2018 est.) note: data represent population by ancestry ;Religions: :Evangelical Lutheran (official) 74.8%, Muslim 5.3%, other (denominations of less than 1% each, include Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witness, Serbian Orthodox Christian, Jewish, Baptist, and Buddhist) 19.9% (2017 est.) ;Dependency ratios: :total dependency ratio: 56 (2015 est.) :youth dependency ratio: 26.3 (2015 est.) :elderly dependency ratio: 29.7 (2015 est.) :potential support ratio: 3.4 (2015 est.) ;Urbanization: :urban population: 87.9% of total population (2018) :rate of urbanization: 0.51% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.) ;Major urban areas - population: :1.321 million COPENHAGEN (capital) (2018) ;Sex ratio: :at birth: 1.05 /female (2017 est.) :''0-14 years:'' 1.05 /female (2017 est.) :''15-24 years:'' 1.04 /female (2017 est.) :''25-54 years:'' 0.99 /female (2017 est.) :''55-64 years:'' 0.99 /female (2017 est.) :''65 years and over:'' 0.81 /female (2017 est.) :''total population:'' 0.97 /female (2017 est.) ;School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education): :total: 19 years (2014) :male: 18 years (2014) :female: 20 years (2014) ;Unemployment, youth ages 15–24: :total: 12% (2016 est.) Country comparison to the world: 109th :male: 13.1% (2016 est.) :female: 10.9% (2016 est.)

See also

* Religion in Denmark



External links

Danish Demes Regional DNA Project

National statistics

* [https://web.archive.org/web/20070306051700/http://www.religion.dk/artikel%3Aaid%3D38045 Statistic info on recognised denominations (in Danish; Muslim congregations not listed)]
Interactive population pyramid 1980-2060
{{DEFAULTSORT:Demographics Of Denmark Demographics of Denmark,