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Dale Willem Steyn (; born 27 June 1983) is a South African former professional
cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, each comprising two Bail (cricket), bai ...

cricket
er who played for the
South African Cricket Team The South Africa national cricket team, also known as the Proteas, represents South Africa South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa. With over 60 million people, it is t ...
. He is often regarded as one of the greatest
fast bowlers Pace bowling (also referred to as fast bowling) is one of two main approaches to bowling Bowling is a Throwing sports#Target sports, target sport and recreational activity in which a player rolls a bowling ball, ball toward Bowling pin, ...
of all time and the best Test bowler of his generation. During the 2007–08 season, Steyn achieved a tally of 78 wickets at an average of 16.24, and was subsequently rewarded with the ICC 2008 Test Cricketer of the Year Award. He was named one of the
Wisden Cricketers of the Year The ''Wisden'' Cricketers of the Year are cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicke ...
in 2013, and
Wisden Leading Cricketer in the World The ''Wisden'' Leading Cricketer in the World is an annual cricket award selected by ''Wisden Cricketers' Almanack''. It was established in 2004, to select the best cricketer based upon their performances anywhere in the world in the previous ca ...
for the year 2013 in 2014's
Wisden Cricketers' Almanack ''Wisden Cricketers' Almanack'', or simply ''Wisden'', colloquially the Bible of Cricket, is a cricket reference book published annually in the United Kingdom. The description "bible of cricket" was first used in the 1930s by Alec Waugh in a ...
. He was featured in Wisden Cricketers of the Decade at the end of 2019. He also was included in the ICC Test Team of the Decade at the end of 2020. Steyn dominated the number one spot in the ICC Test rankings during the peak of his career, for a record 263 weeks between 2008 and 2014. Sri Lankan
Muttiah Muralitharan Deshabandu Muttiah Muralitharan ( ta, முத்தையா முரளிதரன், si, මුත්තයියා මුරලිදරන් also spelt Muralidaran; born 1972) is a Sri Lankan Tamils, Sri Lankan cricket coach, forme ...

Muttiah Muralitharan
sits next on the list with 214 weeks. In terms of days, Steyn has spent 2,356 days at the top as of 6 October 2016, the most by any bowler since World War II. In October 2012, former South African test cricketer
Allan Donald Allan Anthony Donald (born 20 October 1966) is a former South African cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cr ...

Allan Donald
called the South African pace attack, which Steyn was part of, alongside
Vernon Philander Vernon Darryl Philander (born 24 June 1985) is a South African former international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a ...
and
Morne Morkel
Morne Morkel
, the best South Africa has ever produced. In December 2018, during the first Test against Pakistan, Steyn became the leading wicket taker for South Africa in Test cricket, previously held by
all-rounder An all-rounder is a cricketer who regularly performs well at both batsman, batting and bowler (cricket), bowling. Although all bowlers must bat and quite a handful of batsmen do bowl occasionally, most players are skilled in only one of the tw ...
and former-captain
Shaun Pollock Shaun Maclean Pollock OIS OIS may mean: Computing * Object Oriented Input System, a cross-platform input system * Objective Interface Systems Objective Interface Systems, Inc. is a computer communications software and computer h ...

Shaun Pollock
. On 5 August 2019, Steyn announced his retirement from Test cricket, to focus on
limited-overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket in which a match is generally completed in one day. There are a number of formats, including List A cricket (8-hour games), Twenty20 cricket (3-hour gam ...
. Steyn announced his retirement from all forms of cricket on 31 August 2021.


Early life and domestic career

Steyn was born in 1983 in the small town of
Phalaborwa Phalaborwa (translated to English as ''better than the south; phala'' means ''better than and borwa'' means ''south'') is a town in the Mopani District Municipality Mopani is one of the 5 Districts of South Africa, districts of Limpopo province of ...

Phalaborwa
, on the border of the
Kruger National Park Kruger National Park is a South African National Parks, South African National Park and one of the largest game reserves in Africa. It covers an area of in the provinces of Limpopo and Mpumalanga in northeastern South Africa, and extends from ...

Kruger National Park
in South Africa. His family is from
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country A landlocked country is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individ ...

Zimbabwe
. Steyn made his first-class debut for Northerns (subsequently merged with Easterns to form the
Titans In Greek mythology, the Titans (Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''Titânes'', , ''Titán'') were the pre-Olympian gods. According to the ''Theogony'' of Hesiod, they were the twelve children of the primordial parents Uranus (mythology), Uranus (Sky) and ...
) on 17 October 2003. He only played two first-class games and made little impact in his first season, but a series of strong performances in the initial part of the 2004/2005 season saw him called up to the
Test Test(s), testing, or TEST may refer to: * Test (assessment) A test or examination (exam or evaluation) is an educational assessment Educational assessment or educational evaluation is the systematic process of documenting and using em ...
squad to play
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
. He went back to playing for the Titans after failing to impress in his first three Tests. Steyn went to England in 2005 to play for
Essex Essex () is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Ro ...
, appearing in seven matches between May and June. He failed to make a big impact in his initial outing in
County Championship The County Championship (referred to as the LV= Insurance County Championship for sponsorship reasons) is the domestic first-class cricket First-class cricket is the highest-standard international or domestic matches in the sport of cri ...
cricket, taking 14 wickets at 59.85. Following his work at Essex with world expert bowling coach
Ian Pont Ian Leslie Pont (born 28 August 1961 in Brentwood, Essex, England) is an English former cricketer and current International Coach, specialising in T20 as a Head Coach and developing the speed of fast bowlers across all formats. Known for a powerf ...
Steyn returned to domestic cricket in South Africa, where he bowled excellently for the Titans through the 2005/2006 season which earned him a recall to the Test squad to face
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
. Steyn seized the opportunity to cement his place in the South Africa Test team, and as a result of becoming a regular selection for the national team, he has subsequently played little domestic cricket in South Africa during the last three seasons, appearing for the Titans in just three
SuperSport Series The CSA 4-Day Domestic Series is the domestic First-class cricket, first class cricket competition of South Africa. The tournament is contested by teams from all nine provinces of South Africa. First contested as the Currie Cup from 1889-90, the ...
matches. He had a second stint in England, playing for
Warwickshire Warwickshire (; abbreviated Warks) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers ( ...
in the first half of the 2007 English season. This time around he had more success, claiming 23 County Championship wickets in seven matches at an average of 25.86. He also played well in the
Friends Provident Trophy The Friends Provident Trophy was a one-day cricket competition in the United Kingdom. It was one of the four tournaments in which the eighteen first-class cricket, first-class counties competed each season. They were joined by teams from Scotti ...
, a 50-over tournament, finishing as the leading wicket-taker for Warwickshire. He has since become a regular in the South African
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
team.


Franchise cricket

Steyn signed to play in the
Indian Premier League The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional men's Twenty20 cricket Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket. At the professional level, it was introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the coun ...

Indian Premier League
in 2008, playing for the
Royal Challengers Bangalore The Royal Challengers Bangalore (often abbreviated as RCB) are a franchise cricket team based in Bangalore, Karnataka, that plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL). It was founded in 2008 by United Spirits and named after the company's liquo ...
. He earned US$325,000 for his appearance in the tournament. He spent his first three seasons in the
Indian Premier League The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional men's Twenty20 cricket Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket. At the professional level, it was introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the coun ...

Indian Premier League
with
Royal Challengers Bangalore The Royal Challengers Bangalore (often abbreviated as RCB) are a franchise cricket team based in Bangalore, Karnataka, that plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL). It was founded in 2008 by United Spirits and named after the company's liquo ...
. For IPL 2011 he was bought by Deccan Chargers for $1.2 million. After Deccan Chargers were terminated from the IPL he was drafted to
Sunrisers Hyderabad The Sunrisers Hyderabad (stylised as SunRisers Hyderabad, SRH) are a franchise cricket team Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of whi ...
where he played three seasons. In the 2016 IPL auction, he was bought by
Gujarat Lions The Gujarat Lions (often abbreviated as GL) was a franchise cricket team based in the city of Rajkot, that represented Indian state Gujarat in the Indian Premier League (IPL). The team played in the IPL for 2 years (the 2016 and 2017 seasons) as ...
for ₹ 22.3 million. He could not participate in the 2017 IPL season after being released by Gujarat Lions prior to the season. He went unsold at the 2018 and 2019 IPL auctions. In mid-April 2019, Steyn joined Royal Challengers Bangalore for the 2019 IPL season as a replacement for the injured
Nathan Coulter-Nile Nathan Mitchell Coulter-Nile (born 11 October 1987) is an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a crick ...
. In the 2020 IPL auction, he was bought by the
Royal Challengers Bangalore The Royal Challengers Bangalore (often abbreviated as RCB) are a franchise cricket team based in Bangalore, Karnataka, that plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL). It was founded in 2008 by United Spirits and named after the company's liquo ...
ahead of the
2020 Indian Premier League The 2020 Indian Premier League, also known as IPL 13 and branded as Dream11 Indian Premier League 2020, was the thirteenth season of the Indian Premier League, IPL, a professional Twenty20 cricket (T20) league established by the Board of Contr ...
. He played three matches in the tournament, picking one wicket at an average of 133 and economy rate of 11.40. He was released from the team after the season. In September 2019, he was named in the squad for the
Cape Town Blitz Cape Town Blitz is a franchise team of the South African Mzansi Super League Twenty20 cricket tournament. The team is based at the Newlands Cricket Ground in Cape Town. The coach is Ashwell Prince. 2019 season The full schedule for Mzansi Super ...
team for the
2019 Mzansi Super League The 2019 Mzansi Super League, also known as the MSL 2.0, was the second edition of the Mzansi Super League The Mzansi Super League (MSL) is the premier professional Twenty20 Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket. At th ...
tournament. In October 2019, Steyn signed to play in the
Big Bash The Big Bash League (known as the KFC Big Bash League for sponsorship reasons, often abbreviated to BBL or Big Bash) is an Australian professional franchise Twenty20 cricket league, which was established in 2011 by Cricket Australia. The Big ...
for the
Melbourne Stars The Melbourne Stars are an Australian Twenty20 franchise cricket team, based in Melbourne (Australia), Melbourne, Victoria (Australia), Victoria that competes in Australia's Twenty20 competition, the Big Bash League. The Stars wear a green un ...
. In December 2019, he was drafted by
Pakistan Super League The Pakistan Super League (PSL) is a professional Twenty20 Twenty20 (T20) is a shortened game format of cricket. At the professional level, it was introduced by the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) in 2003 for the county cricket, ...
franchise
Islamabad United Islamabad United ( ur, ) is a Pakistani professional Twenty20 franchise cricket team that competes in the Pakistan Super League (PSL). The team's nickname is IU. Islamabad United are the inaugural champions of the Pakistan Super League. The te ...
as their first pick of the
draft Draft, The Draft, or Draught may refer to: Watercraft dimensions * Draft (hull) The draft or draught of a ship's Hull (watercraft), hull is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the hull (keel). Draft determines the mi ...
in the Platinum Category. In November 2020, Steyn joined Kandy Tuskers for the 2020 Lanka Premier League. In the 2021 Pakistan Super League players draft, 2021 PSL Draft, he was picked by Quetta Gladiators in the Supplementary category.


International career


2004–2007: Early days

Steyn made his debut for South African national cricket team, South Africa on 17 December 2004 in the first Test of England national cricket team, England's tour. His first victim in Test cricket was Marcus Trescothick whom he bowled with a fast in-swinging delivery. However, his overall performance was underwhelming, he took eight wickets at an average of 52.00 and he was dropped after bowling poorly in England's second innings of the fourth Test in January 2005, bowling eight no-balls in nine overs which went for 47 runs. England won the match by 77 runs. Later that year, Steyn was picked in the squad for the African XI in the Afro-Asia Cup of 2005/06, and he made his
One Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball ga ...
debut on 17 August 2005. The African XI won the match, with Steyn bowling last batsman Ashish Nehra to seal victory by two runs. Steyn made his One Day International debut for South Africa on 20 January 2006 in a match against Australian national cricket team, Australia at Docklands Stadium, Melbourne, a match which was part of the 2005–06 VB Series. Steyn did not bowl particularly well and after another below par performance against Sri Lankan national cricket team, Sri Lanka he dropped out of consideration for the South African ODI team. Following a strong season playing domestic cricket for the
Titans In Greek mythology, the Titans (Ancient Greek, Greek: , ''Titânes'', , ''Titán'') were the pre-Olympian gods. According to the ''Theogony'' of Hesiod, they were the twelve children of the primordial parents Uranus (mythology), Uranus (Sky) and ...
, Steyn was recalled to the Test side to play New Zealand Cricket Team, New Zealand in April 2006. He responded to his opportunity with his first five-wicket haul in the first Test at Supersport Park, Centurion, ripping through the New Zealand batting lineup along with Makhaya Ntini as New Zealand crumbled to 120 all out, chasing 248 to win. He finished the three Test series with 16 wickets at 26.00 and made a fine impression throughout. Steyn was included in the Test team to play Sri Lankan national cricket team, Sri Lanka away in a two match series in July and August 2006. In his first overseas Test, at the Sinhalese Sports Club Ground, Colombo, he took 3 for 129 as Sri Lanka piled up 756–5, with Kumar Sangakkara and Mahela Jayawardene putting together the highest Test match partnership ever (624 runs). South Africa slumped to defeat by an innings and 153 runs. In the second Test, at the Paikiasothy Saravanamuttu Stadium, Colombo, Steyn took his second five-wicket haul in Tests during Sri Lanka's first innings, but went wicketless in their seconds innings as Sri Lanka sealed a 2–0 series victory by a single wicket. Steyn finished the series with eight wickets at an average of 36.50.


2007–2011: Successful years

Steyn kept his Test place for the three match home series against India national cricket team, India. He picked up an injury whilst bowling early in India's first innings in the first Test at New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg which prevented him from taking much further part in the game and also ruled him out of the second Test. He returned to play in the deciding third Test at Sahara Park Newlands, Cape Town and bowled well, taking six wickets for 88 runs in the match as South Africa clinched the match and the series. He finished the series with six wickets at an average of 19.00. Despite his strong performance on his return to the team in the third Test against India, Steyn missed out on a place in the first two Tests against Pakistani national cricket team, Pakistan, with the selectors opting to play a four-man attack featuring full-time spinner Paul Harris (cricketer, born 1978), Paul Harris. He returned in the third Test, at Sahara Park Newlands, Cape Town, when the selectors decided to rest André Nel and
Shaun Pollock Shaun Maclean Pollock OIS OIS may mean: Computing * Object Oriented Input System, a cross-platform input system * Objective Interface Systems Objective Interface Systems, Inc. is a computer communications software and computer h ...

Shaun Pollock
in preparation for the imminent 2007 Cricket World Cup. He took four wickets in the match for 87 runs as South Africa won the match by 5 wickets and took the series 2–1. As this was his only match, his average for the series was 21.75. Steyn was recalled to the South African ODI squad in June 2007 and played in three matches between June and August, against Ireland national cricket team, Ireland, India national cricket team, India and Zimbabwe national cricket team, Zimbabwe. He had mixed success in these three matches, taking wickets but proving expensive. Steyn was picked for the Test squad to tour Pakistani national cricket team, Pakistan in October, and played in both Tests. In the first Test at National Stadium, Karachi, Karachi, during Pakistan's second innings, he picked up his third Test five-wicket haul as Pakistan were bowled out for 263 chasing 424 to win. He had an unremarkable second Test, with the match petering out to a draw, handing South Africa the series 1–0, and finished the series with nine wickets at 24.66. Steyn was by now an established member of the Test team, and he produced his finest series performance to date in the two Test matches against
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
in November. In the first Test at New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg he collected his fourth and fifth five-wicket hauls (5/35 and 5/59) and his first ten-wicket match as New Zealand were thrashed by 358 runs, South Africa's biggest victory margin in terms of runs to date. Steyn was also awarded his first Test Man-of-the-Match award. This devastating form continued into the second Test at SuperSport Park, Centurion where he picked up 4/42 in the first innings and his sixth five-wicket haul (6/49) to help South Africa to victory by an innings and 59 runs. His second ten-wicket match earned him his second Man-of-the-Match award in a row and his series performance of 20 wickets at an average of 9.20 won him his first Man-of-the-Series award. On the back of his performance, he broke into the top five of the International Cricket Council, ICC rankings for Test bowlers for the first time in his career. He made his Twenty20 International debut on 23 November 2007 in the one-off game against New Zealand, taking the wicket of Scott Styris and only giving up 17 runs from his four overs. He also featured in the third One Day International at Sahara Park Newlands, Cape Town, where he had partial success, taking the wickets of the New Zealand openers, Brendon McCullum and Lou Vincent, but going for 50 runs from nine overs. Steyn's next international appearance was in the first Twenty20 International against the West Indies cricket team, West Indies. He took the exceptional figures of 4/9 in three overs, with all four wickets being picture perfect yorkers, but was unable to stop the West Indies chasing down the target of 59 runs in a match reduced to 13 overs by rain. Steyn's form continued into the Test series. He had a fairly indifferent match in the first Test at Sahara Oval St George's, Port Elizabeth, taking 5/188 in the match as the West Indies scored their first away victory in Test matches for two and a half years, although he did hit his highest Test match score to date, 33 not out, in South Africa's second innings. He picked up figures of 4/60 and 4/44 in the second Test at Sahara Park Newlands, Cape Town as South Africa leveled the series and once again proved his worth in the deciding third Test at Sahara Stadium Kingsmead, Durban by taking 1/18 and 6/72, his seventh five-wicket haul, as the West Indies were thrashed by an innings and 100 runs. His 20 wickets at 19.10. earned him his second consecutive Man-of-the-Series award. He played in the first three matches of the One Day International series, but could not match his Test success and was briefly dropped after failing to take a wicket and going for 62 runs in his ten overs during the third match at Sahara Oval St George's, Port Elizabeth He was recalled for the fifth match at New Wanderers Stadium, Johannesburg but struggled again, taking one wicket but going for 78 runs from ten overs. In the first Test of the two match series against Bangladesh national cricket team, Bangladesh, at Sher-e-Bangla Mirpur Stadium, Dhaka, Steyn helped South Africa avoid an embarrassing defeat. Bangladesh were bowled out for 192 in their first innings, with Steyn claiming 3/27, but then South Africa collapsed to 170 all out, handing the hosts a shock 22 run lead. However Steyn(4/48) then combined with Jacques Kallis (5/30) to restrict Bangladesh to 182 all out and South Africa were able to complete a five wicket victory on the fourth day of the match. South Africa won the second Test at Chittagong Divisional Stadium, Chittagong comprehensively (by an innings and 205 runs) and Steyn returned figures of 4/66 and 3/35 giving him 14 wickets in the series at an average of 12.57 which won him his third consecutive Man-of-the-Series award. When Steyn dismissed Junaid Siddique in Bangladesh's first innings (his 20th match), he claimed the record for the fastest South African to reach 100 wickets in Tests, beating Hugh Tayfield's record of 21 matches. He holds the record amongst all players who are currently playing Test cricket. Steyn featured in the final One Day International of the three match series, going wicketless but only giving away 19 runs in 8 overs. Coming into the three Test series against India national cricket team, India predictions about how Steyn would fare were mixed, with some commentators identifying him a crucial part of a South African team which could pose a serious challenge to India, whilst others predicted he might struggle playing against a strong batting lineup on lifeless subcontinent pitches. The first Test at MA Chidambaram Stadium, Chennai turned out to be a very high scoring affair, with South Africa batting first and making 540, then India responding strongly, led by Virender Sehwag who scored 319 from 304 balls, to reach 468/1 by the end of the third day. On the fourth day Steyn helped to restrict India's lead to 87 runs by dismissing MS Dhoni with a bouncer (cricket), bouncer then blasting through the lower order, taking three wickets in two overs for the cost of two runs, all bowled with reverse swinging deliveries. He finished the innings, and the match which petered out into a tame draw, with four wickets for 103 runs. On the morning of the second Test at Sardar Patel Stadium, Ahmedabad, South Africa demolished the much vaunted Indian batting line within twenty overs, for the meagre total of 76 runs. Steyn was the pick of the bowlers taking five wickets for 23 runs, dismissing Sehwag and Rahul Dravid then mopping up the last three batsmen for the cost of 11 runs. In the second innings he added a further three wickets to his match tally, finishing the game with eight wickets for 114 runs, as South Africa completed a crushing victory by an innings and 90 runs. The final Test at Green Park Stadium, Kanpur saw Steyn pick up three first innings wickets which took him to 15 wickets in the series at an average of 20.20. As a result of this, the cumulation of an outstanding 2007/08 season in which he took 75 wickets in 11 matches, Steyn moved up to joint first place (alongside Muttiah Muralitharan) in the ICC Test match bowling rankings. In the 2nd Test match in a 3 match series, Steyn was involved in a record 9th wicket partnership of 180 with J.P. Duminy. Steyn recorded a score of 76 (191 deliveries) in an innings that helped South Africa recover from 6–141 to post a score of 459. Steyn also starred in the first innings with figures of 5–87 (29.0 overs). In the second innings Steyn returned figures of 5–67 (20.2 overs) and helped South Africa to restrict the Australians to 247 giving the hosts a lead of 183. Steyn now had match figures of 10–154. This is the third time that he has taken 10 wickets in a match in his Test career. South Africa duly completed the chase with nine wickets in hand, giving them a 2–0 series lead and their first ever Test series win in Australia. It was also Australia's first home series defeat in 16 years. Steyn was named man of the match for this performance. Steyn made a rearguard effort in attempting to prevent an Australian victory in the 3rd Test in Sydney frustrating the hosts with 28 runs in 65 balls in a 50 run partnership from 105 balls with Makhaya Ntini in order to try to secure the draw. However, when he was out with 50 balls to go, injured captain Graeme Smith came in with a broken hand in an attempt to hold out. Smith was eventually bowled out by Mitchell Johnson with ten balls to go. Steyn got career best ODI figures of 5 wickets for 50 runs against India in Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium, Nagpur during the 2011 ICC Cricket World Cup. India had a good start to their batting innings but could not maintain their momentum, in the process losing their final 9 wickets for just 29 runs. Steyn played a vital role in the derailment of a strong Indian batting line-up. He was named in the 'Team of the Tournament' for the 2011 World Cup by the ICC and Cricinfo.


2012–2014: Rise to fame

On 2 January 2013, Steyn bowled Doug Bracewell out in first session of the first test of the New Zealand cricket team in South Africa in 2012–13, New Zealand tour to South Africa to take his 300 Test wickets in 61 matches. He reached the landmark in 8 years and 16 days to become the second fastest South African bowler in terms of time taken after
Shaun Pollock Shaun Maclean Pollock OIS OIS may mean: Computing * Object Oriented Input System, a cross-platform input system * Objective Interface Systems Objective Interface Systems, Inc. is a computer communications software and computer h ...

Shaun Pollock
. On 3 February 2013, Steyn picked up his career best test figures at home of 6/8 as Pakistan were dismissed for their lowest ever test score of 49, this was also the third cheapest six-wicket haul in the test history. He later went on to pick five more wickets in the second innings and helped South Africa win the match by 211 runs taking a 1–0 lead in the Pakistani cricket team in South Africa in 2012–13, three match test series and was named man of the match. Steyn played a cameo as himself in the 2014 romantic comedy ''Blended (film), Blended'' starring Adam Sandler and Drew Barrymore.


2015–2021: Final years

Steyn took 3/78 in the first innings of the South African cricket team in Bangladesh in 2015#Test series, first Test of the South African tour in Bangladesh which was drawn due to stoppage by rain. Steyn took 16,634 balls to take his 400 test wickets and became the fastest bowler to complete the feat in terms of balls bowled. He took the 400th wicket when Bangladesh opener Tamim Iqbal was caught at slip by Hashim Amla on the first day of the South African cricket team in Bangladesh in 2015#Test series, second Test against Bangladesh on 30 July 2015. He completed the innings with figures of 3/30 while the second innings was washed out by heavy rain. Steyn was ruled out of the South African cricket team in Australia in 2016–17, away Test series against Australia in 2016–17 after he broke his right shoulder bone in the first Test in Perth. Recovering from surgery, he missed the 2017 ICC Champions Trophy but was named in the South Africa A squad for their tour of England a few months later. However, he returned to competitive cricket in November 2017, a year after the injury, playing for the Titans (cricket team), Titans at the 2017–18 Ram Slam T20 Challenge, Ram Slam T20 Challenge. After 14 months of injury, Steyn played his first international Indian cricket team in South Africa in 2017–18, Test match against India and picked up a wicket in just 14 balls. However, on day two of the same Test, Steyn damaged his left heel. This ruled him out of the rest of the series, with a recovery time of 4 to 6 weeks. Two days later, he was ruled out of the rest of the series. On 14 July 2018, he equaled Shaun Pollock's record as the highest wicket-taker in South African test history. On 14 September, he was called back to the South African ODI squad after an absence of two years. On 3 October, he scored his maiden half-century in ODI cricket against Zimbabwe national cricket team, Zimbabwe in a 120 run victory. In December 2018, in the first session of the Boxing Day Test at SuperSport Park in Centurion, Gauteng, Centurion, Steyn became South Africa's List of South Africa Test cricket records#Most career wickets, leading wicket-taker in Tests, taking his 422nd wicket, surpassing
Shaun Pollock Shaun Maclean Pollock OIS OIS may mean: Computing * Object Oriented Input System, a cross-platform input system * Objective Interface Systems Objective Interface Systems, Inc. is a computer communications software and computer h ...

Shaun Pollock
who had held the record for ten years. In April 2019, he was named in 2019 Cricket World Cup squads#South Africa, South Africa's squad for the 2019 Cricket World Cup. However, on 4 June 2019, Steyn was ruled out of the tournament due to an ongoing shoulder injury, and was replaced by Beuran Hendricks. In August 2019, Steyn retired from Test cricket. On 31 August 2021, Steyn announced his retirement from all forms of cricket.


Coaching Career

In December 2021, Steyn was appointed as the fast bowling coach of Indian Premier League side Sunrisers Hyderabad for the 2022 IPL season.


Playing style

Steyn is an aggressive out-and-out fast bowling, fast bowler capable of bowling at speeds in excess of 150 km/h, his fastest being 156.7 km/h (97.3mph) for
Royal Challengers Bangalore The Royal Challengers Bangalore (often abbreviated as RCB) are a franchise cricket team based in Bangalore, Karnataka, that plays in the Indian Premier League (IPL). It was founded in 2008 by United Spirits and named after the company's liquo ...
against Kolkata Knight Riders in the 2010 Indian Premier League. He is capable of generating considerable swing bowling#Conventional swing, swing and is usually chosen to bowl with the new ball to maximize these attributes. He usually bowls between 140 km/h and 150 km/h He has also demonstrated the ability to Reverse swing bowling, reverse swing the older ball in a Test match against India in Nagpur in 2010, which South Africa won by an innings and six runs. Steyn is an extremely competitive cricketer and often celebrates vigorously after taking a wicket. He has stated that he "love(s) the buzz from bowling fast" and that he "want(s) to be the quickest in the world".


Honours

* ICC Test Player of the Year: 2008 * ICC Test Team of the Year: 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2016 * ICC ODI Team of the Year: 2011, 2014 * ICC Test Team of the Decade: 2011–2020 *South African Cricketer of the Year: 2008 * Wisden Cricketers of the Year, Wisden Cricketer of the Year: 2014 * Wisden Leading Cricketer in the World, Wisden Leading Cricketer: 2013


References


External links

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Dale Steyn
at Wisden {{DEFAULTSORT:Steyn, Dale 1983 births Living people White South African people People from Phalaborwa Sportspeople from Limpopo South African cricketers South Africa Test cricketers South Africa One Day International cricketers South Africa Twenty20 International cricketers Cricketers at the 2011 Cricket World Cup Cricketers at the 2015 Cricket World Cup Cricketers at the 2019 Cricket World Cup ACA African XI One Day International cricketers Cape Cobras cricketers Cape Town Blitz cricketers Deccan Chargers cricketers Essex cricketers Glamorgan cricketers Gujarat Lions cricketers Hampshire cricketers Islamabad United cricketers Jamaica Tallawahs cricketers Kandy Warriors cricketers Melbourne Stars cricketers Northerns cricketers Quetta Gladiators cricketers Royal Challengers Bangalore cricketers Sunrisers Hyderabad cricketers Titans cricketers Warwickshire cricketers Wisden Leading Cricketers in the World Wisden Cricketers of the Year