The Dabie Mountains () are a major mountain range located in central China
. Running northwest-to-southeast, they form the main watershed between the Huai
rivers. The range also marks the boundary between Hubei
Province and its neighbors of Henan
(to the north) and Anhui
(to the east).
The western part of Dabie Mountains has a low elevation of only 1,000–1,300 feet (300–400 meters), though there are a few peaks rising to 3,000 feet (900 meters). The eastern part is higher, averaging more than 3,300 feet (1,000 meters). The highest peak is Mount Tianzhu
at 5,820 feet (1,774 meters), with several others topping 5,000 feet (1,500 meters) including the high Tiantangzhai
The range is heavily forested (about 85% coverage) and yields valuable bamboo
as well as oak
, particularly cork
oak, making it China's chief cork-producing area. The region is median income, and subsistence agriculture is the heart of its economy with rice and tea predominating.
The main transportation route across the higher range is from Macheng
, through the Huai River
valley. The main rail and road crossings go north from Wuhan
, through the lower elevations.
In 2009, the high-speed Hewu Passenger Railway
opened, connecting Hefei
(capital of Anhui) with Wuhan
(capital of Hubei) along a short direct route. It uses a number of tunnels when crossing the Dabie range.
Geologically, the Dabie Mountains are characterized by the occurrence of eclogite-facies ultrahigh-pressure metamorphic rocks. Geographically, the range is a complex, stressed structure, making it and the surrounding area subject to earthquakes. In late 2005, a 5.7 magnitude earthquake centered in the northwest corner of Jiangxi
province, just south of Jiujiang
on the Yangtze
killed at least 15 people, injured hundreds, and left several thousand people homeless. It caused tremors in Qichun
County in Hubei
province and beyond, even reaching as far as the provincial capital of Wuhan
International Forest Park
This scenic park centered on Tiantangzhai is a key tourist attraction in the highest part of the Dabie mountain range. Total area of the park is 300 square kilometers. Located in Hubei
County and close to the border with Anhui Province, the park is about 68 kilometers from Luotian
town, 140 kilometers from Macheng
, 150 kilometers from Huangshi
, and 210 kilometers from the Hubei provincial capital, Wuhan
Dabeishan International Forest Park website
(with many photographs), in Chinese.
page on Dabie Mountains (in Chinese)
Category:Mountain ranges of China
Category:Geography of Central China
Category:Mountain ranges of Hubei
Category:Mountains of Henan
Category:Mountains of Anhui