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The DBAG Class 612 is a two car, tilting,
diesel multiple unit A diesel multiple unit or DMU is a multiple-unit train powered by on-board diesel engines. A DMU requires no separate locomotive, as the engines are incorporated into one or more of the carriages. Diesel-powered single-unit railcars are also g ...
operated by the
Deutsche Bahn The (; abbreviated as DB or DB AG) is the national railway Rail transport (also known as train transport) is a means of transferring passengers and goods on wheeled vehicle A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine that transport ...
for fast regional rail services on unelectrified lines.


General information

The Class are a two car tilting DMU built between 1998 and 2003 by
Adtranz ABB Daimler-Benz Transportation (after 1999 DaimlerChrysler Rail Systems), commonly known under its brand ADtranz, was a multi-national rail transport equipment manufacturer with facilities concentrated in Europe and the US. The company was cre ...
in
Hennigsdorf Hennigsdorf () is a town in the district of Oberhavel, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is situated north-west of Berlin, just across the city border, which is formed mainly by the Havel river. History The municipality shared its borders with the form ...
which later became
Bombardier Transportation Bombardier Transportation was a Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians, many (or all) of these connecti ...
. The class are also known as
RegioSwinger The RegioSwinger is a tilting train, tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) passenger train used for fast regional traffic on unelectrified lines. Development and service The RegioSwinger was first manufactured by Adtranz in Hennigsdorf, before it ...
s. They were developed to replace the problematic
DB Class 611 The DBAG Class 611 is a twin-car, two car, Tilting train, tilting, diesel multiple unit operated by Deutsche Bahn AG, Deutsche Bahn for fast regional rail services on unelectrified lines. General information Class 611, successor to the DB Class ...
. The sets worked fine between 1998 and 2004 until cracks were detected in a number of wheelsets and so the tilting system was disabled and curves on lines had to have reduced speed limits, which affected the timetables and connections. From 2005 the trains had the wheelsets replaced and the tilting system was back up and running. The maximum tilt is 8°. After
ICE TD The DBAG Class 605, commonly known as the ICE TD is a high-speed diesel multiple unit (DMU) train, formerly in service with Deutsche Bahn and DSB (railway company), DSB. History Development Following the successful inauguration of the Inte ...
class 605 was grounded due to a fracture of an axle in one unit, it was replaced by class 612 on the
Dresden Dresden (, ; wen, label=Sorbian languages, Upper and Lower Sorbian, Drježdźany) is the capital city of the Germany, German States of Germany, state of Saxony and its second most populous city, after Leipzig. It is the List of cities in German ...

Dresden
-
Munich Munich ( ; german: München ; bar, Minga ) is the capital and most populous city of Bavaria. With a population of 1,558,395 inhabitants as of 31 July 2020, it is the List of cities in Germany by population, third-largest city in Germany, ...

Munich
line 2003, as replacement by anything other than a tilting DMU would have meant an extension of travel time. Even though class 612 was not constructed for ICE-type travelling comfort, 16 units were repainted in the ICE paint scheme and renumbered as class 612.4. The
RegioSwinger The RegioSwinger is a tilting train, tilting diesel multiple unit (DMU) passenger train used for fast regional traffic on unelectrified lines. Development and service The RegioSwinger was first manufactured by Adtranz in Hennigsdorf, before it ...
design is also used by
Croatian Railways Croatian Railways ( hr, Hrvatske željeznice or HŽ) is the national railway company of Croatia :* french: link=no, République de Croatie :* hu, Horvát Köztársaság :* it, Repubblica di Croazia :* rue, Републіка Хорват ...
as class HŽ 7123.


Liveries

Most units are in the standard ''Verkehrsrot'' Red livery. In 2003 17 units were painted in the ICE scheme of White with a red band, however, these are now back in all red. After 2017, trains using the yellow/white/black branding of bwegt, the mobility brand of the
Baden-Württemberg Baden-Württemberg (; ) is a state (''Land'') in southwest Germany Southern Germany () as a region has no exact boundary but is generally taken to include the areas in which Upper German dialects are spoken. This corresponds roughly to the h ...
State Ministry for Transport have been operating out of Ulm.


Services

Class 612 are used on the following services in the different regions (2012):


DB Regio Bayern

* IRE 1 Nürnberg - Bayreuth - Hof - Plauen - Zwickau - Chemnitz – Dresden * RE Hof/Bayreuth – Lichtenfels – Saalfeld * RE Hof – Bamberg * RE Hof – Würzburg * RE Hof – Nürnberg * RB Lichtenfels – Kronach * RE Regensburg – Schwandorf – Weiden – Marktredwitz – Hof * RE Würzburg – Bamberg – Hof/Bayreuth * RE Nürnberg – Schwandorf/Weiden * RB Würzburg – Schweinfurt – Ebenhausen – Bad Kissingen * RE Nürnberg – Donauwörth – Augsburg – Buchloe – Kempten – Immenstadt – Lindau/Oberstdorf (called "Allgäu-Franken-Express") * RE Lindau – Immenstadt – Kempten – Memmingen – Ulm * RE Oberstdorf – Immenstadt – Kempten – Memmingen – Ulm * RE Lindau - Kempten - Augsburg


DB Regio Nordrhein-Westfalen

* RE 17 Hagen – Schwerte (Ruhr) – Fröndenberg – Arnsberg (Westf) – Meschede – Bestwig – Brilon-Wald – Marsberg – Warburg (Westf) – Hofgeismar – Grebenstein – Kassel Hbf – Kassel-Wilhelmshöhe


DB Regio Rhein Neckar

* RE 4 Karlsruhe – Graben-Neudorf – Germersheim – Speyer – Ludwigshafen – Worms – Mainz


DB Regio Südwest

* RE 3 Frankfurt (Main) Hbf – Mainz – Bad Kreuznach – Kirn – Idar-Oberstein – Türkismühle – Saarbrücken * RE 11 Saarbrücken - Saarlouis - Merzig - Trier * RE 12 Trier – Bitburg – Gerolstein – Kall – Euskirchen – Köln * RE 25 Koblenz Hbf – Limburg (Lahn) – Wetzlar – Gießen * IRE Stuttgart Hbf — Tübingen Hbf — Sigmaringen( — Aulendorf)/ — Rottenburg( — Horb)(Stuttgart Hbf — Tübingen Hbf only calling at Reutlingen Hbf)


DB Regio Südost

* RE 4 Hannover Hbf – Hildesheim – Goslar – Bad Harzburg – Halberstadt – Halle (Saale) (– Leipzig) * RE 6 Leipzig – Chemnitz * RE 16 Leipzig – Altenburg – Reichenbach (V.) – Hof/Adorf * RE 1 Dresden – Bischofswerda – Görlitz * RE 2 Dresden – Bischofswerda – Zittau – Liberec – Tanvald * RE 3 Nürnberg – Marktredwitz – Hof – Zwickau – Chemnitz – Dresden * RE 1 Göttingen – Gotha – Erfurt – Gera – Gößnitz – Zwickau/Chemnitz * RE 3 Erfurt – Gera – Altenburg * RE 14 Erfurt – Meiningen * RE 7 Würzburg – Suhl – Erfurt


References


Citations

* * * {{German DMUs Diesel multiple units of Germany Tilting trains