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Cupertino ( ) is a city in
Santa Clara County, California Santa Clara County, officially the County of Santa Clara, is California's List of counties in California, 6th most populous county, with a population of 1,936,259, as of the 2020 United States Census, 2020 census. Santa Clara County and neighbor ...
, United States, directly west of San Jose on the western edge of the
Santa Clara Valley The Santa Clara Valley is a geologic trough in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning ...
with portions extending into the foothills of the
Santa Cruz Mountains The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges The Pacific Coast Ranges (officially gazetted as the Pacific Mountain System in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. o ...

Santa Cruz Mountains
. The population was 57,820 as of the 2020 census. It is known for being the home of
Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...
, currently headquartered at
Apple Park Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at One Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It was opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway, and superseded the original headquarte ...
.


Etymology

Cupertino was named after '' Arroyo'' ''San José de Cupertino'' (now Stevens Creek). The creek had been named by Spanish explorer
Juan Bautista de Anza Juan Bautista de Anza (July 6 or 7, 1736 – December 19, 1788) was a New Spain, New Spanish military officer, expeditionary, and politician, who operated in Alta California, California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México, New Mexico. He is best known ...

Juan Bautista de Anza
's cartographer, who named it after Saint
Joseph of Cupertino Joseph of Copertino ( it, Giuseppe da Copertino; 17 June 1603 – 18 September 1663) was an Italian people, Italian Conventual Franciscan friar who is honored as a Christian mysticism, Christian mystic and saint. He was said to have been remarka ...
. Saint Joseph ( it, Giuseppe da Copertino) was born Giuseppe Maria Desa, and was later named after the town of
Copertino Copertino (; historical en, Cupertino, italic=yes; scn, label= Salentino, Cupirtinu ), also known in English as Cupertino, is a town and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a basic Administrative division, constituent entity of Italy, roughly ...

Copertino
, where he was born, in the
Apulia it, Pugliese , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demographics1_titl ...

Apulia
region of
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps The Alps ; german: Alpen ; it, Alpi ; rm, Alps; sl, Alpe ) are the highest ...

Italy
. The name ''Cupertino'' first became widely used when John T. Doyle, a San Francisco lawyer, and historian, named his winery on McClellan Road ''Cupertino''. After the turn of the 20th century, Cupertino displaced the former name for the region, which was ''West Side''.


History

In the 19th century, Cupertino was a small rural village at the crossroads of Stevens Creek Road and Saratoga-Mountain View Road (also known locally as Highway 9; later Saratoga-Sunnyvale Road, and then renamed to De Anza Boulevard within Cupertino city limits). For decades, the intersection was dominated on the southeast corner by the R. Cali Brothers Feed Mill, replaced today with the Cali Mill Plaza and City Hall. Back then, it was known as the West Side and was part of Fremont Township. The primary economic activity was fruit agriculture. Almost all of the land within Cupertino's present-day boundaries was covered by
prune A prune is a dried plum, most commonly from the European plum (''Prunus domestica''). Not all plum species or varieties can be dried into prunes. A prune is the firm-fleshed fruit (plum) of ''Prunus domestica'' varieties that have a high solu ...
,
plum A plum is a fruit of some species in Prunus subg. Prunus, ''Prunus'' subg. ''Prunus'.'' Mature plum fruits may have a dusty-white waxy coating that gives them a glaucous appearance. This is an epicuticular wax coating and is known as "wax bl ...

plum
,
apricot An apricot (, ) is a fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. T ...

apricot
, and
cherry A cherry is the fruit In botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. ...

cherry
orchards. A winery on Montebello Ridge overlooking the Cupertino valley region was also in operation by the late 19th century. Soon railroads, electric railways, and dirt roads traversed the West Side farmlands. Monta Vista, Cupertino's first housing tract, was developed in the mid-20th century as a result of the electric railway's construction. After
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
, a population and suburban housing boom dramatically shifted the demographics and economy of the
Santa Clara Valley The Santa Clara Valley is a geologic trough in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning ...
, as the "Valley of Heart's Delight" was beginning to transform into "
Silicon Valley Silicon Valley is a region in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California California is a U.S ...

Silicon Valley
". In 1954, a rancher, Norman Nathanson, the Cupertino-Monta Vista Improvement Association, and the Fact Finding Committee, began a drive for incorporation. On September 27, 1955, voters approved the incorporation of the city of Cupertino (225 voted "yes" and 183 voted "no"). Cupertino officially became Santa Clara County's 13th city on October 10, 1955. The first city council consisted of Ralph Lindenmayer, Werner Wilson, John Saich, R. Ivan Meyerholz and Norman Nathanson. In fact, there is a residential road in northern Cupertino named after this influential rancher. Lindenmeyer was selected as the first mayor of Cupertino a week after the September 27 election. A major milestone in Cupertino's development was the creation by some of the city's largest landowners of VALLCO Business and Industrial Park in the early 1960s. Of the 25 property owners, 17 decided to pool their land to form VALLCO Park, 6 sold to
Varian Associates Varian Associates was one of the first high-tech High technology (high tech) or frontier technology (frontier tech) is technology Technology ("science of craft", from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''techne'', "art, skill, cunning of hand"; and ...
(property later sold to
Hewlett-Packard The Hewlett-Packard Company, commonly shortened to Hewlett-Packard ( ) or HP, was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California Palo Alto (; Spanish language, Spanish for "tall stick" ...

Hewlett-Packard
), and two opted for transplanting to farms elsewhere. The name VALLCO was derived from the names of the principal developers: Varian Associates and the Leonard, Lester, Craft, and Orlando families. A neighborhood outdoor shopping center and, much later, the enclosed Vallco Fashion Park, briefly renamed Cupertino Square, were also developed.
De Anza College De Anza College is a public community college A community college is a type of educational institution An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary s ...
opened in 1967. The college, named for
Juan Bautista De Anza Juan Bautista de Anza (July 6 or 7, 1736 – December 19, 1788) was a New Spain, New Spanish military officer, expeditionary, and politician, who operated in Alta California, California and Santa Fe de Nuevo México, New Mexico. He is best known ...

Juan Bautista De Anza
, occupies a site that was the location of a winery built at the turn of the 20th century, called Beaulieu by its owners, Charles and Ella Baldwin. Their mansion has now become the California History Center. De Anza College now has about 22,000 students. Housing developments were rapidly constructed in the following years as developers created neighborhoods, including Fairgrove, Garden Gate, Monta Vista, Seven Springs, and other developments. The city is known for its high real estate prices.


Demographics

63 percent of Cupertino's population was of
Asian Asian may refer to: * Items from or related to the continent of Asia: ** Asian people, people in or descending from Asia ** Asian culture, the culture of the people from Asia ** Asian cuisine, food based on the style of food of the people from Asi ...
ancestry in 2010, compared to 32 percent in Santa Clara County overall. ''
Money Money is any item or verifiable record that is generally accepted as payment for goods and services and repayment of debts, such as taxes, in a particular country or socio-economic context. The main functions of money are distinguished as: a ...
''s Best Places to Live, "America's best small towns", ranked Cupertino as #27 in 2012, the second highest in California. In 2014, Movoto Real Estate ranked Cupertino the seventh "happiest" suburb in the United States, ranking highly in the categories of income, safety, marriage, and education.


2005

According to the 2005–2007
American Community Survey The American Community Survey (ACS) is a demographics survey program conducted by the U.S. Census Bureau. It regularly gathers information previously contained only in the long form of the decennial census, such as ancestry, citizenship, educati ...
of the
US Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the median income for a household in the city was $118,635, and the median income for a family was $140,199. The
per capita income Per capita income (PCI) or total income measures the average income earned per person in a given area (city, region, country, etc.) in a specified year. It is calculated by dividing the area's total income by its total population. Per capita i ...
for the city was $44,774. About 3.6% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the
poverty line The poverty threshold, poverty limit, poverty line or breadline is the minimum level of income In microeconomics, income is the Consumption (economics), consumption and saving opportunity gained by an entity within a specified timeframe, w ...
, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over. According to the 2005–2007 American Community Survey, White Americans made up 37.4% of Cupertino's population. Black Americans now made up 1.5% of Cupertino's population and American Indians made up 0.4% of the city's population. In addition, Cupertino now had an Asian American majority as this group now represented 55.7% of the city's population. Pacific Islander Americans remained at 0.1% of the population. Also, 2.5% of the population were from some other race and 2.4% of the population are from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos remained 4.0% of Cupertino's population. In the 2000 census, non-Hispanic
whites White is a racialized classification of people and a skin color Afghan children with fair skin Human skin color ranges from the darkest brown to the lightest hues. Differences in skin color among individuals is caused by variation in p ...
made up 47.8% of Cupertino's population. According to the 2005–2007 American Community Survey, non-Hispanic whites now represented 35.3% of the city's population.


2010

The
2010 United States Census The United States Census of 2010 was the twenty-third United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in ...
reported that Cupertino had a population of 58,302. The
population density Population density (in agriculture Agriculture is the science, art and practice of cultivating plants and livestock. Agriculture was the key development in the rise of sedentary Image:Family watching television 1958.jpg, Exercise tr ...

population density
was 5,179.1 people per square mile (1,999.7/km2). The
racial makeup A race is a grouping of humans based on shared physical or social qualities into categories generally viewed as distinct by society. The term was first used to refer to speakers of a common language and then to denote national affiliations. By ...
of Cupertino was 18,270 (31.3%) White, 344 (0.6%) Black American, 117 (0.2%) American Indian, 36,895 (63.3%) Asian (28.1% Chinese, 22.6% Indian, 4.6% Korean, 3.3% Japanese, 1.3% Vietnamese), 54 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 670 (1.1%) from other races, and 1,952 (3.3%) from two or more races. Hispanic of any race were 2,113 persons (3.6%); 2.4% of Cupertino's population is of Mexican ancestry. The census reported that 57,965 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 61 (0.1%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 276 (0.5%) were institutionalized. There were 20,181 households, out of which 9,539 (47.3%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 13,802 (68.4%) were
opposite-sex married couples
opposite-sex married couples
living together, 1,393 (6.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 581 (2.9%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 378 (1.9%)
unmarried opposite-sex partnerships POSSLQ ( , plural ''POSSLQs'') is an abbreviation (or acronym) for "Person of Opposite Sex Sharing Living Quarters", a term coined in the late 1970s by the United States Census Bureau as part of an effort to more accurately gauge the prevalence of c ...
, and 89 (0.4%)
same-sex married couples or partnerships Same sex may refer to: * A phrase used in the discussion of sex or gender * Gonochorism, the state of having just one of at least two distinct sexes in any one individual organism * Homosexuality, the romantic attraction, sexual attraction or sexua ...
. 3,544 households (17.6%) were made up of individuals, and 1,612 (8.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87. There were 15,776
families In human society A society is a Social group, group of individuals involved in persistent Social relation, social interaction, or a large social group sharing the same spatial or social territory, typically subject to the same Politi ...
(78.2% of all households); the average family size was 3.28. The population was spread out, with 16,075 people (27.6%) under the age of 18, 3,281 people (5.6%) aged 18 to 24, 15,621 people (26.8%) aged 25 to 44, 16,044 people (27.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,281 people (12.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.9 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.6 males. There were 21,027 housing units at an average density of 1,867.9 per square mile (721.2/km2), of which 12,627 (62.6%) were owner-occupied, and 7,554 (37.4%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.8%; the rental vacancy rate was 4.7%. 36,464 people (62.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 21,501 people (36.9%) lived in rental housing units. In 2015, ''Forbes'' ranked Cupertino as one of the most educated places in the U.S. in respect to the percentage of high school and college graduates.


Geography

Cupertino is located at (37.3229978, −122.0321823), at the southern end of the
San Francisco Bay San Francisco Bay is a shallow estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zon ...

San Francisco Bay
. The eastern part of the city, located in the
Santa Clara Valley The Santa Clara Valley is a geologic trough in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California. Spanning ...
, is flat, while the western part of the city slopes into the
Santa Cruz Mountains The Santa Cruz Mountains, part of the Pacific Coast Ranges The Pacific Coast Ranges (officially gazetted as the Pacific Mountain System in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. o ...

Santa Cruz Mountains
. Cupertino borders San Jose and to the east, Saratoga to the south,
Sunnyvale Sunnyvale () is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara County, California, in Silicon Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095. Sunnyvale is the List of largest California cities by populat ...
and Los Altos to the north, and
LoyolaLoyola may refer to: People * St. Ignatius of Loyola * Loyola (surname) Places * Loyola (CTA), a station on the Chicago Transit Authority's 'L' system, in Chicago, Illinois, US * Loyola (Montreal), a district of Côte-des-Neiges–Notre-Dame-de-Gr ...
to the northwest. Several streams run through Cupertino on their way to south
San Francisco Bay San Francisco Bay is a shallow estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zon ...

San Francisco Bay
, including (from north to south): , Stevens Creek, San Tomas Aquino Creek and its Smith Creek, the Regnart Creek and Prospect Creek tributaries of
Calabazas Creek Calabazas Creek is a U.S. Geological Survey. National Hydrography Dataset high-resolution flowline dataThe National Map, accessed March 10, 2011 stream in the Sonoma Valley, California, United States, that rises in the southern Mayacamas Mountai ...
, and
Saratoga Creek Saratoga Creek is a north-northeast flowing creek in Santa Clara County, California. History Saratoga Creek was originally called Arroyo Quito and then Campbell Creek after immigrant William Campbell, who operated a sawmill in 1848 in "Campbell's ...
. According to the
United States Census Bureau The United States Census Bureau (USCB), officially the Bureau of the Census, is a principal agency of the U.S. Federal Statistical System, responsible for producing data about the American American(s) may refer to: * American, something of, ...
, the city has a total area of , 99.99% of it land and 0.01% of it water. Extremes *High – June 1961 *Low – December 1990


Neighborhoods

Cupertino is made up of numerous subdivisions, most of them developed since the 1960s. Most of Cupertino's contemporary properties were developed around 1960. The area between
Stevens Creek Boulevard Stevens Creek Boulevard is a major thoroughfare A thoroughfare is a primary passage or way as a transit route through regularly trafficked areas whether by road A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two Location (geography), ...
, Miller Avenue, Bollinger Road, and Lawrence Expressway contains 224 Eichler homes, built during the 1950s. Two of the newest parts of Cupertino are among its oldest housing tracts. Monta Vista and Rancho Rinconada were developed outside of the city's boundaries in the 1950s and before. Rancho Rinconada was annexed in 1999 and the last part of Monta Vista was annexed in 2004. The neighborhood of Seven Springs is at the southwestern tip of Cupertino and was developed in the late 1980s. The newest and most northwestern neighborhood, Oak Valley, borders Rancho San Antonio Park and was developed around the turn of the millennium. Cupertino is known for its high housing prices as the majority of residential properties are multimillion-dollar homes as of 2021, with the entry-point into a single-family home at around 1.6 million dollars in the Cupertino HS area, and the entry point at around 2.2 million dollars in the Monta Vista HS area. Many smaller homes start from the mid $2 millions, mid-size homes start from the high $2 millions, and larger executive homes start from mid $3 millions and can go up to as much as $5 million, as of today. However, townhouses and condos with similar square footage are relatively less expensive, owing mainly to negligible lot sizes and the many common walls and areas. Over the course of thirteen years since the last late 2008 market crash, overall real estate prices have more than doubled.


Layout

Cali Mill Plaza marks the traditional center of the city and the historical location of Crossroads. Recently, Main Street Cupertino has been developed and has become Cupertino's downtown.


Economy

Cupertino is one of many cities that claim to be the "heart" of
Silicon Valley Silicon Valley is a region in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural region that generally comprises the northern portion of the U.S. state of California California is a U.S ...

Silicon Valley
, as many semiconductor and computer companies were founded there and in the surrounding areas. The new worldwide headquarters for
Apple Inc. Apple Inc. is an American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...
is located there in a modern circular complex. It is a
campus A campus is traditionally the land on which a college A college (Latin Latin (, or , ) is a classical language A classical language is a language A language is a structured system of communication Communication (from ...
between Interstate 280, N Wolfe Rd, E Homestead Rd and along Tantau Ave one mile east of the old campus. The nine properties () south of Pruneridge Avenue were bought in 2006, the property ( north of it in 2010 (from
Hewlett-Packard The Hewlett-Packard Company, commonly shortened to Hewlett-Packard ( ) or HP, was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California Palo Alto (; Spanish language, Spanish for "tall stick" ...

Hewlett-Packard
). On June 7, 2011,
Steve Jobs Steven Paul Jobs (; February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American business magnate A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term ...

Steve Jobs
gave a presentation to Cupertino City Council, detailing the architectural design of the new building and its environs. The campus houses 13,000 employees in one central four-story circular building surrounded by extensive landscaping, with parking mainly underground and the rest centralized in a parking structure. Though Cupertino is home to the headquarters of many high-tech companies such as Apple, very little manufacturing actually takes place in the city. The city's large office parks are primarily dedicated to management and design functions. Earlier in its history, Cupertino attributed some of its city income from Vallco Fashion Park, at the time one of the only major indoor shopping malls in the South Bay area. People from the greater South Bay area would come to spend money and contribute to the sales tax. Since then, several other shopping malls have sprung up; Valley Fair (now known as
Westfield Valley Fair Westfield Valley Fair, commonly known as Valley Fair, is a prominent shopping mall in San Jose, California. Valley Fair is the largest mall, by area, in Northern California and has higher sales revenue than all other malls in California, including ...

Westfield Valley Fair
) in Santa Clara caters to the high-end boutique stores, while the Great Mall in Milpitas in the 1990s opened to the low-priced and bargain retailers. Vallco Fashion Park was hit hard by these developments, as well as by the loss of one of its anchor stores, Emporium. In 2002, Cupertino had a labor force of 25,780 with an unemployment rate of 4.5%. The unemployment rate for Santa Clara County as a whole was 8.4%. One of the major employers in the area is the aggregate rock quarry and
cement A cement is a binder (material), binder, a substance used for construction that solidification, sets, hardens, and adheres to other materials to bind them together. Cement is seldom used on its own, but rather to bind sand and gravel (constru ...
plant in the foothills to the west of Cupertino, the
Permanente Quarry The Permanente Quarry is a limestone quarry in an unincorporated area, unincorporated area of Santa Clara County, California, just west of Cupertino, California. The quarry is a limestone and aggregate mining operation and cement plant, owned by ...
. Owned and operated by Lehigh Southwest Cement, it was founded by
Henry J. Kaiser Henry John Kaiser (May 9, 1882 – August 24, 1967) was an American industrialist A business magnate is someone who has achieved great success and enormous wealth through the ownership of multiple lines of enterprise. The term characteristi ...
as the Kaiser Permanente Cement Plant in 1939. It provided the majority of the cement used in the construction of the
Shasta Dam Shasta Dam (called Kennett Dam before its construction) is a concrete arch-gravity dam An arch-gravity dam or arched dam is a dam with the characteristics of both an arch dam An arch dam is a concrete dam that is curved upstream in plan. Th ...
. It supplied the of cement over a nine-mile (14 km)-long conveyor system. The cement plant is the sole reason for the railroad line that runs through the city.


Top employers

According to the city's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:


Law and government


Local

Cupertino was incorporated in 1955. The highest body in the city government – the City Council – is made up of five members who serve overlapping, four-year terms. The council elects the mayor and vice-mayor for a term of one year. The city does not have its own charter. Instead, it is a General Law city, which follows provisions and requirements for cities established by the state of California. Cupertino contracts with the Santa Clara County Sheriff's Office and the Santa Clara County Fire Department for public safety services. The Cupertino Library is part of the Santa Clara County Library System.


State and federal representation

In the
California State Legislature The California State Legislature is a bicameral Bicameralism is a type of legislature A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social beh ...
, Cupertino is in , and in . A small portion of the community is in the 24th Assembly District, Represented by
Democrat Democrat, Democrats, or Democratic may refer to: Politics *A proponent of democracy Democracy ( gr, δημοκρατία, ''dēmokratiā'', from ''dēmos'' 'people' and ''kratos'' 'rule') is a form of government in which people, the people ...
Marc Berman Marc Berman (born October 31, 1980) is an American politician and attorney, currently serving as a member of the California State Assembly. He is a Democratic Party (United States), Democrat representing the California's 24th State Assembly distri ...
. In the
United States House of Representatives The United States House of Representatives is the lower house of the United States Congress, with the United States Senate, Senate being the upper house. Together they compose the national Bicameralism, bicameral legislature of the United S ...
, Cupertino is in .


Transportation

The city is served by an interconnected road system. Two
freeway A controlled-access highway is a type of highway A highway is any public or private road A road is a wide way leading from one place to another, typically one with a specially prepared surface which vehicles and bikes can use. ...

freeway
s, and Interstate 280, intersect in Cupertino, with multi-lane boulevards with landscaped medians and traffic lights at all major intersections. Streets nearly all have sidewalks, the few exceptions are in
unincorporated Unincorporated may refer to: * Unincorporated area Sign at Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota.">Minnesota.html" ;"title="Otter Tail County, Minnesota">Otter Tail County, Minnesota. An unincorporated area is ...
pockets at the city's edges, which are maintained directly by Santa Clara County. Cupertino has
bike lanes Bike lanes (US) or cycle lanes (UK) are types of bikeways (cycleways) with lanes on the roadway for cyclists only. In the United Kingdom, an on-road cycle-lane can be firmly restricted to cycles (marked with a solid white line, entry by motor vehic ...
on many of its boulevards, and has an extension of the Stevens Creek Trail through McClellan Ranch Park and Blackberry Farm. Bicycle traffic is heavy usually around morning and noon times around DeAnza College. The VTA has buses running through Cupertino at major arteries. Cupertino's main streets are well lit, while a few older roads towards the Monta Vista High School area are a little dim. Dedicated on April 30, 2009, Cupertino opened the Mary Avenue Bicycle Footbridge, the first cable-stay bicycle-pedestrian bridge over a California freeway. This bridge connects the north and the south sections of the Stevens Creek Trail. The cost of the bridge project was $14,800,000. The
Union Pacific Railroad The Union Pacific Railroad , legally Union Pacific Railroad Company and simply Union Pacific, is a freight-hauling railroad that operates 8,300 locomotives over routes in 23 U.S. state In the , a state is a , of which there are curre ...
operates a branch line track up to the Lehigh Permanente Cement Plant from the mainline at
San Jose Diridon Station San Jose Diridon is the central passenger rail depot for San Jose, California San Jose, officially San José (; ; ), is the largest city in Northern California Northern California (colloquially known as NorCal) is a geographic and cultural ...

San Jose Diridon Station
. It is however strictly for the quarry and very little to no non-quarry traffic runs there. There is no commuter rail or light rail service in the city.
Caltrain Caltrain ( JPBX) is a California line in the () and the . The southern terminus is in at with weekday rush hour service running as far as . The northern terminus of the line is in San Francisco at . Caltrain has 28 regular stops, one limite ...
commuter rail runs through the cities to the north and east, and the
Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority The Santa Clara Valley Transportation Authority, more commonly known simply as the Valley Transportation Authority (VTA), is a Special district (United States), special district responsible for public transit services, Congestion management agenc ...
(VTA)'s Mountain View – Winchester
light rail Light rail transit (LRT) is a form of passenger urban rail transit Urban rail transit is an all-encompassing term for various types of local rail Rail or rails may refer to: Rail transport *Rail transport and related matters *Rail (rail t ...

light rail
line runs to
Campbell Campbell may refer to: People Surname * Campbell (surname), includes a list of people with surname Campbell Given name * Campbell Brown (footballer), an Australian rules footballer * Campbell Brown (journalist) (born 1968), American television ne ...
,
California California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...

California
to the south. Bus service is also provided by VTA, and the prospect of a twenty-four-hour bus service on
Stevens Creek Boulevard Stevens Creek Boulevard is a major thoroughfare A thoroughfare is a primary passage or way as a transit route through regularly trafficked areas whether by road A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two Location (geography), ...
is being studied. Though this corridor (line 23) is one of VTA's most heavily used routes, there is no express service that takes commuters into San Jose, and the quality of service is therefore considered to be relatively poor. Cupertino is also served by VTA's 523 Rapid bus, which runs from northern Sunnyvale and the Caltrain station to Downtown San Jose with limited stops and signal priority. Cupertino is landlocked and, like most Bay Area cities, relies on the
Port of Oakland The Port of Oakland is a major container ship A container ship (also called boxship or spelled containership) is a cargo ship 300px, The ''Colombo Express'', one of the largest container ships in the world (when it was built in 2005), owned ...

Port of Oakland
for most oceangoing freight. Passenger and cargo air transportation is available at
San Jose International Airport Norman Y. Mineta San Jose International Airport , commonly known simply as San Jose International Airport, is a city-owned public airport in San Jose, California, San Jose, California, United States. It is named after San Jose native Norman Min ...
in San Jose. The closest general aviation airport is in
Palo Alto Palo Alto (; for "tall stick") is a located in the northwestern corner of , United States, in the . The city is named after a known as . The city was established by when he founded , following the death of his son, Palo Alto includes port ...

Palo Alto
; it is known as
Palo Alto Airport of Santa Clara County Palo Alto Airport is a general aviation airport in the city of Palo Alto, California, Palo Alto in Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara County, California, United States, near the south end of San Francisco Bay on the western shore. Fac ...
.


Education


Primary and secondary

Cupertino is known for its high-achieving primary and secondary school students. For example, Murdock-Portal Elementary and Faria Elementary School are tied for highest score for elementary public school in the state of
California California is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspaper), a daily newspaper i ...

California
, per California 2013 API test scores. As of 2013, John F. Kennedy Middle School is the best public middle school in the state, and Lawson Middle School is the third best in the state. Furthermore, Monta Vista High School is ranked number 23 out of all the public high schools in the nation. Primary (K-8) public schools are organized into the
Cupertino Union School District The Cupertino Union School District (abbreviated as CUSD) is a school district A school district is a special-purpose district that operates local public Primary school, primary and Secondary school, secondary schools in various nations. Nort ...
, while the
Fremont Union High School District Fremont Union High School District (abbreviated FUHSD) is a school district in Silicon Valley, California. It serves the communities of Cupertino, California, Cupertino, Sunnyvale, California, Sunnyvale, San Jose, California, San Jose, Los Altos, ...
is responsible for high school students (except for a tiny portion of the northeast corner of the city which belongs to the
Santa Clara Unified School DistrictThe Santa Clara Unified School District operates sixteen elementary schools (K-5), three middle schools (6-8, unless otherwise noted), four secondary education, high schools (9-12), one Adult education program, and one K-12 school in Santa Clara, Cal ...
).
Cupertino High School Cupertino High School, colloquially referred to as "Tino", is a four-year comprehensive public high school located near the Rancho Rinconada and Fairgrove neighborhoods of Cupertino, California, Cupertino, California, USA. It is part of the Fremont ...
and its feeder school,
Hyde Middle School The Cupertino Union School District (abbreviated as CUSD) is a school district in Silicon Valley, California. CUSD's jurisdiction covers the communities of Cupertino, California, Cupertino, San Jose, California, San Jose, Sunnyvale, Santa Clara, ...
, are located in the Rancho Rinconada section of Cupertino, while
Monta Vista High School Monta Vista High School is a four-year Public school (government funded), public high school located in the Silicon Valley city of Cupertino, California, Cupertino, California, US. Part of the Fremont Union High School District, the school serves ...
and its feeder, Kennedy Middle School, are in the Monta Vista, Cupertino, California, Monta Vista neighborhood in the western half of Cupertino. Lawson Middle School feeds mostly Cupertino and Monta Vista High. In addition, Homestead High School (Cupertino, California), Homestead High School is located in the northwestern portion of Cupertino, along the city border with neighboring
Sunnyvale Sunnyvale () is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara County, California, in Silicon Valley. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 140,095. Sunnyvale is the List of largest California cities by populat ...
.


Colleges and universities

Cupertino is home to
De Anza College De Anza College is a public community college A community college is a type of educational institution An educational institution is a place where people of different ages gain an education, including preschools, childcare, primary-elementary s ...
, one of the two community colleges in the Foothill–De Anza Community College District. The University of San Francisco has satellite campuses in Cupertino.


Public libraries

Santa Clara County Library operates the Cupertino Library, which is located adjacent to city hall. The library, which was redesigned and rebuilt in 2004, is the busiest branch in the Santa Clara County Library system, with about 3 million items circulated annually.


Weekend schools

The San Francisco Japanese School, a Hoshuko, weekend educational program for Japanese citizen children living abroad, holds classes at J.F. Kennedy Middle School in Cupertino,About San Francisco Japanese School
." San Francisco Japanese School. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
as well as The Harker School, Harker, a private school.


Places of interest

Apple Park Apple Park is the corporate headquarters of Apple Inc., located at One Apple Park Way in Cupertino, California, United States. It was opened to employees in April 2017, while construction was still underway, and superseded the original headquarte ...
is the headquarters of Apple Inc., Apple, and Apple Campus is its former headquarters. The Deep Cliff Golf Course, Deep Cliff and Blackberry Farm golf courses are located near
Monta Vista High School Monta Vista High School is a four-year Public school (government funded), public high school located in the Silicon Valley city of Cupertino, California, Cupertino, California, US. Part of the Fremont Union High School District, the school serves ...
. The De Anza College has a large enclosed theater called the Flint Center which is the primary venue for performing arts in the West Valley. It is widely used as a music hall by orchestras, such as the California Youth Symphony, as well as numerous professional performers and groups. The center was also home to the unveiling of several Apple products, such as the Macintosh 128K, Macintosh computer and the IMac G3, iMac. The Fujitsu Planetarium at De Anza College is the largest school Planetarium west of the Rocky Mountains and since its renovation, is one of the most modern in the world. Rancho San Antonio County Park is a recreational area for hikers and biking activity, located between the Monta Vista area of Cupertino and the border of Los Altos.


Notable people


Sister cities

Cupertino is Sister city, twinned with: * Bhubaneswar, India *
Copertino Copertino (; historical en, Cupertino, italic=yes; scn, label= Salentino, Cupirtinu ), also known in English as Cupertino, is a town and ''comune The (; plural: ) is a basic Administrative division, constituent entity of Italy, roughly ...

Copertino
, Italy * Hsinchu, Taiwan * Toyokawa, Aichi, Toyokawa, Japan


Friendship cities

Cupertino also has friendly relations with: * Jiangmen, China * Jilin City, China * Luoyang, China * Shenzhen, China * Taichung, Taiwan * Taipei, Taiwan * Tongxiang, China * Xianning, China * Yilan City, Taiwan * Zhaoqing, China


References


External links

*
''Cupertino Courier''Cupertino Historical Society + Museum
{{Authority control Cupertino, California, 1955 establishments in California Cities in Santa Clara County, California Cities in the San Francisco Bay Area Incorporated cities and towns in California Populated places established in 1955 Silicon Valley