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The counties of Kenya ( sw, Kaunti za Kenya) are geographical units envisioned by the 2010 Constitution of Kenya as the units of
devolved government Devolution is the statutory delegation of powers from the central government of a sovereign state to govern at a Subnational administrative division, subnational level, such as a regional or local government, local level. It is a form of ad ...
. The powers are provided in Articles 191 and 192, and in the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya and the County Governments Act of 2012. The counties are also single-member constituencies for the election of members of parliament to the
Senate of Kenya The Senate is the upper house of the Parliament of Kenya. The Senate was first established as part of Kenya's 1963 Constitution. After being abolished in 1966, the Senate was re-established by the Constitution of Kenya, 2010 Constitution. ...
and special women members of parliament to the
National Assembly of Kenya National may refer to: Common uses * Nation A nation is a community of people formed on the basis of a common language, history, ethnicity, or a common culture, and, in many cases, a shared territory. A nation is more overtly political than an ...
. As of 2013 general elections, there are 47 counties whose size and boundaries are based on the 47 legally recognized
districts of Kenya Sub-counties are the decentralised units through which Counties of Kenya, county governments of Kenya will provide functions and services. Except for the parts which fall under urban areas, sub-counties will coincide Constituencies of Kenya, with ...
. Following the re-organization of Kenya's national administration, counties were integrated into a new national administration with the national government posting county commissioners to represent it at the counties.


Establishment

County governments were established in 47 counties (largely based on the 1992
districts of Kenya Sub-counties are the decentralised units through which Counties of Kenya, county governments of Kenya will provide functions and services. Except for the parts which fall under urban areas, sub-counties will coincide Constituencies of Kenya, with ...
), after the scheduled general elections in March 2013. The counties' names are set out in the First Schedule of the
Constitution of Kenya The Constitution of Kenya is the supreme law of the Republic of Kenya. There have been three significant versions of the constitution, with the most recent redraft being enabled in 2010. The 2010 edition replaced the 1963 independence constit ...
.


List of counties

Under the new constitution,
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...

Kenya
is now divided into 47 counties for administrative purposes. They are grouped below according to the former
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are g ...
of which they were part, with their areas and populations as of the 2009 and the 2019 census:


County governments

County governments are responsible for county legislation (outlined in article 185 of the Constitution of Kenya), executive functions (outlined in article 183), functions outlined in the fourth schedule of the constitution of Kenya, functions transferred from the national government through article 187 of the constitution of Kenya, functions agreed upon with other counties under article 189(2) of the constitution of Kenya, and establishment and staffing of a public service (under article 235 of the Constitution of Kenya). The functions of governments assigned to counties by the fourth schedule of the Constitution of Kenya are:


Agriculture

* Crop and animal husbandry * Livestock sale yards * County abattoirs (slaughterhouses) * Plant and animal disease control * Fisheries


County health services

* County health facilities and pharmacies * Ambulance services * Promotion of primary health care * Licensing and control of undertakings that sell food to the public * Veterinary services (excluding regulation of the profession) * Cemeteries, funeral parlors and crematoria * Refuse removal, refuse dumps and solid waste disposal. *Food distribution and Free services for pregnant mothers


Pollution, nuisances and advertising control

*air pollution is not an issue and the country is extremely clean with their ban of paper bags


Cultural activities, public entertainment and public amenities

* Betting, casinos and other forms of gambling * Racing * Liquor licensing * Cinemas * Video shows and hiring * Libraries * Museums * Sports and cultural activities and facilities * County parks, beaches and recreation facilities * Ice skating * Sport fishing * Golf * Horse racing * Rugby


County transport

* County roads * Street lighting * Traffic and parking * Public road transport * Ferries and harbors, excluding the regulation of international and national shipping and matters related thereto * SGR- Madaraka Express (modern railway experience)


Trade development and regulation

* Markets * Trade licenses, excluding regulation of professions * Fair trading practices * Local tourism * Cooperative societies


County planning and development

* Statistics * Land surveying, planning and mapping of resources * Boundaries and fencing * Housing * Electricity and gas reticulation and energy regulation


Education and childcare

* Pre-primary education, village polytechnics, homecraft center's and childcare facilities * Adult education and national exam registration for the same.


Policy implementation

* Implementation of specific national government policies on natural resources and environmental conservation * Soil and water conservation * Forestry


County public works and services

* Stormwater management systems in built-up areas * Water and sanitation services


Fire fighting services and disaster management

Counties are mandated by the 2010 constitution of Kenya to enact legislation and laws that ensures management and controls of fire fighting.


Control of drugs and pornography


Coordination

* Ensuring and coordinating the participation of communities and locations in governance at the local level * Assisting communities and locations to develop the administrative capacity for the effective exercise of the functions and powers and participation in governance at the local level


County executive committee

The county governor and the deputy county governor are the chief executive and deputy chief executive of the county, respectively. The
Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission The Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission (IEBC) is an independent regulatory agency that was founded in 2011 by the Constitution of Kenya The Constitution of Kenya is the supreme law of the Republic of Kenya. There have been th ...
shall not conduct a separate election for the deputy governor but shall declare the
running mate A running mate is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relati ...
of the person who is elected county governor to have been elected as the deputy governor. Each county will be run by an executive committee, consisting of: *A governor, elected directly by the people *A deputy, elected as
running mate A running mate is a person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason, morality, consciousness or self-consciousness, and being a part of a culturally established form of social relati ...
of the successful candidate for governorship *A number of committee members not exceeding a third (or ten where a county assembly has more than 30 members) of the members of the respective county assembly *A county secretary, nominated by the governor and approved by the county assembly, who will double up as head of the county public service, and secretary to the county executive committee As a specialty in the democratic system Kenyan law requires governors to have a recognised university degree (it is not necessary for the President of the United States, for example, to hold a degree).


County assemblies

The counties will each have an assembly whose members are elected from single member constituencies known as wards. There may also be a number of nominated members as is necessary to ensure that neither male nor female members constitute more than two-thirds of the assembly. There will also be six nominated members to represent marginalised groups (persons with disabilities, and the youth) and a county assembly speaker who will be an
ex officio An ''ex officio'' member is a member of a body (notably a board, committee, council) who is part of it by virtue of holding another office. The term ''ex officio An ''ex officio'' member is a member of a body (notably a board, committee, council) ...
member of the assembly.Article 177 (c), The 2010 Constitution of Kenya


County governors


Current list of governors

The governors listed below were elected on 8 August 2017.


See also

* List of counties of Kenya by GDP *
Provinces of Kenya Kenya's provinces were replaced by Counties of Kenya, a system of counties in 2010. History Before the Constitution of Kenya, new constitution of Kenya that came into force on August 27, 2010, Kenya was divided into eight provinces (see map). T ...
*
Kenyan general election, 2013 General elections were held in Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, ...
* ISO 3166-2:KE


References


External links


Kenya county websitesOpenData Tharaka-Nithi
{{Articles on first-level administrative divisions of African countries Counties, Kenya Politics of Kenya Subdivisions of Kenya
Kenya ) , national_anthem = "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu" (, ) is the national anthem of Kenya. History "Ee Mungu Nguvu Yetu"'s lyrics were originally written in Swahili language, Kiswahili, the national language of Kenya ...