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A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a
legislature A legislature is an assembly Assembly may refer to: Organisations and meetings * Deliberative assembly A deliberative assembly is a gathering of members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure Parliamentary procedure i ...
, especially at a
town A town is a . Towns are generally larger than s and smaller than , though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and use The word "town" shares an origin with the word , the word ...

town
,
city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. It can be defined as a permanent and s ...

city
or
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
/
shire Shire is a traditional term for an administrative division of land in Great Britain Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of , it is the largest of the Britis ...

shire
level, but most legislative bodies at the state/provincial or national level are not considered councils. At such levels, there may be no separate
executive branch The executive (short for executive branch or executive power) is the part of government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, a ...
, and the council may effectively represent the entire
government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department ...

government
. A
board of directors A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English; American and British English spelling diffe ...
might also be denoted as a council. A
committee A committee or commission is a body of one or more persons subordinate to an assembly. A committee is not itself considered to be a form of assembly. Usually, the assembly sends matters into a committee as a way to explore them more fully than wo ...

committee
might also be denoted as a council, though a committee is generally a subordinate body composed of members of a larger body, while a council may not be. Because many schools have a
student council A student council (also known as a student union or associated student body) is an administrative organisation of students in different educational institutes ranging from elementary schools to universities and research organisation around th ...
, the council is the form of governance with which many people are likely to have their first experience as electors or participants. A member of a council may be referred to as a councillor or councilperson, or by the gender-specific titles of councilman and councilwoman.


In politics

Notable examples of types of councils encountered in politics include: *
Turkic Council The Turkic Council, officially the Cooperation Council of Turkic-Speaking States, is an international organization ''International Organization'' is a quarterly peer-reviewed academic journal that covers the entire field of international relation ...

Turkic Council
, also known as the Organisation of Turkic states is the body responsible for determining future of the
Turkic countries Turkic may refer to: * anything related to the country of Turkey * Turkic languages, a language family of at least thirty-five documented languages ** Turkic alphabets (disambiguation) ** Turkish language, the most widely spoken Turkic language * T ...
. *
Borough A borough is an administrative division in various English language, English-speaking countries. In principle, the term ''borough'' designates a self-governing walled town, although in practice, official use of the term varies widely. History ...
council, a form of local government *
Catholic Ecumenical Councils#REDIRECT Catholic ecumenical councils Catholic ecumenical councils include 21 councils over a period of some 1900 years, which met for the purpose of defining doctrine, reaffirming truths of the Faith, and extirpating heresy. While definitions c ...
, ecclesiastical gatherings for ordering the Catholic Church *
City council A municipal council is the legislative body A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a Polity, political entity such as a Sovereign state, country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments ...
, a form of local government *
Community council A community council is a public representative body in Great Britain Great Britain is an island in the North Atlantic Ocean off the northwest coast of continental Europe. With an area of , it is the largest of the British Isles, the List ...
, the most local official representative body in Scotland and in Wales *
Council of Europe The Council of Europe (CoE; french: Conseil de l'Europe, ) is an international organization, international organisation founded in the wake of World War II to uphold European Convention on Human Rights, human rights, democracy and the Law in Eu ...

Council of Europe
, a political, intergovernmental organization with 47 member countries *
Council of the European Union A council is a group of people who come together to consult, deliberate, or make decisions. A council may function as a legislature, especially at a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and s ...

Council of the European Union
, the upper house of the European Union *
Council of State A Council of State is a governmental body in a country, or a subdivision of a country, with a function that varies by jurisdiction. It may be the formal name for the cabinet or it may refer to a non-executive advisory body associated with a head o ...
, an organ of government in many states *
County council A county council is the elected administrative body governing an area known as a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary, L. Brookes (ed.), 2005, Chambers Harrap Pub ...
, a council that governs a county in the British Isles * District council, a unit of government in various jurisdictions *
Ecumenical Councils An ecumenical council (or oecumenical council; also general council) is a conference of ecclesiastical {{Short pages monitor