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Corporate titles or business titles are given to company and organization officials to show what duties and responsibilities they have in the organization. Such titles are used by publicly and privately held for-profit
corporation A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company—authorized by the State (polity), state to act as a single entity (a legal entity recognized by private and public law "born out of statute"; a legal person in legal ...

corporation
s. In addition, many
non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or social benefit, in contrast with an entity that op ...
organizations, educational institutions,
partnership A partnership is an arrangement where parties, known as business partnerA business partner is a commercial entity with which another commercial entity has some form of alliance. This relationship may be a contract A contract is a legally bin ...

partnership
s, and
sole proprietorship A sole proprietorship , also known as a sole tradership, individual entrepreneurship or proprietorship, is a type of enterprise owned and run by one person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the Types of business ent ...
s also confer corporate titles.


Variations

There are considerable variations in the composition and responsibilities of corporate titles. Within the corporate office or corporate center of a company, some companies have a
chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board, committee, or deliberative assembly. The person holding the office, who is typically elected or appointed by members of the gro ...

chairman
and
chief executive officer A chief executive officer (CEO), chief administrator officer, or just chief executive (CE), is one of a number of corporate executives A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co ...
(CEO) as the top-ranking executive, while the number two is the president and
chief operating officer A chief operating officer (COO), also called a chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, composing part of the " C-suite". The COO is usually the second-in-command {{unreferenced, date=May 200 ...
(COO); other companies have a president and CEO but no official deputy. Typically, senior managers are "higher" than
vice president A vice president, also director in British English, is an officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationsh ...

vice president
s, although many times a senior officer may also hold a vice president title, such as executive vice president and
chief financial officer The chief financial officer (CFO) is the officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationships, social interac ...
(CFO). The
board of directors A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization An organization, or organisation (English in the Commonwealth of Nations, Commonwealth English; American and British English spelling diffe ...
is technically not part of management itself, although its chairman may be considered part of the corporate office if he or she is an executive chairman. A corporation often consists of different businesses, whose senior executives report directly to the CEO or COO, but depends on the form of the business. If organized as a
division Division or divider may refer to: Mathematics *Division (mathematics), the inverse of multiplication *Division algorithm, a method for computing the result of mathematical division Military *Division (military), a formation typically consisting o ...
then the top manager is often known as an executive vice president (EVP). If that business is a
subsidiary A subsidiary, subsidiary company or daughter company is a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixture ...
which has considerably more independence, then the title might be chairman and CEO. In many countries, particularly in Europe and Asia, there is a separate executive board for day-to-day business and
supervisory board A supervisory board or supervisory committee, often called '' board of directors'', is a group of individuals chosen by the stockholders of a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an associa ...
(elected by shareholders) for control purposes. In these countries, the CEO presides over the executive board and the chairman presides over the supervisory board, and these two roles will always be held by different people. This ensures a distinction between
management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit, non-profit organization, or a government body. It is the art and science of managing resources. Management includes the activities o ...

management
by the executive board and
governance Governance is all the processes of interactions be they through the laws Law is a system of rules created and law enforcement, enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior,Robertson, ''Crimes against humanity ...

governance
by the supervisory board. This seemingly allows for clear lines of authority. There is a strong parallel here with the structure of government, which tends to separate the political
cabinet Cabinet or The Cabinet may refer to: Furniture * Cabinetry, a box-shaped piece of furniture with doors and/or drawers * Display cabinet, a piece of furniture with one or more transparent glass sheets or transparent polycarbonate sheets * Filing ...
from the management
civil service The civil service is a collective term for a sector of government composed mainly of career civil servants hired on professional merit rather than appointed or elected, whose institutional tenure typically survives transitions of political leaders ...
. In the United States and other countries that follow a single-board corporate structure, the board of directors (elected by the shareholders) is often equivalent to the European or Asian supervisory board, while the functions of the executive board may be vested either in the board of directors or in a separate committee, which may be called an operating committee (J.P. Morgan Chase), management committee (Goldman Sachs), executive committee (
Lehman Brothers Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. () was a global financial services firm founded in 1847. Before filing for bankruptcy in 2008, Lehman was the fourth-largest investment bank Investment is the dedication of an asset to attain an increase in valu ...

Lehman Brothers
), or executive council (
Hewlett-Packard The Hewlett-Packard Company, commonly shortened to Hewlett-Packard ( ) or HP, was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California Palo Alto () is a charter city located in the northweste ...

Hewlett-Packard
), or executive board ( HeiG) composed of the division/subsidiary heads and senior officers that report directly to the CEO.


United States

State laws in the United States traditionally required certain positions to be created within every corporation, such as
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
,
secretary A secretary, administrative professional, or personal assistant A personal assistant, also referred to as personal aide (PA) or personal secretary (PS), is a job title describing a person who assists a specific person with their daily busine ...
and
treasurer In ''A new way to pay the National Debt'' (1786), King_George_III George_III_(George_William_Frederick;_4_June_173829_January_1820)_was__King_of_Great_Britain_and_Ireland Ireland_(;__ga,_Éire_;_Ulster_Scots_dialect,_Ulster-Scots:__)_i ...

treasurer
. Today, the approach under the ''
Model Business Corporation ActThe Model Business Corporation Act (MBCA) is a model act prepared by the Committee on Corporate Laws of the Section of Business Law of the American Bar Association The American Bar Association (ABA), founded August 21, 1878, is a voluntary bar ...
'', which is employed in many states, is to grant companies discretion in determining which titles to have, with the only mandated organ being the board of directors. Some states that do not employ the MBCA continue to require that certain offices be established. Under the law of
Delaware Delaware ( ) is a state in the Mid-AtlanticMid-Atlantic or Mid Atlantic can refer to: *The middle of the Atlantic Ocean *Mid-Atlantic English, a mix between British English and American English *Mid-Atlantic Region (Little League World Serie ...
, where most large US corporations are established, stock certificates must be signed by two officers with titles specified by law (e.g. a president and secretary or a president and treasurer). Every corporation incorporated in
California California is a in the . With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the and the U.S. state by area. It is also the in North America and the in the world. The area and the are the nation's second and ...

California
must have a chairman of the board or a president (or both), as well as a secretary and a chief financial officer.
Limited liability company A limited liability company (LLC) is the US-specific form of a private limited company A private limited company is any type of business entity in Privately held company, "private" ownership used in many jurisdictions, in contrast to a Publ ...
(LLC)-structured companies are generally run directly by their members, but the members can agree to appoint officers such as a CEO or to appoint "managers" to operate the company. American companies are generally led by a CEO. In some companies, the CEO also has the title of "president". In other companies, a president is a different person, and the primary duties of the two positions are defined in the company's bylaws (or the laws of the governing legal jurisdiction). Many companies also have a CFO, a
chief operating officer A chief operating officer (COO), also called a chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, composing part of the " C-suite". The COO is usually the second-in-command {{unreferenced, date=May 200 ...
(COO) and other senior positions such as
General Counsel A general counsel, chief counsel, or chief legal officer (CLO) is the chief lawyer of a legal department, usually in a company or a governmental department. In a company, the person holding the position typically reports directly to the chief exec ...
(CLO),
chief strategy officerA chief strategy officer (CSO) is an executive (management), executive, that usually reports to the CEO, and has primary responsibility for strategy formulation and management, including developing the corporate vision and strategy, managing strategi ...
(CSO),
chief marketing officerA chief marketing officer (CMO), also called a global marketing officer or marketing director, is a corporate executive responsible for marketing activities in an organization. Whilst historically these titles may have signified a legal responsibilit ...
(CMO), etc. that report to the president and CEO. The next level, which are not executive positions, is middle management and may be called "vice presidents", " directors" or "managers", depending on the size and required managerial depth of the company.


United Kingdom

In British English, the title of
managing director A chief executive officer (CEO), chief administrator officer, or just chief executive (CE), is one of a number of corporate executives A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co ...
is generally synonymous with that of chief executive officer. Managing directors do not have any particular authority under the ''Companies Act'' in the UK, but do have implied authority based on the general understanding of what their position entails, as well as any authority expressly delegated by the board of directors.


Japan and South Korea

In Japan, corporate titles are roughly standardized across companies and organizations; although there is variation from company to company, corporate titles within a company are always consistent, and the large companies in Japan generally follow the same outline. These titles are the formal titles that are used on business cards. Korean corporate titles are similar to those of Japan. Legally, Japanese and Korean companies are only required to have a board of directors with at least one representative director. In Japanese, a company director is called a ''torishimariyaku'' (取締役) and a representative director is called a ''daihyō torishimariyaku'' (代表取締役). The equivalent Korean titles are ''isa'' (이사, 理事) and ''daepyo-isa'' (대표이사, 代表理事). These titles are often combined with lower titles, e.g. ''senmu torishimariyaku'' or ''jōmu torishimariyaku'' for Japanese executives who are also board members. Most Japanese companies also have
statutory auditor Statutory auditor is a title used in various countries to refer to a person or entity with an audit An audit is an "independent examination of financial information of any entity, whether profit oriented or not, irrespective of its size or le ...
s, who operate alongside the board of directors in supervisory roles. The typical structure of executive titles in large companies includes the following: The top management group, comprising ''jomu''/''sangmu'' and above, is often referred to collectively as "senior management" (幹部 or 重役; ''kambu'' or ''juyaku'' in Japanese; ''ganbu'' or ''jungyŏk'' in Korean). Some Japanese and Korean companies have also adopted American-style titles, but these are not yet widespread and their usage varies. For example, although there is a Korean translation for
chief operating officer A chief operating officer (COO), also called a chief operations officer, is one of the highest-ranking executive positions in an organization, composing part of the " C-suite". The COO is usually the second-in-command {{unreferenced, date=May 200 ...
(''최고운영책임자, choego unyŏng chaegimja''), not many companies have yet adopted it with an exception of a few multi-national companies such as
Samsung The Samsung Group (or simply Samsung) ( ko, 삼성) is a South Korean multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body fro ...

Samsung
and CJ (a spin-off from Samsung), while the CFO title is often used alongside other titles such as ''bu-sajang'' (SEVP) or ''Jŏnmu'' (EVP). Since the late 1990s, many Japanese companies have introduced the title of ''shikkō yakuin'' (執行役員) or "officer", seeking to emulate the separation of directors and officers found in American companies. In 2002, the statutory title of ''shikkō yaku'' (執行役) was introduced for use in companies that introduced a three-committee structure in their board of directors. The titles are frequently given to ''buchō'' and higher-level personnel. Although the two titles are very similar in intent and usage, there are several legal distinctions: ''shikkō yaku'' make their own decisions in the course of performing work delegated to them by the board of directors, and are considered managers of the company rather than employees, with a legal status similar to that of directors. ''Shikkō yakuin'' are considered employees of the company that follow the decisions of the board of directors, although in some cases directors may have the ''shikkō yakuin'' title as well.


Senior management

The highest-level executives in
senior management Senior management, executive management, upper management, or a management is generally individuals at the highest level of management Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization, whether it is a business, a not-for-profit ...
usually have titles beginning with "chief" and ending with "officer", forming what is often called the "C-suite" or "CxO", where "x" is a variable that could be any functional area (not to be confused with CXO). The traditional three such officers are CEO, COO, and CFO. Depending on the management structure, titles may exist instead of, or be blended/overlapped with, other traditional executive titles, such as ''
president President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
'', various designations of ''vice presidents'' (e.g. VP of marketing), and ''general managers'' or ''directors'' of various divisions (such as director of marketing); the latter may or may not imply membership of the ''board of directors''. Certain other prominent positions have emerged, some of which are sector-specific. For example, chief audit executive (CAE), chief procurement officer (CPO) and chief risk officer (CRO) positions are often found in many types of financial services companies. Technology companies of all sorts now tend to have a
chief technology officer A chief technical officer (CTO), sometimes known as a chief technology officer or chief technologist, is an executive-level position in a company or other entity whose occupation is focused on the scientific and technological issues within an org ...
(CTO) to manage technology development. A CIO oversees information technology (IT) matters, either in companies that specialize in IT or in any kind of company that relies on it for supporting infrastructure. Many companies now also have a chief marketing officer (CMO), particularly mature companies in competitive sectors, where
brand management In marketing Marketing is the process of intentionally stimulating demand for and purchases of goods and services; potentially including selection of a target audience; selection of certain attributes or themes to emphasize in advertising; ope ...
is a high priority. A chief value officer (CVO) is introduced in companies where business processes and organizational entities are focused on the creation and maximization of value. Approximately 50% of the S&P 500 companies have created a
chief strategy officerA chief strategy officer (CSO) is an executive (management), executive, that usually reports to the CEO, and has primary responsibility for strategy formulation and management, including developing the corporate vision and strategy, managing strategi ...
(CSO) in their top management team to lead strategic planning and manage inorganic growth, which provides a long range perspective versus the tactical view of the COO or CFO. This function often replaces a COO on the C-Suite team, in cases where the company wants to focus on growth rather than efficiency and cost containment. A
chief administrative officer A chief administrative officer (CAO) is a top-tier executive who supervises the daily operations of an organization and is ultimately responsible for its performance. Government and non-profit A CAO is responsible for administrative management of ...
may be found in many large complex organizations that have various departments or divisions. Additionally, many companies now call their top diversity leadership position the
chief diversity officer The chief diversity officer (CDO) is an organization’s executive level diversity and inclusion strategist. Roughly 20% of Fortune 500 The ''Fortune'' 500 is an annual list compiled and published by '' Fortune'' magazine that ranks 500 of the ...
(CDO). However, this and many other nontraditional and lower-ranking titles are not universally recognized as corporate officers, and they tend to be specific to particular organizational cultures or the preferences of employees.


Specific corporate officer positions

Chairman of the board The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a board, committee, or deliberative assembly. The person holding the office, who is typically elected or appointed by members of the g ...

Chairman of the board
– presiding officer of the corporate board of directors. The chairman influences the board of directors, which in turn elects and removes the officers of a corporation and oversees the human, financial, environmental and technical operations of a corporation. * The CEO may also hold the title of "chairman", resulting in an executive chairman. In this case, the board frequently names an independent member of the board as a lead director. * Executive chairman – the chairman's post may also exist as an office separate from that of CEO, and it is considered an executive chairman if that titleholder wields influence over company operations, such as
Steve Case Stephen McConnell Case (born August 21, 1958) is an American entrepreneur, investor, and businessman best known as the former chief executive officer and chairman of America Online (AOL). Case joined AOL's predecessor company, Quantum Computer Se ...

Steve Case
of
AOL Time Warner Warner Media, LLC, doing business as WarnerMedia, is an American multinational mass media and entertainment Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and Interest (emotion), interest of an audience or gives pleasure a ...
and
Douglas Flint Sir Douglas Jardine Flint, Commander of the Order of the British Empire, CBE (born 8 July 1955) is a British banker and former Group Chairman of HSBC, HSBC Holdings. He served from 2011 to 2017, having previously been Group Finance Director since ...
of
HSBC HSBC Holdings plc is a British multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple countries * Multinational state, ...

HSBC
. In particular, the group chairmanship of HSBC is considered the top position of that institution, outranking the chief executive, and is responsible for leading the board and representing the company in meetings with government figures. Prior to the creation of the group management board in 2006, HSBC's chairman essentially held the duties of a chief executive at an equivalent institution, while HSBC's chief executive served as the deputy. After the 2006 reorganization, the management cadre ran the business, while the chairman oversaw the controls of the business through compliance and audit and the direction of the business. * Non-executive chairman – also a separate post from the CEO, unlike an executive chairman, a non-executive chairman does not interfere in day-to-day company matters. Across the world, many companies have separated the roles of chairman and CEO, often resulting in a non-executive chairman, saying that this move improves corporate governance. *
Chief business officer Chief business officer (CBO) is the position of the top operating executive of growing commercial companies or an academic/research institution (such as a university, college, institute, or teaching hospital). In the commercial space, CBO shows le ...
is a corporate senior executive who assumes full management responsibility for the company's deal making, provides leadership and executes a deal strategy that will allow the company to fulfill its scientific/technology mission and build shareholder value, provides managerial guidance to the company's product development staff as needed. *
Chief of staff The title chief of staff (or head of staff) identifies the leader of a complex organization such as the armed forces A military, also known collectively as armed forces, is a heavily armed, highly organized force primarily intended for war ...
is a corporate director level manager who has overall responsibility for the staff activity within the company who often would have responsibility of hiring and firing of the highest level managers and sometimes directors. They can work with and report directly to managing directors and the chief executive officer. *
Commissioner A commissioner is, in principle, a member of a commission Commission or commissioning may refer to: Business and contracting * Commission (remuneration), a form of payment to an agent for services rendered ** Commission (art), the purchase or the ...

Commissioner
* Financial control officer, FCO or FC, also comptroller or controller – supervises accounting and financial reporting within an organization * Director or member of a board of directors – high-level official with a fiduciary responsibility of overseeing the operation of a corporation and elects or removes officers of a corporation; nominally, ''directors'', other than the ''chairman'' are usually not considered to be employees of the company ''per se'', although they may receive compensation, often including benefits; in publicly held companies. A ''board of directors'' is normally made up of members (''directors'') who are a mixture of corporate officials who are also management employees of the company ( inside directors) and persons who are not employed by the company in any capacity (
outside director An independent director (also sometimes known as an outside director) is a director (member) of a board of directors who does not have a material or pecuniary relationship with company or related persons, except sitting fees. In the US, independ ...
s or
non-executive directorA non-executive director (abbreviated to non-exec, NED or NXD), independent director or external director is a member of the board of directors A board of directors is a group of people who jointly supervise the activities of an organization ...
s). In privately held companies, the ''board of directors'' often only consists of the statutory corporate officials, and in ''sole proprietorship'' and ''partnerships'', the board is entirely optional, and if it does exist, only operates in an advisory capacity to the owner or ''partners''. Non-profit corporations’ governing board members may be called ''directors'' like most for-profit corporations, or an alternative like ''trustees'', ''governors'', etc. *
Director Director may refer to: Literature * Director (magazine), ''Director'' (magazine), a British magazine * The Director (novel), ''The Director'' (novel), a 1971 novel by Henry Denker * The Director (play), ''The Director'' (play), a 2000 play by Nanc ...
– a manager of managers within an organization who is often responsible for a major business function and who sometimes reports to a vice president (note that in some financial services companies the title vice president has a different meaning). Often used with name of a functional area; ''finance director'', ''director of finance'', ''marketing director'', and so on. Not to be confused with a ''member of the board of directors'', who is also referred to as a ''director''. This is a middle management and not an executive level position, unless it is in the banking industry. Alternatively, a manager of managers is often referred to as a "senior manager' or as an "associate vice president", depending upon levels of management, and industry type. *
President President most commonly refers to: *President (corporate title) A president is a leader of an organization, company, community, club, trade union, university or other group. The relationship between a president and a Chief Executive Officer, chi ...
– legally recognized highest "titled" corporate officer, and usually a member of the board of directors. There is much variation; often the CEO also holds the title of president, while in other organizations if there is a separate CEO, the president is then second highest-ranking position. In such a case the president is often the COO and is considered to be more focused upon daily operations compared to the CEO, who is supposed to be the visionary. If the corporate president is not the COO (such as Richard Parsons of Time Warner from 1995 to 2001), then many division heads report directly to the CEO themselves, with the president taking on special assignments from the CEO. *
Secretary A secretary, administrative professional, or personal assistant A personal assistant, also referred to as personal aide (PA) or personal secretary (PS), is a job title describing a person who assists a specific person with their daily busine ...

Secretary
or
company secretary A company secretary is a senior position in a private sector company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal or a mixtu ...
– legally recognized "titled" corporate officer who reports to the board of directors and is responsible for keeping the records of the board and the company. This title is often concurrently held by the ''treasurer'' in a dual position called ''secretary-treasurer''; both positions may be concurrently held by the ''CFO''. Note, however, that the ''secretary'' has a reporting line to the board of directors, regardless of any other reporting lines conferred by concurrent titles. *
Treasurer In ''A new way to pay the National Debt'' (1786), King_George_III George_III_(George_William_Frederick;_4_June_173829_January_1820)_was__King_of_Great_Britain_and_Ireland Ireland_(;__ga,_Éire_;_Ulster_Scots_dialect,_Ulster-Scots:__)_i ...

Treasurer
– legally recognized corporate officer entrusted with the fiduciary responsibility of caring for company funds. Often this title is held concurrently with that of ''secretary'' in a dual role called ''secretary-treasurer''. It can also be held concurrently with the title of ''CFO'' or fall under the jurisdiction of one, though the CFO tends to oversee the finance department instead, which deals with accounting and audits, while the treasurer deals directly with company funds. Note, however, that the ''treasurer'' has a reporting line to the board of directors, regardless of any other reporting lines conferred by concurrent titles. *
Superintendent Superintendent may refer to: *Superintendent (police), Superintendent of Police (SP), or Senior Superintendent of Police (SSP), a police rank *Prison warden or Superintendent, a prison administrator *Superintendent (ecclesiastical), a church execu ...
*
Owner Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive right In Anglo-Saxon law Anglo-Saxon law (Old English Old English (, ), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest recorded form of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germa ...
(sometimes proprietor or sole proprietor, for
sole proprietorship A sole proprietorship , also known as a sole tradership, individual entrepreneurship or proprietorship, is a type of enterprise owned and run by one person and in which there is no legal distinction between the owner and the Types of business ent ...
s) * Partner – Used in many different ways. This may indicate a co-owner as in a legal partnership or may be used in a general way to refer to a broad class of employees or temporary/contract workers who are often assigned field or customer service work. Associate is often used in a similar way. * Vice chair or
vice chairman The chairperson (also chair, chairman, or chairwoman) is the presiding officer of an organized group such as a Board of directors, board, committee, or deliberative assembly. The person holding the office, who is typically elected or appointed by ...
– officer of the board of directors who may stand in for the ''chairman'' in his or her absence. However, this type of vice chairman title on its own usually has only an advisory role and not an operational one (such as
Ted Turner Robert Edward Turner III (born November 19, 1938) is an American media proprietor, producer, and philanthropist. As a businessman, he is known as founder of the Cable News Network (CNN), the first 24-hour United States cable news, cable news ch ...

Ted Turner
at Time Warner). An unrelated definition of ''vice chair'' describes an executive who is higher ranking or has more seniority than ''executive vice president''. Sometimes, EVPs report to the vice chair, who in turn reports directly to the CEO (so vice chairs in effect constitute an additional layer of management), other vice chairs have more responsibilities but are otherwise on an equal tier with EVPs. Executive vice chairman are usually ''not'' on the board of directors.
Royal Bank of Canada Royal Bank of Canada (RBC; french: Banque royale du Canada) is a Canadian Canadians (french: Canadiens) are people identified with the country of Canada. This connection may be residential, legal, historical or cultural. For most Canadians ...
previously used vice chairs in their inner management circle until 2004 but have since renamed them as ''group heads''.


List of chief officer (CO) titles


Middle management

*
Supervisor A supervisor, or also known as foreman, boss, overseer, facilitator, monitor, area coordinator, or sometimes gaffer, is the job title of a low level management position that is primarily based on authority over a worker or charge of a workplace. A ...
*
Foreman __NOTOC__ A foreman, forewoman or foreperson is a supervisor A supervisor, or also known as foreman, boss, overseer, facilitator, monitor, area coordinator, or sometimes gaffer, is the job title of a low level management position that is primarily ...
*
General manager#REDIRECT General manager A general manager (GM) is an executive who has overall responsibility for managing both the revenue In accounting, revenue is the income or increase in net assets that an entity has from its normal activities (in the cas ...
or GM *
Manager Management (or managing) is the administration of an organization An organization, or organisation ( Commonwealth English; see spelling differences), is an entity – such as a company, an institution, or an association – comprisi ...
*
Of Counsel Of counsel is the title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In some languages, titles may be i ...
– A lawyer working on a part-time or temporary basis for a company or law firm. *
Vice president A vice president, also director in British English, is an officer An officer is a person who has a position of authority In the fields of sociology Sociology is the study of society, human social behaviour, patterns of social relationsh ...

Vice president
– Middle or upper manager in a corporation. They often appear in various hierarchical layers such as ''executive vice president'', ''senior vice president'', ''associate vice president'', or ''assistant vice president'', with EVP usually considered the highest and usually reporting to the CEO or president. Many times, corporate officers such as the ''CFO'', ''COO'', ''CSO'', ''CIO'', ''CTO'', ''secretary'', or ''treasurer'' will concurrently hold ''vice president'' titles, commonly EVP or SVP. Vice presidents in small companies are also referred to as chiefs of a certain division, such as vice president for finance, or vice president for administration. Note that in some financial contexts, the title of vice president is actually subordinate to a director.


See also

*
Corporate liability A corporation is an organization—usually a group of people or a company A company, abbreviated as co., is a Legal personality, legal entity representing an association of people, whether Natural person, natural, Legal personality, legal ...
* Identification with corporation *
List of corporate titles Corporate titles or business titles are given to company and organization officials to show what duties and responsibilities they have in the organization. * Chief Administrative Officer (CAO) - A top-tier executive who supervises the daily operatio ...


References


External links


Taking Stock - Corporate Execs Get Scammed
Federal Bureau of Investigation The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence Intelligence has been defined in many ways: the capacity for abstraction Abstraction in its main sense is a conceptual process where general rules and concept Conce ...

Federal Bureau of Investigation
{{DEFAULTSORT:Corporate Title
Title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In some languages, titles may be inserted between the firs ...
. Corporation-related lists Lists of occupations
Management occupations Occupations relating to management. Business occupations Management, Occupations Positions of authority {{CatAutoTOC ...
Positions of authority