HOME

TheInfoList




Cornmarket Street (colloquially referred to as Cornmarket or historically The Corn) is a major shopping street and
pedestrian precinct Pedestrian zones (also known as auto-free zones and car-free zones, as pedestrian precincts in British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect A standard language (also standard variety, standard dialect, and standard) is ...
in
Oxford Oxford () is a city in England. It is the county town In the United Kingdom The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed. The Guardian' and Telegraph' u ...

Oxford
, England that runs north to south between
Magdalen Street Magdalen Street is a short shopping street in central Oxford, England, just north of the original north gate in the city walls. Traditionally, the name of the street is pronounced and not as the name of the Magdalen College, Oxford, College, ...
and
Carfax Tower Carfax is at the junction of St Aldate's, Oxford, St Aldate's (south), Cornmarket Street (north), Queen Street, Oxford, Queen Street (west) and the High Street, Oxford, High Street (east) in Oxford, England. It is considered to be the centre of ...
. To the east is the Golden Cross, Oxford, Golden Cross arcade of small jewellery and craft shops in a courtyard, leading to the Covered Market, Oxford, Covered Market. To the west is the indoor Clarendon Shopping Centre that connects in an L-shape to Queen Street, Oxford, Queen Street. Cornmarket was semi-pedestrianised and made a limited-access street in 1999. Cycling is allowed 6pm to 10am. In 2002, it was voted Britain's second worst street in a poll of listeners to the Today (BBC Radio 4), ''Today'' programme. The rating was largely due to a failed attempt to repave the street in 2001. The granite Sett (paving), setts, which had been laid extensively, cracked and the contractor went into liquidation. In 2003, it was repaved again and new benches installed, amidst reports of budgetary problems.


History of shops

26–28 Cornmarket on the corner of Ship Street is a 14th-century timber-framed building. It is the surviving half of a building completed in about 1386 as the New Inn. It belongs to Jesus College, Oxford, Jesus College and was investigated and restored in 1983. Boswells of Oxford established what was the largest department store in Oxford at 50 Cornmarket Street in 1738. In 1928, the shop opened a new main entrance on Broad Street, but it still retained an entrance on Cornmarket Street. The store closed in 2020 The Victorian era, Victorian photographer Henry Taunt set up a shop at 33 Cornmarket Street in 1869. It was a small shop and in 1874 he moved to larger premises in Broad Street, Oxford, Broad Street. Woolworths Group (United Kingdom), Woolworth's bought the Clarendon Hotel on the west side of the street in 1939 with the intention of demolishing it for the construction of a new store on the site. In earlier centuries, the Clarendon had been the Star Inn. It was a complex of 16th- and 17th-century buildings, one of which had a vaulted Norman architecture, Norman cellar dating from the second half of the 12th century: possibly the oldest vaulted structure in Oxford. Thomas Wilfred Sharp, Thomas Sharp, in ''Oxford Replanned'' (1948) a report commissioned by Oxford City Council, warned that Oxford was already short of quality hotel accommodation and the Clarendon's demolition would be a mistake. Notwithstanding Sharp's conclusions, Woolworth's demolished the hotel in 1954–55. After demolition of all the buildings above the surface, parts of the 12th-century vault were destroyed to make way for one of the columns of Clarendon House built in its place. Clarendon House was designed by William Holford, Baron Holford, William Holford and built in 1956–57. The façade is of coursed and squared rubble masonry with panels of blue-green slate, and Nikolaus Pevsner commended the building as tactful and elegant. The building is now part of the Clarendon Shopping Centre.


St Michael at the North Gate

The tower of the Church of England parish church of St Michael at the North Gate is the oldest building in Oxford. It is Anglo-Saxon architecture, Saxon and dates from about 1000–1050. The church is named after the medieval gate of Oxford's city walls that spanned the north end of Cornmarket. Near this church was the Bocardo Prison, where the Oxford Martyrs were imprisoned in 1555–56 before being Death by burning, burnt at the stake outside the town wall in what is now Broad Street, Oxford, Broad Street nearby.


Adjoining streets

* Broad Street, Oxford, Broad Street * George Street, Oxford, George Street * High Street, Oxford, High Street *
Magdalen Street Magdalen Street is a short shopping street in central Oxford, England, just north of the original north gate in the city walls. Traditionally, the name of the street is pronounced and not as the name of the Magdalen College, Oxford, College, ...
* Market Street, Oxford, Market Street * Queen Street, Oxford, Queen Street * St Aldate's, Oxford, St Aldate's * St Michael's Street, Oxford, St Michael's Street * Ship Street, Oxford, Ship Street


References


Sources and further reading

* * * * * * * * *{{Cite book , last=Tyack , first=Geoffrey , title=Oxford An Architectural Guide , year=1998 , publisher=Oxford University Press , location=Oxford & New York , isbn=0-19-817423-3 , pages=2, 5, 23, 24, 47, 83, 175–177, 263, 264, 329 Streets in Oxford Shopping streets in Oxford Pedestrian streets in the United Kingdom