ConocoPhillips is a
multinational corporation A multinational company (MNC) is a corporate organization that owns or controls the production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country. Black's Law Dictionary suggests that a company or group should be considered ...
engaged in hydrocarbon exploration. It is based in the Energy Corridor district of
Houston, Texas Houston ( ) is the List of cities in Texas by population, most populous city in the U.S. state of Texas, List of United States cities by population, fourth-most populous city in the United States, most populous city in the Southern United State ...
. The company has operations in 17 countries and has production in the
United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., federal di ...
(49% of 2019 production),
Norway Norway ( nb, ; nn, ; se, Norga; smj, Vuodna; sma, Nöörje), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a Nordic countries, Nordic country in Northern Europe whose mainland territory comprises the western and northernmost portion of the Sc ...
(10% of 2019 production),
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its Provinces and territories of Canada, ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic Ocean, Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean, Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocea ...

(5% of 2019 production),
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, smal ...

(12% of 2019 production), Timor-Leste,
Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian Ocean, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Pacific oceans. It consists of more than List of islands ...

(4% of 2019 production),
Malaysia Malaysia ( ; ) is a country in Southeast Asia. The federation, federal constitutional monarchy consists of States and federal territories of Malaysia, thirteen states and three federal territories, separated by the South China Sea into two reg ...

(4% of 2019 production),
Libya Libya (; ar, ليبيا, Lībīyā), officially the State of Libya, ( ar, دولة ليبيا, Dawlat Lībīyā) is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to Egypt–Libya border, t ...
(3% of 2019 production),
China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering approximately 9.6& ...
(3% of 2019 production), and
Qatar Qatar (, , or ; ar, قطر ' ; local vernacular pronunciation: ), officially the State of Qatar ( ar, دولة قطر '), is a country located in Western Asia, occupying the small Qatar Peninsula on the northeastern coast of the Arabian ...
(6% of 2019 production). The company's production in the United States included production in
Alaska Alaska (; ale, Alax̂sxax̂; ; ems, Alas'kaaq; Central Alaskan Yup'ik language, Yup'ik: ''Alaskaq''; tli, Anáaski) is a U.S. state in the Western United States, on the northwest extremity of the country's West Coast of the United States ...
, the Eagle Ford Group, the Permian Basin, the Bakken Formation, the
Gulf of Mexico
Gulf of Mexico
and the Anadarko Basin. Approximately 1/3 of the company's U.S. production is in Alaska, where it has operations in the Cook Inlet Area, the Alpine oil field off the Colville River (Alaska), Colville River, and the Kuparuk oil field and Prudhoe Bay Oil Field on the Alaska North Slope. As of December 31, 2019, the company had proved reserves of , of which 50% was petroleum, 37% was natural gas, 8% was natural gas liquids and 5% was bitumen. The company is ranked 93rd on the Fortune 500. In the 2020 Forbes Global 2000, ConocoPhillips was ranked as the 201st -largest public company in the world. The company was ranked as the 14th most polluting company in the world by The Guardian in 2019. It is responsible for 0.91% of global industrial greenhouse gas emissions from 1988 to 2015. The Conoco Museum in Ponca City, Oklahoma, is dedicated to the history of the company.


In 1875, the Continental Oil and Transportation Company (Conoco) was founded in Ogden, Utah. In 1885, Conoco was reincorporated as part of Standard Oil. After the Supreme Court of the United States dissolved Standard Oil, Conoco became independent in 1913. By 1929, it had become a fully integrated oil company. The company was a coal, oil, kerosene, grease and candles distributor in the West. In 1929, Conoco merged with the Marland Oil Company. Marland Oil Company, founded by exploration pioneer E. W. Marland, later acquired the assets of Continental Oil Co.. On June 26, 1899, Marland Oil changed its name to Continental Oil Co. and moved its headquarters to Fargo, North Dakota. The acquisition gave Conoco the red bar-and-triangle logo previously used by Marland. Conoco used the logo between 1930 and 1970, when the current red capsule logo was adopted. Conoco was based in Ponca City until 1949, when it moved to Houston, Texas. In 1998, Conoco acquired an interest in 10.5 blocks in the Kashagan Field in the Caspian Sea off Kazakhstan through the North Caspian Sea Production Sharing Agreement (NCSPSA). On November 26, 2012, in its largest acquisition ever, ONGC Videsh agreed to buy ConocoPhillips’ 8.4% stake in the Kashagan oilfield for approximately US$5 billion. On August 30, 2002, Conoco Inc. and Phillips Petroleum Company, whose headquarters were in nearby Bartlesville, Oklahoma merged into ConocoPhillips. By January 2002, the groups organizing the merger had selected Houston as the site of the headquarters. Governor of Oklahoma Frank Keating said that the move to Houston was "regrettable." In September 2004, the company invested $2 billion in Lukoil. In March 2006, ConocoPhillips acquired Wilhelmshavener Raffineriegesellschaft mbH, based in Germany. It also acquired Burlington Resources for $35 billion in cash and stock. On May 10, 2006, Richard Armitage (politician), Richard Armitage, former deputy-secretary of the U.S. State Department, was elected to the board of directors of the ConocoPhillips oil company. On July 14, 2011, ConocoPhillips announced its intent to separate the company's Upstream (petroleum industry), upstream and Downstream (petroleum industry), downstream businesses into two stand-alone, publicly traded corporations, with the intent of maximizing shareholder value. On May 1, 2012, all midstream, Downstream (petroleum industry), downstream, marketing and chemical operations were separated into a new company named Phillips 66, headquartered in Houston. As a result, ConocoPhillips continued its operations as an Upstream (petroleum industry), upstream (exploration and production) company. In April 2012, ConocoPhillips sold its Trainer Refinery to Monroe Energy LLC, a subsidiary of Delta Air Lines. In May 2012, ConocoPhillips completed the corporate spin-off of its downstream (petroleum industry), downstream assets as Phillips 66. In 2012, the company began the process of divesting onshore and offshore assets in Nigeria. ConocoPhillips contracted a French bank, BNP Paribas to sell all assets including a 17% stake in Brass Liquefied Natural Gas LNG, Oil Mining Lease OML 131 in which ConocoPhillips had a 47.5℅ stake. ConocoPhillips operated in Nigeria for more than 46 years. In January 2013, Conoco announced that it would sell its Rocky Mountain assets to Denbury Resources for $1.05 billion. In July 2016, the company agreed to sell a 35% stake in three Senegalese deepwater oil and gas exploration blocks for about $350 million to Woodside Petroleum. In November 2016, the company announced the move of its headquarters to Energy Center Four by 2018. In February 2017, Ecuador was ordered to pay $380 million to the company for unlawfully expropriating the company's oil investments. In March 2017, the company agreed to sell its Foster Creek Christina Lake Partnership interest, Western Canada Deep Basin Gas assets to Cenovus Energy for $13.3 billion. Along with the sale of natural gas fields in the U.S., it led to a reduction of close to 30% of its proved oil and gas reserves. In June 2017, the company agreed to sell assets in the Barnett Shale for $305 million. In August 2017, the company sold its business in the San Juan Basin for $2.5 billion. In May 2018, ConocoPhillips seized assets belonging to the Venezuelan state oil company PDVSA from the Isla refinery on Curacao to collect on $2 billion owed since a 2007 court decision. In March 2019, the World Bank ruled that Venezuela must pay ConocoPhillips $8.7 billion to compensate for the 2007 expropriation of oil assets. In April 2019, the company sold a 30% stake in the Greater Sunrise Fields to the government of Timor-Leste. In September 2019, the company sold its business in the United Kingdom for $2.675 billion. In May 2020, the company sold its assets in Northern Australia to Santos Limited for $1.39 billion. In July 2020, the company announced the acquisition of acreage in the Montney Formation in Canada for $75 million. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic in 2020, ConocoPhillips had to reduce its production in May as the price of oil in North Slope Borough, Alaska, North Slope, which stood at about $10 per barrel at the end of April, rose to $40 per barrel. On October 19, 2020, ConocoPhillips announced it will buy Concho Resources for $9.7 bln. The purchase will make it the third largest energy company currently operating a substantial presence in the oil-rich Permian Basin.

Board of directors

Notable members of the board of directors of the company are as follows: * Charles Bunch, CEO and chairman of PPG Industries * Caroline Maury Devine, former president and managing director of a Norwegian affiliate of ExxonMobil * John V. Faraci, former CEO and chairman of International Paper * Jody Freeman, Archibald Cox Professor at Harvard Law School * Gay Huey Evans, former vice-chairman of Investment Banking at Barclays * Ryan Lance, CEO and chairman of the board * Sharmila Mulligan, founder and CEO of ClearStory Data Inc. * Arjun Murti, former partner at Goldman Sachs * Robert Niblock, former CEO, president, and chairman of Lowe's

Environmental record

The company is associated with the fossil fuels lobby. On April 11, 2007, ConocoPhillips became the first U.S. oil company to join the U.S. Climate Action Partnership, an alliance of big business and environmental groups. In January 2007, the partnership advised President George W. Bush that mandatory emissions caps would be needed to reduce the flow of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases into the atmosphere. In 2007, ConocoPhillips announced it would spend $150 million that year on alternative and unconventional energy sources, up from $80 million in 2006. However, ConocoPhillips left the U.S. Climate Action Partnership in February 2010, at the same time as BP and Caterpillar Inc. left the partnership. ConocoPhillips is a signatory participant of the Voluntary Principles on Security and Human Rights. In 2016, ConocoPhillips was ranked as being among the 12th best of 92 oil, gas, and mining companies on indigenous rights in the Arctic. In May 2020, it was reported that the company was planning new drillings in Alaska's North Slope which would affect the life of 400 in the Native village of Nuiqsut. In 1990, ConocoPhillips agreed to pay $23 million to buy 400 homes and compensate families in Ponca City, Oklahoma, who said its refinery gave them cancer and other illnesses. In June 2011, ConocoPhillips China Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of ConocoPhillips, was responsible for the 2011 Bohai bay oil spills in Bohai Bay. In 2015, ConocoPhillips and Phillips 66 agreed to pay $11.5 million to settle a lawsuit alleging that hundreds of their gas stations violated California anti-pollution laws since 2006. The civil complaint, filed in January 2013, alleged that the companies violated state laws on the operation and maintenance of underground gasoline storage tanks at more than 560 gas stations in the state. These violations included failing to properly maintain leak detection devices, testing secondary containment systems, conducting monthly inspections and training employees in proper protocol. In May 2019, ConocoPhillips settled a lawsuit with homeowners in northwestern Oklahoma City who accused the company of polluting their soil and water to such a degree that no trees or flowers will grow. In May 2017, ConocoPhillips agreed to a $39 million settlement to resolve complaints brought by New Jersey over groundwater contamination. ConocoPhillips was one of 50 companies named in a 2007 lawsuit filed against manufacturers, distributors and other industrial users of the gasoline additive MTBE, found in groundwater at locations throughout New Jersey. Bobby Berk, one of the stars from Netflix’s “Queer Eye (2018 TV series), Queer Eye,” spoke out against ConocoPhillips' water pollution in Missouri, saying that there were so many chemicals at one point, they could “actually light a glass of our water on fire.” According to the Political Economy Research Institute, ConocoPhillips ranked 13th among U.S. corporate producers of air pollution. In 2013, ConocoPhillips had the “leakiest” methane in operations compared to its peers.


External links

* * {{authority control ConocoPhillips, 2002 establishments in Texas Chemical companies of the United States Companies formed by merger Companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange Companies based in Houston Multinational oil companies Multinational companies headquartered in the United States Oil companies of the United States Non-renewable resource companies established in 2002