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Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy (CRMA) ( th, โรงเรียนนายร้อยพระจุลจอมเกล้า, translit=Roong riian naai rɔ́ɔi prá Jù-lá-jɔɔm-glâo or รร.จปร.) is the service academy of Royal Thai Army (RTA). Established in 1887 it has graduated the majority of Thailand's military leaders, many of whom have become Prime Ministers of Thailand, Thai prime ministers. The academy has an intense training program. There are about 200 cadets in each class.


History

CRMA was founded on 5 August 1887 by King Chulachomklao, King Rama V, also known as King Chulalongkorn. It was originally called the Royal Military Academy. On 1 January 1948, it was merged with the Royal Thai Army Polytechniques Institute, under the new name Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy in the honor of King Chulachomklao. Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy was originally in the precinct of Saranrom Palace in Bangkok, where it remained for 77 years. In 1909 the academy was moved to Ratchadamnoen Avenue, Ratchadamnoen Nok Avenue in Bangkok. On 10 July 1986, it moved to its new sprawling complex at Khao Cha-ngoke, Amphoe Mueang Nakhon Nayok, Mueang District of Nakhon Nayok Province, 140 km northeast of Bangkok.


Cadets

The academy admits only male applicants after three years attendance at the Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School, armed forces prep school (AFAPS). In every academic year, eight to ten scholarships are offered by the Royal Thai Army to academically outstanding first-year cadets to pursue studies at foreign military institutes. At the end of the fourth year, cadets graduate with a bachelor's degree in their chosen field of study and are commissioned as second lieutenants in the Royal Thai Army. Major organizations within the academy are the academy headquarters, corps of cadets, the academic division, military education department, physical training section, services section, and an infantry battalion supporting the academy. Cadets have a set daily schedule. It begins at approximately 05:30. After taking care of their personal hygiene, studying for one hour, and breakfast, the academic schedule starts at 08:00 and ends at 15:00. Either military training or sports is scheduled every day from 15:30 until 17:00. Self study is scheduled again after dinner from 19:00 until 21:00. Annual military training starts in January after the second academic semester ends. Each class is scheduled for specific training. For example, first year cadets might be trained at the infantry center. Third year cadets, who have passed the selection process, might undergo parachute training and fourth year cadets, Ranger school.


Curriculum

* Bachelor of Engineering ** Mechanical engineering ** Telecommunications engineering, Telecommunication electrical engineering ** Computer engineering ** Civil engineering ** Surveying, Survey engineering ** Industrial engineering ** Military engineering, Ordnance industrial engineering ** Power engineering, Power electrical engineering ** Aerospace engineering, Aeronautical engineering * Bachelor of Science ** Computer science ** Science, General science ** Environmental science ** Information technology ** Applied chemistry * Bachelor of Arts ** Social science ** Public administration ** Management


Alumni

Distinguished alumni include: * Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, Prime Minister from 1938–1944 and 1948–1957. * Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat, Prime Minister from 1957–1963. *General Kriangsak Chamanan, Kriangsak Chomanan, Prime Minister from 1977–1980. * General Prem Tinsulanonda, Prime Minister from 1980–1988. * General Surayud Chulanont, Prime Minister from 2006–January 2008. * General Prayut Chan-o-cha, the current prime minister of Thailand. File:Luang Phibul.jpg, Field Marshal Plaek Phibunsongkhram, the third prime minister File:Field Marshal Sarit Sarit Dhanarajata.jpg, Field Marshal Sarit Thanarat, 11th prime minister File:Kriangsak Chomanan 1976 (cropped).jpg, Kriangsak Chamanan, General Kriangsak Chomanan, the 15th prime minister File:Prem Tinsulanonda (Cropped).jpg, General Prem Tinsulanonda, 16th prime minister File:General Surayud Chulanont.jpg, General Surayud Chulanont, 24th prime minister File:General Prayuth Chan-ocha.jpg, General Prayut Chan-o-cha, 29th prime minister


See also

* Navaminda Kasatriyadhiraj Royal Thai Air Force Academy, Royal Thai Air Force Academy * Royal Thai Naval Academy * Armed Forces Academies Preparatory School * National Defence College of Thailand


References


External links

*http://www.crma.ac.th Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy {{authority control Chulachomklao Royal Military Academy, Military academies of Thailand Nakhon Nayok province Educational institutions established in 1887 Institutes of higher education in Thailand 1887 establishments in Siam