HOME

TheInfoList




Francisco de Assis França (March 13, 1966 – February 2, 1997), better known as Chico Science, was a Brazilian singer and composer and one of the founders of the
manguebeat The mangue bit or manguebeat movement is a cultural movement created circa 1991 in the city of Recife in Northeast Brazil in reaction to the cultural and economic stagnation of the city. The movement largely focuses on music, mixing regional rhythms ...
cultural movement. He died in a car accident in 1997 in
Recife That it may shine on all ( Matthew 5:15) , image_map = Brazil Pernambuco Recife location map.svg , mapsize = 250px , map_caption = Location in the state of Pernambuco , pushpin_map = Brazil#South A ...

Recife
, Pernambuco, at the age of 30.


Biography

Francisco de Assis França was born in the Rio Doce neighbourhood of
Olinda Olinda () is a historic city in Pernambuco Pernambuco () is a States of Brazil, state of Brazil, located in the Northeast Region, Brazil, Northeast region of the country. With an estimated population of 9.6 million people as of 2020, it is th ...

Olinda
, Pernambuco, in Brazil's Northeast Region. As a little boy he would sell crabs that he caught himself in the city's mangrove swamps. He became the lead singer and major creative driving force of the groundbreaking Mangue Bit band called Chico Science & Nação Zumbi (CSNZ). Influenced by such musicians as
James Brown James Joseph Brown (May 3, 1933 – December 25, 2006) was an American singer, dancer, musician, record producer, and bandleader. The central progenitor of funk music and a major figure of 20th century music, he is often referred to by the Hono ...
,
Grandmaster Flash Joseph Saddler (born January 1, 1958), popularly known by his stage name Grandmaster Flash, is a Barbadian-American DJ and rapper Rapping (also rhyming, spitting, emceeing or MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "r ...

Grandmaster Flash
and
Kurtis Blow Kurtis Walker (born August 9, 1959), professionally known by his stage name Kurtis Blow, is an American rapper Rapping (also rhyming, spitting, emceeing or MCing) is a musical form of vocal delivery that incorporates "rhyme, rhythmic spee ...
, their music cleverly fused
rock Rock most often refers to: * Rock (geology) In geology, a rock is any naturally occurring solid mass or aggregate of minerals or mineraloid matter. It is categorized by the minerals included, its Chemical compound, chemical composition and ...

rock
,
funk Funk is a music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from ''musical form'' and musical style, although in pra ...
, and
hip hop Hip hop or hip-hop is a culture Culture () is an umbrella term which encompasses the social behavior and Norm (social), norms found in human Society, societies, as well as the knowledge, beliefs, arts, laws, Social norm, customs, capabil ...
with
maracatu The term maracatu denotes any of several performance genres found in Pernambuco Pernambuco () is a States of Brazil, state of Brazil, located in the Northeast Region, Brazil, Northeast region of the country. With an estimated population of 9.6 ...

maracatu
and other traditional rhythms of Brazil's Northeast. World music critics found his music "original and distinctive of his region." Chico had a powerful stage presence that was compared by some to that of
Jimi Hendrix James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix; November 27, 1942September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most ...

Jimi Hendrix
. Around 1991, Chico Science, along with singer
Fred 04 Fred 04 (born in Jaboatão dos Guararapes, Pernambuco, on July 11, 1965) is the leader, singer, guitarist and Cavaquinho player of Brazilian band Mundo Livre S/A. He is the co-author, along with DJ Renato L, of the Mangue Bit manifesto, "Carangue ...
of the band
Mundo Livre S/A Mundo Livre S/A is a Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square ...
, founded the Mangue Bit cultural movement in response to dire economic and cultural stagnation in Recife and Olinda. CSNZ made their US debut at New York's Central Park
Summerstage The City Parks Foundation is the only independent, nonprofit organization to offer programs in parks throughout the five boroughs of New York City. The organization works in over 750 parks citywide, presenting a broad range of free arts, sports ...
in 1995, opening for
Gilberto Gil Gilberto Passos Gil Moreira (born 26 June 1942), known professionally as Gilberto Gil (), is a Brazilian singer-songwriter and politician, known for both his musical innovation and political activism. From 2003 to 2008, he served as Brazil's Mi ...

Gilberto Gil
, with whom he collaborated during the encore. While in NY, they also performed additional shows at CBGB's, SOB's and at
Bryant Park Bryant Park is a public park An urban park or metropolitan park, also known as a municipal park (North America) or a public park, public open space, or municipal gardens (UK), is a park A park is an area of natural, semi-natural or ...

Bryant Park
as part of the JVC Jazz Festival, on a bill with the
Ohio Players Ohio Players is an American funk Funk is a music genre A music genre is a conventional category that identifies some pieces of music as belonging to a shared tradition or set of conventions. It is to be distinguished from ''musical form'' ...
. Chico Science & Nação Zumbi toured several times in Europe and brought massive attention to the new generation of Brazilian artists in the 1990s. With only two full albums released during his lifetime, 'Da Lama Ao Caos' ('From Mud To Chaos) and 'Afrociberdelia', his influence and vision became the foundation to a whole new generation of musicians in Brazil. At the time of his death, ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
'' said he was "widely hailed as the future of Brazilian music." The Governor of the Brazilian state of
Pernambuco Pernambuco () is a States of Brazil, state of Brazil, located in the Northeast Region, Brazil, Northeast region of the country. With an estimated population of 9.6 million people as of 2020, it is the List of Brazilian states by population, sev ...

Pernambuco
declared three days of mourning. In 1996, Chico Science contributed ''Maracatu Atômico'' along with Nação Zumbi to the AIDS-Benefit Album
Red Hot + Rio ''Red Hot + Rio'' is a compilation album produced by Béco Dranoff and Paul Heck as part of the Red Hot AIDS Benefit Series intended to promote AIDS awareness. This installment is a contemporary tribute to the bossa nova sound, especially the mus ...
produced by the
Red Hot Organization Red Hot Organization (RHO) is a not-for-profit, 501(c) organization, 501(c) 3, international organization dedicated to fighting AIDS through popular culture, pop culture. Since its inception in 1989, over 400 artists, Record producer, producers ...
. Nação Zumbi have continued to record and tour internationally after Chico's death.


Death

Chico Science died in a car accident on February 2, 1997. He lost control of his
Fiat Uno The Fiat Uno is a front-engine, front-drive, four-passenger supermini manufactured and marketed by Fiat. Launched in 1983, the Uno was produced over a single generation (with an intermediate facelift, 1989) in three and five-door hatchback body s ...
and hit a side light post after another car cut him off. He was rescued alive but he did not survive his injuries. He was buried on February 3 in Cemitério de Santo Amaro located in
Recife That it may shine on all ( Matthew 5:15) , image_map = Brazil Pernambuco Recife location map.svg , mapsize = 250px , map_caption = Location in the state of Pernambuco , pushpin_map = Brazil#South A ...

Recife
. 10 years after his death, his family was compensated by
Fiat Fiat Automobiles S.p.A. (, , ; originally FIAT, it, Fabbrica Italiana Automobili di Torino, lit=Italian Automobiles Factory, Turin) is an Italian automobile manufacturer, formerly part of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles Fiat Chrysler Automobile ...

Fiat
due a failure in the seatbelt that could save his life.


Discography

*1994: '' Da lama ao caos'' *1996: ''Afrociberdelia'' *1998: ''CSNZ'' (posthumous)


References

Sneed, P. M. (2019). The Coexistentialism of Chico Science and Brazil's Manguebeat. Latin American Research Review, 54(3), 651–664. DOI: http://doi.org/10.25222/larr.451


External links


Channel Chico ScienceMemorial Chico Science
{{DEFAULTSORT:Science, Chico 1966 births 1997 deaths Brazilian rock musicians People from Pernambuco Road incident deaths in Brazil 20th-century Brazilian male singers