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The Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine (CCNR; french: link=no, Commission centrale pour la navigation du Rhin) is an
international organisation An international organization (also known as an international institution or intergovernmental organization, intergovernmental organization) is a stable set of norms and rules meant to govern the behavior of states and other actors in the inter ...
whose function is to encourage European prosperity by guaranteeing a high level of security for navigation of the
Rhine ), Surselva Surselva Region is one of the eleven administrative districts Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many s ...

Rhine
and environs. It is the world's oldest international organization still in operation.


Secretariat

The commission and its secretariat are based in
Strasbourg Strasbourg (, , ; german: Straßburg ; gsw, label=Bas Rhin Bas-Rhin (; Alsatian: ''Unterelsàss'', ' or '; traditional german: links=no, Niederrhein; en, Lower Rhine) is a department Department may refer to: * Departmentalization, divi ...

Strasbourg
,
France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses ...

France
, in ''
Le Palais du Rhin
Le Palais du Rhin
''. It has around 30 staff members who deal with general management of the 50 meetings annually, external representation, administering social security for ship crews on the Rhine and functioning as the seat of the Rhine navigation tribunal. Its operational budget is €2.7 million annually.


History

Legally, the commission's authority comes from agreements made at the
Congress of Vienna The Congress of Vienna (, ) of 1814–1815 was an international diplomatic conference to reconstitute the European political order after the downfall of the French Emperor Napoleon I Napoléon Bonaparte (15 August 1769 – 5 May 1821) w ...

Congress of Vienna
, held in 1815 in the aftermath of the
Napoleonic Wars The Napoleonic Wars (1803–1815) were a series of major World war, global conflicts pitting the First French Empire, French Empire and its allies, led by Napoleon, Napoleon I, against a fluctuating array of Coalition forces of the Napoleonic W ...
. The first meeting took place on 15 August 1816 in
Mainz Mainz (; ) is the capital and largest city of Rhineland-Palatinate Rhineland-Palatinate (german: Rheinland-Pfalz, ) is a western state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine ...

Mainz
. In 1831, the
Convention of Mainz Convention may refer to: * Convention (norm), a custom or tradition, a standard of presentation or conduct ** Treaty, an agreement in international law * Convention (meeting), meeting of a (usually large) group of individuals and/or companies in a ...
was adopted, establishing a number of the first laws governing Rhine navigation. In 1861, the commission's seat was moved to
Mannheim Mannheim (; Palatine GermanPalatine German may refer to: * Palatine German language * German Palatines See also *Palatinate (region) *Palatinate (disambiguation) {{disambig Language and nationality disambiguation pages ...: or ), officiall ...

Mannheim
, and on 17 October 1868, the
Mannheimer Akte{{unref, date=February 2018 The Mannheimer Akte (Mannheim Mannheim (; Palatine German: or ), officially the University City of Mannheim (german: Universitätsstadt Mannheim), is the second-largest city in the German state of Baden-Württember ...
was agreed to. This agreement still governs the principles of Rhine navigation today. The member states are currently Germany, Belgium, France, the Netherlands, and Switzerland. The current revised convention was signed in Strasbourg by the five members of the commission and the United Kingdom on 20 November 1963 and entered into force on 14 April 1967. There have since been additional protocols. Shortly after the end of the
First World War World War I, often abbreviated as WWI or WW1, also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainmen ...
, the commission's headquarters was moved to Strasbourg in 1920 as a part of the
Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles (french: Traité de Versailles; german: Versailler Vertrag, ) was the most important of the peace treaties A peace treaty is an agreement between two or more hostile parties, usually countries or government ...
. In 2003 the
European Commission The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch The executive is the branch of government exercising authority in and holding Moral responsibility, responsibility for the governance of a State (polity), state. The executive executes a ...

European Commission
asked for the permission of the
Council of Ministers The Council of Ministers is a traditional name given to the supreme Executive (government), executive organ in some governments. The term is usually equivalent to the word "Cabinet (government), cabinet" (Council of state, Council of State is a simi ...

Council of Ministers
to negotiate the adherence of the European Union to the regulations of the CCNR and the Danube Commission (1948), Danube Commission, especially given the prospective enlargement of the EU. Individual States of the German Empire, German states were members before the First World War. The United States was temporarily a member immediately after the Second World War, while Germany was under Allied occupation of Germany, Allied occupation, until 1961. Italy and the United Kingdom were also members following the Treaty of Versailles, though Italy renounced its position in 1935 and the UK renounced it in 1993.Central Commission for Navigation on the Rhine: Organisation - Member States
/ref>


See also

* International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River * European institutions in Strasbourg


References


External links


Commission Website
{{Authority control 1815 establishments in Europe International organizations based in Europe Organizations based in Strasbourg Rhine Inland waterway authorities Transport organisations based in Germany