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Central Australia, also known as the Alice Springs Region ( aer, Mparntwe Ampere), is one of the five regions in the
Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, ...
of
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
. The term Central Australia is used to describe an area centred on
Alice Springs Alice Springs ( aer, Mparntwe) is the third-largest town in the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central a ...

Alice Springs
. It is sometimes referred to as Centralia; likewise the people of the area are sometimes called Centralians. The region is located in the southern part of the
Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an Australian territory in the central and central northern regions of Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, ...
spanning from the west on the
Western Australia Western Australia (abbreviated as WA) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...

Western Australia
n Border to the east on the
Queensland Queensland ( ) is a state situated in northeastern Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the ...

Queensland
border.


Area

The main town in Central Australia is Alice Springs; however, this area also includes all of the desert lands surrounding it. Whilst a few of these townships (such as
Barrow Creek Barrow Creek is a very small town, with a current population of 11, in the southern Northern Territory of Australia. It is located on the Stuart Highway, about 280 km north of Alice Springs, Northern Territory, Alice Springs, about halfway f ...

Barrow Creek
) are
stations Station may refer to: Agriculture * Station (Australian agriculture), a large Australian landholding used for livestock production * Station (New Zealand agriculture), a large New Zealand farm used for grazing by sheep and cattle ** Cattle station ...
(ranches). The region covers an area of , which makes up forty percent of the Northern Territory. The following
Local Government Areas A local government area (LGA) is an administrative division of a country that a local government is responsible for. The size of an LGA varies by country but it is generally a subdivision of a State (administrative division), state, province, divis ...
(LGAs) make up the region: *
Town of Alice Springs The Alice Springs Town Council is a Local Government Areas of the Northern Territory, local government area in the Northern Territory. On 1 July 1971, Alice Springs was gazetted as a Municipality with the town council elected on 25 July 1971. It ...
(town) *
Central Desert Region The Central Desert Region is a Local Government Areas of the Northern Territory, local government area of the Northern Territory, Australia, administered by the Central Desert Regional Council (formerly Central Desert Shire). The Council's mai ...
(region) *
MacDonnell Region The MacDonnell Regional Council is a Local government areas of the Northern Territory, local government area of the Northern Territory, Australia. The region covers an area of and had an estimated population of 6,863 people in June 2018. Geog ...
(region) *
Yulara Yulara is a town in the Southern Region of the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of Australia, Australian territory in the central and central northern ...
(
unincorporated town File:Entering Heinola, Minnesota.jpg, Sign at Heinola, Minnesota, Heinola, an unincorporated community in Otter Tail County, Minnesota An unincorporated area is a region not governed by a local municipal corporation. Similarly, an unincorporated ...
)


Population

The total population of Central Australia is estimated to be 41,000. Alice Springs, the main urban area of Central Australia, is predominantly
Anglo-Celtic Australian Anglo-Celtic Australians are Australians whose ancestors originate wholly or partially in the countries of England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. History Pre-Federation The British Government initiated European settlement of the Australian ...
, with approximately 25%
Aboriginal Aborigine, aborigine or aboriginal may refer to: * Indigenous peoples, ethnic groups who are the original or earliest known inhabitants of an area **List of indigenous peoples, including: ***Aboriginal Australians ****Australian Aboriginal identity ...
population; however, the surrounding communities which make up Central Australia are almost exclusively Aboriginal. All together, the population of the region is between 40% to 45% Aboriginal.


Climate

The region is very dry, and has a tropical climate receiving on average just of rainfall annually.


See also

*
Central Australia (territory) Central Australia was a territory of Australia that existed from 1927 to 1931. It was formed from the split of the Northern Territory The Northern Territory (NT; formally the Northern Territory of Australia) is an states and territories of A ...
, Australian federal territory 1927–1931 *
Regions of the Northern Territory Federal and territory government agencies divide the Northern Territory of Australia into different administrative regions of the Northern Territory, though the names and boundaries vary. The federal Australian Bureau of Statistics, Bureau of Stat ...
*
Centre points of Australia Centre points of Australia are those geographical locations that have been considered to be ''centre'' of Australia, as distinct from the extreme points of Australia Image:Australian Map Extremities.svg, 250px, Extreme points of mainland Austra ...


References


External links


Alice Springs Region
{{Northern Territory Regions of the Northern Territory