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''Calystegia sepium'' (hedge bindweed, Rutland beauty, bugle vine, heavenly trumpets, bellbind, granny-pop-out-of-bed) (formerly ''Convolvulus sepium'') is a species of bindweed, with a cosmopolitan distribution, subcosmopolitan distribution throughout the temperate Northern and Southern hemispheres. It is an herbaceous perennial plant, perennial that twines around other plants, in a counter-clockwise direction, to a height of up to 2–4 m, rarely 5 m. The pale matte green leaf, leaves are arranged spirally, simple, pointed at the tip and arrowhead shaped, 5–10 cm long and 3–7 cm broad. The flowers are white, or pale pink with five darker stripes, produced from late spring to the end of summer. In the bud, they are covered by large bracts which remain but scarcely overlap and do not cover the sepals of the open flower. The open flowers are trumpet-shaped, 3–7 cm diameter, white, or pale pink with white stripes. After flowering the fruit develops as an almost spherical capsule 1 cm diameter containing two to four large, black seeds that are shaped like quartered oranges. The seeds disperse and thrive in fields, borders, roadsides and open woods. Several regional subspecies have been described, but they are not considered distinct by all authorities: *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''americana''. North America. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''angulata''. North America. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''appalachiana''. Eastern North America. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''binghamiae''. Western North America (California). *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''erratica''. North America. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''limnophila''. Southern North America. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''roseata''. Western Europe, coasts. Flowers pink. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''sepium''. Europe, Asia. *''Calystegia sepium'' subsp. ''spectabilis''. Siberia. Flowers often pinkish. Other vernacular names include greater bindweed, bearbind, hedge convolvulus, hooded bindweed, old man's nightcap, wild morning glory, bride's gown, wedlock (referring to the white gown-like flowers and the binding nature of the vine), white witches hat, belle of the ball. A common childhood pastime in the UK is to 'pop' the flowers from the sepals while chanting "Granny, granny — pop out of bed".


Eradication

''Calystegia sepium'' is a plant with showy white flowers. However, because of its quick growth, clinging vines and broad leaves, it can overwhelm and pull down cultivated plants including shrubs and small trees. It's aggressively self-seeding (seeds can remain viable as long as 30 years) and the success of its creeping rhizomes (they can be as long as 3–4 m) cause it to be a persistent weed and have led to its classification as a noxious weed.


Similar species

*''Calystegia silvatica'', giant bindweed, is sometimes treated as a subspecies of ''C. sepium'' *''Convolvulus arvensis'', field bindweed, is a similar vine with much smaller features. The rear margin leaf projections are sharp. *The leaves of ''Ipomoea pandurata'', wild potato vine, are shaped like a heart, not like an arrowhead.


Gallery

Calystegia sepium 05.jpg, Calystegia sepium Calystegia sepium 02.jpg, Calystegia sepium


References

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External links


Flora Europaea: ''Calystegia sepium''Species Accounts, Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland: Calystegia sepiumOhio Perennial & Biennial Weed Guide
{{Taxonbar, from=Q161704 Calystegia, sepium Flora of North America Flora of Asia Flora of Europe Flora of Western Australia Plants described in 1753 Taxa named by Carl Linnaeus Taxa named by Robert Brown (botanist, born 1773)