The Bulgarian National Revival ( bg|Българско национално възраждане, ''Balgarsko natsionalno vazrazhdane'' or simply: Възраждане, ''Vazrazhdane''), sometimes called the Bulgarian Renaissance, was a period of socio-economic development and national integration among Bulgarian people under Ottoman rule. It is commonly accepted to have started with the historical book, ''Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya'', written in 1762 by Paisius, a Bulgarian monk of the Hilandar monastery at Mount Athos, lead to the National awakening of Bulgaria and the modern Bulgarian nationalism, and lasted until the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878 as a result of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78.


The period is remarkable for its characteristic architecture which can still be observed in old Bulgarian towns such as Tryavna, Koprivshtitsa and Veliko Tarnovo, the rich literary heritage of authors like Ivan Vazov and Hristo Botev that inspired the Bulgarian struggle for independence and an autonomous church, and the April Uprising of 1876, a significant event of armed opposition to Ottoman rule, which ultimately led to the Russo-Turkish Liberation War of 1877-78. The significant changes in the Bulgarian society, the freedom of economic initiative and religious choice led to the formation of the Bulgarian nation in its ethnic borders and common territory embracing the lands of Moesia (including Dobruja), Thrace and Macedonia. The Bulgarian National Revival is traditionally divided into three periods, the first from the 18th until the beginning of the 19th century (Bulgarian National Awakening), the second from the Ottoman reforms of the 1820s to the 1850s until the Crimean War, and the third from the Crimean War until the Liberation of Bulgaria in 1878. The beginning of the Bulgarian National Revival has been a topic of intensified discussion in the past. According to contemporaries of the period, it began in the 1820s. Later Marin Drinov suggested the actual beginning was marked by the writing of ''Istoriya Slavyanobolgarskaya'' by Paisius of Hilendar. According to an even later assumption by Hristo Gandev, the period began in the beginning of the 17th century after the end of the Köprülü era and the beginning of the Tulip period and the rule of the Phanarites. The prevailing opinion in contemporary historiography is that the Bulgarian National Revival's beginning is marked by the first clear processes of decomposition in the Ottoman Empire. The April Uprising led to the liberation and the end of the Revival. It is universally accepted that the Bulgarian National Revival ended with the Liberation of Bulgaria. This is meant only to include the Principality of Bulgaria, as revival processes continued until later in Eastern Rumelia and Macedonia.

Notable figures

Bulgarian Enlighteners and Revolutionaries

* Paisius of Hilendar * Sophronius of Vratsa * Konstantin Fotinov * Neofit Rilski * Yoakim Karchovski * Kiril Peychinovich * Petar Beron * Nayden Gerov * Miladinovi Brothers * Vasil Aprilov * Albert Long * Vasil Drumev * Kolyu Ficheto * Ilarion Makariopolski * Zahari Zograf * Ivan Bogorov * Dobri Voynikov * Marin Drinov * Alexander Exarch * Ivan Vazov * Bacho Kiro * Georgi Rakovski * Lyuben Karavelov * Hristo Botev * Stefan Stambolov * Vasil Levski * Georgi Benkovski * Todor Kableshkov * Stefan Karadzha * Panayot Volov * Hadzhi Dimitar * Petko Voyvoda * Ilyo Voyvoda * Filip Totyu * Dimitar Obshti * Panayot Hitov Others: * Petar Bogdan * Petar Parchevich * Elias Riggs * Albert Long * Spiridon Palauzov * Evlogi and Hristo Georgievi brothers

See also

*Ottoman Bulgaria *Bulgarian Exarchate *Bulgarian Millet *Constantinople Conference *Treaty of San Stefano *Congress of Berlin *Kresna–Razlog uprising *Bulgarian unification *Ilinden-Preobrazhenie Uprising *Bulgarian Declaration of Independence *Greater Bulgaria *Time of Parting (novel) *Golden Age of medieval Bulgarian culture


Image: Straat in Oud Plovdiv 1.jpeg|The characteristic architecture of Plovdiv's old town Image: Bulgarian National Revival.png|Bulgarian National Revival (18th-19th centuries) Image: TheOldChurch_Tshte1.jpg|Bulgarian National Revival Church Architecture, Targovishte

References and notes

{{Authority control Category:Bulgarian culture Category:Politics of the Ottoman Empire Category:18th century in Bulgaria Category:19th century in Bulgaria Category:Macedonia under the Ottoman Empire Category:Ottoman Thrace Category:Bulgarian nationalism Category:Ottoman period in the history of Bulgaria