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A body of water or waterbody (often spelled water body) is any significant accumulation of
water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent of Earth's hydrosphere and the fluids of all known li ...

water
, generally on a planet's surface. The term most often refers to
ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
s,
sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
sea
s, and
lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable ove ...

lake
s, but it includes smaller pools of water such as
pond A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or Artificiality, artificial, that is smaller than a lake. Ponds are small bodies of freshwater with shallow and still water, marsh, and aquatic plants.Clegg, J. (1986). Observer's Book of ...

pond
s,
wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through nutrient cycles ...

wetland
s, or more rarely,
puddle A puddle is a small accumulation of liquid, usually water, on a surface. It can form either by pooling in a depression on the surface, or by surface tension Surface tension is the tendency of liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressi ...

puddle
s. A body of water does not have to be still or contained;
river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of wate ...

river
s,
stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the No ...

stream
s,
canal Canals are waterways channels Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path of a narrow body of water. Australia * ...

canal
s, and other
geographical features
geographical features
where water moves from one place to another are also considered bodies of water. Most are naturally occurring geographical features, but some are artificial. There are types that can be either. For example, most
reservoir A reservoir (; from French ''réservoir'' ) is most commonly an enlarged natural or artificial lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not per ...

reservoir
s are created by engineering dams, but some natural lakes are used as reservoirs. Similarly, most
harbor A harbor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American Engl ...

harbor
s are naturally occurring bays, but some harbors have been created through construction. Bodies of water that are
navigable A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and calm enough for a water vessel (e.g. boats) to pass safely. Such a navigable water is called a ''waterway'', and is preferably with few obstructions against dire ...
are known as
waterway A waterway is any navigable A body of water, such as a river, canal or lake, is navigable if it is deep, wide and calm enough for a water vessel (e.g. boats) to pass safely. Such a navigable water is called a ''waterway'', and is preferably w ...

waterway
s. Some bodies of water collect and move water, such as rivers and streams, and others primarily hold water, such as lakes and oceans. The term ''body of water'' can also refer to a
reservoir A reservoir (; from French ''réservoir'' ) is most commonly an enlarged natural or artificial lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not per ...

reservoir
of water held by a plant, technically known as a
phytotelma The giant pitchers of '' Nepenthes rajah'' act as phytotelmata Phytotelma (plural phytotelmata) is a small water-filled cavity in a terrestrial plant. The water accumulated within these plants may serve as the habitat for associated fauna and fl ...
. Bodies of water are affected by gravity which is what creates the
tidal
tidal
effects on Earth.


Types

Note that there are some geographical features involving water that are not bodies of water, for example
waterfall A waterfall is a point in a river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its cour ...

waterfall
s,
geyser A geyser (, ) is a spring Spring(s) may refer to: Common uses * Spring (season), a season of the year * Spring (device), a mechanical device that stores energy * Spring (hydrology), a natural source of water * Spring (mathematics), a geometric ...

geyser
s and
rapids Rapids are sections of a river where the river bed has a relatively steep gradient In vector calculus, the gradient of a scalar-valued function, scalar-valued differentiable function of Function of several variables, several variables is the ...

rapids
. *Arm of the sea – also
sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
sea
arm In human anatomy, the arm is the part of the upper limb The upper Limb (anatomy), limbs or upper extremities are the forelimbs of an upright posture, upright-postured tetrapod vertebrate, extending from the scapulae and clavicles down to and incl ...
, used to describe a
sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
sea
loch Loch () is the Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig ), also known as Scots Gaelic and Gaelic, is a Goidelic language The Goidelic or Gaelic languages ( ga, teangacha Gaelacha; gd, cànanan Goidhealach; gv, çhengaghyn Gae ...

loch
. * Arroyo – (southwest US) (seasonal) a usually-dry bed of a steep-sided stream, gully, or narrow channel that temporarily fills with water after heavy rain. See also
wadi Wadi ( ar, وَادِي, wādī), alternatively ''wād'' ( ar, وَاد), North African Arabic Oued, is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, ...

wadi
. *
Artificial lake A reservoir (; from French French (french: français(e), link=no) may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to France France (), officially the French Republic (french: link=no, République française), is a country primarily loca ...

Artificial lake
or artificial pond – see
Reservoir A reservoir (; from French ''réservoir'' ) is most commonly an enlarged natural or artificial lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not per ...

Reservoir
(impoundment). *
Barachois A barachois is a term used in Atlantic Canada Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, a term developed for the convenience of the federal government after Newfoundland Newfoundland and Labrador (, ) is the easternmost provinces ...

Barachois
– (Canada) a lagoon separated from the ocean by a
sand bar A tidal sandbar connecting the islands of Waya Island, Waya and Wayasewa of the Yasawa Islands, Fiji In oceanography, geomorphology, and earth sciences, a shoal is a natural submerged ridge, Bank (geography), bank, or bar that consists of, or ...
. *Bay – an area of water bordered by land on three sides, similar to, but smaller than a gulf. *
Bayou In usage in the Southern United States, a bayou () is a body of water typically found in a flat, low-lying area, and may refer to an extremely slow-moving stream or river (often with a poorly defined shoreline), a marshy lake or wetland or a creek ...

Bayou
– (southern US) a slow-moving stream or a marshy lake. *
Beck is a Japanese manga Manga (Japanese Japanese may refer to: * Something from or related to Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white recta ...

Beck
– (UK) a small stream (esp. with a rocky bottom); creek. * Bight – a large and often only slightly receding bay, or a bend in any geographical feature. *
Billabong A billabong ( ) is an Australian Australians, colloquially referred to as "Aussies", are the citizens Citizenship is a relationship between an individual and a state to which the individual owes allegiance and in turn is entitled to ...

Billabong
– an
oxbow lake An oxbow lake is a U-shaped lake that forms when a wide meander File:rio-cauto-cuba.JPG, Meanders of the ''Cauto River, Rio Cauto'' at Guamo Embarcadero, Cuba A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves in the channel of a river o ...

oxbow lake
in Australia; a pond or still body of water created when a river changes course and some water becomes trapped. *Boil – see
Seep A seep or flush is a moist or wet place where water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent ...

Seep
*Bourn – a brook; stream; small, seasonal stream. *
Brook Stream#Types, Brook (small stream) is a small river or natural stream of fresh water. It may also refer to: Computing *Brook, a programming language for GPU programming based on C *Brook+, an explicit data-parallel C compiler *BrookGPU, a framew ...

Brook
– a small stream; a creek. *Brooklet – a small brook. *
Burn A burn is a type of injury Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage Damage is any change in a thing, often a physical object, that degrades it away from its initial state. It can broadly be defined as "changes introduced into a ...
– (Scottish) a small stream; a brook. *
Canal Canals are waterways channels Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path of a narrow body of water. Australia * ...

Canal
– an artificial waterway, usually connected to (and sometimes connecting) existing lakes, rivers, or oceans. *
Channel Channel, channels, channeling, etc., may refer to: Geography * Channel (geography), in physical geography, a landform consisting of the outline (banks) of the path of a narrow body of water. Australia * Channel Country, region of outback Austr ...
– the physical confine of a river, slough or ocean strait consisting of a bed and banks. See also
stream bed A stream bed or streambed is the channel bottom of a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; lit ...
and strait. *
Cove A cove is a small type of bay or coast The coast, also known as the coastline or seashore, is defined as the area where land meets the ocean The ocean (also the or the world ocean) is the body of that covers approximately 70.8% of ...

Cove
– a coastal
landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary body A planet is an astronomical body Astronomy (from el, ἀστρονομία, literally meaning the science that studies the laws ...

landform
. Earth scientists generally use the term to describe a circular or round inlet with a narrow entrance, though colloquially the term is sometimes used to describe any sheltered bay. *
Creek A creek is a stream that is usually smaller than a river Creek may refer to: People * Muscogee, also known as Creek, Native Americans * Murder of Amber Creek, Amber Creek (1982–1997), American murder victim * Mitch Creek (born 1992), Austral ...

Creek
– (
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
,
Canada Canada is a country in the northern part of North America North America is a continent A continent is any of several large landmasses. Generally identified by convention (norm), convention rather than any strict criteria, ...

Canada
,
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...

New Zealand
,
United States The United States of America (U.S.A. or USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US) or America, is a country Continental United States, primarily located in North America. It consists of 50 U.S. state, states, a Washington, D.C., ...

United States
) a (narrow) stream that is smaller than a river; a minor tributary of a river; brook. *
Creek (tidal) A tidal creek or tidal channel is a narrow inlet or estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a tran ...
– (mainly British) an inlet of the sea, narrower than a cove. *
Delta Delta commonly refers to: * Delta (letter) (Δ or δ), a letter of the Greek alphabet * River delta, a landform at the mouth of a river * D (NATO phonetic alphabet: "Delta"), the fourth letter of the modern English alphabet * Delta Air Lines, an Ame ...

Delta
– the location where a river flows into an ocean, sea, estuary, lake, or reservoir. *
Distributary A distributary, or a distributary channel, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literall ...
or distributary channel – a stream that branches off and flows away from the main stream channel. *
Drainage basin A drainage basin is any area of land where precipitation collects and drains off into a common outlet, such as into a river, bay, or other body of water. The drainage basin includes all the surface water from surface runoff, rain runoff, snowm ...

Drainage basin
– a region of land where water from
rain Rain is liquid water in the form of droplet Rain water flux from a canopy. Among the forces that govern drop formation: cohesion, Van der Waals force">Cohesion_(chemistry).html" ;"title="surface tension, Cohesion (chemistry)">cohesion, ...

rain
or
snowmelt In hydrology Hydrology (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is approxim ...
drains downhill into another body of water, such as a river, lake, or reservoir. *
Draw Draw, drawing, draws, or drawn may refer to: Common uses * Draw (terrain), a terrain feature formed by two parallel ridges or spurs with low ground in between them * Drawing (manufacturing), a process where metal, glass, or plastic or anything e ...
– a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally. See also
wadi Wadi ( ar, وَادِي, wādī), alternatively ''wād'' ( ar, وَاد), North African Arabic Oued, is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, ...

wadi
. *
Estuary An estuary is a partially enclosed Coast, coastal body of brackish water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. Estuaries form a transition zone between river environments and maritime envir ...

Estuary
– a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea *
Firth Firth is a word in the English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon England, early medieval England, which has eventually becom ...

Firth
– (Scottish) various coastal waters, such as large sea bays, estuaries, inlets, and straits. *
Fjord In physical geography Physical geography (also known as physiography) is one of the two fields of geography Geography (from Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδ ...

Fjord
(''fiord'') – a narrow inlet of the sea between cliffs or steep slopes. *Gill – (UK) a narrow stream or rivulet; brook; narrow mountain stream. *
Glacier A glacier (; ) is a persistent body of dense ice Ice is into a state. Depending on the presence of such as particles of soil or bubbles of air, it can appear transparent or a more or less bluish-white color. In the , ice is abunda ...

Glacier
– a large collection of ice or a frozen river that moves slowly down a mountain. *
Glacial pothole A kettle (also known as a kettle lake, kettle hole, or pothole) is a depression/hole in an outwash plain An outwash plain, also called a sandur (plural: ''sandurs''), sandr or sandar, is a plain In geography, a plain is a flat expanse of la ...
– a
giant's kettle A giant's kettle, also known as either a giant's cauldron, moulin pothole, or glacial pothole, is a typically large and cylindrical Pothole (landform), pothole drilling, drilled in solid rock (geology), rock underlying a glacier either by water de ...
*
Gulf A gulf is a large inlet from the ocean into the landmass, typically with a narrower opening than a bay (geography), bay, but that is not observable in all geographic areas so named. The term gulf was traditionally used for large highly-indented ...

Gulf
– a part of a lake or ocean that extends so that it is surrounded by land on three sides, similar to, but larger than a bay. *
Harbor A harbor (American English American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States. Currently, American Engl ...

Harbor
– an artificial or naturally occurring body of water where
ship A ship is a large watercraft Watercraft, also known as water vessels or waterborne vessels, are vehicles A vehicle (from la, vehiculum) is a machine A machine is any physical system with ordered structural and functional propertie ...

ship
s are stored or may shelter from the ocean's weather and currents. *Impoundment – an artificially-created body of water, by
dam A dam is a barrier that stops or restricts the flow of surface water An example of surface water is Lake Kinney. Surface water is water Water is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, Transparency and translucency, transparent, tas ...

dam
ming a source. Often used for
flood control Flood control methods are used to reduce or prevent the detrimental effects of flood A flood is an overflow of water that submerges land that is usually dry. In the sense of "flowing water", the word may also be applied to the inflow of the ...
, as a drinking water supply (reservoir), recreation, ornamentation (artificial pond), or other purpose or combination of purposes. Note that the process of creating an "impoundment" of water is itself called "impoundment." *
Inlet An inlet is an indentation of a shoreline, usually long and narrow, such as a small bay or arm, that often leads to an enclosed body of water, body of salt water, such as a Sound (geography), sound, bay, lagoon, or marsh. Overview In sea coasts, ...

Inlet
– a body of water, usually
seawater Seawater, or salt water, is water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). It is vital for al ...

seawater
, which has characteristics of one or more of the following: bay, cove, estuary, firth, fjord, geo, sea loch, or sound. *
Kettle A kettle, sometimes called a tea kettle or teakettle, is a type of pot specialized for boiling water, commonly with a ''lid'', ''spout'', and ''handle'', or a small electric kitchen appliance of similar shape that functions in a self-contained ...
(or kettle lake) – a shallow, sediment-filled body of water formed by retreating glaciers or draining floodwaters. *
Kill Kill often refers to: *Homicide, one human killing another Kill may also refer to: Media *''Kill!'', a 1968 film directed by Kihachi Okamoto *Kill (Cannibal Corpse album), ''Kill'' (Cannibal Corpse album), 2006 *Kill (Electric Six album), ''Kill' ...
– used in areas of
Dutch Dutch commonly refers to: * Something of, from, or related to the Netherlands * Dutch people () * Dutch language () *Dutch language , spoken in Belgium (also referred as ''flemish'') Dutch may also refer to:" Castle * Dutch Castle Places * ...

Dutch
influence in
New York New York most commonly refers to: * New York City, the most populous city in the United States, located in the state of New York * New York (state), a state in the northeastern United States New York may also refer to: Film and television * New ...
,
New Jersey New Jersey is a U.S. state, state in the Mid-Atlantic States, Mid-Atlantic and Northeastern United States, Northeastern regions of the United States. It is bordered on the north and east by the state of New York (state), New York; on the ea ...
and other areas of the former
New Netherland New Netherland ( nl, Nieuw Nederland; la, Nova Belgica or ) was a 17th-century colony of the Dutch Republic The United Provinces of the Netherlands, or United Provinces (officially the Republic of the Seven United Netherlands), commonl ...
colony of
Dutch America The Dutch colonization of the Americas began with the establishment of Dutch trading posts and plantations in the Americas The Americas (also collectively called America) is a landmass comprising the totality of North and South America ...
to describe a strait, river, or arm of the sea. *
Lagoon A lagoon is a shallow body of water separated from a larger body of water by a narrow landform, such as reefs, barrier islands, barrier peninsulas, or isthmuses. Lagoons are commonly divided into ''coastal lagoons'' and ''atoll lagoons''. They ...

Lagoon
– a body of comparatively shallow salt or
brackish Brackish water, also sometimes termed brack water, is water occurring in a natural environment having more salinity than freshwater, but not as much as seawater. It may result from mixing seawater (salt water) with fresh water together, as in est ...
water separated from the deeper sea by a shallow or exposed sandbank,
coral reef A coral reef is an underwater ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through nutrient c ...

coral reef
, or similar feature. *
Lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not permanently submerged in water. Most but not all land is situated at elevations above sea level (variable ove ...

Lake
– a body of water, usually freshwater, of relatively large size contained on a body of land. * Lick — a small watercourse or an ephemeral stream *
Loch Loch () is the Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig ), also known as Scots Gaelic and Gaelic, is a Goidelic language The Goidelic or Gaelic languages ( ga, teangacha Gaelacha; gd, cànanan Goidhealach; gv, çhengaghyn Gae ...

Loch
– (Scottish) a body of water such as a lake, sea inlet, firth, fjord, estuary or bay. *
Mangrove swamp Mangrove forests, also called mangrove swamps, mangrove thickets or mangals, are productive wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). ...

Mangrove swamp
– Saline coastal habitat of mangrove trees and shrubs. *
Marsh A marsh is a wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). Flooding results in oxygen-free (Anoxic waters, anoxic) processes prevail ...

Marsh
– a wetland featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water. See also
Salt marsh A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh A tidal marsh (also known as a type of "tidal wetland") is a marsh found along rivers, coasts and estuary, estuaries which floods and drains by the tide, tidal move ...

Salt marsh
. *
Mediterranean sea (oceanography) The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Western and Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa, and on th ...
– a mostly enclosed sea that has a limited exchange of deep water with outer oceans and where the water circulation is dominated by
salinity Salinity () is the saltiness or amount of salt Salt is a mineral In geology and mineralogy, a mineral or mineral species is, broadly speaking, a solid chemical compound with a fairly well-defined chemical composition and a specific ...

salinity
and temperature differences rather than winds * Mere – a lake or body of water that is broad in relation to its depth. * Mill pond – a
reservoir A reservoir (; from French ''réservoir'' ) is most commonly an enlarged natural or artificial lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not per ...

reservoir
built to provide flowing water to a
watermill A watermill or water mill is a mill that uses hydropower Hydropower (from el, ὕδωρ, "water"), also known as water power, is the use of falling or fast-running water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an inorganic, transparent, t ...

watermill
*
Moat A moat is a deep, broad ditch, either dry or filled with water, that is dug and surrounds a castle A castle is a type of fortification, fortified structure built during the Middle Ages predominantly by the nobility or royalty and by Mili ...

Moat
– a deep, broad trench, either dry or filled with water, surrounding and protecting a structure, installation, or town. *
Ocean The ocean (also the sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
– a major body of salty water that, in totality, covers about 71% of the Earth's surface. *
Oxbow lake An oxbow lake is a U-shaped lake that forms when a wide meander File:rio-cauto-cuba.JPG, Meanders of the ''Cauto River, Rio Cauto'' at Guamo Embarcadero, Cuba A meander is one of a series of regular sinuous curves in the channel of a river o ...

Oxbow lake
– a U-shaped lake formed when a wide meander from the mainstem of a river is cut off to create a lake. *
Phytotelma The giant pitchers of '' Nepenthes rajah'' act as phytotelmata Phytotelma (plural phytotelmata) is a small water-filled cavity in a terrestrial plant. The water accumulated within these plants may serve as the habitat for associated fauna and fl ...
– a small, discrete body of water held by some plants. *Pool – various small bodies of water such as a
swimming pool A swimming pool, swimming bath, wading pool, paddling pool, or simply pool, is a structure designed to hold water to enable Human swimming, swimming or other leisure activities. Pools can be built into the ground (in-ground pools) or built ...

swimming pool
,
reflecting pool A reflecting pool, also called a reflection pool, is a water feature in the park of Château de Bagatelle, Bagatelle, France. Image:GaylordNationalComputerizedMusicalWaterFeature.jpg, upComputerized musical water feature in National Harbor, MD ...

reflecting pool
, pond, or puddle. *
Pond A pond is an area filled with water, either natural or Artificiality, artificial, that is smaller than a lake. Ponds are small bodies of freshwater with shallow and still water, marsh, and aquatic plants.Clegg, J. (1986). Observer's Book of ...

Pond
– a body of water smaller than a lake, especially those of artificial origin. *
Pothole A pothole is a depression in a road surface A road surface (British English British English (BrE) is the standard dialect of the English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in H ...
– see Kettle *
Puddle A puddle is a small accumulation of liquid, usually water, on a surface. It can form either by pooling in a depression on the surface, or by surface tension Surface tension is the tendency of liquid A liquid is a nearly incompressi ...

Puddle
– a small accumulation of water on a surface, usually the ground. *
Reservoir A reservoir (; from French ''réservoir'' ) is most commonly an enlarged natural or artificial lake A lake is an area filled with water, localized in a basin, surrounded by land Land is the solid surface of Earth that is not per ...

Reservoir
– a place to store water for various uses, especially drinking water, which can be a natural or artificial (see Lake and Impoundment above) *
Rill In hillslope geomorphology, a rill is a shallow Channel (geography), channel (no more than a few tens of centimetres deep) cut into soil by the erosion, erosive action of Overland flow, flowing water. Similar but smaller incised channels are kno ...
– a shallow channel of running water. These can be either natural or man-made. Also: a very small brook; rivulet; small stream. *
River A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake or another river. In some cases, a river flows into the ground and becomes dry at the end of its course without reaching another body of wate ...

River
– a natural waterway usually formed by water derived from either precipitation or glacial meltwater, and flows from higher ground to lower ground. *
Rivulet A stream is a body of water with surface water flowing within the stream bed, bed and Bank (geography), banks of a Channel (geography), channel. The flow of a stream is controlled by three inputs – surface water, subsurface water and ground ...

Rivulet
– (UK)(US literary) a small or very small stream. *
Roadstead A roadstead (or ''roads'' – the earlier form) is a body of water sheltered from rip currents, spring tides, or ocean swell where ship A ship is a large watercraft that travels the world's oceans and other sufficiently deep Sea lane, waterw ...
– a place outside a harbor where a ship can lie at anchor; it is an enclosed area with an opening to the sea, narrower than a bay or gulf (often called a "roads"). *
Run
Run
– a small stream or part thereof, especially a smoothly flowing part of a stream. *
Salt marsh A salt marsh or saltmarsh, also known as a coastal salt marsh or a tidal marsh A tidal marsh (also known as a type of "tidal wetland") is a marsh found along rivers, coasts and estuary, estuaries which floods and drains by the tide, tidal move ...

Salt marsh
– a type of
marsh A marsh is a wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). Flooding results in oxygen-free (Anoxic waters, anoxic) processes prevail ...

marsh
that is a transitional zone between land and an area, such as a slough, bay, or estuary, with salty or brackish water. *
Sea The sea, connected as the world ocean or simply the ocean The ocean (also the sea or the world ocean) is the body of salt water which covers approximately 71% of the surface of the Earth.
Sea
– a large expanse of saline water connected with an ocean, or a large, usually saline, lake that lacks a natural outlet such as the
Caspian Sea The Caspian Sea (also known as Mazandaran Sea, Hyrcanian Ocean, or Khazar Sea), tk, Hazar deňzi, az, Xəzər Dənizi, russian: Каспийское море, script=Latn, fa, دریای مازندران، دریای خزر, script=Latn, tly, ...

Caspian Sea
and the
Dead Sea The Dead Sea ( he, יָם הַמֶּלַח lit. Sea of Salt; ar, البحر الميت , lit. ''the Dead Sea'',The first article ''al-'' is unnecessary and usually not used. or Buhayrat, Bahret or Birket Lut, ''lit.'' "Lake/Sea of Lot") is a ...

Dead Sea
. In common usage, often synonymous with the ocean. *
Sea loch Loch () is the Irish, Scottish Gaelic Scottish Gaelic ( gd, Gàidhlig or Scots Gaelic, sometimes referred to simply as Gaelic) is a Goidelic language (in the Celtic languages, Celtic branch of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European l ...
– a sea inlet loch. *
Sea lough Loch () is the Irish Irish most commonly refers to: * Someone or something of, from, or related to: ** Ireland, an island situated off the north-western coast of continental Europe ** Northern Ireland, a constituent unit of the United Kingdom o ...
– a fjord, estuary, bay or sea inlet. *
Seep A seep or flush is a moist or wet place where water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an Inorganic compound, inorganic, transparent, tasteless, odorless, and Color of water, nearly colorless chemical substance, which is the main constituent ...
– a body of water formed by a spring. *
Slough Slough () is a large town in Berkshire Berkshire ( ; in the 17th century sometimes spelt phonetically as Barkeshire; abbreviated Berks.) is a county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other pu ...
– several different meanings related to wetland or aquatic features. *
Source Source or subsource or ''variation'', may refer to: Research * Historical document * Historical source * Source (intelligence) or subsource, typically a confidential provider of non open-source intelligence * Source (journalism), a person, public ...
– the original point from which the river or stream flows. A river's source is sometimes a
spring Spring(s) may refer to: Common uses * Spring (season), a season of the year * Spring (device), a mechanical device that stores energy * Spring (hydrology), a natural source of water * Spring (mathematics), a geometric surface in the shape of a heli ...
. *
Shoal In oceanography Oceanography (from the Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the used in and the from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided into the following periods: (), Dark Ages (), the peri ...
– a natural submerged ridge, bank, or bar that consists of, or is covered by, sand or other unconsolidated material, and rises from the bed of a body of water to near the surface. *
Sound In physics Physics is the that studies , its , its and behavior through , and the related entities of and . "Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular ...
– a large sea or ocean inlet larger than a bay, deeper than a bight, wider than a fjord, or it may identify a narrow sea or ocean channel between two bodies of land. *
Spring Spring(s) may refer to: Common uses * Spring (season), a season of the year * Spring (device), a mechanical device that stores energy * Spring (hydrology), a natural source of water * Spring (mathematics), a geometric surface in the shape of a heli ...
– a point where
groundwater Groundwater is the water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). It is vital for all known form ...

groundwater
flows out of the ground, and is thus where the
aquifer An aquifer is an underground layer of water Water (chemical formula H2O) is an , transparent, tasteless, odorless, and , which is the main constituent of 's and the s of all known living organisms (in which it acts as a ). It is vital ...

aquifer
surface meets the ground surface *
Strait A strait is a naturally formed, narrowing, typically navigable waterway that connects two larger bodies of water. The surface water generally flows at the same elevation on both sides and through the strait in either direction. Most commonly i ...

Strait
– a narrow channel of water that connects two larger bodies of water, and thus lies between two land masses. *
Stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") is an official written standard for the No ...

Stream
– a body of water with a detectable current, confined within a bed and banks. *Streamlet — a small stream; rivulet. *
Subglacial lake A subglacial lake is a lake that is found under a glacier, typically beneath an ice cap or ice sheet. Subglacial lakes form at the boundary between ice and the underlying bedrock, where gravitational pressure decreases the pressure melting point o ...
– a lake that is permanently covered by ice and whose water remains liquid by the pressure of the ice sheet and geothermal heating. They often occur under glaciers or ice caps.
Lake Vostok Lake Vostok (russian: озеро Восток, ''ozero Vostok'') is the largest of Antarctica Antarctica ( or ) is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southe ...
in
Antarctica Antarctica ( or ) is Earth's southernmost continent. It contains the geographic South Pole and is situated in the Antarctic region of the Southern Hemisphere, almost entirely south of the Antarctic Circle, and is surrounded by the Southern Oc ...

Antarctica
is an example. *
Swamp A swamp is a forested wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that is flooded by water, either permanently (for years or decades) or seasonally (for weeks or months). Flooding results in oxygen-free (Anoxic waters, anoxic) processes pre ...

Swamp
– a wetland that features permanent inundation of large areas of land by shallow bodies of water, generally with a substantial number of hummocks, or dry-land protrusions. *
Tarn Tarn may refer to: Places * Tarn (lake), a mountain lake or pool formed in a cirque excavated by a glacier England * Tarn or Barnsley, South Yorkshire, England * Tarn Crag (disambiguation), a number of hills in the English Lake District France ...
– a mountain lake or pool formed in a
cirque A cirque (; from the Latin word ''circus'') is an amphitheatre An amphitheatre ( British English) or amphitheater ( American English; both ) is an open-air venue used for entertainment, performances, and sports. The term derives from the an ...
excavated by a glacier. *
Tide pool Tide pools or rock pools are shallow pools of seawater that form on the rocky intertidal shore. Many of these pools exist as separate bodies of water only at low tide. Many tide pools are habitat In ecology Ecology (from e ...
– a rocky pool adjacent to an ocean and filled with seawater. *
Tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") ...
or affluent – a stream or river that flows into the main stem (or parent) river or a lake. *
Vernal pool Vernal pools, also called vernal ponds or ephemeral pools, are seasonal pools of water that provide habitat for distinctive plants and animals. They are considered to be a distinctive type of wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem that ...

Vernal pool
– a shallow, natural depression in level ground, with no permanent above-ground outlet, that holds water seasonally. *
Wadi Wadi ( ar, وَادِي, wādī), alternatively ''wād'' ( ar, وَاد), North African Arabic Oued, is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, ...

Wadi
– a usually-dry creek bed or
gulch In xeric Deserts and xeric shrublands are a biome A biome is a collection of plants Plants are mainly multicellular organisms, predominantly photosynthetic Photosynthesis is a process used by plants and other organisms to Energ ...
that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally; located in North Africa and Western Asia. See also
Arroyo (creek) An arroyo (; from Spanish arroyo , "brook"), also called a wash, is a dry stream, creek, stream bed or gulch that temporarily or seasonally fills and flows after sufficient rain. Flash floods are common in arroyos following thunderstorms. In ...
. *
Wash Wash or the Wash may refer to: Industry and sanitation * WASH or WaSH, "water, sanitation and hygiene", three related public health issues * Wash (distilling), the liquid produced by the fermentation step in the production of distilled beverages ...
– a usually dry creek bed or gulch that temporarily fills with water after a heavy rain, or seasonally. See also
wadi Wadi ( ar, وَادِي, wādī), alternatively ''wād'' ( ar, وَاد), North African Arabic Oued, is the Arabic term traditionally referring to a valley A valley is an elongated low area often running between hills or mountains, ...

wadi
. *
Wetland A wetland is a distinct ecosystem An ecosystem (or ecological system) consists of all the organisms and the physical environment with which they interact. These biotic and abiotic components are linked together through nutrient cycles ...

Wetland
– an environment "at the interface between truly terrestrial ecosystems and truly aquatic systems making them different from each yet highly dependent on both".


See also

* * * * * * Glossary of landforms


References


Sources

* Mitsch, W.J. and J.G. Gosselink. 2007. ''Wetlands, 4th ed.'',
John Wiley & Sons John Wiley & Sons, Inc., commonly known as Wiley (), is an American Multinational corporation, multinational publishing company founded in 1807 that focuses on academic publishing and instructional materials. The company produces books, Academic ...
, Inc., New York, 582 pp.The first edition of Wetlands by Mitsch and Gosselink was published in 1986 by Van Nostrand Reinhold. Second, third, and fourth (current) editions were published in 1993, 2000, and 2007 respectively by John Wiley & Sons.


Citations


External links


Types of Water Bodies
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