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The Bishopric of Havelberg (german: Bistum Havelberg) was a
Roman Catholic Roman or Romans most often refers to: *Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Laz ...

Roman Catholic
diocese In Ecclesiastical polity, church governance, a diocese or bishopric is the ecclesiastical district under the jurisdiction of a bishop. History In the later organization of the Roman Empire, the increasingly subdivided Roman province, prov ...
founded by King
Otto I of Germany Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francia East Francia (Medieval Latin Medieval Latin was the form of Latin Latin (, or , ) is a ...

Otto I of Germany
in 946, from 968 a
suffragan A suffragan bishop is a type of bishop A bishop is an ordained, consecrated, or appointed member of the Clergy#Christianity, Christian clergy who is generally entrusted with a position of authority and oversight. Within the Catholic, Eastern O ...
to the Archbishops of Magedeburg. A
Prince-bishop A prince-bishop is a bishop who is also the civil ruler of some Secularity, secular principality and sovereignty. Thus the principality or Hochstift, prince-bishopric ruled politically by a prince-bishop could wholly or largely overlap with his ...
ric (''
Hochstift In the Holy Roman Empire, the German term ''Hochstift'' (plural: ''Hochstifte'' or ''Hochstifter'') referred to the territory ruled by a bishop as a prince, as opposed to his diocese, generally much larger and over which he exercised only spiritua ...

Hochstift
'') from 1151, Havelberg as a result of the
Protestant Reformation The Reformation (alternatively named the Protestant Reformation or the European Reformation) was a major movement within Western Christianity Western Christianity is one of two sub-divisions of Christianity Christianity is an Abra ...
was
secularised In sociology Sociology is a social science Social science is the branch The branches and leaves of a tree. A branch ( or , ) or tree branch (sometimes referred to in botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytolo ...
and finally annexed by the
margraves Margrave was originally the Middle ages, medieval title for the military commander assigned to maintain the defence of one of the border provinces of the Holy Roman Empire or of a monarchy, kingdom. That position became hereditary in certain Feud ...
of
Brandenburg Brandenburg (, also , ; nds, Brannenborg; dsb, Bramborska) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ...
in
1598 __NOTOC__ Events January–June * February 21 – Boris Godunov seizes the throne of Russia, following the life of his brother-in-law, Tsar Feodor I of Russia, Feodor I; the ''Time of Happiness'' starts. * April 13 – Edict of Nantes ( ...
.


Geography

The episcopal seat was in
Havelberg Havelberg () is a town in the district of Stendal, in Saxony-Anhalt Saxony-Anhalt (german: Sachsen-Anhalt ; nds, Sassen-Anholt) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly ma ...
near the confluence of the
Elbe The Elbe (, ; cs, Labe ; nds, Ilv or ''Elv''; Upper and dsb, Łobjo), historically in English also Elve, is one of the major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake o ...

Elbe
and
Havel The Havel () is a river in northeastern Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of G ...

Havel
rivers. The bishopric roughly covered the western
Prignitz Prignitz () is a ''Kreis'' (district) in the northwestern part of Brandenburg, Germany. Neighboring are (from the north clockwise) the district Ludwigslust-Parchim in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, the district Ostprignitz-Ruppin in Brandenburg, th ...
region, between the
Altmark :''See German tanker Altmark Image:Altmark Incident.jpg, German dead are brought ashore for burial after the incident. ''Altmark'' was a German oil tanker and supply vessel, one of five of a class built between 1937 and 1939. She is best known for ...

Altmark
in the west and the Brandenburgian core territory in the east. While the episcopal territory was supervised by nine
Archdeacon An archdeacon is a senior clergy position in the Church of the East The Church of the East ( syc, , ''ʿĒḏtā d-Maḏenḥā''), also called the Persian Church, East Syrian Church, Babylonian Church, Seleucian Church, Edessan Church, Ch ...
s ('' Pröpste''), the bishop's—considerably smaller—secular
estates Estate or The Estate may refer to: Law * Estate (law), a term in common law for a person's property, entitlements and obligations * Estates of the realm, a broad social category in the histories of certain countries. ** The Estates, representative ...
were subdivided into four '' Ämter'': *
Wittstock Wittstock/Dosse is a town A town is a human settlement. Towns are generally larger than villages and smaller than city, cities, though the criteria to distinguish between them vary considerably in different parts of the world. Origin and u ...
*
Plattenburg Plattenburg is a Municipalities of Germany, municipality in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany. It is named after the water castle of Plattenburg (castle), Plattenburg which is located in the district. Demography File:Bevölkerungse ...

Plattenburg
with
Wilsnack Bad Wilsnack (until 1929 Wilsnack) is a small town in the Prignitz district, in Brandenburg, Germany. The former pilgrimage site of the Holy Blood of Wilsnack has been officially recognised as a spa town (''Bad'') since 1929. It is the administrativ ...
*
Schönhausen Schönhausen is a municipality in the district of Stendal (district), Stendal in Saxony-Anhalt in Germany. It is the seat of the ''Verbandsgemeinde'' ("collective municipality") Elbe-Havel-Land. Geography The village is situated on a terminal mo ...

Schönhausen
with
Fischbeck Fischbeck (Elbe) is a village and a former municipality in the Stendal (district), district of Stendal, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany. Since 1 January 2010, it is part of the municipality Wust-Fischbeck. Villages in Saxony-Anhalt {{Stendal-geo-s ...
*Fehrbellin


History

King Henry the Fowler in 929 marched against the Polabian Slavs settling east of the
Elbe The Elbe (, ; cs, Labe ; nds, Ilv or ''Elv''; Upper and dsb, Łobjo), historically in English also Elve, is one of the major river A river is a natural flowing watercourse, usually freshwater, flowing towards an ocean, sea, lake o ...

Elbe
River and defeated them in a battle near Lenzen. Occupying the eastern riverbank, Henry had a fortification built on a hill above the
Havel The Havel () is a river in northeastern Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of G ...

Havel
tributary, near its mouth into the Elbe. His son Otto I continued the expeditions and in 936/37 established the Marca Geronis, Saxon Eastern March (''Marca Geronis'') on the conquered territories. In 948 he founded the dioceses of Havelberg and Bishopric of Brandenburg, Brandenburg, initially suffragans to the Electorate of Mainz, Archbishops of Mainz, from 968 to the newly established Archdiocese of Magdeburg. Part of the Northern March from 968, Havelberg diocese was occupied by revolting Lutici tribes in the Great Slav Rising of 983 and merely remained a titular see. Not until 150 years later, King Lothair III, Holy Roman Emperor, Lothair III of Germany re-occupied Havelberg in 1130; the eastern Elbe bank was finally reconquered by the House of Ascania, Ascanian margrave Albert the Bear in 1136/37. Its first and most famous Prince-Bishop was the Premonstratensian canon Anselm of Havelberg, who had been anointed already in 1129 by the Magedeburg archbishop Norbert of Xanten. Anselm first took his seat at Jerichow in 1144. Upon the Wendish Crusade in 1147, he was able to found a cathedral chapter at Havelberg and to begin the building of Havelberg Cathedral, which was consecrated in 1170. The diocesan and secular territory were already separated in 1151. However, the bishops held no secular rights in the town of Havelberg itself, which was enfeoffed to the Brandenburg margraves. A charter issued by Emperor Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor, Frederick Barbarossa to declare the residence an episcopal city was never carried out, and in the following centuries, the Havelberg bishops gradually moved their residence to their ''Amt'' Wittstock about to the northeast. In 1383 the Holy Blood of Wilsnack became a famous pilgrimage site, while Dietrich Man was bishop. From the 14th century onwards, the Havelberg bishops also used Plattenburg Castle as a summer residence. After long-lasting quarrels with the mighty Brandenburg prince-electors, the Premonstratensian chapter finally gave in to transform Havelberg into a collegiate church (''Stift''). From 1514 onwards the Dean (Christianity), deans of the cathedral were appointed by the Margraves of Brandenburg. In the course of the Protestant Reformation, the Bishopric of Havelberg turned Lutheranism, Lutheran and from 1554 was administrated by Joachim III Frederick, Elector of Brandenburg, Joachim Frederick of Hohenzollern, son of Elector John George, Elector of Brandenburg, John George of Brandenburg. The Bishopric was finally secularised and incorporated into Brandenburg in 1571. Its annexation was complete, when Joachim Frederick succeeded his father as Brandenburg elector in 1598.


Bishops


References


External links


Bishopric of Havelberg at GCatholic.org


at Catholic Hierarchy {{DEFAULTSORT:Havelberg 946 establishments 1598 disestablishments in the Holy Roman Empire Former states and territories of Brandenburg Roman Catholic dioceses in the Holy Roman Empire Former Roman Catholic dioceses in Germany Prince-bishoprics of the Holy Roman Empire in Germany