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The Benue River (french: la Bénoué), previously known as the Chadda River or Tchadda, is the major
tributary A tributary, or affluent, is a stream A stream is a body of water (Lysefjord) in Norway Norway, officially the Kingdom of Norway,Names in the official and recognised languages: Bokmål Bokmål (, ; literally "book tongue") ...
of the
Niger River The Niger River (; , ) is the main river of West Africa, extending about . Its drainage basin is in area. Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea near the Sierra Leone border. It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, ...

Niger River
. The river is approximately long and is almost entirely navigable during the summer months. As a result, it is an important transportation route in the regions through which it flows.


Geography

It rises in the
Adamawa Plateau The Adamawa Plateau (french: Massif de l'Adamaoua) is a plateau In geology Geology (from the Ancient Greek γῆ, ''gē'' ("earth") and -λoγία, ''-logia'', ("study of", "discourse")) is an Earth science concerned with the solid Earth, ...
of northern
Cameroon Cameroon (, french: Cameroun), officially the Republic of Cameroon (french: République du Cameroun, links=no), is a country in west 250px, A compass rose with west highlighted in black West or Occident is one of the four cardinal direc ...

Cameroon
, from where it flows west, and through the town of
Garoua Garoua or Garua is a port city and the capital of the of , lying on the . A thriving centre of the textiles and cotton industries, the city has approximately 836,899 inhabitants in 2018, mostly Fulbe/Fulani. History Garoua was established by t ...
and Lagdo Reservoir, into
Nigeria Nigeria (), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of . The defines Western Africa as the 17 countries of , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , and as we ...

Nigeria
south of the
Mandara mountains Image:Rhumsiki Peak.jpg, 300px, Kapsiki Peak near Rhumsiki is one of the most photographed parts of the Mandara. The Mandara Mountains are a volcanic range extending about 190 km (about 120 mi) along the northern part of the Cameroon–N ...
, and through
Jimeta Jimeta is a town in Adamawa State Adamawa is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (ne ...
, Ibi and
Makurdi Makurdi is the capital of Benue State Benue State is one of the North Central states in Nigeria with a population of about 4,253,641 in List of Nigerian states by population, 2006 census. It is inhabited predominantly by the Tiv people, Tiv, ...
before meeting the
Niger River The Niger River (; , ) is the main river of West Africa, extending about . Its drainage basin is in area. Its source is in the Guinea Highlands in southeastern Guinea near the Sierra Leone border. It runs in a crescent through Mali, Niger, ...

Niger River
at
Lokoja Lokoja is a city in Nigeria Nigeria (), officially the Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a country in West Africa West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of Africa. The United Nations defines Western Africa as the 17 count ...

Lokoja
. Large tributaries are the
Faro River
Faro River
, the
Gongola River
Gongola River
and the Mayo Kébbi, which connects it with the
Logone River The Logon or Logone River is a major tributary A tributary or affluent is a stream or river that flows into a larger stream or main stem (or parent) river or a lake. A tributary does not flow directly into a sea or ocean. Tributaries and the ma ...
(part of the
Lake Chad Lake Chad (french: links=no, Lac Tchad) is a historically large, shallow, endorheic lake Image:LakeBadwater crop.jpg, 230px, Death Valley, Spring 2005: ephemeral Lake Badwater in the flooded Badwater Basin An endorheic lake (also called a sink ...

Lake Chad
system) during floods. Other tributaries are Taraba River and River Katsina Ala. At the point of confluence, the Benue exceeds the Niger by volume. The mean discharge before 1960 was for the Benue and for the Niger. During the following decades, the runoff of both rivers decreased markedly due to irrigation. The Benue River flooded in October 2012, resulting in a large increase in the population of venomous snakes in the Duguri District, Alkaleri Local Government Area,
Bauchi State Bauchi State (Hausa Hausa may refer to: * Hausa people, an ethnic group of West Africa * Hausa language, spoken in West Africa * Hausa Kingdoms, a historical collection of Hausa city-states * Hausa (horse) or Dongola horse, an African breed of r ...
. A July 2013 report indicated that over 200 people in the district had died of snakebite. The General Hospital in Kaltungo,
Gombe State Gombe State (fulfulde Fula ,Laurie Bauer, 2007, ''The Linguistics Student’s Handbook'', Edinburgh also known as Fulani or Fulah ( ff, Fulfulde 𞤊𞤵𞤤𞤬𞤵𞤤𞤣𞤫, Pulaar 𞤆𞤵𞤤𞤢𞥄𞤪, Pular 𞤆𞤵𞤤𞤢𞤪, lin ...
in Nigeria, is the nearest location for treatment of snakebite; "whoever is lucky to make it to Kaltungo is treated in only two days and then they return home." File:Drone view Benoue.jpg, Benoue huts File:Drone view at Benoue.jpg, Benoue view from drone File:Traversée de la Benoué à pirogue.jpg, Crossing the Benue River from Lagdo with a Canoe


References


External links

{{DEFAULTSORT:Benue River Tributaries of the Niger River Rivers of Cameroon Rivers of Nigeria International rivers of Africa North Region (Cameroon)