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Batanaea or Batanea (the Hellenized/Latinised form of Bashan) was an area of the Biblical Holy Land, north-east of the Jordan River, to the west of Trachonitis. It was one of the four post-Exile divisions of the area of Bashan. Today, Batanaea is more commonly called Nuqrah,F.E. Peters (1977). ''The Nabateans in the Hawran'', Journal of the American Oriental Society, Vol. 97, No. 3, New York University, pp. 263, 265 and runs north-south along the east side of the Lejah (Trachonitis) and the Hauran (Auranitis), from Salkhad on the south, to Tells Khaledyeh and Asfar on the north. It is, on average, 12 miles wide, and for 30 miles along it extends the Gebel Hauran, a range of hills, whose central plateau is 2670 ft. above sea level and whose highest point is 6400 ft. Its highest peak may be the "Hill of Basan" referred to in . In the 1st century BCE the land was acquired by Herod the Great, and on his death in 4 BCE passed to his son Philip as part of his inheritance. In some sources Philip is referred to as "Tetrarch of Batanea" with the capital at Caesarea Philippi, though his lands were more extensive than this. On his death in 34 CE Batanea became briefly part of the Roman province of Syria, but in 37 CE was established as a kingdom and passed to king Herod Agrippa I, and in 53 CE to his son, king Herod Agrippa II. Following his death, however, it was once again annexed to the Roman province of Syria.

New Testament

D. A. Carson, in his commentary on the Gospel of John, says that the "Bethany across the Jordan" of , is actually "Batanaea", transliterated across Aramaic to Greek. Thus it is distinct from the other, more prominent Bethany in the gospels. This contradicts the general consensus, which is that Bethany across the Jordan is situated on the Jordan River near Jericho, on either the east or west bank of the river.

Maps

File:Rijk Herodes de Grote.PNG File:Trachonitis zur Römerzeit.jpg File:Trachonitis.jpg File:C+B-Trachonitis-Map.JPG File:1889 Palestine, geological.jpg File:1889 Palestine, physical.jpg File:1889 Palestine in the beginning of the Christian Era.jpg File:Palestine in the time of Jesus.jpg File:Near east lrg.jpg

References




Sources


*{{eastons
Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal
Category:Hebrew Bible mountains Category:New Testament places Category:Geography of Syria