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BIOSIS Previews is an English-language,
bibliographic 250px, Bibliographies at the University Library of Graz Bibliography (from and ), as a discipline, is traditionally the academic study of books as physical, cultural objects; in this sense, it is also known as bibliology (from ). English auth ...
database service, with abstracts and citation indexing. It is part of ''
Clarivate Analytics Clarivate is a company that operates a collection of services, in the areas of and ; / , and for pharmacy and , , and ; protection, and and protection. In the academy and the scientific community, Clarivate is known for being the company ...

Clarivate Analytics
Web of Science Web of Science (WoS; previously known as Web of Knowledge) is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic discipline An academic discipline or aca ...
'' suite. BIOSIS Previews indexes data from 1926 to the present. BIOSIS Previews is part of the ''Life Sciences'' in
Web of Science Web of Science (WoS; previously known as Web of Knowledge) is a website that provides subscription-based access to multiple databases that provide comprehensive citation data for many different academic discipline An academic discipline or aca ...
. Its coverage encompasses the
life sciences This list of life sciences comprises the branches of science The branches of science, also referred to as science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, build ...
and
biomedical sciences Biomedical sciences are a set of sciences applying portions of natural science Natural science is a Branches of science, branch of science concerned with the description, understanding and prediction of Phenomenon, natural phenomena, based o ...
literature, with deep global coverage on a wide range of related subject areas. This is accomplished with access to indexed journal content from ''
Biological Abstracts Biological Abstracts is a database produced by Clarivate Analytics Clarivate is a company formed in 2016, following the acquisition of Thomson Reuters' Intellectual Property and Science Business by Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity A ...
'', and supplemental indexed non-journal content from '' Biological Abstracts/Reports, Reviews, Meetings'' (''BA/RRM'' or ''Biological Abstracts/RRM)'' and the major publications of BIOSIS. This coverage includes literature in pre-clinical and experimental research, methods and instrumentation, animal studies, environmental and consumer issues, and other areas. The database is also provided by
EBSCO Information Services EBSCO Information Services, headquartered in Ipswich, Massachusetts, is a division of EBSCO Industries, EBSCO Industries Inc., a private company headquartered in Birmingham, Alabama. EBSCO provides products and services to libraries of very many ...
through a partnership with Clarivate Analytics. ''Biological Abstracts'' consists of 350,000 references for almost 5,000 primary journal and monograph titles. ''Biological Abstracts/RRM'' additionally includes more than 200,000 ''non-journal citations''. ''Biological Abstracts/RRM'' is the former ''BioResearch Index''.


Overview

Acceptable content for ''Web of Science'' and ''BIOSIS previews'' is determined by an evaluation and selection process based on the following criteria: impact, influence, timeliness, peer review, and geographic representation. ''BIOSIS Previews'' covers 5,000 peer reviewed journals. Non-journal coverage includes coverage of meetings, meeting abstracts, conferences, literature reviews, U.S. patents, books, software, book chapters, notes, letters, and selected reports in relevant disciplines including
botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ...

botany
,
microbiology Microbiology (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeast Europe. Its population is appro ...

microbiology
, and
pharmacology Pharmacology is a branch of medicine, biology and pharmaceutical sciences concerned with drug or medication action, where a drug may be defined as any artificial, natural, or endogenous (from within the body) molecule which exerts a biochemica ...
. ''BIOSIS Previews'' contains more than 18 million records; more than 500,000 records are added each year, and backfiles are available from 1926 to present. Specialized indexing has also been developed, which has increased the accuracy of retrieval. Taxonomic data and terms, enhanced disease terms, sequenced databank numbers, and a conceptually controlled vocabulary go back to 1969. Products A - Z BIOSIS Previews
What's Included
. Thomson Reuters.2010.
Some U.S. patents are also part of the ''BIOSIS Previews'' archives from 1926 to 1968, from 1986 to 1989, and from 1994 to present. Archived data is the electronic formatted content of the print ''
Biological Abstracts Biological Abstracts is a database produced by Clarivate Analytics Clarivate is a company formed in 2016, following the acquisition of Thomson Reuters' Intellectual Property and Science Business by Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity A ...
'' volumes 1-49.


Print counterparts

The print counterparts for this bibliographic index were: *Biological Abstracts *Biological Abstracts/RRM *BioResearch Index


Topic coverage

The subject areas covered in ''BIOSIS Previews'' are broad and
interdisciplinary Interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary studies involves the combination of two or more academic disciplines into one activity (e.g., a research project). It draws knowledge from several other fields like sociology, anthropology, psychology, ...
. Content is available from all
life sciences This list of life sciences comprises the branches of science The branches of science, also referred to as science Science (from the Latin word ''scientia'', meaning "knowledge") is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, build ...
disciplines. This includes traditional
biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechanisms, Development ...

biology
(e.g.
botany Botany, also called , plant biology or phytology, is the science of plant life and a branch of biology. A botanist, plant scientist or phytologist is a scientist who specialises in this field. The term "botany" comes from the Ancient Greek wo ...

botany
,
ecology Ecology (from el, οἶκος, "house" and el, -λογία, label=none, "study of") is the study of the relationships between living organisms, including humans, and their physical environment. Ecology considers organisms In biol ...
,
zoology Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is usually regarded as nonstandard, though it is not uncommon. is the branch of biology that studies the Animal, animal kingdom, including the anatomy, structure, embryology, evolution, Biological class ...
) and interdisciplinary subjects (e.g.
biochemistry Biochemistry or biological chemistry, is the study of chemical process In a scientific Science () is a systematic enterprise that Scientific method, builds and organizes knowledge in the form of Testability, testable explanations and pr ...

biochemistry
,
biomedicine Biomedicine (also referred to as Western medicine, mainstream medicine or conventional medicine)
,
biotechnology Biotechnology is a broad area of biology Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Phy ...

biotechnology
). Select literature from the Earth & Geological Sciences is also indexed.


History

In 1926, the
Society of American Bacteriologists The American Society for Microbiology (ASM), originally the Society of American Bacteriologists, is a professional organization for scientists who study virus A virus is a submicroscopic infectious agent that Viral replication, replicates ...
and the
Botanical Society of America The Botanical Society of America (BSA) represents professional and amateur botanists, researchers, educators and students in over 80 countries of the world. It functions as a United States nonprofit 501(c)(3) membership society. History The socie ...
, acknowledging the need for greater integration of life science information, agreed to merge their two publications, ''Abstracts of Bacteriology'' and ''Botanical Abstracts'', thus creating ''Biological Abstracts''. A not-for-profit company was formed to administer the publication on a financially sound basis. In 1964, the company's name was changed to ''BioSciences Information Service of Biological Abstracts (BIOSIS)''.Kennedy, H. E. (1988) "BIOSIS to the Rescue" ''BioScience'' 38(5): pp. 309–310Steere, William Campbell; Parkins, Phyllis V. and Philson, Hazel A. (1976) ''Biological Abstracts/BIOSIS, The First Fifty Years, The Evolution of a Major Science Information Service'' New York Botanical Garden, Plenum Press, New York, page ''v'', In addition to its indexing and abstracting service, it published ''
The Zoological Record ''The Zoological Record'' (''ZR'') is an electronic index of zoological literature that also serves as the unofficial register of scientific names in zoology Zoology ()The pronunciation of zoology as is typically regarded as nonstandard, tho ...
'' from 1980 to 2004. In 2004 the company was purchased by ''
Thomson ScientificThomson Scientific was one of the five operating divisions of The Thomson Corporation The Thomson Corporation was one of the world's largest information companies. It was established in 1989 following a merger between International Thomson Organis ...
'' Staff (12 January 2004) "Thomson Acquires BIOSIS Publishing Assets" ''Business Wire'' and it is now part of
Thomson Reuters Thomson Reuters Corporation () is a Canadian-American multinational Multinational may refer to: * Multinational corporation, a corporate organization operating in multiple countries * Multinational force, a military body from multiple co ...
Science & Healthcare division. The proceeds from that sale were applied to fund an endowment and create a new grant-making foundation. The Board of Directors of that foundation selected as the organization’s new name: ''J.R.S. Biodiversity Foundation''. This reflected both the historic legacy of the Foundation and its future grant-making domain. The initials J.R.S. stand for the name of one of the founders of BIOSIS. In 2007,
Wolters Kluwer Wolters Kluwer N.V. () is a Dutch information services company. The company is headquartered in Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands (Global) and Philadelphia, United States (corporate). Wolters Kluwer in its current form was founded in 1987 with a m ...
announced the digital availability of the BIOSIS Archive and Zoological Record Archive databases, via their
Ovid Technologies Ovid Technologies, Inc. (or just Ovid for short), part of the Wolters Kluwer Wolters Kluwer N.V. () is an American Dutch information services company. The company is headquartered in Alphen aan den Rijn, Netherlands (Global) and Philadelphia, Un ...
online services."Ovid Expands Portfolio of Archive Content with BIOSIS Archive and Zoological Record Archive"
''Wolters Kluwer Health'' 6 March 2007
The BIOSIS Archive consists of the data from the print volumes of ''
Biological Abstracts Biological Abstracts is a database produced by Clarivate Analytics Clarivate is a company formed in 2016, following the acquisition of Thomson Reuters' Intellectual Property and Science Business by Onex Corporation and Baring Private Equity A ...
'' from 1926 to 1968, and the Zoological Record Archive contains the data published in print in ''The Zoological Record'' from 1864 to 1977. In 2010 Biosis Citation Index was released on the Web of Knowledge Platform, combining extensive indexing and database coverage of Biosis Previews with the Web of Science's citation tracking features.


References


Further reading

* Freedman, B. (1995) "Growth and Change in the World’s Biological Literature as Reflected in BIOSIS Publications" ''Publishing Research Quarterly'' 11(3): pp. 61–79, DOI: 10.1007/BF02680447 * Kaser, Richard T. and Kaser, Victoria Cox (2001) ''BIOSIS: Championing the cause, the first 75 years'' National Federation of Abstracting and Information Services, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, * Steere, William Campbell; Parkins, Phyllis V. and Philson, Hazel A. (1976) ''Biological Abstracts/BIOSIS, The First Fifty Years, The Evolution of a Major Science Information Service'' New York Botanical Garden, Plenum Press, New York, * Trumbull, Richard (1976) "BIOSIS: 50 Years of Biological Abstracts" ''BioScience'' 26(5): p. 307


External links


Official website
(Clarivate Analytics)
Official website
EBSCO Information Services {{DEFAULTSORT:Biosis Previews Online databases Publishing companies established in 1926 Bibliographic databases and indexes 1926 establishments in the United States