Ain Shams (also spelled Ayn or Ein - ar, عين شمس, , cop, ⲱⲛ ⲡⲉⲧ ⲫⲣⲏ) is a
suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Television advertisement * (adjective ...
Cairo Cairo ( ; ar, القاهرة, al-Qāhirah, , Coptic Coptic may refer to: Afro-Asia * Copts, an ethnoreligious group mainly in the area of modern Egypt but also in Sudan and Libya * Coptic language, a Northern Afro-Asiatic language spoken in E ...

Egypt Egypt ( ar, مِصر, Miṣr), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country This is a list of countries located on more than one continent A continent is one of several large landmasses. Generally identi ...

. The name means "Eye of the Sun" in
Arabic Arabic (, ' or , ' or ) is a Semitic language The Semitic languages are a branch of the Afroasiatic language family originating in the Middle East The Middle East is a list of transcontinental countries, transcontinental region ...

, referring to the fact that Ain Shams is built on top of the ancient city of Heliopolis, once the spiritual centre of
ancient Egyptian Ancient Egypt was a civilization of Ancient history, ancient North Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile, Nile River, situated in the place that is now the country Egypt. Ancient Egyptian civilization followed prehistori ...
sun-worship. Ain Shams is one of the oldest districts in Cairo and contains many historical sites. 10th-century Jewish biblical commentator,
Saadia Gaon Sa'adiah ben Yosef Gaon ( ar, سعيد بن يوسف الفيومي ''Saʻīd bin Yūsuf al-Fayyūmi''; he, סעדיה בן יוסף אלפיומי גאון; alternative English Names: Rabbeinu Sa'adiah Gaon ("our Rabbi heSaadia Gaon"), often ...
, believed that Ain Shams was the location of the biblical Egyptian city of Rameses.Saadia Gaon, ''Judeo-Arabic Translation of Pentateuch'' (''Tafsir''), s.v. Exodus 21:37 and Numbers 33:3 ("רעמסס: "עין שמס); ''Rabbi Saadia Gaon's Commentaries on the Torah'' (ed.
Yosef Qafih Yosef Qafiḥ ( he, יוסף קאפח , ), widely known as Rabbi Yosef Kapach (27 November 1917 – 21 July 2000), was a Yemenite-Israeli posek, authority on Jewish religious law (''halakha''), a Dayan (rabbinic judge), dayan of the Judiciary of ...
), 4th edition,
Mossad Harav Kook Mossad HaRav Kook ( he, מוסד הרב קוק, "Rabbi Kook Institute") is a religious research foundation and publishing house based in Jerusalem. Mossad Harav Kook is named after Abraham Isaac Kook, the first Ashkenazi Jews, Ashkenazi chief rabbi ...
: Jerusalem 1984, p. 164 (s.v. Numbers 33:3) (Hebrew) . Avraham Ibn Ezra suggests that there may have actually been two distinct sites by the name of Rameses, based on the different Masoretic vowelization of "Rameses" in Exodus 1:11 and 12:37, one a store city and the other a district in or near Goshen, as implied by Genesis 47:11.
Ain Shams is one of the first areas to have natural gas supplied to all its residents. The Nature Gas was there since 1985.

See also

Ain Shams University Ain Shams University ( ar, جامعة عين شمس) is a public university A public university or public college is a university or college that is in state ownership or receives significant Government spending, public funds through a national o ...

Ain Shams University

External links

Egyptian temple found under Cairo market
ABC News ABC News is the news News is information Information is processed, organised and structured data. It provides context for data and enables decision making process. For example, a single customer’s sale at a restaurant is data ...
'', 27 February 2006.
Parts of King Nakhtanebu I's shrine uncovered in Cairo
// Ahram Online, 4 October 2015.

Works cited

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