An autonomous region (AR; ) is a first-level administrative division of China. Like Chinese provinces, an autonomous region has its own local government, but an autonomous region has more legislative rights. An autonomous region is the highest level of minority autonomous entity in China, which has a comparably higher population of a particular minority ethnic group. The
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
was established in 1947, Xinjiang was made autonomous in 1955, and
Guangxi Guangxi (; alternately romanized as Kwanghsi; ; za, Gvangjsih), officially the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region (GZAR), is an autonomous region of the People's Republic of China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), ...
and Ningxia were made autonomous in 1958.
Tibet Tibet (; ; ) is a region in East Asia covering much of the Tibetan Plateau spanning about . It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa people, Monpa, Tamang, Qiang people, Qiang, S ...
was officially annexed in 1951, and was named a Chinese Autonomous Zone in 1965. The designation of Guangxi and Ningxia as Zhuang and Hui autonomous areas, respectively, was bitterly protested by the local
Han Chinese The Han Chinese,
. Huayuqiao.org. Retrieved on 2013-04-26.
Hanzu, or Han peopleMongols made up an even smaller percentage of Inner Mongolia than either of these, the ensuing
Chinese Civil War The Chinese Civil War was a civil war in China fought between the Kuomintang (KMT)-led Nationalist government, government of the Republic of China (1912–1949), Republic of China (ROC) and forces of the Communist Party of China (CPC) lastin ...
gave little opportunity for protest.

List of autonomous regions



Ethnic composition of Autonomous Regions (%, 2000)

Note: In the "Third Largest Ethnic Group" column is the ethnic group given in brackets, after the names of the autonomous regions and Han people.

See also

Administrative divisions of China Due to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by population, world's most populous country, with a population of around 1.4 billion. Covering ...
Provinces of China Provincial-level administrative divisions () or first-level administrative divisions (), are the highest-level China, Chinese administrative divisions. There are 34 such divisions claimed by the China, People's Republic of China, classified a ...
Special administrative regions of China The special administrative regions (SAR) are one type of Provinces of China, provincial-level administrative divisions of the People's Republic of China directly under Central People's Government. As a region, they possess the highest degree ...
Standard Chinese Standard Chinese, in linguistics known as Standard Northern Mandarin, Standard Beijing Mandarin or simply Mandarin, is a dialect of Mandarin that emerged as the lingua franca among the speakers of various Mandarin and other varieties of Chi ...
* Language Atlas of China * Autonomous administrative division


Regional Autonomy for Ethnic Minorities in China


{{Articles on first-level administrative divisions of Asian countries Autonomous regions of China, Autonomous administrative divisions of China, R Province-level divisions of China