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The Australia men's national cricket team represents
Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous List of islands of Australia, sma ...

Australia
in men's
international cricket International cricket matches are played between teams representing their nations, normally organised by the International Cricket Council The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the world governing body A governing body is a group of ...
. As the joint oldest team in
Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wi ...
history, playing in the first ever Test match in 1877, the team also plays
One-Day International A One Day International (ODI) is a form of limited overs cricket, played between two teams with international status, in which each team faces a fixed number of over (cricket), overs, currently 50, with the game lasting up to 9 hours. The Cr ...
(ODI) and
Twenty20 International A Twenty20 International (T20I) is a form of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a w ...
(T20I) cricket, participating in both the first ODI, against
England England is a Countries of the United Kingdom, country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Wales to its west and Scotland to its north. The Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea to the southwest. E ...
in the 1970–71 season and the first T20I, against
New Zealand New Zealand ( mi, Aotearoa ''Aotearoa'' (; commonly pronounced by English English usually refers to: * English language English is a West Germanic languages, West Germanic language first spoken in History of Anglo-Saxon Engl ...
in the 2004–05 season, winning both games. The team draws its players from teams playing in the Australian domestic competitions – the
Sheffield Shield The Sheffield Shield (currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Marsh Sheffield Shield) is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia. Sheffield Shi ...
, the
Australian domestic limited-overs cricket tournament A limited-overs cricket Limited overs cricket, also known as one-day cricket, is a version of the sport of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, fiel ...
and the
Big Bash League The Big Bash League (known as the KFC KFC (also known as Kentucky Fried Chicken) is an American fast food Fast food is a type of Mass production, mass-produced food designed for commercial resale and with a strong priority place ...
. The national team has played 834 Test matches, winning 394, losing 226, drawing 212 and tying 2. , Australia is ranked third in the
ICC Test Championship The ICC Men's Test Team Rankings (formerly known as the ICC Test Championship) is an international rankings system of the International Cricket Council for the 12 teams that play Test cricket (though Afghanistan national cricket team, Afghanist ...
on 113 rating points. Australia is the most successful team in Test cricket history, in terms of overall wins, win-loss ratio and wins percentage. The team has played 955 ODI matches, winning 579, losing 333, tying 9 and with 34 ending in a
no-result The result in a game of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, ea ...
. , Australia is ranked fourth in the
ICC ODI Championship The ICC Men's ODI Team Rankings (formerly known as the ICC ODI Championship) is an international One Day International (ODI) cricket rankings system of the International Cricket Council (ICC). After every ODI match, the two teams involved receiv ...
on 111 rating points, though have been ranked first for 141 of 185 months since its introduction in 2002. Australia is the most successful team in ODI cricket history, winning more than 60 per cent of their matches, with a record seven
World Cup #REDIRECT World cup A world cup is a global sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participant ...
final appearances (
1975 It was also declared the ''International Women's Year'' by the United Nations and the European Architectural Heritage Year by the Council of Europe. Events January * January – The Altair 8800, an early microcomputer, appears on the cover ...
,
1987 Events January * January 2 – Chadian–Libyan conflict – Battle of Fada: The Military of Chad, Chadian army destroys a Libyan armoured brigade. * January 3 – Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall o ...
,
1996 1996 was designated as: * International Year for the Eradication of Poverty Events January * January 3 Events Pre-1600 * 69 – The Roman legions on the Rhine refuse to declare their allegiance to Galba Galba (; born Servius Sulpi ...
,
1999 1999 was designated as the International Year of Older PersonsIn its Proclamation on Aging, the United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 1999 as the International Year of Older Persons. The proclamation was launched on 1 October 1 ...
,
2003 2003 was designated the International Year of the Fresh Water Fresh water or freshwater is any naturally occurring liquid or frozen water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids Total dissolved ...
,
2007 2007 was designated as the International Heliophysical YearImage:IHY logo.png, 200px, right The International Heliophysical Year is a United Nations, UN-sponsored scientifically driven international program of scientific collaboration to unde ...
and
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovern ...
) and have won the World Cup a record five times: 1987, 1999, 2003, 2007 and 2015. Australia is the first (and only) team to appear in four consecutive World Cup finals (1996, 1999, 2003 and 2007), surpassing the old record of three consecutive World Cup appearances by the
West Indies The West Indies are a subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geography Geography (from Greek: , ''geographia'', literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, in ...
(1975,
1979 Events January * January 1 January 1 or 1 January is the first day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. There are 364 days remaining until the end of the year (365 in leap years). This day is known as New Year's Day since the day ...
and
1983 The year 1983 saw both the contested beginning of the Internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and d ...
) and the first and only team to win 3 consecutive World Cups (1999, 2003 and 2007). The team was undefeated in 34 consecutive World Cup matches until the 2011 Cricket World Cup where
Pakistan Pakistan, . Pronounced variably in English as , , , and . officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a country in South Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, fifth-most populous country, with a popul ...

Pakistan
beat them by 4 wickets in the Group stage. It is also the second team to win a World Cup (2015) on home soil, after
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
(
2011 A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring The Arab Spring ( ar, الربيع العربي) was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab worl ...
). Australia have also won the
ICC Champions Trophy The ICC Champions Trophy is a One-Day International (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council. The 2013 tournament was intended to be the final edition of the Champions Trophy, but it was extended to 2017 due to i ...
twice (
2006 2006 was designated as the International Year of Deserts and Desertification and the International Asperger syndrome, Asperger's Year. Events January * January 1 – Russia cuts the shipment of natural gas to Ukraine over a Russia–U ...
and
2009 2009 was designated as: *International Year of Astronomy 200px, Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Austria)#2009 Coinage, International Year of Astronomy commemorative coin. The International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009) was a year-l ...
) making them the first and the only team to become back to back winners in the Champions Trophy tournaments. Australia is the only team to win 5 Cricket World Cups, no other team has won more than 2 Cricket World Cups at most. The national team has played 136 Twenty20 International matches, winning 71, losing 60, tying 2 and with 3 ending in a
no-result The result in a game of cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with a wicket at each end, ea ...
. , Australia is ranked second in the
ICC T20I Championship The ICC T20I Championship is an international Twenty20 cricket competition run by the International Cricket Council. The competition is notional in that it is simply a ranking scheme overlaid on the regular T20I match schedule. After every T20I ...
on 272 rating points. Additionally, the team made the final of the
2010 ICC World Twenty20 The 2010 ICC World Twenty20 was the third ICC World Twenty20 The ICC Men's T20 World Cup (earlier known as ICC World Twenty20) is the international championship of Twenty20 International cricket. Organised by cricket Cricket is a B ...

2010 ICC World Twenty20
, in which they lost to England. On 12 January 2019, Australia won the first ODI against India at the
Sydney Cricket Ground The Sydney Cricket Ground (SCG) is a sports stadium in Sydney, Australia. It is used for Test cricket, Test, One Day International and Twenty20 cricket, as well as Australian rules football, rugby league, rugby union, and association football. ...
by 34 runs, to record their 1,000th win in international cricket.


History


Early history

The Australian cricket team participated in the first Test match at the
MCG Joseph McGinty Nichol (born August 9, 1968), known professionally as McG, is an American director, producer, and former record producer. He began his career in the music industry, directing music videos and producing various albums. He later ...

MCG
in 1877, defeating an English team by 45 runs, with
Charles Bannerman Charles Bannerman (3 July 1851 – 20 August 1930) was an English-born Australia cricket team, Australian cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he represented Australia in three Test cricket, Test matches between 1877 and 1879. At the domestic le ...
making the first Test century, a score of 165 retired hurt. Test cricket, which only occurred between Australia and England at the time, was limited by the long distance between the two countries, which would take several months by sea. Despite Australia's much smaller population, the team was very competitive in early games, producing stars such as
Jack Blackham John McCarthy Blackham (11 May 1854 – 28 December 1932) was a Test cricketer Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...

Jack Blackham
,
Billy Murdoch William Lloyd Murdoch (18 October 1854 – 18 February 1911) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which ...

Billy Murdoch
, ,
George Bonnor George John Bonnor (25 February 1855 – 27 June 1912) was an Australian cricketer, known for his big hitting, who played Test cricket between 1880 and 1888. Career Bonnor was born in Bathurst, New South Wales, and made his international debut i ...
,
Percy McDonnell Percy Stanislaus McDonnell (13 November 1860 – 24 September 1896
— ''
George Giffen George Giffen (27 March 1859 – 29 November 1927) was a cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in ...

George Giffen
and Charles "The Terror" Turner. Most cricketers at the time were either from
New South Wales New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''State Magazine'', a monthly magazine published by the U.S. Department of State * The State (newspaper), ''The State'' (newspape ...
or
Victoria Victoria most commonly refers to: * Victoria (Australia), a state of the Commonwealth of Australia * Victoria, British Columbia, provincial capital of British Columbia, Canada * Victoria (mythology), Roman goddess of Victory * Victoria, Seychelles ...
, with the notable exception of George Giffen, the star
South Australian South Australia (abbreviated as SA) is a States and territories of Australia, state in the southern central part of Australia. It covers some of the most arid parts of the country. With a total land area of , it is the fourth-largest of Austral ...
all-rounder An all-rounder is a cricketer who regularly performs well at both batsman, batting and bowler (cricket), bowling. Although all bowlers must bat and quite a handful of batsmen do bowl occasionally, most players are skilled in only one of the tw ...
. A highlight of Australia's early history was the 1882 Test match against England at
The Oval The Oval, known for Naming rights#Stadium naming, sponsorship reasons as the Kia Oval, is an international cricket ground in Kennington, in the London Borough of Lambeth, in south London. The Oval has been the home ground of Surrey County Cri ...

The Oval
. In this match, Fred Spofforth took 7/44 in the game's fourth innings to save the match by preventing England from making their 85-run target. After this match ''
The Sporting Times ''The Sporting Times'' (founded 1865, ceased publication 1932) was a weekly British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The British people, or Britons, are the citizens of the United Kingdom of Gr ...
'', a major newspaper in London at the time, printed a mock obituary in which the death of English cricket was proclaimed and the announcement made that "the body was cremated and the ashes taken to Australia." This was the start of the famous
Ashes Ashes may refer to: *ash Ash or ashes are the solid remnants of fire BBQ. Fire is the rapid oxidation of a material in the exothermic chemical process of combustion, releasing heat, light, and various reaction Product (chemistry), product ...

Ashes
series in which Australia and England play a series of Test matches to decide the holder of the Ashes. To this day, the contest is one of the fiercest rivalries in sport.


Golden age

The so-called 'Golden Age' of Australian Test cricket occurred around the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century, with the team under the captaincy of
Joe Darling Joseph Darling (21 November 1870 – 2 January 1946) was an Australian cricketer who played 34 Test cricket, Test matches as a specialist batsman between 1894 and 1905. As captain (cricket), captain, he led Australia in a total of 21 Tests, winn ...

Joe Darling
,
Monty Noble Montague Alfred Noble (28 January 1873 – 22 June 1940) was an Australian cricketer who played for New South Wales cricket team, New South Wales and Australia national cricket team, Australia. A right-hand batsman, right-handed bowler who coul ...

Monty Noble
and
Clem Hill Clement "Clem" Hill (18 March 18775 September 1945) was an Australian cricketer who played 49 Test cricket, Test matches as a specialist batsman between 1896 and 1912. He Captain (cricket), captained the Australia national cricket team, Austra ...

Clem Hill
winning eight of ten tours. It is considered to have lasted from the 1897–98 English tour of Australia and the 1910–11 South African tour of Australia. Outstanding batsmen such as Joe Darling, Clem Hill,
Reggie Duff Reginald Alexander "Reggie" Duff (17 August 1878 – 13 December 1911) was an Australian cricketer who played in 22 Test cricket, Tests between 1902 and 1905. Duff made his Test debut along with Warwick Armstrong, against England cricket team, ...
,
Syd Gregory Sydney Edward Gregory (14 April 1870 – 1 August 1929), sometimes known as Edward Sydney Gregory, was a cricketer who played for New South Wales cricket team, New South Wales and Australia national cricket team, Australia. At the time of his r ...

Syd Gregory
,
Warren Bardsley Warren "Curly" Bardsley (6 December 1882 – 20 January 1954) was an List of Australian Test cricketers, Australian Test cricketer. An opening batsman, Bardsley played 41 Tests between 1909 and 1926 and over 200 first-class games for New South W ...

Warren Bardsley
and
Victor Trumper Victor Thomas Trumper (2 November 1877 – 28 June 1915) was an Australian cricketer known as the most stylish and versatile batsman of the Golden Age of cricket, capable of playing match-winning innings on wet wickets his contemporaries found ...

Victor Trumper
, brilliant all-rounders including Monty Noble, George Giffen,
Harry Trott George Henry Stevens "Harry" Trott (5 August 1866 – 9 November 1917) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre ...

Harry Trott
and
Warwick Armstrong Warwick Windridge Armstrong (22 May 1879 – 13 July 1947) was an Australian cricketer who played 50 Test cricket, Test matches between 1902 and 1921. An all-rounder, he captain (cricket), captained Australia in ten Test matches between 1920 and ...

Warwick Armstrong
and excellent bowlers including Ernie Jones,
Hugh Trumble Hugh Trumble (19 May 1867 – 14 August 1938) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pit ...

Hugh Trumble
,
Tibby Cotter Albert "Tibby" Cotter (3 December 1883 – 31 October 1917) was an Australian cricketer who played in 21 Test cricket, Tests between 1904 and 1912 (89 wickets, average 28.64), and 115 first-class matches between 1901 and 1914 (including 123 wicke ...
, Bill Howell, Jack Saunders and Bill Whitty, all helped Australia to become the dominant cricketing nation for most of this period. Victor Trumper became one of Australia's first sporting heroes, and was widely considered Australia's greatest batsman before
Bradman Sir Donald George Bradman, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), nicknamed "The Don", was an Australian international cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players eac ...
and one of the most popular players. He played a record (at the time) number of Tests at 49 and scored 3163 (another record) runs at a high for the time average of 39.04. His early death in 1915 at the age of 37 from kidney disease caused national mourning. The ''
Wisden Cricketers' Almanack ''Wisden Cricketers' Almanack'', or simply ''Wisden'', colloquially the Bible of Cricket, is a cricket reference book published annually in the United Kingdom. The description "bible of cricket" was first used in the 1930s by Alec Waugh in a ...
'', in its obituary for him, called him Australia's greatest batsman: "''Of all the great Australian batsmen Victor Trumper was by general consent the best and most brilliant.''" The years leading up to the start of World War I were marred by
conflict Conflict may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Films * ''Conflict'' (1936 film), an American boxing film starring John Wayne * ''Conflict'' (1938 film), a French drama film directed by Léonide Moguy * ''Conflict'' (1945 film), ...
between the players, led by Clem Hill, Victor Trumper and
Frank Laver Frank Jonas Laver (7 December 1869 – 24 September 1919) was an Australian cricketer and baseball player. He played in 15 Test cricket, Test matches between 1899 and 1909 and visited England as a player and team manager on four occasions. An ac ...
, the Australian Board of Control for International Cricket, led by
Peter McAlister Peter Alexander McAlister (11 July 1869 – 10 May 1938) was an Australian cricketer who played in 8 Test cricket, Tests from 1904 to 1909. His undemocratic appointment as vice-captain-cum-treasurer of the Australian cricket team in England in 1 ...
, who was attempting to gain more control of tours from the players. This led to six leading players (the so-called "Big Six") walking out on the
1912 Triangular Tournament The 1912 Triangular Tournament was a Test cricket competition played between Australia national cricket team, Australia, England cricket team, England and South Africa national cricket team, South Africa, the only Test-playing nations at the time. ...
in England, with Australia fielding what was generally considered a second-rate side. This was the last series before the war, and no more cricket was played by Australia for eight years, with Tibby Cotter being killed in
Palestine Palestine ( or ) most often refers to: * State of Palestine, a ''de jure'' sovereign state in the Middle East * Palestine (region), a geographical and historical region in the Middle East Palestine may also refer to: * Palestinian National Aut ...
during the war.


Inter-war period

Test cricket resumed in the 1920/21 season in Australia with a touring English team, captained by
Johnny Douglas John William Henry Tyler Douglas (3 September 1882 – 19 December 1930) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of whi ...

Johnny Douglas
losing all five Tests to Australia, captained by the "Big Ship" Warwick Armstrong. Several players from before the war, including Warwick Armstrong,
Charlie Macartney Charles George Macartney (27 June 1886 – 9 September 1958) was an Australian cricketer who played in 35 Test cricket, Test matches between 1907 and 1926. He was known as "The Governor-General" in reference to his authoritative batting style a ...

Charlie Macartney
,
Charles Kelleway Charles Kelleway (25 April 1886 – 16 November 1944) was an Australian cricketer who played in 26 Test cricket, Test matches between 1910 and 1928. Playing on both side of the First World War, he travelled to England in 1911/12 to play agains ...
,
Warren Bardsley Warren "Curly" Bardsley (6 December 1882 – 20 January 1954) was an List of Australian Test cricketers, Australian Test cricketer. An opening batsman, Bardsley played 41 Tests between 1909 and 1926 and over 200 first-class games for New South W ...

Warren Bardsley
and the wicket-keeper
Sammy Carter Hanson "Sammy" Carter (15 March 1878 – 8 June 1948) was a cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch w ...
, were instrumental in the team's success, as well as new players
Herbie Collins Herbert (Herbie) Leslie Collins (21 January 1888 – 28 May 1959) was an Australian cricketer who played 19 Test cricket, Tests between 1921 and 1926. An all-rounder, he captain (cricket), captained the Australia national cricket team, Australi ...

Herbie Collins
, Jack Ryder,
Bert Oldfield William Albert Stanley Oldfield (9 September 1894 – 10 August 1976) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre o ...

Bert Oldfield
, the spinner
Arthur Mailey Arthur Alfred Mailey (3 January 188631 December 1967) was an Australian cricketer who played in 21 Test cricket, Test matches between 1920 and 1926. Mailey used leg break, leg-break and googly bowling, taking 99 Test wickets, including 36 in th ...
and the so-called "twin destroyers" Jack Gregory and
Ted McDonald Edgar Arthur "Ted" McDonald (6 January 1891 – 22 July 1937) was a cricketer Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing ...

Ted McDonald
. The team continued its success on the 1921 tour of England, winning three out of the five Tests in
Warwick Armstrong Warwick Windridge Armstrong (22 May 1879 – 13 July 1947) was an Australian cricketer who played 50 Test cricket, Test matches between 1902 and 1921. An all-rounder, he captain (cricket), captained Australia in ten Test matches between 1920 and ...

Warwick Armstrong
's last series. The side was, on the whole, inconsistent in the latter half of the 1920s, losing its first home
Ashes series The Ashes is a Test cricket Test cricket is the form of the sport of cricket with the longest match duration and is considered the game's highest standard. Rotary Test matches are played between national representative teams that have b ...

Ashes series
since the 1911–12 season in 1928–29.


Bradman era

The 1930 tour of England heralded a new age of success for the Australian team. The team, led by
Bill Woodfull William Maldon Woodfull (22 August 1897 – 11 August 1965) was an Australian cricketer of the 1920s and 1930s. He captained both Victorian Bushrangers, Victoria and Australian cricket team, Australia, and was best known for his dignified and ...

Bill Woodfull
– the "Great Un-bowlable" – featured legends of the game including
Bill Ponsford William Harold Ponsford Order of the British Empire, MBE (19 October 1900 – 6 April 1991) was an Australian cricketer. Usually playing as an Batting order (cricket), opening batsman, he formed a successful and long-lived partnership (cri ...

Bill Ponsford
,
Stan McCabe Stanley Joseph McCabe (16 July 1910 – 25 August 1968) was an Australian cricketer who played 39 Test cricket, Test matches for Australia from 1930 to 1938. A short, stocky right-hander, McCabe was described by ''Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, ...

Stan McCabe
,
Clarrie Grimmett Clarence Victor Grimmett (25 December 1891 – 2 May 1980) was a New Zealand-born Australian cricketer. He is thought by many to be one of the finest early spin bowlers, and usually credited as the developer of the flipper (cricket), flipper. E ...
and the young pair of
Archie Jackson Archibald Jackson (5 September 1909 – 16 February 1933), occasionally known as Archibald Alexander Jackson, was an Australian international cricketer who played eight Test cricket, Test matches as a specialist batsman between 1929 and 1931. ...

Archie Jackson
and
Don Bradman Sir Donald George Bradman, Companion of the Order of Australia, AC (27 August 1908 – 25 February 2001), nicknamed "The Don", was an Australian international cricketer, widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of all time. Bradman's ...
. Bradman was the outstanding batsman of the series, scoring a record 974 runs, including one century, two double centuries and one triple century, a massive score of 334 at Leeds which including 309 runs in a day. Jackson died of
tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease An infection is the invasion of an organism's body Tissue (biology), tissues by Pathogen, disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host (biology), host tissues to the in ...

tuberculosis
at the age of 23 three years later, after playing eight Tests. The team was widely considered unstoppable, winning nine of its next ten Tests. The 1932–33 England tour of Australia is considered one of the most infamous episodes of cricket, due to the England team's use of
bodyline Bodyline, also known as fast leg theory bowling, was a cricket Cricket is a bat-and-ball gameBat-and-ball may refer to: *Bat-and-ball games Bat-and-ball games (or safe haven games) are field games played by two opposing teams, in whic ...

bodyline
, where captain
Douglas Jardine Douglas Robert Jardine ( 1900 – 1958) was a cricketer who played 22 Test cricket, Test matches for England, captaining the side in 15 of those matches between 1931 and 1934. A right-handed Batting (cricket), batsman, he is best known for ...

Douglas Jardine
instructed his bowlers
Bill Voce Bill Voce (8 August 1909 – 6 June 1984) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cricket pitch, pitch with ...
and
Harold Larwood Harold Larwood (14 November 1904 – 22 July 1995) was a professional cricketer for Nottinghamshire County Cricket Club and the England cricket team The England cricket team represents England England is a Countries of the United ...

Harold Larwood
to bowl fast, short-pitched deliveries aimed at the bodies of the Australian batsmen. The tactic, although effective, was widely considered by Australian crowds as vicious and unsporting. Injuries to Bill Woodfull, who was struck over the heart, and
Bert Oldfield William Albert Stanley Oldfield (9 September 1894 – 10 August 1976) was an Australian cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre o ...

Bert Oldfield
, who received a fractured skull (although from a non-bodyline ball), exacerbated the situation, almost causing a full-scale riot from the 50 000 fans at the
Adelaide Oval Adelaide Oval is a sports ground in Adelaide Adelaide ( ) is the capital city A capital or capital city is the municipality holding primary status in a Department (country subdivision), department, country, Constituent state, state, ...
for the third Test. The conflict almost escalated into a diplomatic incident between the two countries, as leading Australian political figures, including the
Governor of South Australia The governor of South Australia is the representative in the Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian contin ...
, Alexander Hore-Ruthven, protested to their English counterparts. The series ended in a 4–1 win for England but the bodyline tactics used were banned the year after. The Australian team put the result of this series behind them, winning their next tour of England in 1934. The team was led by Bill Woodfull on his final tour and was notably dominated by Ponsford and Bradman, who twice put on partnerships of over 380 runs, with Bradman once again scoring a triple-century at Leeds. The bowling was dominated by the
spin Spin or spinning may refer to: Businesses * or South Pacific Island Network * , an American scooter-sharing system * , a chain of table tennis lounges Computing * , 's tool for formal verification of distributed software systems * , a Mach-like ...
pair of Bill O'Reilly and Clarrie Grimmett, who took 53 wickets between them, with O'Reilly twice taking seven-wicket hauls. Sir Donald Bradman is widely considered the greatest batsman of all time. He dominated the sport from 1930 until his retirement in 1948, setting new records for the highest score in a Test innings (334 vs England at
Headingley Headingley is a suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Televis ...
in 1930), the most runs (6996), the most
centuries A century is a period of 100 year A year is the orbital period of a planetary body, for example, the Earth, moving in Earth's orbit, its orbit around the Sun. Due to the Earth's axial tilt, the course of a year sees the passing of the season ...
(29), the most double centuries and the highest Test and
first-class First class (or 1st class, Firstclass) generally implies a high level of service, importance or quality. Specific uses of the term include: Books and Comics * ''First Class'', List of Dandy comic strips, a comic strip in ''The Dandy'' (1983-1998 ...
batting averages. His record for the highest Test batting average – 99.94 – has never been beaten. It is almost 40 runs per innings above the next highest average. He would have finished with an average of over 100 runs per innings if he had not been dismissed for a
duck Duck is the common name for numerous species of waterfowl Anseriformes is an order (biology), order of birds that comprise about 180 living species in three families: Anhimidae (the 3 screamers), Anseranatidae (the magpie goose), and Anati ...
in his last Test. He was
knight A knight is a person granted an honorary title A title is one or more words used before or after a person's name, in certain contexts. It may signify either generation, an official position, or a professional or academic qualification. In so ...

knight
ed in 1949 for services to cricket. He is generally considered one of Australia's greatest sporting heroes. Test cricket was again interrupted by war, with the last Test series in 1938 made notable by
Len Hutton Sir Leonard Hutton (23 June 1916 – 6 September 1990) was an English cricket Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...
scoring a world record 364 for England, with Chuck Fleetwood-Smith conceding 298 runs in England's world record total of 7/903. Ross Gregory, a notable young batsman who played two Tests before the war, was killed in the war.


Post-war era

The team continued its success after the end of the Second World War, with the first Test (also Australia's first against New Zealand) being played in the 1945–46 season against New Zealand. Australia was by far the most successful team of the 1940s, being undefeated throughout the decade, winning two Ashes series against England and its first Test series against
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...
. The team capitalised on its ageing stars Bradman, Sid Barnes, Bill Brown (cricketer), Bill Brown and Lindsay Hassett while new talent, including Ian Johnson (cricketer), Ian Johnson, Don Tallon, Arthur Morris, Neil Harvey, Bill Johnston (cricketer), Bill Johnston and the fast bowling pair of Ray Lindwall and Keith Miller, who all made their debut in the latter half of the 1940s, and were to form the basis of the team for a good part of the next decade. The Australian cricket team in England in 1948, team that Don Bradman led to England in 1948 gained the moniker ''The Invincibles'', after going through the tour without losing a single game. Of 31 first-class games played during the tour, they won 23 and drew 8, including winning the five-match Test series 4–0, with one draw. The tour was particularly notable for the Fourth Test, 1948 Ashes series, fourth Test of the series, in which Australia won by seven wickets chasing a target of 404, setting a new record for the highest List of cricket terms#R, run chase in Test cricket, with Arthur Morris and Bradman both scoring centuries, as well as for the final Test in the series, Bradman's last, where he finished with a duck in his last innings after needing only four runs to secure a career average of 100. Australia was less successful in the 1950s, losing three consecutive Ashes series to England, including a horrendous Australian cricket team in England in 1956, 1956 Tour of England, where the 'spin twins' Jim Laker, Laker and Tony Lock, Lock destroyed Australia, taking 61 wickets between them, including Laker taking 19 wickets in the game (a first-class record) at
Headingley Headingley is a suburb A suburb (or suburban area or suburbia) is a commercial Commercial may refer to: * a dose of advertising conveyed through media (such as - for example - radio or television) ** Radio advertisement ** Televis ...
, a game dubbed Laker's Match. However, the team rebounded to win five consecutive series in the latter half of the 1950s, first under the leadership of Ian Johnson, then Ian Craig and Richie Benaud. The West Indian cricket team in Australia in 1960–61, series against the West Indies in the 1960–61 season was notable for the Tied Test in the first game at the Gabba, which was the first in Test cricket. Australia ended up winning the series 2–1 after a hard-fought series that was praised for its excellent standards and sense of fair play. Stand-out players in that series as well as through the early part of the 1960s were Richie Benaud, who took a then-record number of wickets as a Leg spin, leg-spinner and who also captained Australia in 28 Tests, including 24 without defeat; Alan Keith Davidson, Alan Davidson, who was a notable fast-bowler and also became the first player to take 10 wickets and make 100 runs in the same game in the first Test; Bob Simpson (cricketer), Bob Simpson, who also later captained Australia for two different periods of time; Colin McDonald (Australian cricketer), Colin McDonald, the first-choice opening batsman for most of the 1950s and early '60s; Norm O'Neill, who made 181 in the Tied Test; Neil Harvey, towards the end of his long career; and Wally Grout, an excellent wicket-keeper who died at the age of 41.


World Series Cricket and Restructuring

The Centenary Test was played in March 1977 at the MCG to celebrate 100 years since the first Test was played. Australia won the match by 45 runs, an identical result to the first Test match. In May 1977, Kerry Packer announced he was organising a breakaway competition – World Series Cricket (WSC) – after the Australian Cricket Board (ACB) refused to accept Nine Network, Channel Nine's bid to gain exclusive television rights to Australia's Test matches in 1976. Packer secretly signed leading international cricketers to his competition, including 28 Australians. Almost all of the Australian Test team at the time were signed to WSC – notable exceptions including Gary Cosier, Geoff Dymock, Kim Hughes and Craig Serjeant – and the Australian selectors were forced to pick what was generally considered a third-rate team from players in the
Sheffield Shield The Sheffield Shield (currently known for sponsorship reasons as the Marsh Sheffield Shield) is the domestic first-class cricket competition of Australia. The tournament is contested between teams from the six states of Australia. Sheffield Shi ...
. Former player Bob Simpson, who had retired 10 years previously after a conflict with the board, was recalled at the age of 41 to captain Australia against India. Jeff Thomson was named deputy in a team that included seven debutants. Australia managed to win the series 3–2, mainly thanks to the batting of Simpson, who scored 539 runs, including two centuries; and the bowling of Wayne Clark (cricketer), Wayne Clark, who took 28 wickets. Australia lost the next series 3–1 against the West Indies, which was fielding a full strength team; and also lost the English cricket team in Australia in 1978–79, 1978–79 Ashes series 5–1, the team's worst Ashes result in Australia. Graham Yallop was named as captain for the Ashes, with Kim Hughes taking over for the 1979–80 tour of India. Rodney Hogg took 41 wickets in his debut series, an Australian record. WSC players returned to the team for the 1979–80 season after a settlement between the ACB and Kerry Packer. Greg Chappell was reinstated as captain. The underarm bowling incident of 1981 occurred when, in an One Day International, ODI against New Zealand, Greg Chappell instructed his brother Trevor Chappell, Trevor to bowl an underarm bowling, underarm delivery to New Zealand batsman Brian McKechnie (sportsman), Brian McKechnie, with New Zealand needing a Six (cricket), six to tie off the last ball. The aftermath of the incident soured political relations between Australia and New Zealand, with several leading political and cricketing figures calling it "unsportsmanlike" and "not in the spirit of cricket". Australia continued its success up until the early 1980s, built around the Chappell brothers, Dennis Lillee, Jeff Thomson and Rod Marsh. The 1980s was a period of relative mediocrity after the turmoil caused by the Rebel tours of South Africa#Australian tours, 1985/86 & 1986/87, Rebel Tours of South Africa and the subsequent retirement of several key players. The rebel tours were funded by the South African Cricket Board to compete against its national side, which had been banned—along with many other sports, including Olympic athletes—from competing internationally, due to the South African government's racist apartheid policies. Some of Australia's best players were poached: Graham Yallop, Carl Rackemann, Terry Alderman, Rodney Hogg, Kim Hughes, John Dyson (cricketer, born 1954), John Dyson, Greg Shipperd, Steve Rixon and Steve Smith (cricketer, born 1961), Steve Smith amongst others. These players were handed three-year suspensions by the Australian Cricket Board which greatly weakened the player pool for the national sides, as most were either current representative players or on the verge of gaining honours.


Golden era

The so-called 'Golden Era' of Australian cricket occurred around the end of the 20th century and the beginning of the 21st century. This was a period in which Australian cricket recovered from the disruption caused by World Series Cricket to create arguably the strongest Test cricket, Test team in history. Under the captaincy of Allan Border and the new fielding standards put in place by new coach Bob Simpson, the team was restructured and gradually rebuilt their cricketing stocks. Some of the rebel players returned to the national side after serving their suspensions, including Trevor Hohns, Carl Rackemann and Terry Alderman. During these lean years, it was the batsmen Border, David Boon, Dean Jones (cricketer), Dean Jones, the young Steve Waugh and the bowling feats of Alderman, Bruce Reid, Craig McDermott, Merv Hughes and to a lesser extent, Geoff Lawson (cricketer), Geoff Lawson who kept the Australian side afloat. With the emergence of players such as Ian Healy, Mark Taylor (cricketer), Mark Taylor, Geoff Marsh, Mark Waugh, and Greg Matthews in the late 1980s, Australia was on the way back from the doldrums. Winning 1989 Ashes series, the Ashes in 1989, the Australians got a roll on beating Pakistani cricket team in Australia in 1989–90, Pakistan, Sri Lankan cricket team in Australia in 1989–90, Sri Lanka and then followed it up with another Ashes win on home soil 1990–91 Ashes series, in 1991. The Australians went on Australian cricket team in West Indies in 1990–91, to the West Indies and had their chances but ended up losing the series. However, they bounced back and beat the Indians in their next Test series. With the retirement of the champion but defensive, Allan Border, a new era of attacking cricket had begun under the leadership of firstly Mark Taylor and then Steve Waugh. The 1990s and early 21st century were arguably Australia's most successful periods, unbeaten in all Ashes series played bar the famous 2005 Ashes series, 2005 series and achieving a hat-trick of Cricket World Cup, World Cups. This success has been attributed to the restructuring of the team and system by Border, successive aggressive captains, and the effectiveness of several key players, most notably Glenn McGrath, Shane Warne, Justin Langer, Matthew Hayden, Steve Waugh, Adam Gilchrist, Michael Hussey and Ricky Ponting.


21st century

Following the 2006–07 Ashes series which Australia won 5 nil, Australia slipped in the rankings after the retirements of key players. In the 2013/14 Ashes series, Australia again defeated England 5 nil and climbed back to third in the ICC International Test rankings. In February/March 2014, Australia beat South Africa national cricket team, South Africa, the number 1 team in the world, 2–1 and overtook them to return to the top of the rankings. In 2015, Australia won the World Cup, losing just one game for the tournament. , Australia are ranked first in the ICC Test Championship, fourth in the ICC ODI Championship and second in the ICC T20I Championship.


2018 ball-tampering incident

On 25 March 2018, during Australian cricket team in South Africa in 2017–18, the third Test match against hosts South Africa; players Cameron Bancroft (cricketer), Cameron Bancroft, Steve Smith (cricketer), Steve Smith, David Warner (cricketer), David Warner and the leadership group of the team were implicated in a ball tampering scandal. Smith and Bancroft admitted to conspiring to alter the condition of the ball by rubbing it with a piece of adhesive tape containing abrasive granules picked up from the ground (it was later revealed that sandpaper was used). Smith stated that the purpose was to gain an advantage by unlawfully changing the ball's aerodynamics#Ball-control in sports, surface in order to generate reverse swing. Bancroft had been filmed tampering with the ball and after being informed he had been caught, he was seen to transfer a yellow object from a pocket to the inside front of his trousers to hide the evidence. Steve Smith and David Warner were stood down as captain and vice-captain during the third Test while head coach, Darren Lehmann was suspected to have assisted Cameron Bancroft to tamper the ball. The International Cricket Council, ICC imposed a one-match ban and 100%-match-fee fine on Smith, while Bancroft was fined 75 per cent of his match fee and received 3 demerit points. Smith and Warner were both stripped of their captaincy roles by Cricket Australia and sent home from the tour (along with Bancroft). Tim Paine was appointed as captain for the fourth Test. Cricket Australia then suspended Smith and Warner from playing for 12 months and Bancroft for 9 months. Smith and Bancroft cannot be considered for leadership roles for 12 months after the suspension, while Warner is banned from leadership of any Cricket Australia team for life. In the aftermath of these events, Darren Lehmann announced his resignation as head coach at the end of the series. On 8 May 2018, Tim Paine was also named as ODI captain and Aaron Finch was reinstated as T20I captain hours later, although Finch replaced Paine as ODI captain after the 5-0 ODI series whitewash in England in June 2018.


Recent history

On 7 October 2018, Australia played their first Test match under new coach Justin Langer and new leadership group, which included Tim Paine as Australia's 46th Test captain. After 1-0 a loss to Pakistan in a two match Australian cricket team in the United Arab Emirates in 2018–19, Test series against Pakistan in the UAE and suffered defeat to India at home in a India cricket team in Australia in 2018–19, four match Test series, they found success against Sri Lanka, winning the Sri Lanka cricket team in Australia in 2018–19, two Test match series 2–0. In 2019, Australia played in the 2019 Cricket World Cup, Cricket World Cup, where they finished second in the group stage before being knocked out by England at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Edgbaston in the semi final. Australia went on to retain the Ashes during the 2019 Ashes series, the first time on English soil since Australian cricket team in England and Ireland in 2001, 2001, by winning the fourth Test at Old Trafford.


International grounds

Australia currently plays International cricket at each of the following grounds:


Team colours

For Test matches, the team wears Cricket Whites, with an optional sweater or sweater-vest with a green and gold V-neck for use in cold weather. The sponsor's (currently Alinta for home matches and Qantas for away matches) logo is displayed on the right side of the chest while the Cricket Australia emblem is displayed on the left. If the sweater is being worn the Cricket Australia emblem is displayed under the V-neck and the sponsor's logo is again displayed on the right side of the chest. The baggy green, the Australian Test cricket cap, is considered an essential part of the cricketing uniform and as a symbol of the national team, with new players being presented with one upon their selection in the team. The cap and the Helmet (cricket), helmet both prominently display the Australian cricketing coat-of-arms instead of the Cricket Australia emblem. At the end of 2011, ASICS was named the manufacturer of the whites and limited over uniforms from Adidas, with the ASICS logo being displayed on the shirt and pants. Players may choose any manufacturer for their other gear (Cricket bat, bat, pads, shoes, gloves, etc.). In One Day International (ODI) cricket and Twenty20 International cricket, the team wears uniforms usually coloured green and gold, the national colours of Australia. There has been a variety of different styles and layouts used in both forms of the limited-overs game, with coloured clothing (sometimes known as "pyjamas") being introduced for World Series Cricket in the late 1970s. The Alinta or Qantas logo is prominently displayed on the shirts and other gears. The current home ODI kit consists of green as the primary colour and gold as the secondary colour. The away kit is the opposite of the home kit with gold as the primary colour and green as the secondary colour. The home Twenty20 kit consists of black with the natural colours of Australia, green and gold strips. However, since Australia beat New Zealand at the MCG in the 2015 Cricket World Cup wearing the gold uniform, it has also become their primary colour, with the hats used being called 'floppy gold', formerly known as 'baggy gold', a limited-overs equivalent to a baggy green. Until the early 2000s and briefly in early 2020, in ODIs, Australia wore yellow helmets, before using green helmets as in test matches. Former suppliers were Asics (1999), ISC (2000–2001), Fila (2002–2003) and Adidas (2004–2010) among others. Before Travelex, some of the former sponsors were Coca-Cola (1993–1998), Fly Emirates (1999) and Carlton & United Breweries (2000–2001).


Squad

This is the list CA released on 30 April 2020. It is all the contracts for the next 12 months from that point. Players who miss out on the initial contract list can be upgraded during the year by earning selection in national teams. Players need to accrue 12 upgrade points to earn a contract, with Tests worth five points, ODIs two points and T20s one point for men, and Tests worth four points and ODIs and T20s two each for women. ''Last updated: 3 January 2021'' *S/N – Shirt number *C – Contracted to Cricket Australia (Y = Holds contract)


Coaching staff


National Selectors Panel


Test match records


Team

*Australia is the most successful Test team in cricketing history. It has won more than 350 Test matches at a rate of almost 47%. The next best performance is by South Africa at 37%. *Australia have been involved in the only two Tied Tests played. The first occurred in December 1960, against the West Indies in Brisbane. The second occurred in September 1986, against India in Madras (Chennai). *Australia's largest victory in a Test match came on 24 February 2002. Australia defeated South Africa by an innings and 360 runs in Johannesburg. *Australia holds the record for the most consecutive wins with 16. This has been achieved twice; from October 1999 to February 2001 and from December 2005 to January 2008. *Australia shares the record for the most consecutive series victories winning 9 series from October 2005 to June 2008. This record is shared with England. *Australia's highest total in a Test match innings was recorded in Kingston, Jamaica against the West Indies in June 1955. Australia posted 758/8 in their first innings, with five players scoring a century. *Australia's lowest total in a Test match innings was recorded in Birmingham against England in May 1902. Australia were bowled all out for 36. *Australia are the only team to have lost a Test match after enforcing the follow-on, having been the losing side in all three such matches: **The first Test in the English cricket team in Australia in 1894–95, 1894–95 Ashes. **The Ian Botham#1981 Ashes Tour: Botham's Ashes, third Test of the Australian cricket team in England in 1981, 1981 Ashes. **The Australian cricket team in India in 2000–01#Second Test, second Test in the Australian cricket team in India in 2000–01, 2000–01 Border-Gavaskar Trophy series against India. *Against India in March 2013, Australia became the first team in Test history to declare in their first innings and then lose by an innings. *In the 2013–14 Ashes series, Australia took all 100 wickets on offer in the 5–0 sweep over England.


Appearances

*Ricky Ponting and Steve Waugh have played in the most Test matches for Australia, both playing in 168 matches.


Batting

*
Charles Bannerman Charles Bannerman (3 July 1851 – 20 August 1930) was an English-born Australia cricket team, Australian cricketer. A right-handed batsman, he represented Australia in three Test cricket, Test matches between 1877 and 1879. At the domestic le ...
faced the first ball in Test cricket, scored the first runs in Test cricket and also scored the first Test century. *Charles Bannerman also scored 67.34% of the Australian first innings total in match 1. This record remains to this day as the highest percentage of a completed innings total that has been scored by a single batsman. *Ricky Ponting has scored the most runs for Australia in Test cricket with 13,378 runs. Allan Border is second with 11,174 runs in 265 innings a record which was broken by Brian Lara during his innings of 226 against Australia while Steve Waugh has 10,927 in 260 innings. *Allan Border was the first Australian batsman to pass 10,000 and the first ever batsman to pass 11,000 Test runs. *Ricky Ponting was the first Australian batsman to pass 12,000 and 13,000 Test runs. *Matthew Hayden holds the record for the most runs in a single innings by an Australian with 380 in the first Test against Zimbabwe national cricket team, Zimbabwe in Perth in October 2003. *Donald Bradman holds the record for the highest average by an Australian (or any other) cricketer of 99.94 runs per dismissal. Bradman played 52 Tests, scoring 29 centuries and a further 13 fifties. *Ricky Ponting holds the record for the most centuries by an Australian cricketer with 41. Former Australian captain Steve Waugh is in second position with 32 centuries from 260 innings. *Allan Border holds the record for the most fifties by an Australian cricketer with 63 in 265 innings. *Adam Gilchrist holds the record for the fastest century by an Australian. *Glenn McGrath holds the record for the most Duck (cricket), ducks by an Australian cricketer with 35 in 138 innings.


Bowling

*Billy Midwinter picked up the first five-wicket haul in a Test innings in match 1. *Fred Spofforth performed Test cricket's first Hat-trick (cricket), hat-trick by dismissing Vernon Royle, Francis McKinnon and Tom Emmett in successive balls. *Fred Spofforth also took the first 10-wicket match haul in Test cricket. *Shane Warne holds the record for the most wickets by an Australian cricketer with 708 wickets in 145 Test matches. *
Arthur Mailey Arthur Alfred Mailey (3 January 188631 December 1967) was an Australian cricketer who played in 21 Test cricket, Test matches between 1920 and 1926. Mailey used leg break, leg-break and googly bowling, taking 99 Test wickets, including 36 in th ...
holds the record for the best bowling figures in an innings by an Australian cricketer with 9/121 against England in February 1921. *Bob Massie holds the record for the best bowling figures in a match by an Australian cricketer with 16/137 against England in June 1972. That was also his first Test match for Australia. *John Ferris (cricketer), J. J. Ferris holds the record for the best bowling average by an Australian bowler, taking 61 wickets at 12.70 in his career. *
Clarrie Grimmett Clarence Victor Grimmett (25 December 1891 – 2 May 1980) was a New Zealand-born Australian cricketer. He is thought by many to be one of the finest early spin bowlers, and usually credited as the developer of the flipper (cricket), flipper. E ...
holds the record for the most wickets in a Test series with 44 against South Africa in 1935–36.


Fielding and wicketkeeping

*Ricky Ponting holds the record for the most catches in a career by an Australian fielder with 196 in 168 matches. *
Jack Blackham John McCarthy Blackham (11 May 1854 – 28 December 1932) was a Test cricketer Cricket is a Bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two teams of eleven players each on a cricket field, field at the centre of which is a cri ...

Jack Blackham
performed the first stumping in Test cricket in match 1. *Adam Gilchrist holds the record for the most dismissals in a career by an Australian wicketkeeper with 416 in 96 matches.


One-Day International records


Team

*Australia's highest total in a One-Day International innings is 434/4, scored off 50 overs against South Africa in Johannesburg on 12 March 2006. This was a world record score before the South Africans later surpassed it in the same match. *Australia's lowest total in a One-Day International innings is 70. This score has occurred twice; once against England in 1977 and once against New Zealand in 1986. *Australia's largest victory in One-Day International cricket is 275 runs. This occurred against Afghanistan national cricket team, Afghanistan at the 2015 Cricket World Cup, 2015 World Cup in Australia. *Australia are the only team in the history of the
World Cup #REDIRECT World cup A world cup is a global sport Sport pertains to any form of Competition, competitive physical activity or game that aims to use, maintain or improve physical ability and skills while providing enjoyment to participant ...
to win 3 consecutive tournaments;
1999 1999 was designated as the International Year of Older PersonsIn its Proclamation on Aging, the United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 1999 as the International Year of Older Persons. The proclamation was launched on 1 October 1 ...
,
2003 2003 was designated the International Year of the Fresh Water Fresh water or freshwater is any naturally occurring liquid or frozen water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids Total dissolved ...
and
2007 2007 was designated as the International Heliophysical YearImage:IHY logo.png, 200px, right The International Heliophysical Year is a United Nations, UN-sponsored scientifically driven international program of scientific collaboration to unde ...
. *Australia went undefeated at the World Cup for a record 34 consecutive matches. After being defeated by Pakistan in
1999 1999 was designated as the International Year of Older PersonsIn its Proclamation on Aging, the United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 1999 as the International Year of Older Persons. The proclamation was launched on 1 October 1 ...
, Australia would remain unbeaten until they were again defeated by Pakistan in
2011 A series of protests and government overthrows, known as the Arab Spring The Arab Spring ( ar, الربيع العربي) was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across much of the Arab worl ...
. *Australia have won the most World Cups – 5.


Appearances

*Ricky Ponting has played in the most One-Day International matches for Australia, playing 395 matches.


Batting

*Ricky Ponting has the most One-Day International runs by an Australian batsman with 13,291. *Ricky Ponting has the most One-Day International centuries by an Australian batsman with 30. *Ricky Ponting has the most One-Day International fifties by an Australian batsman with 82. *Ricky Ponting is the first Australian batsman to pass 10,000 One-Day International runs. *Shane Watson has the highest individual Not out (cricket), not out score in an innings by an Australian batsman with 185Not out (cricket), *. *Shane Watson has hit the most Six (cricket), sixes in a single innings by an Australian player with 15. *Phillip Hughes was the only Australian player to score a century on debut in One-Day International cricket.


Bowling

*Glenn McGrath has the most One-Day International wickets by an Australian bowler with 381. *Glenn McGrath has the best bowling figures by an Australian bowler with 7/15. *Brett Lee has the most five-wicket hauls by an Australian bowler with 9.


Fielding and wicketkeeping

*Ricky Ponting has the most catches taken by an Australian fielder with 154. *Adam Gilchrist has the most dismissals by an Australian wicketkeeper with 470. *Adam Gilchrist has the most catches taken by an Australian wicketkeeper with 416. *Adam Gilchrist has the most stumpings made by an Australian wicketkeeper with 54.


Twenty20 International records


Tournament history

''A red box around the year indicates tournaments played within Australia''


ICC World Cup


ICC T20 World Cup


ICC Champions Trophy


Commonwealth Games


Honours

Cricket World Cup (5):
1987 Events January * January 2 – Chadian–Libyan conflict – Battle of Fada: The Military of Chad, Chadian army destroys a Libyan armoured brigade. * January 3 – Aretha Franklin becomes the first woman inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall o ...
,
1999 1999 was designated as the International Year of Older PersonsIn its Proclamation on Aging, the United Nations General Assembly decided to declare 1999 as the International Year of Older Persons. The proclamation was launched on 1 October 1 ...
,
2003 2003 was designated the International Year of the Fresh Water Fresh water or freshwater is any naturally occurring liquid or frozen water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids Total dissolved ...
,
2007 2007 was designated as the International Heliophysical YearImage:IHY logo.png, 200px, right The International Heliophysical Year is a United Nations, UN-sponsored scientifically driven international program of scientific collaboration to unde ...
,
2015 2015 was designated as: * International Year of Light The International Year of Light and Light-based Technologies 2015 or International Year of Light 2015 (IYL 2015) was a United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovern ...
ICC Champions Trophy The ICC Champions Trophy is a One-Day International (ODI) cricket tournament organised by the International Cricket Council. The 2013 tournament was intended to be the final edition of the Champions Trophy, but it was extended to 2017 due to i ...
(2):
2006 2006 was designated as the International Year of Deserts and Desertification and the International Asperger syndrome, Asperger's Year. Events January * January 1 – Russia cuts the shipment of natural gas to Ukraine over a Russia–U ...
,
2009 2009 was designated as: *International Year of Astronomy 200px, Euro gold and silver commemorative coins (Austria)#2009 Coinage, International Year of Astronomy commemorative coin. The International Year of Astronomy (IYA2009) was a year-l ...


Under the Southern Cross I Stand

The Fight song, team song is "Under the Southern Cross I Stand", which is sung by the players after every victory and "treated with reverential consideration and respect" within the team. The official lyrics are as follows, though when it is sung by the players, the word "little" in the last line is instead replaced by "bloody" or an expletive. :''Under the Southern Cross I Stand'' :''A sprig of wattle in my hand,'' :''A native of my native land,'' :''Australia you little beauty.'' The authorship of this "Under the Southern Cross I Stand" is credited to former wicketkeeper Rod Marsh, who was apparently inspired by Henry Lawson's 1887 poem, "Flag of the Southern Cross". Marsh initially had the role of leading the team in singing it and, on his retirement, passed it on to Allan Border. The other players to have taken on the role are David Boon (when Border took over the captaincy), Ian Healy (on Boon's retirement), Ricky Ponting (on Healy's retirement), Justin Langer (when Ponting took over the captaincy). The role was then passed on to Michael Hussey, who took it on when Langer retired in January 2007. Following Hussey's retirement on 6 January 2013, he announced that he would be handing the duties over to Nathan Lyon.


See also

*Allan Border Medal *Australia A cricket team *Australia national women's cricket team *Australian Cricket Hall of Fame *List of Australia national cricket captains *List of Australia ODI cricketers *List of Australia Test cricketers *List of Australia Test wicket-keepers *List of Australia Twenty20 International cricketers


References


Further reading

*Townsend, Stephen; Osmond, Gary; Murray Phillips, Phillips, Murray G. "Wicked Wikipedia? Communities of Practice, the Production of Knowledge and Australian Sports History." ''International Journal of the History of Sport'' (2013) 30#5 pp 545–559. How Wikipedia covers Australian cricket.


External links

* {{DEFAULTSORT:Australia National Cricket Team 1877 establishments in Australia Australia in international cricket Cricket in Australia Cricket teams in Australia Laureus World Sports Awards winners Men's national sports teams of Australia, Cricket National cricket teams Cricket clubs established in 1877