Arrernte languages"Aranda" is a simplified, Australian English approximation of the traditional pronunciation of the name of ''Arrernte'' . The ancestors of the Arrernte all spoke one or more of the many Arrernte dialects in the Arrernte Dialect continuum, group of languages. Today several are completely or nearly extinct, but a couple of them (especially Eastern or Central Arrernte) are widely spoken and taught in schools. The Arrernte also had a highly developed Arrernte Sign Language, sign language.
CountryThe Arrernte's traditional lands, according to Norman Tindale's estimate, encompassed some . Of their overall territory he writes that they were:-
At Mount Gosse, Mount Zeil, and Mount Heughlin; on the Finke River to Idracowra, Blood Creek, Macumba, Mount Dare, and Andado, and some distance east into the sandhills of the Arunta (Simpson) Desert; northeast to Intea on the lower Hale River, thence north to Ilbala on Plenty River; west to Inilja and Hart Range, Mount Swan, Gillen Creek, Connor Well, and Narwietooma; in Central MacDonnell, James, and Ooraminna Ranges.
Sub-divisionsThe name Arrernte refers to the following distinct groups (or "mobs"): * Central Arrernte, from the township of Alice Springs only. * Eastern Arrernte, from the Arrernte lands east of Alice Springs. * Western Arrarnta, from the Arrernte lands west of Alice Springs, out to Mutitjulu, Northern Territory, Mutitjulu and Kings Canyon (Northern Territory), King's Canyon.
See also* HMAS Arunta * Arrernte language * Veronica Perrule Dobson *Margaret Kemarre Turner ; Spirituality & mythology: * Altjira * Inapertwa * Tjurunga
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