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The Argentine Rugby Union ( es, Unión Argentina de Rugby, abbreviated "UAR") is the governing body for
rugby union in Argentina Rugby union in Argentina is a popular team sport. The first rugby match played in the country dates back to 1873, as the game was introduced by the British British may refer to: Peoples, culture, and language * British people The Briti ...
. It is a member of World Rugby, with a seat on that body's Executive Counci, and a founding member of Sudamérica Rugby. The UAR organises all the national teams, including Argentina national rugby union team, Senior (''Pumas''), Argentina national under-20 rugby union team, U-20 (''Pumitas''), Argentina XV national rugby union team, Argentina XV, Argentina national rugby sevens team, Sevens and Women's squads and the franchise Jaguares (Super Rugby), Jaguares that participates in SANZAAR's Super Rugby competition.


History


Origins

The first rugby match in Argentina was played in 1873, in the Buenos Aires Cricket Club Ground sited in Palermo, Buenos Aires. Only 24 players (all of them were England, English) could meet to contest the match. The teams were named ''Bancos'' ("Banks" in Spanish) and ''Ciudad'' ("City") and formed with 11 and 13 players respectively. That same year, another match was played on the Polo Field of Flores Athletic Club, Flores AC, part of land owned by the Unzué family. The teams were called ''Inglaterra'' ("England") and ''El Mundo'' ("The World"). The first team was formed by Royal Navy officers that were temporarily in Buenos Aires, with the addition of some English citizens who resided in Argentina. Its rival was formed by English, Scottish, Welsh and Irish people plus some Argentine-born players of English descent. On May 14, 1874, the Rugby Football Union Laws of rugby union, rules were adopted to play rugby in Argentina. Those rules were used for the first time during the match contested at Buenos Aires Cricket Club between two teams from that institution. The teams were called ''El bando del Sr. Trench'' ("Mr. Trench's side"), and ''El bando del Sr. Hogg'' ("Mr. Hogg's side"). Nevertheless, other sources say that the first game under the rules of rugby was played on Thursday, 14 May 1874, at David Mathven's country house, in Caballito, Buenos Aires. Buenos Aires FC also played the first inter-provincial rugby game in Argentina, when it faced Club Atlético del Rosario, Rosario AC in the city of Rosario, Santa Fe, Rosario, on 28 June 1886.


First championship organized

In 1899, clubs Belgrano Athletic Club, Belgrano, Club Atlético del Rosario, Rosario, Lomas Athletic Club, Lomas, Buenos Aires Football Club (1886), Buenos Aires and Flores Athletic Club, Flores founded the "River Plate Rugby Union", naming Leslie William Corry-Smith as President. The body organized Torneo de la URBA, the first championship 1899 River Plate Rugby Union Championship, that same year, played by the five founding members. In the inaugural game, Lomas defeated Buenos Aires by 11-4. Lomas would be the first Argentine champion, winning the title at the end of the season. The sport requested affiliation with the International Olympic Committee (COI), who advised them to add Argentina to their name and so they became the "Unión Argentina de Rugby" on 29 November 1951. This body, one of the oldest rugby unions in the world, became a member of the International Rugby Board (IRB) after being invited to the inaugural Rugby World Cup in 1987 Rugby World Cup, 1987. When the rest of the rugby union world went professional in 1995, the UAR decided to keep the game amateur. Also, the Buenos Aires clubs split off the UAR and formed the Unión de Rugby de Buenos Aires (URBA), which has the same status as other provincial unions. Argentine players who opt to go overseas to play professionally (historically in Italy and France, with an increasing number today playing in England) remain eligible for national team selection (although this was not originally the case). As a result, the national team was heavily, though not exclusively, made up of European-based players. In 2016, the UAR formed the Jaguares (Super Rugby), Jaguares team to compete in the Super Rugby competition. Also, it established a policy of selecting Pumas players from Super Rugby teams only, thereby excluding players from European clubs.


National team

The first national team (under the name "The River Plate Rugby Football Union") made its debut against the British and Irish Lions, British Lions (named "Combined British") when they 1910 British Lions tour to Argentina, toured Argentina in 1910 as part of the celebrations for the 100th anniversary of the Revolución de Mayo. The match was played on 12 June and the Argentina side lost 28-3."De festejo también, pero por el Centenario" by Jorge Búsico
''La Nación'', 27 May 2010


The Rugby Championship

Argentina national rugby union team, Argentina officially joined The Rugby Championship following a meeting in Buenos Aires on November 23, 2011. They became a full member of SANZAAR, the body which operates Super Rugby and The Rugby Championship competitions in rugby union, from the start of 2016.


Names

The Union had different names over the years. Them are detailed below: * River Plate Rugby Union (1899–31) * Unión de Rugby del Río de la Plata (1931–51) * Unión Argentina de Rugby (1951–present)


Structure

Regional Unions affiliated to Unión Argentina:


Ranking

Argentina's world rugby ranking ImageSize = width:1000 height:150 PlotArea = left:20 right:10 top:10 bottom:20 TimeAxis = orientation:horizontal AlignBars = justify Colors = id:gray1 value:gray(0.7) DateFormat = dd/mm/yyyy Period = from:01/01/2003 till:31/12/2012 ScaleMajor = grid:black unit:year increment:1 start:01/01/2003 PlotData = bar: 1º color:gray1 width:1 from:start till:end bar: 2º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 3º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 4º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 5º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 6º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 7º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 8º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 9º color:gray1 from:start till:end bar: 10º color:gray1 from:start till:end LineData = layer:front from:20/10/2003 till:26/07/2004 atpos:60 color:blue at:26/07/2004 frompos:47 tillpos:59 color:blue from:26/07/2004 till:12/12/2004 atpos:47 color:blue at:12/12/2004 frompos:47 tillpos:59 color:blue from:13/12/2004 till:22/02/2005 atpos:60 color:blue at:22/02/2005 frompos:48 tillpos:59 color:blue from:23/02/2005 till:05/02/2006 atpos:47 color:blue at:05/02/2006 frompos:33 tillpos:46 color:blue from:06/02/2006 till:19/06/2006 atpos:32 color:blue at:19/06/2006 frompos:33 tillpos:46 color:blue from:19/06/2006 till:06/11/2006 atpos:47 color:blue at:06/11/2006 frompos:33 tillpos:45 color:blue from:06/11/2006 till:13/11/2006 atpos:32 color:blue at:13/11/2006 frompos:33 tillpos:71 color:blue from:13/11/2006 till:20/11/2006 atpos:72 color:blue at:20/11/2006 frompos:61 tillpos:71 color:blue from:20/11/2006 till:27/11/2006 atpos:60 color:blue at:27/11/2006 frompos:61 tillpos:71 color:blue from:27/11/2006 till:05/02/2007 atpos:72 color:blue at:05/02/2007 frompos:62 tillpos:71 color:blue from:05/02/2007 till:26/02/2007 atpos:60 color:blue at:26/02/2007 frompos:61 tillpos:71 color:blue from:26/02/2007 till:13/08/2007 atpos:72 color:blue at:13/08/2007 frompos:73 tillpos:85 color:blue from:13/08/2007 till:20/08/2007 atpos:87 color:blue at:20/08/2007 frompos:71 tillpos:85 color:blue from:20/08/2007 till:10/09/2007 atpos:72 color:blue at:10/09/2007 frompos:74 tillpos:99 color:blue from:10/09/2007 till:15/10/2007 atpos:100 color:blue at:15/10/2007 frompos:73 tillpos:98 color:blue from:15/10/2007 till:22/10/2007 atpos:72 color:blue at:22/10/2007 frompos:73 tillpos:112 color:blue from:22/10/2007 till:30/06/2008 atpos:112 color:blue at:30/06/2008 frompos:112 tillpos:101 color:blue from:30/06/2008 till:09/02/2009 atpos:100 color:blue at:09/02/2009 frompos:98 tillpos:87 color:blue from:09/02/2009 till:07/12/2009 atpos:87 color:blue at:07/12/2009 frompos:85 tillpos:62 color:blue from:07/12/2009 till:15/03/2010 atpos:60 color:blue at:15/03/2010 frompos:59 tillpos:72 color:blue from:15/03/2010 till:28/06/2010 atpos:72 color:blue at:28/06/2010 frompos:71 tillpos:49 color:blue from:28/06/2010 till:03/10/2011 atpos:47 color:blue at:03/10/2011 frompos:47 tillpos:60 color:blue from:03/10/2011 till:25/06/2012 atpos:60 color:blue at:25/06/2012 frompos:59 tillpos:47 color:blue from:25/06/2012 till:31/12/2012 atpos:47 color:blue
''Source: World Rugby - Updated to 06/30/2008World Rugby Rankings: Full world rankings
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See also

* Argentina national rugby union team * Argentina XV national rugby union team, Jaguares (Argentina XV) * Jaguares (Super Rugby) * Pampas XV * South American jaguar#Cultural significance, Cultural significance of the jaguar in South America


References


External links

* {{Sports governing bodies in Argentina Rugby union governing bodies in South America, A Rugby union governing bodies in Argentina, U World Rugby members Sports organizations established in 1899 1899 establishments in Argentina