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Antonov State Enterprise ( uk, Державне підприємство "Антонов"), formerly the Aeronautical Scientific-Technical Complex named Antonov (Antonov ASTC) ( uk, Авіаційний науково-технічний комплекс імені Антонова, (АНТК ім. Антонова)), and earlier the Antonov Design Bureau, is a
Ukrainian Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine * Something relating to Ukrainians an East Slavic people from Eastern Europe * Something relating to Demographics of Ukraine, in terms of demography: population of Ukraine * Somethi ...

Ukrainian
aircraft manufacturing and services company. Antonov's particular expertise is in the fields of very large aeroplanes and aeroplanes using unprepared
runway According to the International Civil Aviation Organization The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is a specialized and funding agency of the United Nations The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organ ...

runway
s. Antonov (model prefix "An-") has built a total of approximately 22,000 aircraft, and thousands of its planes are currently operating in the
former Soviet Union The post-Soviet states, also known as the former Soviet Union (FSU), the former Soviet Republics and in Russia as the near abroad (russian: links=no, ближнее зарубежье, blizhneye zarubezhye), are the 15 sovereign state A sovere ...
and in
developing countries A developing country is a sovereign state with a less developed Industrial sector, industrial base and a low Human Development Index (HDI) relative to other countries. However, this definition is not universally agreed upon. There is also no ...

developing countries
. Antonov StC is a state-owned commercial company. Its headquarters and main industrial grounds were originally located in
Novosibirsk Novosibirsk (, also ; rus, Новосиби́рск, p=nəvəsʲɪˈbʲirsk, a=ru-Новосибирск.ogg) is the largest city and administrative centre of Novosibirsk Oblast and Siberian Federal District in Russia. It has a population of&n ...
, and in 1952 were transferred to
Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
. On 12 May 2015 it was transferred from the
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade
Ministry of Economic Development and Trade
to the
Ukroboronprom , type = State-owned enterprise , location = , industry = Conglomerate: Arms Industry, Defense industry , predecessor = , founded = , founder = , hq_location_city = Kyiv , hq_location_country = Ukraine , num_locations = , num_location ...
(Ukrainian Defense Industry). In June 2016, Ukraine's major state-owned arms manufacturer
Ukroboronprom , type = State-owned enterprise , location = , industry = Conglomerate: Arms Industry, Defense industry , predecessor = , founded = , founder = , hq_location_city = Kyiv , hq_location_country = Ukraine , num_locations = , num_location ...
announced the creation of the
Ukrainian Aircraft Corporation Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the List of European countries by area, second-largest country by area in Europe after Russia, ...
within its structure, to combine all aircraft manufacturing enterprises in Ukraine.


History


Soviet era


Foundation and relocation

The company was established in 1946 at the
Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association JSC Novosibirsk Aircraft Production Association Plant named after V.P. Chkalov (NAPO) is one of the largest aerospace manufacturer Aerospace is a term used to collectively refer to the atmosphere An atmosphere (from the greek words ἀτμ ...
as the top-secret Soviet Research and Design Bureau No. 153 (OKB-153). It was headed by Oleg Antonov and specialised in
turboprop A turboprop engine is a turbine engine A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous Continuity or continuous may refer to: Mathematics * Continuity (mathematics), the opposing concept to discreteness; common ex ...

turboprop
military transport aircraft A military transport aircraft, military cargo aircraft or airlifter is a military-owned transport aircraftTransport aircraft is a broad category of aircraft that includes: * Airliner An airliner is a type of aircraft An aircraft is ...
. The task was to create an
agricultural aircraft An agricultural aircraft is an aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the force of gravity by using either Buoyancy, static lift or by using the Lift ...
CX-1 (An-2), the first flight of which occurred on August 31, 1947. The
An-2 biplane
An-2 biplane
was a major achievement of this period, with hundreds of these aircraft still operating as of 2013. In addition to this biplane and its modifications, a small series of gliders A-9 and A-10 were created and built in the pilot production in
Novosibirsk Novosibirsk (, also ; rus, Новосиби́рск, p=nəvəsʲɪˈbʲirsk, a=ru-Новосибирск.ogg) is the largest city and administrative centre of Novosibirsk Oblast and Siberian Federal District in Russia. It has a population of&n ...
. In 1952, the Bureau was relocated to
Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
, a city with a rich
aviation Aviation is the activities surrounding mechanical flight and the aircraft industry. ''Aircraft'' includes airplane, fixed-wing and helicopter, rotary-wing types, morphable wings, wing-less lifting bodies, as well as aerostat, lighter-than-air ...
history and an aircraft-manufacturing infrastructure restored after the destruction caused by
World War II World War II or the Second World War, often abbreviated as WWII or WW2, was a global war A world war is "a war War is an intense armed conflict between states State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literatur ...
.


First serial aircraft and expansion

The 1957 introduction of the An-10/
An-12 The Antonov An-12 (Russian language, Russian: Антонов Ан-12; NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop Cargo aircraft, transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. It is the military version of the Antonov An-10 and has ...
family of mid-range turboprop aeroplanes began the successful production of thousands of these aircraft. Their use for both heavy combat and civilian purposes around the globe continues to the present; the An-10/
An-12 The Antonov An-12 (Russian language, Russian: Антонов Ан-12; NATO reporting name: Cub) is a four-engined turboprop Cargo aircraft, transport aircraft designed in the Soviet Union. It is the military version of the Antonov An-10 and has ...
were used most notably in the
Vietnam War {{Infobox military conflict , conflict = Vietnam War , partof = the Indochina Wars The Indochina Wars ( vi, Chiến tranh Đông Dương) were a series of wars fought in Southeast Asia Southeast Asia, also spelled ...
, the
Soviet–Afghan War The Soviet–Afghan War was a conflict wherein insurgent groups known collectively as the Mujahideen ''Mujahideen'', or ''Mujahidin'' ( ar, مُجَاهِدِين, mujāhidīn), is the plural form of ''mujahid'' ( ar, مجاهد, mujā ...
and the Chernobyl disaster relief megaoperation. In 1959, the bureau began construction of the separate Flight Testing and Improvement Base in suburban
Hostomel Hostomel ( uk, Гостомель) or Gostomel (russian: Гостомель) is a town in Ukraine's Kyiv Oblast, north-western suburb to the capital city, capital city of Kyiv. Administratively, it is subordinated to Irpin Municipality. Its popul ...
(now the Antonov Airport). In 1965, the
Antonov An-22 The Antonov An-22 "Antei" (, ''An-22 Antej''; English '' Antaeus'') (NATO reporting name "Cock") is a heavy military transport aircraft designed by the Antonov Design Bureau in the Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of So ...
heavy military transport entered serial production to supplement the An-12 in major military and humanitarian
airlift An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel Employment is the relationship between two party (law), parties, usually based on a employment contract, contract where work is paid for, where one party, which may be a cor ...

airlift
s by the Soviet Union. The model became the first Soviet
wide-body aircraft A wide-body aircraft, also known as a twin-aisle aircraft, is an airliner An airliner is a type of aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle or machine that is able to fly Flies are insect Insects or Insecta (from Latin Latin (, ...
, and it remains the world's largest turboprop-powered aircraft. Antonov designed and presented a
nuclear-powered Nuclear power is the use of nuclear reaction In nuclear physics Nuclear physics is the field of physics that studies atomic nuclei and their constituents and interactions. Other forms of nuclear matter are also studied. Nuclear physics sh ...
version of the An-22. It was never flight tested. In 1966, after the major expansion in the
Sviatoshyn Sviatoshyn ( uk, Свято́шин, Svjatóshin, ; also or ) is a Subdivisions of Kyiv#Historical neighborhoods, historical neighborhood and a suburb of Ukraine's capital city, capital Kyiv that is located on the western edge of the city area, in ...
neighbourhood of the city, the company was renamed to another disguise name: "Kyiv Mechanical Plant". Two independent aircraft production and repair facilities, under engineering-supervision of the Antonov Bureau, also appeared in Kyiv during this period.


Prominence and Antonov's retirement

In the 1970s and early 1980s, the company established itself as the Soviet Union's main designer of military transport aircraft with dozens of new modifications in development and production. After Oleg Antonov's death in 1984, the company was officially renamed as the Research and Design Bureau named after O.K. Antonov (russian: link=no, Опытно-конструкторское бюро имени О.К. Антонова) while continuing the use of "Kyiv Mechanical Plant" alias for some purposes.


Late Soviet-era: superlarge projects and first commercialisation

In the late 1980s, the Antonov Bureau achieved global prominence after the introduction of its extra large aeroplanes. The (1982) became the Soviet Union's mass-produced strategic airlifter under the leadership of Chief Designer
Viktor Tolmachev Tolmachev was chief designer of the Antonov An-124 plane Viktor Tolmachev (11 August 1934 – 7 June 2018) was a Russian engineer. He was a member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences The Russian Academy of Natural Sciences (Russian lang ...
. The Bureau enlarged the "Ruslan" design even more for the Soviet spaceplane programme logistics, creating the An-225 "Mriya" in 1989. "Mriya" is still the world's largest and heaviest aeroplane. The end of the
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
and
perestroika Perestroika (; russian: links=no, перестройка, p=pʲɪrʲɪˈstrojkə, a=ru-perestroika.ogg) was a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union The Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) ...
allowed the Antonov company's first step to commercialisation and foreign expansion. In 1989, the
Antonov Airlines Antonov Airlines is a Ukrainian Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine * Something relating to Ukrainians an East Slavic people from Eastern Europe * Something relating to Demographics of Ukraine, in terms of demography ...
subsidiary was created for its own aircraft maintenance and
cargo In economics, the word cargo refers in particular to goods or produce being conveyed—generally for Commerce, commercial gain—by water, air or land. "Freight" is the money paid to carry cargo. ''Cargo'' was originally a shipload. Cargo ...
projects.


Independent Ukraine

Antonov Design Bureau remained a state-owned company after
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
achieved its independence in 1991 and is since regarded as a strategic national asset.


Expansion to free market

Since independence, Antonov has certified and marketed both Soviet-era and newly developed models for sale in new markets outside of the former soviet-sphere of influence. New models introduced to serial production and delivered to customers include the
Antonov An-140 The Antonov An-140 is a turboprop regional airliner, designed by the Ukraine, Ukrainian Antonov ASTC bureau as a successor to the Antonov An-24, with extended cargo capacity and the ability to use unprepared airstrips. Design and development Fir ...
,
Antonov An-148 The Antonov An-148 ( ua, Антонов Ан-148) is a regional jet designed and built by Antonov of Ukraine. Development of the aircraft was started in the 1990s, and its maiden flight took place on 17 December 2004. The aircraft completed i ...

Antonov An-148
and
regional airliner A regional airliner or a feederliner is a small airliner that is designed to fly up to 100 passengers on short-haul flights, usually feeding larger carriers' airline hubs from small markets. This class of airliners is typically flown by the reg ...
s. Among several modernisation projects, Antonov received orders for upgrading "hundreds" of its legendary
An-2 The Antonov An-2 (Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (росс ...

An-2
utility planes still in operation in
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan (, ; az, Azərbaycan ), officially the Republic of Azerbaijan ( az, Azərbaycan Respublikası ), is a country in the Transcaucasia, Caucasus region of Eurasia. Located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, it is boun ...

Azerbaijan
,
Cuba Cuba ( , ), officially the Republic of Cuba ( es, República de Cuba, links=no ), is a country comprising the island of Cuba, as well as Isla de la Juventud Isla de la Juventud (; en, Isle of Youth) is the second-largest Cuban islan ...

Cuba
and Russia to the An-2-100 upgrade version. In 2014, following the annexation of the Crimea by Russia, Ukraine cancelled contracts with Russia, leading to a significant income reduction in Ukraine's defense and aviation industries. However Ukraine has been slowly recovering the deficit from breaking ties with Russia by entering new markets and expanding its presence in old ones such as
India India, officially the Republic of India (Hindi Hindi (Devanagari: , हिंदी, ISO 15919, ISO: ), or more precisely Modern Standard Hindi (Devanagari: , ISO 15919, ISO: ), is an Indo-Aryan language spoken chiefly in Hindi Belt, ...

India
. In July 2018 Antonov was able to secure a deal with Boeing in order to procure airplane parts which were no longer available due to breakdown of relations with Russia.


Production facilities' consolidation

During the
Soviet period The history of Soviet Russia and the Soviet Union reflects a period of change for both Russia and the world. Though the terms " Soviet Russia" and "Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR), ...
, not all Antonov-designed
aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphere of Earth, air. It counters the force of gravity by using either Buoyancy, static lift or by using the Lift (force), dynamic lift of an airfoil, or in ...

aircraft
were manufactured by the company itself. This was a result of Soviet industrial strategy that split military production between different regions of the
Soviet Union The Soviet Union,. officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. (USSR),. was a that spanned during its existence from 1922 to 1991. It was nominally a of multiple national ; in practice and were highly until its final years. The ...
to minimise potential war loss risks. As a result, Antonov aeroplanes were often assembled by the specialist
contract manufacturer A contract manufacturer (CM) is a manufacturer that contracts with a firm for components or products (in which case it is a turnkey supplier). It is a form of outsourcing Outsourcing is an agreement in which one company hires another company to b ...
s. In 2009, the once-independent "
Aviant Antonov serial production plant ( uk, italic=yes, Серійний завод «Антонов»), formerly AVIANT ( uk, АВІАНТ), is an aircraft An aircraft is a vehicle that is able to flight, fly by gaining support from the Atmosphe ...
" aeroplane-assembling plant in
Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
became part of Antonov, facilitating a full serial manufacturing cycle of the company. However, the old tradition of co-manufacturing with contractors is continued, both with Soviet-time partners and with new licensees like
Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subregion is a part of a larger regio ...

Iran
's
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA), ( fa, شرکت صنایع هواپیماسازی ایران — هسا) or Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation, is an Iranian aircraft production company. Established in 1976, ...
. In 2014, the Antonov produced and delivered only two An-158 airplanes. This trend continued onto 2015, producing one
An-148 The Antonov An-148 ( ua, Антонов Ан-148) is a regional jet designed and built by Antonov of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraina, ) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the List of European countries by area, second-l ...
and one An-158. In 2016, no aircraft were produced or delivered to clients, though the company has plans to start up production in 2017. In June 2016, Ukraine's major state-owned arms manufacturer
Ukroboronprom , type = State-owned enterprise , location = , industry = Conglomerate: Arms Industry, Defense industry , predecessor = , founded = , founder = , hq_location_city = Kyiv , hq_location_country = Ukraine , num_locations = , num_location ...
announced the creation of the
Ukrainian Aircraft Corporation Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in Eastern Europe. It is the List of European countries by area, second-largest country by area in Europe after Russia, ...
within its structure, thereby combining all aircraft manufacturing enterprises, including the assets of Antonov into a single cluster, according to Ukroboronprom's press service. On 19 July 2017, the Ukrainian government approved the liquidation of Antonov's assets, starting with closing down three factories in Kyiv and Kharkiv. The State Concern "Antonov" (a business group, created in 2005 from the merger of several legally independent companies into a single economic entity under unified management) will be liquidated as a residual corporate entity. Antonov State Company, Kharkiv State Aviation Manufacturing Enterprise and Plant No.410 of Civil Aviation were transferred under the management of another state-owned concern Ukroboronprom in 2015. Antonov State Company continues to function as an enterprise.


Composition

*
Antonov Serial Production Plant Antonov serial production plant ( uk, italic=yes, Серійний завод «Антонов»), formerly AVIANT ( uk, АВІАНТ), is an aircraft manufacturing company in Kyiv, Ukraine, the serial manufacturing division of the Antonov. “Anto ...
(formerly Kyiv Aviation Factory "Aviant") –
Kyiv Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...
* Kharkiv Aviation Factory
Kharkiv Kharkiv ( uk, Харкі́в, ), also known as Kharkov (russian: Харькoв), is the second-largest city A city is a large .Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1 ...

Kharkiv
*Antonov – Kyiv * Civil Aviation Factory 441 – Kyiv


Airfields

*
Sviatoshyn Airfield Sviatoshyn Airfield (Ukrainian language, Ukrainian Аеродром «Святошин»), formerly known as ''Svyatoshino'', is an industrial airfield in Kyiv, Ukraine, located 11 km northwest of city center. It is a part of the Antonov Seria ...
, Aviant factory in Kyiv *
Hostomel Airport Antonov Airport ( uk, аеропорт «Антонов» ), also known as Hostomel (or Gostomel) Airport ( uk, аеропорт «Гостомель») is an international Cargo aircraft, cargo airport and testing facility in Ukraine, located ne ...
, freight airport in
Hostomel Hostomel ( uk, Гостомель) or Gostomel (russian: Гостомель) is a town in Ukraine's Kyiv Oblast, north-western suburb to the capital city, capital city of Kyiv. Administratively, it is subordinated to Irpin Municipality. Its popul ...


Products and activities

Fields of commercial activity of Antonov ASTC include: * Aircraft design and manufacturing * Cargo air transport (
Antonov Airlines Antonov Airlines is a Ukrainian Ukrainian may refer to: * Something of, from, or related to Ukraine * Something relating to Ukrainians an East Slavic people from Eastern Europe * Something relating to Demographics of Ukraine, in terms of demography ...
) * Aircraft maintenance, testing, certification and upgrading * Aerospace-related research and engineering ** "Aerial Launch": a joint Russian-Ukrainian project of midair
spacecraft A spacecraft is a vehicle or machine designed to fly in outer space. A type of artificial satellite alt=, A full-size model of the Earth observation satellite ERS 2 ">ERS_2.html" ;"title="Earth observation satellite ERS 2">Earth obse ...

spacecraft
space launch Space launch is the earliest part of a flight Flight or flying is the process by which an object (physics), object motion (physics), moves through a space without contacting any planetary surface, either within an atmosphere (i.e. air flight ...

space launch
from aboard a modified version of the
An-225 The Antonov An-225 Mriya ( uk, Антонов Ан-225 Мрія, lit=dream' or 'inspiration; NATO reporting name NATO reporting names are code names for military equipment from Russia Russia (russian: link=no, Россия, , ), or the ...
. * Operation of the Hostomel airport (Antonov Airport) *
Medium-capacity rail transport system – Kelana Jaya Line – Wenhu Line A medium-capacity system (MCS), also known as light rapid transit or light metro, is a rail transport system with a capacity greater than light rail, but less than typical heavy-rail rapid transit R ...
RADAN * Construction of LT-10A
tram A tram (also known as a streetcar or trolley in North America) is a train that runs on tramway track Tramway track is used on tramways or light rail operations. Groove (engineering), Grooved rails (or Rail profile#Grooved rail, girder ...

tram
s (with aluminium body) * Construction and manufacturing of Kiev-12
trolley bus A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tramin the 1910s and 1920sJoyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). ''British Trolleybus Systems'', pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing Ian All ...

trolley bus
es (a spin-off, using existing technical expertise).


Major contractors and partners


Contract and licensee manufacturers

*
Tashkent Aviation Production Association , type = Open joint-stock company , location = , industry = , founded = , founder = , fate = Taken over in 2015 , hq_location_city = Tashkent , hq_location_country = Uzbekistan , area_served = Asia , key_people = Isokov Za ...
(formerly Tashkent State Aviation Plant) –
Tashkent russian: Ташкент , other_name = , settlement_type = Capital city, Capital , image_skyline = , image_caption = Clockwise from top: Skyline of Tashkent, Hilton ...
, Uzbekistan *
Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industrial Company (HESA), ( fa, شرکت صنایع هواپیماسازی ایران — هسا) or Iran Aircraft Manufacturing Industries Corporation, is an Iranian aircraft production company. Established in 1976, ...
(HESA) –
Shahin Shahr Shahin Shahr ( fa, شاهين شهر،شایین شهر, also Romanized as Shāhīn Shahr) is a city and capital of Shahin Shahr and Meymeh County, Isfahan Province, Iran. At the 2016 census, its population was 173,329 in 35,827 families. Shahin S ...
, Iran *
Voronezh Aircraft Production Association Voronezh Aircraft Production Association (VASO) is one of the largest aircraft production plants in Russia. History Founded in 1932 in aviation, 1932 in Voronezh (as Voronezh Aviation Plant, branch registry number 18). In 2007, VASO became part ...
(VASO) –
Voronezh Voronezh ( rus, links=no, Воронеж, p=vɐˈronʲɪʂ}) is a city and the administrative centreAn administrative centre is a seat of regional administration or local government Local government is a generic term for the lowest tiers of p ...

Voronezh
, Russia


Chief designers

* Oleg Antonov: 1946–1984 * Petro Balabuiev: 1984–2005 * Dmytro Kiva: since 2005


Aircraft

Antonov's aeroplanes (design office prefix An) range from the rugged
An-2 The Antonov An-2 (Russian Russian refers to anything related to Russia, including: *Russians (русские, ''russkiye''), an ethnic group of the East Slavic peoples, primarily living in Russia and neighboring countries *Rossiyane (росс ...

An-2
biplane A biplane is a fixed-wing aircraft A fixed-wing aircraft is a heavier-than-air flying machine Early flying machines include all forms of aircraft studied or constructed before the development of the modern aeroplane by 1910. The story ...

biplane
through the reconnaissance aircraft to the massive and An-225 Mriya
strategic airlift An airlift is the organized delivery of supplies or personnel primarily via military transport aircraft. Airlifting consists of two distinct types: strategic and tactical. Typically, strategic airlifting involves moving material long dista ...
ers (the latter being the world's heaviest aircraft with only one currently in service). Whilst less famous, the
An-24 The Antonov An-24 (Russian language, Russian/Ukrainian language, Ukrainian: Антонов Ан-24) (NATO reporting name: Coke) is a 44-seat twin turboprop transport/passenger aircraft designed in 1957 in the Soviet Union by the Antonov, Antono ...

An-24
,
An-26 The Antonov An-26 ( NATO reporting name: Curl) is a twin-engined turboprop A turboprop engine is a turbine engine that drives an aircraft Propeller (aeronautics), propeller. A turboprop consists of an intake, reduction gearbox, gas compresso ...

An-26
,
An-30 The Antonov An-30 ( NATO reporting name: Clank), is a development of the An-24 designed for aerial cartography Cartography (; from Greek χάρτης ''chartēs'', "papyrus, sheet of paper, map"; and γράφειν ''graphein'', "write") i ...

An-30
and
An-32 The Antonov An-32 (NATO reporting name: Cline) is a turboprop twin-engined military transport aircraft. Design and development The An-32 is essentially a re-engined Antonov An-26, An-26. It is designed to withstand adverse weather conditions bet ...
family of twin
turboprop A turboprop engine is a turbine engine A gas turbine, also called a combustion turbine, is a type of continuous Continuity or continuous may refer to: Mathematics * Continuity (mathematics), the opposing concept to discreteness; common ex ...

turboprop
, high winged, passenger/cargo/troop transport aircraft are important for domestic/short-haul air services particularly in parts of the world once led by communist governments. The An-72/An-74 series of small jetliners is slowly replacing that fleet, and a larger An-70 freighter is under certification. The
Antonov An-148 The Antonov An-148 ( ua, Антонов Ан-148) is a regional jet designed and built by Antonov of Ukraine. Development of the aircraft was started in the 1990s, and its maiden flight took place on 17 December 2004. The aircraft completed i ...

Antonov An-148
is a new
regional airliner A regional airliner or a feederliner is a small airliner that is designed to fly up to 100 passengers on short-haul flights, usually feeding larger carriers' airline hubs from small markets. This class of airliners is typically flown by the reg ...
of twin-turbofan configuration. Over 150 aircraft have been ordered since 2007. A stretched version is in development, the An-158 (from 60–70 to 90–100 passengers). The
Antonov/Taqnia An-132 The Antonov/Taqnia An-132 was an improved version of the Antonov An-32 twin-engined turboprop military transport aircraft being developed jointly by Saudi Arabia and Ukraine. It was cancelled in April 2019. Design and development The An-132 ...
is a twin-engined turboprop under development as of 2018.


Gliders


See also

*
List of military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the CIS This list of the military aircraft of the Soviet Union and the Commonwealth of Independent States The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS; russian: Содружество Независимых Государств, СНГ, translit=Sodruz ...


References


Further reading

* MacFarquhar, Neil.
Aviation Giant Is Nearly Grounded in Ukraine
" ''
The New York Times ''The New York Times'' is an American daily newspaper based in New York City with a worldwide readership. Founded in 1851, the ''Times'' has since won List of Pulitzer Prizes awarded to The New York Times, 132 Pulitzer Prizes, the most of a ...

The New York Times
''. 12 October 2014. Corrected on 12 October 2014.


External links


Antonov company site

Antonov company site
{{Antonov aircraft Defence companies of Ukraine Manufacturing companies based in Kyiv Aircraft manufacturers of the Soviet Union Aircraft manufacturers of Ukraine Ukrainian brands 1946 establishments in Ukraine Technology companies established in 1946 Manufacturing companies established in 1946 Vehicle manufacturing companies established in 1946 Ukrainian companies established in 1946 Bus manufacturers of Ukraine Design bureaus