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An animated series is a set of
animated Animation is a method in which figures Figure may refer to: General *A shape, drawing, depiction, or geometric configuration *Figure (wood), wood appearance *Figure (music), distinguished from musical motif *Noise figure, in telecommunication ...

animated
works with a common series title, usually related to one another. These
episode An episode is a narrative unit within a larger drama Drama is the specific Mode (literature), mode of fiction Mimesis, represented in performance: a Play (theatre), play, opera, mime, ballet, etc., performed in a theatre, or on Radio dram ...
s should typically share the same main characters, some different secondary characters and a basic theme. Series can have either a finite number of episodes like a
miniseries A miniseries, or mini-series, is a television series upright=1.35, A live television show set and cameras A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a television set which can be broadcast via over-the- ...
, a definite end, or be open-ended, without a predetermined number of episodes. They can be broadcast on
television Television, sometimes shortened to TV or telly, is a telecommunication Telecommunication is the transmission of information by various types of technologies over wire A wire is a single usually cylindrical A cylinder (from Gre ...

television
, shown in
movie theatre A movie theater (American English), cinema (British English), or cinema hall (Indian English), also known as a picture house, the pictures, picture theater, the silver screen, or the movies, is a building that contains auditoria for viewing ...
s, released
direct-to-video Direct-to-video or straight-to-video refers to the release Release may refer to: * Film release, the public distribution of a film * Legal release, a legal instrument * News release, a communication directed at the news media * Release (ISUP), a ...
or on the
internet The Internet (or internet) is the global system of interconnected computer networks that uses the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to communicate between networks and devices. It is a ''internetworking, network of networks'' that consist ...

internet
. Like animated films, animated series can be of a wide variety of
genres Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode (written, spoken, digital, artistic, etc.) with socially-agreed-upon conventions developed over time. In popular usage, it normally describes a Category of being, category of literature, ...
and can also have different
demographic Demography (from prefix ''demo-'' from Ancient Greek Ancient Greek includes the forms of the Greek language used in ancient Greece and the classical antiquity, ancient world from around 1500 BC to 300 BC. It is often roughly divided ...

demographic
target audience A target audience is the intended audience An audience is a group of people who participate in a show or encounter a work of art A work of art, artwork, art piece, piece of art or art object is an artistic creation of aesthetic Aesthet ...
s, from
male Male (symbol: ♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete (sex cell) known as sperm, which fuses with the larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of fertilization. A male organism cannot sexual reproduction, reproduce sexually ...

male
s to
female Female (symbol: ♀) is the sex Sex is either of two divisions, typically male Male (♂) is the sex of an organism that produces the gamete known as sperm. A male gamete can fuse with a larger female gamete, or ovum, in the process of ...

female
s ranging
children Biologically, a child (plural children) is a being between the stages of and , or between the of and puberty. The legal definition of ''child'' generally refers to a , otherwise known as a person younger than the . Children generally have ...

children
to
adults Biologically Biology is the natural science that studies life and living organisms, including their anatomy, physical structure, Biochemistry, chemical processes, Molecular biology, molecular interactions, Physiology, physiological mechan ...
.


Television

Animated
television series upright=1.35, A live television show set and cameras A television show – or simply TV show – is any content produced for viewing on a television set A Sony Wega CRT television set A television set or television receiver, more commonly c ...
are regularly presented and can appear as much as up to once a week or daily during a prescribed
time slot Broadcast programming is the practice of organizing and/or ordering (scheduling) of broadcast Broadcasting is the distribution (business), distribution of sound, audio or video content to a dispersed audience via any electronic medium (commun ...
. The time slot may vary including morning, like
saturday-morning cartoon "Saturday-morning cartoon" is a colloquial term for the original animated series programming that was typically scheduled on Saturday and Sunday mornings in the United States on the Big Three television networks, "Big Three" television networks. Th ...
s, prime time, like prime time cartoons, to late night, like
late night anime In Japan, refers to anime is Traditional animation, hand-drawn and computer animation originating from Japan. In Japan and in Japanese, (a term derived from the English language, English word ''animation'') describes all animated works, r ...
. They may also be broadcast on weekdays (
weekday cartoon A weekday cartoon is the colloquial term for the animated series An animated series is a set of animated Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or pai ...
s) or only on weekends. The duration of each episode varies depending on the series. Traditionally, series are produced as complete half-hour or nearly half-hour programs; however, many are produced as animated
shorts Shorts are a garment worn over the human pelvis, pelvic area, circling the waist and splitting to cover the upper part of the legs, sometimes extending down to the knees but not covering the entire length of the leg. They are called "shorts" b ...
of 10–11 minutes, which can then paired with other shorts to fill a set time period. If on television 15-20 minutes based on commercial time. A full half hour would cut into advertisement time frames. Note that Netflix and other streaming companies that don't show commercials may require a full 30 minute cartoon the length depends on the company that airs the cartoon. There are also some short series with a length of approximately five minutes; these have recently become more common in
Japanese animation
Japanese animation
. They are sometimes grouped together according to
network Network, networking and networked may refer to: Science and technology * Network theory, the study of graphs as a representation of relations between discrete objects * Network science, an academic field that studies complex networks Mathematics ...

network
programming demands. Thus a particular series may appear in a number of formats or time blocks. Animated television series had historically been used for
comedy Comedy (from the el, κωμῳδία, ''kōmōdía'') is a genre of fiction that consists of discourses or works intended to be humor Humour (Commonwealth English The use of the English language English is a West Germanic la ...

comedy
, like the
cartoon A cartoon is a type of illustration An illustration is a decoration, interpretation or visual explanation of a text, concept or process, designed for integration in print and digital published media, such as poster A poster is a tempor ...

cartoon
s, a piece of art, usually developed for humorous intent, and so, called cartoon series. However, more recently animated television series have fallen into other genres, such as
action ACTION is a bus operator in , Australia owned by the . History On 19 July 1926, the commenced operating public bus services between Eastlake (now ) in the south and in the north. The service was first known as Canberra City Omnibus Se ...
/
adventure An adventure is an exciting experience that is typically bold, sometimes risky or undertaking. Adventures may be activities with some potential for physical danger such as traveling, exploring, skydiving, mountain climbing, scuba diving, river r ...
series like ''
Speed Racer ''Speed Racer'', also known as , is a Japanese media franchise about Auto racing, automobile racing. ''Mach GoGoGo'' was originally serialized in print in Shueisha's 1966 ''Shōnen Book''. It was released in tankōbon book form by Sun W ...

Speed Racer
'' and ''
G.I. Joe G.I. Joe is an American media franchise and a line of action figures An action figure is a poseable character (arts), character toy figurine made most commonly of plastic, and often based upon characters from a film, comic book, military, vide ...
''. The first animated television series was ''
Crusader Rabbit ''Crusader Rabbit'' is the first animated series An animated series is a set of animated Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by hand ...
''.
Animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the sitcom that is animation, animated instead of live action. History Early history ''The Flintstones'', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first example of the animated sitcom genre.
s first appeared in the 1960s, with ''
The Flintstones ''The Flintstones'' is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the that is instead of . History Early history ', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first example of the animated sitcom genre.
The Flintstones
'' (1960–1966), followed by ''
The Jetsons ''The Jetsons'' is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the that is instead of . History Early history ', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first example of the animated sitcom genre.
'' (1962–1987). From 1972 to 1974,
Hanna-Barbera Hanna-Barbera Productions, Inc. ( ), also variously known as H-B Enterprises, H-B Production Co., and Hanna-Barbera Cartoons, Inc., was an American animation studio An animation studio is a company producing animated media. The broadest such c ...

Hanna-Barbera
produced ''
Wait Till Your Father Gets Home ''Wait Till Your Father Gets Home'' is an American adult animation, adult animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera, Hanna-Barbera Productions that aired in first-run Broadcast syndication, syndication in the United States from 1972 in television ...
'', an adult-oriented sitcom in the style of ''
All in the Family ''All in the Family'' is an American sitcom A sitcom, Clipping (morphology), clipping for situational comedy (situation comedy in the U.S.), is a genre of comedy centered on a fixed set of characters who (mostly) carry over from episode to ep ...
''.


Children's broadcast network

The 1980s and 1990s was a renaissance of the animation
children's television series Children's television series are television programs designed for children, normally scheduled for broadcast during the morning and afternoon when children are awake. They can sometimes run during the early evening, allowing younger children to wa ...
and adult's television series. Various
broadcast network A terrestrial network (or broadcast network in the United States) is a group of radio station , Sweden , Norway Radio broadcasting is transmission of audio signal, audio (sound), sometimes with related metadata, by radio waves intended to reach ...
s and media companies began creating television channels and formats designed specifically for airing cartoon series. Companies that already had these types of formats in place began to revamp their existing models during this time. Examples of current networks are: During the 1990s, more mature content than those of traditional cartoon series began to appear more widely, extending beyond a primary audience of children. These cartoon series included ''
The Simpsons ''The Simpsons'' is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series is a satirical depiction of American life, epitomized by the Simpson family, which consists of Homer Simpson, Homer, Marge Si ...
'', ''
The Ren & Stimpy Show ''The Ren & Stimpy Show'' (also known simply as ''Ren & Stimpy'') is an American animated Animation is a method in which Image, figures are manipulated to appear as moving images. In traditional animation, images are drawn or painted by han ...
'', ''
Rocko's Modern Life ''Rocko's Modern Life'' is an American animated series, animated television series created by Joe Murray (animator), Joe Murray for Nickelodeon. The series centers on the surreal life of an Anthropomorphism, anthropomorphic Australian immigrant w ...
'', ''
Beavis and Butt-Head ''Beavis and Butt-Head'' is an American adult animated Biology, Biologically, an adult is an organism that has reached sexual maturity. In human context, the term ''adult'' has meanings associated with social and Law, legal concepts. In cont ...
'', ''
King of the Hill ''King of the Hill'' is an American animated sitcom created by Mike Judge and Greg Daniels for the Fox Broadcasting Company. The series ran from January 12, 1997, to May 6, 2010. It centers on the Hills, an American family in the fictional cit ...
'', ''
Duckman ''Duckman: Private Dick/Family Man'' (commonly known as ''Duckman'') is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the sitcom A sitcom, Clipping (morphology), clipping for situational comedy (situation comedy in the U ...
'', ''
South Park ''South Park'' is an American animated sitcom An animated sitcom is a subgenre of the sitcom that is animation, animated instead of live action. History Early history ''The Flintstones'', which debuted in 1960, is considered the first e ...

South Park
'' and ''
Family Guy ''Family Guy'' is an American adult animated animated sitcom, sitcom created by Seth MacFarlane and developed by MacFarlane and David Zuckerman (TV producer), David Zuckerman for the Fox Broadcasting Company that premiered on January 31, 1999. ...
''. ''
ReBoot ''ReBoot'' is a Canadian computer-animated " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery (CGI) encompasses both static scenes and dynamic images, w ...
'', which began as a child-friendly show, shifted its target age group to ages 12 and up, resulting in a darker and more mature storyline.Hetherington, Janet L. "As Mainframe's technology reaches adolescence, there's a 'ReBoot' Renaissance". ''
Animation Magazine ''Animation Magazine'' is an American print magazine and website covering the animation industry and education, as well as visual effects Visual effects (sometimes abbreviated VFX) is the process by which imagery is created or manipulated outside ...
'' #59. Vol. 11, Issue #8, September 1997.


Theatrical

Animated series shown in
movie theatre A movie theater (American English), cinema (British English), or cinema hall (Indian English), also known as a picture house, the pictures, picture theater, the silver screen, or the movies, is a building that contains auditoria for viewing ...
s include the ''
Tom and Jerry ''Tom and Jerry'' is an American animated Animation is a method in which figures Figure may refer to: General *A shape, drawing, depiction, or geometric configuration *Figure (wood), wood appearance *Figure (music), distinguished from mu ...
''
animated cartoon Animation is a method in which figures Figure may refer to: General *A shape, drawing, depiction, or geometric configuration *Figure (wood), wood appearance *Figure (music), distinguished from musical motif *Noise figure, in telecommunication ...
short film A short film is any motion picture A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, stories, perceptions, feelings, beauty, or atmosphere through ...
s that appeared in movie theaters from 1940 to 1967.


Video

Direct-to-video Direct-to-video or straight-to-video refers to the release Release may refer to: * Film release, the public distribution of a film * Legal release, a legal instrument * News release, a communication directed at the news media * Release (ISUP), a ...
animated series include most Japanese
original video animation , abbreviated as OVA and sometimes as OAV (original animation video), are Anime, Japanese animated films and series made specially for release in home video formats without prior showings on television or in theaters, though the first part of an ...
s (OVAs). The first OVA series (and also the first overall OVA) was ''
Dallos is a science fiction Science fiction (sometimes shortened to sci-fi or SF) is a genre of speculative fiction which typically deals with imagination, imaginative and futuristic concepts such as advanced science and technology, space explo ...
'' (1983). Almost all
hentai Hentai is anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CGI) ...
(pornographic)
anime is hand-drawn and computer animation " technique Computer animation is the process used for digitally generating animated images. The more general term computer-generated imagery Computer-generated imagery (CGI) is the application of ...

anime
series are released as OVAs.


Web series

Animated web series are animated series designed and produced for
streaming services An over-the-top media service is a streaming media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet. OTT bypasses cable, broadcast, and satellite television platforms, the companies that traditionally act as a controller or distributor of such ...
, and called "web series". Examples include
Happy Tree Friends ''Happy Tree Friends'' is an American adult animated Biology, Biologically, an adult is an organism that has reached sexual maturity. In human context, the term ''adult'' has meanings associated with social and Law, legal concepts. In contr ...
from 1999 and
Eddsworld ''Eddsworld'' is a British adult animated Biology, Biologically, an adult is an organism that has reached sexual maturity. In human context, the term ''adult'' has meanings associated with social and Law, legal concepts. In contrast to a "M ...
in 2004.


See also


References

{{Media series Television genres