Journalism careerIn his youth, Orlowski had been involved in a school magazine called ''Within These Walls'', and a fanzine named ''Paradise Demise''. Moving from Northallerton, Yorkshire, to Manchester in 1984, he studied at University of Manchester and worked as a receptionist in the IT department at GM Buses, before taking a course in computer programming. He worked as a programmer in Altrincham in the early 1990s, and later said that he "found that a lot less creative than I'd expected, and this being my first proper job I soon got disillusioned." Orlowski wrote reviews for Manchester's ''City Life (magazine), City Life'' magazine from 1988, and in 1992 started an alternative newspaper called ''Badpress'' in Manchester.Bob Dickson
"Googlewashing"In 2003, Orlowski coined the term ''googlewashing'' to describe the potential for accidental or intentional censorship of concepts through the way search engines like Google Search operate. An article in ''The New York Times'' commenting on worldwide anti-war demonstrations had stated that "there may still be two superpowers on the planet: the United States and world public opinion", and suddenly the term "the Second Superpower" acquired widespread currency. However, within a few weeks, most of the top search engine results for the term had come to be about something else, because a prominent blogger had used the same term in what Orlowski described as a "plea for net users to organize themselves as a 'superpower'."Andrew Orlowski
Writings on techno-utopianismOrlowski is a frequent writer on techno-utopianism. Concerning the political influence of Google, Orlowski has said, "The web is a secular religion at the moment and politicians go to pray at events like the Google Zeitgeist conference. Any politician who wants to brand himself as a forward-looking person will get himself photographed with the Google boys. [...] It's the big regulatory issue of the next 10 years: how politicians deal with Google. If the web is as important as the politicians say, it seems odd that one company sets the price and defines the terms of business." Commenting on the vision of the technological singularity, a future time when people and machines would combine to form a new superintelligence, and at least a part of humanity might overcome biological limitations like death and disease, he has stated that "The Singularity is not the great vision for society that Vladimir Lenin, Lenin had or Milton Friedman might have. It is rich people building a lifeboat and getting off the ship." In December 2004, Orlowski was invited to a discussion panel on techno-utopianism at Harvard Law School's Berkman Center for Internet and Society. He was Assistant Producer of Adam Curtis' 2011 BBC TV series on techno-utopianism, ''All Watched Over by Machines of Loving Grace (TV series), All Watched Over By Machines of Loving Grace''.
English Wikipedia criticismIn the 2000s, Orlowski often took a critical view of English Wikipedia, noting in 2005, "Readability, which wasn't great to begin with, has plummeted. Formerly coherent and reasonably accurate articles in the technical section have gotten worse as they've gotten longer." In a 2005 BBC article, Bill Thompson (technology writer), Bill Thompson said Orlowski was "scathing in his dismissal of the site as a cult-like organisation where faith triumphs rationality, and even suggests we look at English Wikipedia as 'a massively scalable, online role-playing game' where 'players can assume fictional online identities and many "editors" do just that'."