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Andrew Michael Holness (born 22 July 1972) is a Jamaican politician who has been the
Prime Minister of Jamaica The prime minister of Jamaica is Jamaica Jamaica () is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the Caribbean (after Cuba and Hispaniola). Jamaica lies a ...
since 3 March 2016, following the 2016 Jamaican general election. Holness previously served as prime minister from October 2011 to 5 January 2012. He succeeded
Bruce Golding Orette Bruce Golding (born 5 December 1947) is a former Jamaican politician A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected legal seat, seat in government. Politicians propose, support, and creat ...

Bruce Golding
as prime minister, and decided to go to the polls in the 29 December 2011 general election in an attempt to get his own mandate from the Jamaican electorate. He failed in that bid, however, losing to the
People's National Party The People's National Party (PNP) is a social-democratic Social democracy is a Political philosophy, political, Social philosophy, social, and economic philosophy within socialism that supports Democracy, political and economic democracy ...
led by
Portia Simpson-Miller Portia Lucretia Simpson-Miller (born 12 December 1945) is a Jamaican politician. She served as Prime Minister of Jamaica The prime minister of Jamaica is Jamaica Jamaica () is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning ...

Portia Simpson-Miller
, with the PNP gaining 42 seats to the
Jamaica Labour Party The Jamaica Labour Party (JLP) is one of the two major political parties in Jamaica, the other being the People's National Party The People's National Party (PNP) is a Social democracy, social-democratic List of political parties in Jamaica, ...
's 21. Following that defeat, Holness served as
Leader of the Opposition The leader of the opposition is a title traditionally held by the leader of the Opposition (parliamentary), largest party not in government in a parliamentary democracy. The leader of the opposition is seen as the alternative prime minister, premi ...
from January 2012 to March 2016, when he once again assumed the position of prime minister. In 2020, The Labour Party won a landslide in another general election, and on 7 September Holness was sworn in for another term as prime minister. Holness is the youngest person to have been elected and reelected prime minister in
Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country An island country or an island nation is a country A country is a distinct territory, territorial body or political entity. It is often referred to as the land of an individual's birth, residence or ...

Jamaica
's history. He is also the first prime minister to have been born after Jamaica gained independence in 1962.


Early life

Andrew Holness is a graduate of St. Catherine High School and of the
University of the West Indies The University of the West Indies (UWI), originally University College of the West Indies, is a public university system established to serve the higher education Higher education is tertiary education Tertiary education, also referr ...
, where he pursued a Bachelor of Science in Management Studies and a Master of Science in Development Studies. In 1997 he married Juliet Holness (''née'' Landell), an accountant, whom he had met as a student at St. Catherine High School during the 1980s. The couple have two children, Adam and Matthew. Holness served as Executive Director at the Voluntary Organization for Uplifting Children from 1994 to 1996 and then joined the Premium Group of Companies, acting as a special assistant to
Edward Seaga Edward Philip George Seaga ON PC ( or ; 28 May 1930 – 28 May 2019) was an American-born Jamaican politician. He was the fifth Prime Minister of Jamaica Jamaica (; ) is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning in area, ...

Edward Seaga
. He is a member of the
Seventh-day Adventist Church The Seventh-day Adventist Church is a which is distinguished by its observance of , the in Christian and the , as the , and its emphasis on the imminent (advent) of . The denomination grew out of the in the United States during the mid-1 ...
.


Political career

In 1997 he became Member of Parliament for West Central St. Andrew and served as Opposition Spokesperson on Land and Development from 1999 to 2002. In 2002 he switched portfolio to Housing and then Education in 2005. He was sworn in as Minister of Education in September 2007.


Prime Minister of Jamaica

He succeeded
Bruce Golding Orette Bruce Golding (born 5 December 1947) is a former Jamaican politician A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected legal seat, seat in government. Politicians propose, support, and creat ...

Bruce Golding
as both leader of the JLP and prime minister on 23 October 2011, making him the ninth person to hold this office. As prime minister, he chose to retain the education portfolio.


2011 elections

On 5 December 2011, Mr Holness called the next election for 29 December 2011. The JLP campaigned in their strongholds and Holness highlighted the four years of JLP government with accomplishments, such as economic growth and crime reduction which the JLP says the PNP failed to do during their eighteen years rule of the country. The JLP, however, lost the 2011 Jamaican general election to the PNP, which gained a large majority of 42 to the JLP's 21 parliamentary seats. Portia Simpson-Miller and the PNP returned to power. The voter turnout was 53.17%.


2016 elections and re-appointment as Prime Minister

On 25 February 2016, the JLP, led by Andrew Holness, won the 2016 Jamaican general election winning 32 seats compared to 31 seats for the incumbent PNP. His wife Juliet also won a seat in parliament, the first time a prime minister or opposition leader and their spouse sat in the
Parliament of Jamaica The Parliament of Jamaica is the legislature, legislative branch of the government of Jamaica. It consists of three elements: The Monarchy of Jamaica, Crown (represented by the Governor-General of Jamaica, Governor-General), the appointed Se ...
together. As a result, Simpson-Miller became Opposition Leader for a second time. The voter turnout dipped below 50% for the first time, registering just 48.37%.


2020 elections

On 3 September 2020, Holness led the JLP to a second consecutive general election victory, but this time by a much larger margin. The JLP won 49 seats, as compared to the 14 seats for the PNP. However, the turnout was just 37%, probably affected by the coronavirus pandemic. He was sworn in for another term on 7 September 2020.


Honours


National honours

*: ** Member of the Order of the Nation


Foreign honours

*: ** Grand Cross with Gold Breast Star of the Order of Merit of Duarte, Sánchez and MellaPM Holness and Dominican Republic President conferred national honours
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See also

* Cabinet of Jamaica


References


External links


Profile





Juliet joins husband Andrew in Parliament
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