HOME

TheInfoList



In
Chinese culture Chinese culture () is one of the world's oldest cultures, originating thousands of years ago. The culture prevails across a large geographical region in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's large ...
, hometown or ancestral home () is the place of origin of one's extended family. It may or may not be the place where one is born. For instance, physicists
Tsung-Dao Lee Tsung-Dao Lee (; born November 24, 1926) is a Chinese-American physicist, known for his work on parity violation, the Lee Model, particle physics, relativistic heavy ion (RHIC) physics, nontopological solitons and soliton stars. He was a ...
( Nobelist, 1957) and
Charles Kao Sir Charles Kuen Kao Charles K. Kao was elected in 1990
as a member ...
(nobelist, 2009) were both born in
Shanghai Shanghai (, , Standard Chinese, Standard Mandarin pronunciation: ) is one of the four Direct-administered municipalities of China, direct-administered municipalities of the China, People's Republic of China. The city is located on the sout ...

Shanghai
, but their hometowns are considered to be
Suzhou Suzhou (; ; , Mandarin Mandarin may refer to: * Mandarin (bureaucrat), a bureaucrat of Imperial China (the original meaning of the word) ** by extension, any senior government bureaucrat A bureaucrat is a member of a bureaucracy and ca ...

Suzhou
and Jinshan, respectively.


Definition

A subjective concept, a person's ancestral home could be the birthplace of ''any'' of their
patriline Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through their father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance ...
ancestors.
Su Shi
Su Shi
limited it to five generations, i.e. it refers to the home of one's great-great-grandfather. Even more broadly, an ancestral home can refer to the first locality where a
surname In some cultures, a surname, family name, or last name is the portion of one's personal name that indicates their family, tribe or community. Practices vary by culture. The family name may be placed at either the start of a person's full nam ...
came to be established or prominent. Commonly, a person usually defines their hometown as what their father considers to be his ancestral home. In practice, most people would define their ancestral homes as the birthplace of their
patriline Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through their father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance ...
ancestors from the early 20th century, around the time when government authorities began to collect such information from individuals. Moreover, a person's ancestral home can be defined in any level of locality, from
province A province is almost always an administrative division Administrative division, administrative unitArticle 3(1). , country subdivision, administrative region, subnational entity, first-level subdivision, as well as many similar terms, are gen ...

province
and
county A county is a geographical region of a country used for administrative or other purposesChambers Dictionary The ''Chambers Dictionary'' (''TCD'') was first published by William Chambers (publisher), William and Robert Chambers (publisher bo ...
down to town and village, depending on how much an individual knows about their ancestry.


Implications

The Chinese emphasis on a person's ancestral home is a legacy of its history as an
agrarian society An agrarian society, or agricultural society, is any community whose economy is based on producing and maintaining crops and farmland. Another way to define an agrarian society is by seeing how much of a nation's total production is in agricultu ...
, where a family would often be tied to its land for generations. In Chinese culture, the importance of family and regional identity are such that a person's ancestral home or birthplace plays an important social role in personal identity. For instance, at a university, students who hail from the same region will often become members of the regional/
hometown societyHometown associations (HTAs), also known as hometown societies, are social alliances that are formed among Immigration, immigrants from the same city or region of origin. Their purpose is to maintain connections with and provide mutual aid to immigra ...
or club for other people with the same background. Discussion of personal or ancestral origins is typical when two people meet for the first time. In recent years, the root-seeking (尋根 ''xúngēn'') movement has led to greater interest in ancestral hometowns, especially among
overseas Chinese Overseas Chinese () are people of ethnic Han Chinese, Chinese birth who reside outside the territories of the China, People's Republic of China (PRC), its special administrative regions (SARs) of Hong Kong and Macau, as well as the Taiwan, Republ ...

overseas Chinese
. Ancestral lineages are an important part of Chinese business culture as it plays a central part of negotiating ''
guanxi ''Guanxi'' () defines the fundamental dynamic in personalized social network A social network is a social structure made up of a set of social actors (such as individuals or organizations), sets of dyadic ties, and other social interactio ...
''. It can also have implications in other areas like politics. See: Shanghainese_people_in_Hong_Kong#Influence_on_business for an example of how ancestry and lineage systems play a part in business practices. Ancestral home is an item to be filled in many documents in the
People's Republic of China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia. It is the world's List of countries and dependencies by population, most populous country, with a Population of China, population of more than 1.4 billion ...

People's Republic of China
Forms that required listing of "ancestral home" (籍貫) included school handbooks to be signed by the parents of schoolchildren.


Taiwan

National ID cards issued in
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...

Taiwan
by the
Republic of China Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is Earth's largest and most populous continent, located primarily in the Eastern Hemisphere, Eastern and No ...

Republic of China
government formerly carried an entry for "home citizenship" (本籍). Citizens would usually have their ancestral home (defined through the
patriline Patrilineality, also known as the male line, the spear side or agnatic kinship, is a common kinship system in which an individual's family membership derives from and is recorded through their father's lineage. It generally involves the inheritance ...
) stated on these documents, despite having never set foot in their ancestral home. This practice was abolished by the government in the mid-1990s amid the Taiwan localization movement.


See also

*
Chinese kin A Chinese kin, lineage or sometimes rendered as clan, is a patrilineal and patrilocal group of related Chinese people with a common surname sharing a common ancestor and, in many cases, an ancestral home. Description Chinese kinship tend to ...
*
Chinese ancestral worship Chinese ancestor worship or Chinese ancestor veneration, also called the Chinese patriarchal religion, is an aspect of the Chinese traditional religion which revolves around the ritual celebration of the deified ancestors and tutelary deities ...
*
Ancestral shrine An ancestral shrine, hall or temple ( or , Vietnamese: ''Nhà thờ họ''), also called lineage temple, is a temple dedicated to deified Apotheosis (, from gr, ἀποθεόω/ἀποθεῶ, label=none, link=no, lit='to deify', translitera ...
& Ancestor tablets *
Hukou system ''Hukou'' () is a system of household registration used in mainland China Mainland China, also known as the Chinese mainland, China mainland, or the Mainland Area of the Republic of China is the geopolitics, geopolitical area under th ...
*
Family register Civil registration is the system by which a government A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, generally a State (polity), state. In the case of its broad associative definition, government nor ...
*
Registered domicile In Japan , image_flag = Flag of Japan.svg , alt_flag = Centered deep red circle on a white rectangle , image_coat = Imperial Seal of Japan.svg , alt_coat = Golden ci ...
*
Place of originIn Switzerland, the place of origin (german: Heimatort or Bürgerort, literally "home place" or "citizen place"; french: Lieu d'origine; it, Luogo d'origine) denotes where a Swiss citizen has their municipal citizenship. It is not to be confused wit ...
*
Bon-gwan Bon-gwan is the concept of clan A clan is a group of people united by actual or perceived kinship In anthropology, kinship is the web of social relationships that form an important part of the lives of all humans in all societies, alth ...


Footnotes


External links


籍貫 (zik6 gun3 , ji2 guan4) : ancestral land; native place - CantoDict
{{DEFAULTSORT:Ancestral Home Chinese culture