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The surname An is present in both Korea and China, though unrelated.() literally means "peace" or "tranquility". It also serves as an abbreviation of ''Anxi'' (安息), meaning "
Arsacid The Parthian Empire (), also known as the Arsacid Empire (), was a major Iranian peoples, Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran from 247 BC to 224 AD. Its latter name comes from its founder, Arsaces I of Parthia, Arsaces ...
" in Chinese and can be romanized as ''On''. Visitors to China who came from Arsacid-held territories often took the name ''An''. In 2008, it was the 110th most common surname in the People's Republic of China, shared by over 1.7 million citizens.中国最新300大姓排名(2008
tatistics on the number of citizens with each surname in China, based on records of National Identity Cards" 2009-01-06. Accessed 20 Jun 2015.
The surname is most common in
Northern China Northern China () and Southern China () are two approximate regions within China China (), officially the People's Republic of China (PRC; ), is a country in East Asia East Asia is the eastern region of Asia Asia () is ...

Northern China
. It is the 79th name on the ''
Hundred Family Surnames The ''Hundred Family Surnames'' (), commonly known as ''Bai Jia Xing'', also translated as ''Hundreds of Chinese Surnames'', is a classic Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republ ...
'' poem.K. S. Tom.
989 Year 989 ( CMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday A common year starting on Tuesday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or year) is a that contains an additional day (or, in the case of a , a mont ...
(1989). Echoes from Old China: Life, Legends and Lore of the Middle Kingdom.
University of Hawaii Press The University of Hawaii Press is a university press that is part of the University of Hawaii, University of Hawaii. The University of Hawaii Press was founded in 1947, publishing research in all disciplines of the humanities and natural and soc ...
. .
During the
Song Dynasty The Song dynasty (; ; 960–1279) was an imperial dynasty of China that began in 960 and lasted until 1279. The dynasty was founded by Emperor Taizu of Song Emperor Taizu of Song (21 March 927 – 14 November 976), personal name Zhao Kua ...
, another An (俺) was a
Jewish Jews ( he, יְהוּדִים ISO 259-2 , Israeli pronunciation ) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and nation originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is ...

Jewish
Chinese surname.


Origins of An (安)


Iranian


Parthian

During the
QinQin may refer to: Dynasties and states * Qin (state) (秦), a major state during the Zhou Dynasty of ancient China * Qin dynasty (秦), founded by the Qin state in 221 BC and ended in 206 BC * Daqin (大秦), ancient Chinese name for the Roman Empi ...
and
Han Dynasty#REDIRECT Han dynasty The Han dynasty () was the second Dynasties in Chinese history, imperial dynasty of China (202 BC – 220 AD), established by the rebel leader Liu Bang and ruled by the House of Liu. Preceded by the short-lived Qin dynas ...

Han Dynasty
, the most common origin of the surname An was as a contraction of Anxi, meaning "Arsacid", and was thus given to people of Arsacid-territory origin, such as
An Shigao An Shigao (, Korean: An Sego, Japanese: An Seikō, Vietnamese: An Thế Cao) (fl. c. 148-180 CE) was an early Buddhist missionary to China, and the earliest known translator of Indian Buddhist texts into Chinese. According to legend, he was a pri ...
, a nobleman from the
Arsacid Empire The Parthian Empire (), also known as the Arsacid Empire (), was a major Iranian Iranian may refer to: * Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia ...
.
An Xuan An Xuan () was a Parthia Parthia ( peo, 𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 ''Parθava''; xpr, 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 ''Parθaw''; pal, 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 ''Pahlaw'') is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), als ...
, another
Parthian
Parthian
, followed
An Shigao An Shigao (, Korean: An Sego, Japanese: An Seikō, Vietnamese: An Thế Cao) (fl. c. 148-180 CE) was an early Buddhist missionary to China, and the earliest known translator of Indian Buddhist texts into Chinese. According to legend, he was a pri ...
to
Luoyang Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, afte ...

Luoyang
and assisted in his translations of Buddhist texts. During the 3rd Century,
An Faqin An may refer to: Science and technology * ''An'', in mathematics, a root system and its Dynkin diagram * ''An'', in mathematics, conventional notation for the alternating group * Actinide (An), informal symbol for a series of chemical elements * ...
(安法欽), a Parthian Buddhist from the
Parthian Empire The Parthian Empire (), also known as the Arsacid Empire (), was a major political and cultural power in from 247 BC to 224 AD. Its latter name comes from its founder, , who led the tribe in conquering the region of in 's northeast, ...

Parthian Empire
, came to Xijin (西晉).


Sogdian

In the
Tang Dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum An interregnum (plural interregna or interregnums) is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organiza ...
period 9th century, An was also sometimes used as the name for the region of
Sogdia Sogdia () ( sog, soɣd) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian peoples, Iranian civilization between between the Amu Darya and the Syr Darya, and in present-day Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan. Sogdiana was also a province of the Ac ...
; previously, Sogdians had exclusively used the surname of Kang (康). The addition was due to the existence of two Sogdian kingdoms, identified as An and
Kangju Kangju (; Eastern Han Chinese Eastern Han Chinese or Later Han Chinese is the stage of the Chinese language Chinese ( or also , especially for the written language) is a group of s that form the branch of the , spoken by the ethn ...
; the state of An was accordingly named due to its occupation by the Arsacids.Xue, Zongzheng (1992). ''A History of the Turks''. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Press. . p. 329, 602-606 It is considered one of the "
Nine Sogdian Surnames Sogdia () ( Sogdian: soɣd) or Sogdiana was an ancient Iranian Iranian may refer to: * Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran ( fa, جمهوری اسلامی ایران ), is a ...
."https://sogdians.si.edu/sidebars/the-nine-sogdian-surnames/


Xueyantuo

During the
Northern Wei The Northern Wei (), also known as the Tuoba Wei (拓跋魏), Later Wei (後魏), was a dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Pres ...
period in the 6th century,
Anchi The Antsi (Anchi) language, ''Mag-antsi'', (also Mag-Anchi Ayta) is a Sambalic language with around 4,200 speakers (Stock 2005). It is spoken within Philippine Aeta communities in the Zambales, Zambal Municipalities of the Philippines, municipalit ...

Anchi
/
Anzhi Football Club Anzhi Makhachkala (russian: link=no, Футбо́льный клуб «Анжи́» Махачкала́, ), sometimes simply known as FC Anji, is a Russian professional Association football, football club based in the Dagestan, D ...
(安迟) was the
Xianbei The Xianbei (; ) were a Proto-Mongolic Proto-Mongolic is the hypothetical ancestor language of the modern Mongolic languages. It is very close to the Middle Mongol language, the language spoken at the time of Genghis Khan and the Mongol Empir ...
surname of
Uyghur people The Uyghurs ( or ; ; ; zh, s=, t=, p=Wéiwú'ěr, IPA: ), alternatively spelled Uighurs, Uyghers, Uygurs or Uigurs, are a Turkic Turkic may refer to: * anything related to the country of Turkey * Turkic languages, a language family of at ...
(回鶻人) a division of the
Hui people The Hui people ( zh, c=, p=Huízú, w=Hui2-tsu2, Xiao'erjing: , dng, Хуэйзў, ) are an East Asian ethnoreligious group which is predominantly composed of Islam in China, Chinese-speaking adherents of Islam who are distributed throughout ...
; they later reduced the surname to An (安). During the
Tang Dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum An interregnum (plural interregna or interregnums) is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organiza ...
in the 8th century, the An (安) family name was used among the
Xueyantuo The Xueyantuo tribe were an ancient Tiele Turkic people and khaganate A khaganate or khanate was a political entity ruled by a khan, khagan Khagan or Qaghan ( otk, 𐰴𐰍𐰣, Kaɣan, mn, Xаан or ᠬᠠᠭᠠᠨ, Khaan, ota, ...
(薛延陀) people.


Khitan

During the
Qing Dynasty The Qing dynasty, officially the Great Qing (), was the last dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford University Pr ...
, Ardan (阿爾丹) the
Daur people The Daur people (Khalkha Mongolian The Khalkha dialect (Mongolian script The classical or traditional Mongolian script, also known as the , was the first Mongolian alphabet, writing system created specifically for the Mongolian language, and ...
(達斡爾族) were given the surname An (安) with the Ar dialect.


Notable people


Historical figures

*
An Shigao An Shigao (, Korean: An Sego, Japanese: An Seikō, Vietnamese: An Thế Cao) (fl. c. 148-180 CE) was an early Buddhist missionary to China, and the earliest known translator of Indian Buddhist texts into Chinese. According to legend, he was a pri ...
(安世高), the first Buddhist missionary to China and a former
Parthian
Parthian
prince A prince is a Monarch, male ruler (ranked below a king, grand prince, and grand duke) or a male member of a monarch's or former monarch's family. ''Prince'' is also a title of nobility (often highest), often hereditary title, hereditary, in so ...

prince
*
An Xuan An Xuan () was a Parthia Parthia ( peo, 𐎱𐎼𐎰𐎺 ''Parθava''; xpr, 𐭐𐭓𐭕𐭅 ''Parθaw''; pal, 𐭯𐭫𐭮𐭥𐭡𐭥 ''Pahlaw'') is a historical region located in north-eastern Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), als ...
, who followed An Shigao to
Luoyang Luoyang is a city located in the confluence area of Luo River and Yellow River The Yellow River (Chinese: , Jin Chinese, Jin: uə xɔ Standard Beijing Mandarin, Mandarin: ''Huáng hé'' ) is the second-longest river in China, afte ...

Luoyang
several decades later *
An Faqin An may refer to: Science and technology * ''An'', in mathematics, a root system and its Dynkin diagram * ''An'', in mathematics, conventional notation for the alternating group * Actinide (An), informal symbol for a series of chemical elements * ...
(安法欽), Parthian Buddhist in Xijin (西晉) the Chinese state *
An Lushan An Lushan or An Lu-shan (20th day of the 1st month (February), 703 – 25/29 January 757) was a general in the Tang dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an int ...
(安祿山), Sogdian-born provincial military governor during the
Tang Dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum An interregnum (plural interregna or interregnums) is a period of discontinuity or "gap" in a government, organiza ...
*
An Chongzhang
An Chongzhang
(安重璋), Sogdian general and Duke of Liang during the Tang Dynasty who had his name changed to
Li Baoyu Li Baoyu () (703 – April 15, 777), né An Chongzhang (), known for some time as An Baoyu (), formally Duke Zhaowu of Western Liang (Sixteen Kingdoms), Liang (), was an ethnic SogdianHoward, Michael C., ''Transnationalism in Ancient and Medieval S ...

Li Baoyu
amid the
An Lushan Rebellion The An Lushan Rebellion was an uprising against the Tang dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an interregnum An interregnum (plural interregna or interregn ...

An Lushan Rebellion
(to distance himself and his family from the notoriety of the rebel An Lushan) * An Yanyan (安延偃), adoptive father of
An Lushan An Lushan or An Lu-shan (20th day of the 1st month (February), 703 – 25/29 January 757) was a general in the Tang dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an int ...
,
Iranian Iranian may refer to: * Iran Iran ( fa, ایران ), also called Persia, and officially the Islamic Republic of Iran, is a country in Western Asia Western Asia, West Asia, or Southwest Asia, is the westernmost subregion A subreg ...
origin, rumoured to have been surnamed Kang originallyAn Lushan's biography in the ''New Book of Tang'', in addition to indicating that his original name was Galuoshan, also indicated that his original surname was Kang, implying that his father was surnamed Kang. However, his biography in the ''Book of Tang'' indicated that An Lushan "originally did not have a surname." Compare ''Book of Tang'', vol. 200, part 1, with ''New Book of Tang'', vol. 225, part 1. *
An Qingxu An Qingxu (安慶緒) (died 10 April 759), né An Renzhi (安仁執), was a son of An Lushan, a general of the History of China, Chinese Tang Dynasty who rebelled and took the imperial title of his own state of Yan (Anshi), Yan. An Qingxu served ...
, son of
An Lushan An Lushan or An Lu-shan (20th day of the 1st month (February), 703 – 25/29 January 757) was a general in the Tang dynasty The Tang dynasty (, ; ), or Tang Empire, was an imperial dynasty of China that ruled from 618 to 907, with an int ...
*
An Chonghui An Chonghui (d. June 25, 931?''Zizhi Tongjian'', :zh:s:資治通鑑/卷277, vol. 277.Academia Sinica]Chinese-Western Calendar Converter) (, fl. 10th century) was the chief of staff (''Shumishi'') and chief advisor to Li Siyuan (Emperor Mingzong) (r. ...
(安重誨), a minister of
Later Tang Tang, known in historiography as the Later Tang, was a short-lived imperial dynasty A dynasty (, ) is a sequence of rulers from the same family,''Oxford English Dictionary'', "dynasty, ''n''." Oxford University Press Oxford Unive ...

Later Tang
*
An Congjin An Congjin () (died 942) was a general of the Chinese Chinese can refer to: * Something related to China China, officially the People's Republic of China (PRC), is a country in East Asia. It is the List of countries and dependencies by pop ...
(安從進), a general of Later Tang and
Later Jin (Five Dynasties) The Later Jìn (, 936–947), also called Shi Jin (石晉), was one of the Five Dynasties during the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period (), from 907 to 979 was an era of political upheaval an ...
*
An Chongrong An Chongrong () (died January 21, 942''Zizhi Tongjian'', :zh:s:資治通鑑/卷283, vol. 283.Academia Sinica]Chinese-Western Calendar Converter), nickname Tiehu (), was a major general of the History of China, Chinese Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms ...
(安重榮), a general of the Later Jin (Five Dynasties)


Modern

* An Qi (安琦; born 1981), Chinese football goalkeeper *
An Yuexi An Yuexi (; born 10 June 1989) is a Chinese people, Chinese actress. She is known for her supporting roles as a worm in ''The Journey of Flower'' and a servant in ''Eternal Love (TV series), Eternal Love''; and her lead roles in ''The Whirlwind G ...
(安悦溪; born 1989), Chinese actress *
Shone An Shone An (; 20 September 1983 – 1 June 2015) was a Taiwanese singer, actor and television host. Early life On 20 September 1983, An was born in East District, Tainan. He was the only child in his family. His birth name was Huang Yi-cheng ...
, Taiwanese singer, actor and television host


Stage name

*
Amber An :''This is a Chinese name; the Chinese surname, family name is Liao (surname), Liao. In the stage name, the surname is An (surname), An.'' Amber An (), born Liao Ching-ling (), is a Taiwanese actress, singer, television host, and model. Career ...
(安心亞; born Liao Ching-ling (Chinese: 廖婧伶; pinyin: Liào Jìnglíng), Taiwanese actress, singer, television host, and model *
Ady An :''This is a Chinese name Chinese personal names are names used by those from Greater China "Greater China" is an informal geographical area that shares commercial and cultural ties with the Han Chinese, The notion of "Greater China" refers t ...
Yi-xuan (安以軒; born 吳玟靜 on 1980), Taiwanese actress and singer


See also

* Ant (name)


References

{{surname, An Chinese-language surnames China–Iran relations