The surname An is present in both Korea and China, though unrelated.() literally means "peace" or "tranquility". It also serves as an abbreviation of ''Anxi'' (安息), meaning "" in Chinese and can be romanized as ''On''. Visitors to China who came from Arsacid-held territories often took the name ''An''. In 2008, it was the 110th most common surname in the People's Republic of China, shared by over 1.7 million citizens.
tatistics on the number of citizens with each surname in China, based on records of National Identity Cards" 2009-01-06. Accessed 20 Jun 2015.
The surname is most common in . It is the 79th name on the ' poem.K. S. Tom.
989 Year 989 ( CMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in , was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on , by edict. I ...
(1989). Echoes from Old China: Life, Legends and Lore of the Middle Kingdom. . .
During the , another An (俺) was a Chinese surname.

Origins of An (安)



During the and , the most common origin of the surname An was as a contraction of Anxi, meaning "Arsacid", and was thus given to people of Arsacid-territory origin, such as , a nobleman from the . , another , followed to and assisted in his translations of Buddhist texts. During the 3rd Century, (安法欽), a Parthian Buddhist from the , came to (西晉).


In the period 9th century, An was also sometimes used as the name for the region of ; previously, Sogdians had exclusively used the surname of (康). The addition was due to the existence of two Sogdian kingdoms, identified as An and ; the state of An was accordingly named due to its occupation by the Arsacids.Xue, Zongzheng (1992). ''A History of the Turks''. Beijing: Chinese Social Sciences Press. . p. 329, 602-606 It is considered one of the "."https://sogdians.si.edu/sidebars/the-nine-sogdian-surnames/


During the period in the 6th century, / (安迟) was the surname of (回鶻人) a division of the ; they later reduced the surname to An (安). During the in the 8th century, the An (安) family name was used among the (薛延陀) people.


During the , Ardan (阿爾丹) the (達斡爾族) were given the surname An (安) with the Ar dialect.

Notable people

Historical figures

* (安世高), the first Buddhist missionary to China and a former *, who followed An Shigao to several decades later * (安法欽), Parthian Buddhist in (西晉) the Chinese state * (安祿山), Sogdian-born provincial military governor during the * (安重璋), Sogdian general and Duke of Liang during the Tang Dynasty who had his name changed to amid the (to distance himself and his family from the notoriety of the rebel An Lushan) * (安延偃), adoptive father of , origin, rumoured to have been surnamed Kang originallyAn Lushan's biography in the ''New Book of Tang'', in addition to indicating that his original name was Galuoshan, also indicated that his original surname was Kang, implying that his father was surnamed Kang. However, his biography in the ''Book of Tang'' indicated that An Lushan "originally did not have a surname." Compare ''Book of Tang'', vol. 200, part 1, with ''New Book of Tang'', vol. 225, part 1. *, son of * (安重誨), a minister of * (安從進), a general of Later Tang and * (安重榮), a general of the Later Jin (Five Dynasties)


* (安琦; born 1981), Chinese football goalkeeper * (安悦溪; born 1989), Chinese actress * , Taiwanese singer, actor and television host

Stage name

* (安心亞; born Liao Ching-ling (Chinese: 廖婧伶; pinyin: Liào Jìnglíng), Taiwanese actress, singer, television host, and model * Yi-xuan (安以軒; born 吳玟靜 on 1980), Taiwanese actress and singer

See also



{{surname, An China–Iran relations