The ''American National Biography'' (ANB) is a 24-volume biographical encyclopedia set that contains about 17,400 entries and 20 million words, first published in 1999 by Oxford University Press
under the auspices of the American Council of Learned Societies
. A 400-entry supplement appeared in 2002.
Additional funding came from the Rockefeller Foundation
, the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
and the National Endowment for the Humanities
. The general editors were John A. Garraty
and Mark C. Carnes.
The ANB bills itself as the successor of the ''Dictionary of American Biography
'', which was first published between 1926 and 1937. It is not, however, a strict superset
of this older publication; the selection of topics was made anew.
It is commonly available in the reference sections of United States libraries,
and is available online by subscription (see external links).
Awards and reception
In 1999, the American Library Association
awarded the ''American National Biography'' its Dartmouth Medal
as a reference work of outstanding quality and significance. The American Historical Association
's Waldo G. Leland Prize was awarded for 2001.
It has been criticized for missing cross reference
s and occasional errors,
and for its cost, which is said to limit availability in poor countries.
*Oxford Biography Index
*''The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography
Category:1999 non-fiction books
Category:United States biographical dictionaries
Category:History books about the United States
Category:Oxford University Press reference books