The American Mathematical Society (AMS) is an association of professional

for Yueh-Gin Gung and Dr. Charles Y. Hu Distinguished Service to Mathematics Award. Also in 1951, the American Mathematical Society's headquarters moved from

Advances in Soviet Mathematics

American Mathematical Society Translations

AMS/IP Studies in Advanced Mathematics

Centre de Recherches Mathématiques (CRM) Proceedings & Lecture Notes

Contemporary Mathematics

IMACS: Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science

Fields Institute Communications

Proceedings of Symposia in Applied Mathematics

Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics

Posters

about mathematicians and mathematics

Mathematical Moments

posters and interviews about applications of math to science and society

Math in the Media

a monthly rundown of news articles that mention math, paired with classroom activities on the relevant math concepts.

MacTutor: The American Mathematical Society

{{Coord, 41.8372, -71.4123, type:landmark_globe:earth_region:US-RI, display=title Organizations established in 1888 Mathematical societies 1888 establishments in New York (state) 1951 establishments in Rhode Island Organizations based in Providence, Rhode Island

mathematician
A mathematician is someone who uses an extensive knowledge of mathematics in their work, typically to solve mathematical problems.
Mathematicians are concerned with numbers, data, quantity, structure, space, models, and change.
History
...

s dedicated to the interests of mathematical
Mathematics is an area of knowledge that includes the topics of numbers, formulas and related structures, shapes and the spaces in which they are contained, and quantities and their changes. These topics are represented in modern mathematics ...

research and scholarship, and serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs.
The society is one of the four parts of the Joint Policy Board for Mathematics and a member of the Conference Board of the Mathematical Sciences.
History

The AMS was founded in 1888 as the New York Mathematical Society, the brainchild of Thomas Fiske, who was impressed by the London Mathematical Society on a visit to England. John Howard Van Amringe was the first president and Fiske became secretary. The society soon decided to publish a journal, but ran into some resistance, due to concerns about competing with the American Journal of Mathematics. The result was the ''Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society'' is a quarterly mathematical journal published by the American Mathematical Society.
Scope
It publishes surveys on contemporary research topics, written at a level accessible to non-experts. ...

'', with Fiske as editor-in-chief. The de facto journal, as intended, was influential in increasing membership. The popularity of the ''Bulletin'' soon led to Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Transactions of the American Mathematical Society'' is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of mathematics published by the American Mathematical Society. It was established in 1900. As a requirement, all articles must be more than 15 p ...

and Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
''Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society'' is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of mathematics published by the American Mathematical Society. As a requirement, all articles must be at most 15 printed pages.
According to the ' ...

, which were also ''de facto'' journals.
In 1891 Charlotte Angas Scott
Charlotte Angas Scott (8 June 1858 – 10 November 1931) was a British mathematician who made her career in the United States and was influential in the development of American mathematics, including the mathematical education of women. Scott ...

of Britain became the first woman to join the AMS, then called the New York Mathematical Society. The society reorganized under its present name (American Mathematical Society) and became a national society in 1894, and that year Scott became the first woman on the first Council of the society. In 1927 Anna Pell-Wheeler became the first woman to present a lecture at the society's Colloquium.
In 1951 there was a south-eastern sectional meeting of the Mathematical Association of America in Nashville
Nashville is the capital city of the U.S. state of Tennessee and the seat of Davidson County. With a population of 689,447 at the 2020 U.S. census, Nashville is the most populous city in the state, 21st most-populous city in the U.S., and ...

. The citation delivered at the 2007 MAA awards presentation, where Lee Lorch received a standing ovation, recorded that:
:"'' Lee Lorch, the chair of the mathematics department at Fisk University
Fisk University is a private historically black liberal arts college in Nashville, Tennessee. It was founded in 1866 and its campus is a historic district listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
In 1930, Fisk was the first Afric ...

, and three Black colleagues, Evelyn Boyd (now Granville), Walter Brown, and H. M. Holloway came to the meeting and were able to attend the scientific sessions. However, the organizer for the closing banquet refused to honor the reservations of these four mathematicians. (Letters in Science, August 10, 1951, pp. 161–162 spell out the details). Lorch and his colleagues wrote to the governing bodies of the AMS merican Mathematical Societyand MAA seeking bylaws against discrimination. Bylaws were not changed, but non-discriminatory policies were established and have been strictly observed since then.''"MAA citationfor Yueh-Gin Gung and Dr. Charles Y. Hu Distinguished Service to Mathematics Award. Also in 1951, the American Mathematical Society's headquarters moved from

New York City
New York, often called New York City or NYC, is the most populous city in the United States. With a 2020 population of 8,804,190 distributed over , New York City is also the most densely populated major city in the Un ...

to Providence, Rhode Island
Providence is the capital and most populous city of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. One of the oldest cities in New England, it was founded in 1636 by Roger Williams, a Reformed Baptist theologian and religious exile from the Massachusetts Bay ...

. The society later added an office in Ann Arbor, Michigan
Ann Arbor is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan and the county seat of Washtenaw County. The 2020 census recorded its population to be 123,851. It is the principal city of the Ann Arbor Metropolitan Statistical Area, which encompasses all ...

in 1965 and an office in Washington, D.C.
)
, image_skyline =
, image_caption = Clockwise from top left: the Washington Monument and Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall, United States Capitol, Logan Circle, Jefferson Memorial, White House, Adams Morgan, ...

in 1992.
In 1954 the society called for the creation of a new teaching degree, a Doctor of Arts in Mathematics, similar to a PhD but without a research thesis.
In the 1970s, as reported in "A Brief History of the Association for Women in Mathematics: The Presidents' Perspectives", by Lenore Blum, "In those years the AMS merican Mathematical Societywas governed by what could only be called an 'old boys network,' closed to all but those in the inner circle." Mary W. Gray challenged that situation by "sitting in on the Council meeting in Atlantic City. When she was told she had to leave, she refused saying she would wait until the police came. (Mary relates the story somewhat differently: When she was told she had to leave, she responded she could find no rules in the by-laws restricting attendance at Council meetings. She was then told it was by 'gentlemen's agreement.' Naturally Mary replied 'Well, obviously I'm no gentleman.') After that time, Council meetings were open to observers and the process of democratization of the Society had begun." Also, in 1971 the AMS established its Joint Committee on Women in the Mathematical Sciences (JCW), which later became a joint committee of multiple scholarly societies.
Julia Robinson was the first female president of the American Mathematical Society (1983–1984) but was unable to complete her term as she was suffering from leukemia.
In 1988 the Journal of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Journal of the American Mathematical Society'' (''JAMS''), is a quarterly peer-reviewed mathematical journal published by the American Mathematical Society. It was established in January 1988.
Abstracting and indexing
This journal is abstr ...

was created, with the intent of being the flagship journal of the AMS.
Meetings

The AMS, along with more than a dozen other organizations, holds the largest annual research mathematics meeting in the world, the Joint Mathematics Meeting, in early January. The 2019 Joint Mathematics Meeting in Baltimore drew approximately 6,000 attendees. Each of the four regional sections of the AMS (Central, Eastern, Southeastern, and Western) holds meetings in the spring and fall of each year. The society also co-sponsors meetings with other international mathematical societies.Fellows

The AMS selects an annual class of Fellows who have made outstanding contributions to the advancement of mathematics.Publications

The AMS publishes Mathematical Reviews, a database of reviews of mathematical publications, various journals, and books. In 1997 the AMS acquired the Chelsea Publishing Company, which it continues to use as an imprint. In 2017, the AMS acquired the MAA Press, the book publishing program of the Mathematical Association of America. The AMS will continue to publish books under the MAA Press imprint. Journals: * General ** ''Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society'' is a quarterly mathematical journal published by the American Mathematical Society.
Scope
It publishes surveys on contemporary research topics, written at a level accessible to non-experts. ...

'' — published quarterly
** ''Communications of the American Mathematical Society'' — online only
** ''Electronic Research Announcements of the American Mathematical Society'' — online only
** ''Journal of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Journal of the American Mathematical Society'' (''JAMS''), is a quarterly peer-reviewed mathematical journal published by the American Mathematical Society. It was established in January 1988.
Abstracting and indexing
This journal is abstr ...

'' — published quarterly
** '' Memoirs of the American Mathematical Society'' — published six times per year
** ''Notices of the American Mathematical Society
''Notices of the American Mathematical Society'' is the membership journal of the American Mathematical Society (AMS), published monthly except for the combined June/July issue. The first volume appeared in 1953. Each issue of the magazine since ...

'' — published monthly, one of the most widely read mathematical periodicals
** ''Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society
''Proceedings of the American Mathematical Society'' is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of mathematics published by the American Mathematical Society. As a requirement, all articles must be at most 15 printed pages.
According to the ' ...

'' — published monthly
** ''Transactions of the American Mathematical Society
The ''Transactions of the American Mathematical Society'' is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal of mathematics published by the American Mathematical Society. It was established in 1900. As a requirement, all articles must be more than 15 p ...

'' — published monthly
* Subject-specific
** ''Conformal Geometry and Dynamics'' — online only
** ''Journal of Algebraic Geometry'' – published quarterly
** ''Mathematics of Computation
''Mathematics of Computation'' is a bimonthly mathematics journal focused on computational mathematics. It was established in 1943 as ''Mathematical Tables and other Aids to Computation'', obtaining its current name in 1960. Articles older than f ...

'' — published quarterly
** '' Mathematical Surveys and Monographs''
** ''Representation Theory'' — online only
* Translation Journals
** ''St. Petersburg Mathematical Journal''
** '' Theory of Probability and Mathematical Statistics''
** ''Transactions of the Moscow Mathematical Society''
** ''Sugaku Expositions''
Proceedings and Collections:
Advances in Soviet Mathematics

American Mathematical Society Translations

AMS/IP Studies in Advanced Mathematics

Centre de Recherches Mathématiques (CRM) Proceedings & Lecture Notes

Contemporary Mathematics

IMACS: Series in Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science

Fields Institute Communications

Proceedings of Symposia in Applied Mathematics

Proceedings of Symposia in Pure Mathematics

Prizes

Some prizes are awarded jointly with other mathematical organizations. See specific articles for details. * Bôcher Memorial Prize * Cole Prize * David P. Robbins Prize * Morgan Prize * Fulkerson Prize * Leroy P. Steele Prizes * Norbert Wiener Prize in Applied Mathematics * Oswald Veblen Prize in GeometryOutreach

The AMS creates outreach materials aimed at middle school, high school, and college students. These include:Posters

about mathematicians and mathematics

Mathematical Moments

posters and interviews about applications of math to science and society

Math in the Media

a monthly rundown of news articles that mention math, paired with classroom activities on the relevant math concepts.

Typesetting

The AMS was an early advocate of the typesetting program TeX, requiring that contributions be written in it and producing its own packages AMS-TeX and AMS-LaTeX. TeX and LaTeX are now ubiquitous in mathematical publishing.Presidents

The AMS is led by the President, who is elected for a two-year term, and cannot serve for two consecutive terms.1888–1900

* John Howard Van Amringe (New York Mathematical Society) (1888–1890) * Emory McClintock (New York Mathematical Society) (1891–94) * George Hill (1895–96) *Simon Newcomb
Simon Newcomb (March 12, 1835 – July 11, 1909) was a Canadian–American astronomer, applied mathematician, and autodidactic polymath. He served as Professor of Mathematics in the United States Navy and at Johns Hopkins University. Born in Nov ...

(1897–98)
* Robert Woodward (1899–1900)
1901–1950

* Eliakim Moore (1901–02) * Thomas Fiske (1903–04) * William Osgood (1905–06) * Henry White (1907–08) * Maxime Bôcher (1909–10) * Henry Fine (1911–12) * Edward Van Vleck (1913–14) * Ernest Brown (1915–16) * Leonard Dickson (1917–18) * Frank Morley (1919–20) * Gilbert Bliss (1921–22) * Oswald Veblen (1923–24) * George Birkhoff (1925–26) * Virgil Snyder (1927–28) * Earle Raymond Hedrick (1929–30) * Luther Eisenhart (1931–32) * Arthur Byron Coble (1933–34) * Solomon Lefschetz (1935–36) * Robert Moore (1937–38) * Griffith C. Evans (1939–40) * Marston Morse (1941–42) * Marshall Stone (1943–44) * Theophil Hildebrandt (1945–46) * Einar Hille (1947–48) * Joseph L. Walsh (1949–50)1951–2000

*John von Neumann
John von Neumann (; hu, Neumann János Lajos, ; December 28, 1903 – February 8, 1957) was a Hungarian-American mathematician, physicist, computer scientist, engineer and polymath. He was regarded as having perhaps the widest cove ...

(1951–52)
* Gordon Whyburn (1953–54)
* Raymond Wilder (1955–56)
* Richard Brauer
Richard Dagobert Brauer (February 10, 1901 – April 17, 1977) was a leading German and American mathematician. He worked mainly in abstract algebra, but made important contributions to number theory. He was the founder of modular represen ...

(1957–58)
* Edward McShane (1959–60)
* Deane Montgomery (1961–62)
* Joseph Doob (1963–64)
* Abraham Albert (1965–66)
* Charles B. Morrey Jr.
Charles Bradfield Morrey Jr. (July 23, 1907 – April 29, 1984) was an American mathematician who made fundamental contributions to the calculus of variations and the theory of partial differential equations.
Life
Charles Bradfield Morrey Jr. ...

(1967–68)
* Oscar Zariski (1969–70)
* Nathan Jacobson
Nathan Jacobson (October 5, 1910 – December 5, 1999) was an American mathematician.
Biography
Born Nachman Arbiser in Warsaw, Jacobson emigrated to America with his family in 1918. He graduated from the University of Alabama in 1930 and was awa ...

(1971–72)
* Saunders Mac Lane
Saunders Mac Lane (4 August 1909 – 14 April 2005) was an American mathematician who co-founded category theory with Samuel Eilenberg.
Early life and education
Mac Lane was born in Norwich, Connecticut, near where his family lived in Taftvil ...

(1973–74)
* Lipman Bers
Lipman Bers ( Latvian: ''Lipmans Berss''; May 22, 1914 – October 29, 1993) was a Latvian-American mathematician, born in Riga, who created the theory of pseudoanalytic functions and worked on Riemann surfaces and Kleinian groups. He was also ...

(1975–76)
* R. H. Bing (1977–78)
* Peter Lax (1979–80)
* Andrew Gleason (1981–82)
* Julia Robinson (1983–84)
* Irving Kaplansky
Irving Kaplansky (March 22, 1917 – June 25, 2006) was a mathematician, college professor, author, and amateur musician.O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Irving Kaplansky", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St An ...

(1985–86)
* George Mostow
George Daniel Mostow (July 4, 1923 – April 4, 2017) was an American mathematician, renowned for his contributions to Lie theory. He was the Henry Ford II (emeritus) Professor of Mathematics at Yale University, a member of the National Academy ...

(1987–88)
* William Browder (1989–90)
* Michael Artin (1991–92)
* Ronald Graham (1993–94)
* Cathleen Morawetz (1995–96)
* Arthur Jaffe
Arthur Michael Jaffe (; born December 22, 1937) is an American mathematical physicist at Harvard University, where in 1985 he succeeded George Mackey as the Landon T. Clay Professor of Mathematics and Theoretical Science.
Education and caree ...

(1997–98)
* Felix Browder
Felix Earl Browder (; July 31, 1927 – December 10, 2016) was an American mathematician known for his work in nonlinear functional analysis. He received the National Medal of Science in 1999 and was President of the American Mathematical Society ...

(1999–2000)
2001–present

* Hyman Bass (2001–02) *David Eisenbud
David Eisenbud (born 8 April 1947 in New York City) is an American mathematician. He is a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley and Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI); he previously se ...

(2003–04)
* James Arthur
James Arthur (born 2 March 1988) is an English singer and songwriter. He rose to fame after winning the ninth series of ''The X Factor'' in 2012. His debut single, a cover of Shontelle's " Impossible", was released by Syco Music after the f ...

(2005–06)
* James Glimm
James Gilbert Glimm (born March 24, 1934) is an American mathematician, former president of the American Mathematical Society, and distinguished professor at Stony Brook University. He has made many contributions in the areas of pure and appli ...

(2007–08)
* George E. Andrews (2009–10)
* Eric M. Friedlander (2011–12)
* David Vogan (2013–14)
* Robert L. Bryant (2015–16)
* Ken Ribet (2017–18)
* Jill Pipher (2019–20)
* Ruth Charney (2021–22)
See also

* Canadian Mathematical Society * Mathematical Association of America * European Mathematical Society * London Mathematical Society * List of mathematical societiesReferences

External links

*MacTutor: The American Mathematical Society

{{Coord, 41.8372, -71.4123, type:landmark_globe:earth_region:US-RI, display=title Organizations established in 1888 Mathematical societies 1888 establishments in New York (state) 1951 establishments in Rhode Island Organizations based in Providence, Rhode Island