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The Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC) is a
North Atlantic Treaty Organization The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance A military alliance is a formal agreement betw ...
High Readiness Force (Land) Headquarters ready for deployment worldwide.


History

The ARRC was created on 2 October 1992 in
Bielefeld Bielefeld () is a city in the Ostwestfalen-Lippe Region in the north-east of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With a population of 341,730, it is also the most populous city in the administrative region (''Regierungsbezirk'') of Detmold (region), ...

Bielefeld
based on the former I (British) Corps (I (BR) Corps). It was originally created as the rapid reaction corps sized land force of the Reaction Forces Concept that emerged after the end of the
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
, with a mission to redeploy and reinforce within Allied Command Europe (ACE) and to conduct Petersberg missions out of NATO territory. The first commander, appointed in 1992 was General Sir
Jeremy Mackenzie General A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral zon ...
. From 1994 the ARRC was based in the
Rheindahlen Military Complex JHQ (Joint Headquarters) Rheindahlen was a military base in Mönchengladbach, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin , coordinates = , largest_city = capital , langu ...
,
Germany ) , image_map = , map_caption = , map_width = 250px , capital = Berlin Berlin (; ) is the Capital city, capital and List of cities in Germany by population, largest city of Germany by both area and population. Its 3,769,495 inh ...

Germany
. It commanded the Land Forces of NATO's first ever deployment as part of the
Implementation Force The Implementation Force (IFOR) was a NATO The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO, ; french: Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique nord, ), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance ...
operation in
Bosnia Bosnia ( bs, Bosna / , ) is the north North is one of the four compass points The points of the compass are the vectors by which planet A planet is an astronomical body orbiting a star or Stellar evolution#Stellar remnants, stellar r ...

Bosnia
in 1995/6 and was again deployed as the headquarters commanding Land Forces during the
Kosovo War The Kosovo War was an armed conflict in Kosovo Kosovo, or ; sr-Cyrl, Косово officially the Republic of Kosovo,; sr, / is a partially recognised state in Southeast Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () i ...
in 1999. In 1997 assigned forces included the 7th Panzer Division; 2nd Greek Mechanised Division; 1st Turkish Mechanised Division (9th Armoured and 28th Mechanised Brigades, plus a third brigade, as assigned); 1st Armored Division; plus other formations, including the 1st and 3rd Divisions, British Army. Since 2002 however the headquarters has been re-roled (with five other corps HQs of other NATO nations) as a High Readiness Force (Land) HQ (HRF(L)) with a broader mission. The formation HQ is under Operational Command of Supreme Allied Commander, Europe (SACEUR). The ARRC has a national Force Pool of Combat, Combat Support and Combat Service Support units with which to train and execute its mission. However, in reality COMARRC commands no forces until he receives an Activation Order from SACEUR. On receipt of ACTORD, forces from troop contributing nations, generated through the NATO Force Generation process are passed into his Operational Command for the duration of the operational deployment. ARRC took command of the International Security Assistance Force in
Afghanistan Afghanistan (; Pashto Pashto (,; / , ), sometimes spelled Pukhto or Pakhto, is an Eastern Iranian language The Eastern Iranian languages are a subgroup of the Iranian languages The Iranian or Iranic languages are a branch of t ...

Afghanistan
on 4 May 2006 and then relocated from Rheindahlen to
Imjin Barracks Imjin Barracks is a military installation situated near Innsworth in Gloucestershire that is home to NATO's Allied Rapid Reaction Corps (ARRC). The Barracks were named after the Battle of the Imjin River because of the connection with the Glouces ...
, outside
Gloucester Gloucester ( ) is a cathedral city City status in the United Kingdom is granted by the monarch of the United Kingdom The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the ...
in England, in 2010 before deploying to support the
ISAF ' ps, کمک او همکاري ' , allies = Afghanistan Afghanistan (; /: , Pashto: , Dari: ), officially the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan, is a at the crossroads of and . Afghanistan is bordered by to the east and ...

ISAF
Joint Command Headquarters in Afghanistan in 2011. ARRC is also regionally aligned with the European region as part of defence engagement.


Structure 2015

In September 2015 the structure of HQ ARRC was as follows: * Commander (UK), * Deputy Commander (Italy), * Chief of Staff (UK), **Engineers and Civil Military Integration (UK), **Training and Security Force Assistance (UK), **Joint Fires and Influence Branch (UK), **Operations Division (USA), **Personnel and Logistics (UK), **Command Information Systems (UK), **ARRC Enabling Command (Spain). The deployable headquarters infrastructure and communications for HQ ARRC is provided by the 1st Signal Brigade under the
Army 2020 Army 2020, was the name given to the restructuring of the British Army, in light of the 2010 Strategic Defence and Security Review. Background The British Government gave an indication of its proposals for the future structure of the Army in ear ...
concept. In October 2019, the Italian Division "Acqui", the
Danish Division The Danish Division ( da, Danske Division), short DDIV, is the only remaining military land division Division or divider may refer to: Mathematics *Division (mathematics), the inverse of multiplication *Division algorithm, a method for computi ...
, the
1st Canadian Division The 1st Canadian Division (french: links=no, 1re Division du Canada) is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston. Formed during the World War I, First World War in August 1914, th ...
, the
3rd (United Kingdom) Division The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division is a regular army Division (military), division of the British Army. It was created in 1809 by Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army, for service in the Peninsular War, a ...
, and the U.S. 4th Infantry Division were assigned to form part of the ARRC if the corps were to be deployed.


Troop contributing countries

As of 1 September 2017, the ARRC is composed of service members from 23 NATO troop contributing countries: *Albania *Belgium *Canada *Croatia *Czech Republic *Denmark *Estonia *France *Germany *Greece *Italy *Latvia *Lithuania *Norway *Poland *Portugal *Romania *Spain *Sweden *Netherlands *Turkey *United Kingdom (HQ ARRC's framework country) *United States of America


Recent Commanders

Recent commanders have included: *1992–1994: Lieutenant General
Jeremy Mackenzie General A general officer is an officer of high rank in the armies, and in some nations' air forces, space forces, or marines Marines or naval infantry, are typically a military force trained to operate on Littoral Zone, littoral zon ...
*1994–1997: Lieutenant General Michael Walker *1997–2000: Lieutenant General Mike Jackson *2000–2002: Lieutenant General Christopher Drewry *2002–2005: Lieutenant General Richard Dannatt *2005–2007: Lieutenant General David Richards *2007–2011: Lieutenant General
Richard Shirreff
Richard Shirreff
*2011–2013: Lieutenant General
James Bucknall Lieutenant-General (United Kingdom), Lieutenant General Sir James Jeffrey Corfield Bucknall, (born 29 November 1958) is a retired British Army officer and former Commander of the Allied Rapid Reaction Corps. Early life Bucknall was born in 1958 ...

James Bucknall
*2013–2016: Lieutenant General
Timothy Evans Timothy John Evans (20 November 1924 – 9 March 1950) was a Welsh person, Welshman who was accused of murdering his wife (Beryl) and infant daughter (Geraldine) at their residence in Notting Hill, London. In January 1950, Evans was tried, and ...
*2016–2019: Lieutenant General
Tim Radford Tim Radford (born 1940) is a British–New Zealand freelance journalist, born in New Zealand in 1940 and educated at Sacred Heart College, Auckland. At 16, he joined ''The New Zealand Herald ''The New Zealand Herald'' is a daily newspaper ...
*2019–present: Lieutenant General
Sir Edward Smyth-Osbourne
Sir Edward Smyth-Osbourne


References


External links


Official HQ ARRC SiteHQ ARRC British Army website
{{DEFAULTSORT:ARRC British field corps Military units and formations of NATO Military units and formations established in 1992