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AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an American online music database. It catalogs more than three million
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entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musicians and bands. Initiated in 1991, the database was first made available on the Internet in 1994. AllMusic is owned by RhythmOne.


History

AllMusic was launched as ''All Music Guide'' by Michael Erlewine, a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician". He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-1970s and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. In the early 1990s, as CDs replaced vinyl as the dominant format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by . After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter-day rehash". Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using
metadata Metadata is " data" that provides information about other data". In other words, it is "data about data". Many distinct types of metadata exist, including descriptive metadata, structural metadata, administrative metadata, reference metadata, st ...
to create a music guide. In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open access database that included every recording "since
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gave the industry its first big boost". The first ''All Music Guide'', published in 1992, was a 1,200-page reference book, packaged with a CD-ROM, titled ''All Music Guide: The Best CDs, Albums & Tapes: The Expert's Guide to the Best Releases from Thousands of Artists in All Types of Music''. Its first online version, in 1994, was a text-based Gopher site. It moved to the
World Wide Web upright=1.35, A global map of the web index for countries in 2014 The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs, su ...
as web browsers became more user-friendly. Erlewine hired a database engineer, Vladimir Bogdanov, to design the All Music Guide framework, and recruited his nephew, writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, to develop editorial content. In 1993, Chris Woodstra joined the staff as an engineer. A "record geek" who had written for alternative weeklies and fanzines, his main qualification was an "encyclopedic knowledge of music". 1,400 subgenres of music were created, a feature which became central to the site's utility. In a 2016 article in ''Tedium'', Ernie Smith wrote: "AllMusic may have been one of most ambitious sites of the early-internet era—and it’s one that is fundamental to our understanding of pop culture. Because, the thing is, it doesn’t just track reviews or albums. It tracks styles, genres, and subgenres, along with the tone of the music and the platforms on which the music is sold. It then connects that data together, in a way that can intelligently tell you about an entire type of music, whether a massive genre like classical, or a tiny one like sadcore." In 1996, seeking to further develop its web-based businesses, Alliance Entertainment Corp. bought All Music from Erlewine for a reported $3.5 million. He left the company after its sale. Alliance filed for bankruptcy in 1999, and its assets were acquired by Ron Burkle's Yucaipa Equity Fund. In 1999, All Music relocated from Big Rapids to Ann Arbor, where the staff expanded from 12 to 100 people. By February of that year, 350,000 albums and two million tracks had been cataloged. All Music had published biographies of 30,000 artists, 120,000 record reviews and 300 essays written by "a hybrid of historians, critics and passionate collectors". In late 2007, AllMusic was purchased for $72 million by TiVo Corporation (known as Macrovision at the time of the sale, and as Rovi from 2009 until 2016). In 2012, AllMusic removed all of
Bryan Adams Bryan Guy Adams (born 5 November 1959) is a Canadians, Canadian guitarist, singer, composer, record producer, photographer, and philanthropist. With several number 1 singles and albums in various countries, Adams has sold over 100 million recor ...
' info from the site per a request from the artist. In 2015, AllMusic was purchased by BlinkX (later known as RhythmOne). The AllMusic database is powered by a combination of
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and MongoDB.


The All Music Guide series

The All Media Network produced the ''All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide (''at first released as ''The Experts' Guide)'', which includes a series of publications about various music genres. It was followed by ''Required Listening'' series, and Annual guides. Vladimir Bogdanov (editor), Vladimir Bogdanov is the president and the main editor of the series. * ''All Music Guide: The Definitive Guide to Popular Music'' (1st edition: 1992, 2nd ed: 1994, 3rd ed: 1997, 4th ed: 2001, 5th ed: 2008) * ''All Music Guide to Classical Music: The Definitive Guide to Classical Music'' (2004) * ''All Music Guide to Country: The Definitive Guide to Country Music'' (1st ed: 1997, 2nd ed: 2003) * ''All Music Guide to Electronica: The Definitive Guide to Electronic Music'' (2001) * ''All Music Guide to Hip-hop: The Definitive Guide to Rap & Hip-hop'' (2003) * ''All Music Guide to Jazz, All Music Guide to Jazz: The Definitive Guide to Jazz Music''  (1st ed: 1994 , 2nd ed: 1996, 3rd ed: 1998, 4th ed: 2002) * ''All Music Guide to Rock: The Definitive Guide to Rock, Pop, and Soul'' (1st ed: 1995, 2nd ed: 1997, 3rd ed: 2002) * ''All Music Guide to Soul: The Definitive Guide to R&B and Soul'' (2003) * ''All Music Guide to the Blues, All Music Guide to the Blues: The Definitive Guide to the Blues'' (1st ed: 1996, 2nd ed: 1999, 3rd ed: 2003) * ''All Music Guide Required Listening: Classic Rock'' (2007) * ''All Music Guide Required Listening: Contemporary Country'' (2008) * ''All Music Guide Required Listening: Old School Rap & Hip-hop'' (2008) * ''All Music Guide to the Music of 2002: Your Guide to the Recordings of the Year'' (2003) * ''All Music Guide to the Music of 2003: Your Guide to the Recordings of the Year'' (2004)


Reception

In August 2007, ''PC Magazine'' included AllMusic in its "Top 100 Classic Websites" list.


See also

* All Media Network ** AllGame ** AllMovie ** SideReel


References


External links

* {{Official website AllMusic, Internet properties established in 1991 Mass media companies established in 1991 1991 establishments in California Gopher (protocol)