Albert Lester Lehninger (February 17, 1917 – March 4, 1986) was an American biochemist in the field of bioenergetics. He made fundamental contributions to the current understanding of metabolism at a molecular level. In 1948, he discovered, with Eugene P. Kennedy, that mitochondria are the site of oxidative phosphorylation in eukaryotes, which ushered in the modern study of energy transduction. He is the author of a number of classic texts, including: ''Biochemistry, The Mitochondrion, Bioenergetics '' and, most notably, his series ''Principles of Biochemistry''. The latter is a widely used text for introductory biochemistry courses at the college and university levels.

Early life and education

Lehninger was born in Bridgeport, Connecticut, US. He earned his BA in English from Wesleyan University (1939) and went on to earn both his MA (1940) and PhD (1942) at the University of Wisconsin–Madison. His doctoral research involved the metabolism of acetoacetate and fatty acid oxidation by liver cells.

Academic career

After earning his doctorate in biochemistry, Lehninger held various faculty positions at the University of Wisconsin–Madison and the University of Chicago. In 1952, he went to the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, assuming the title of DeLamar Professor of the Department of Biological Chemistry. He served in this position until 1978, when he was appointed to the role of University Professor of Medical Sciences. He held this title until his death in 1986.

Honors and awards

* 1948 – Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry * 1951 – Guggenheim Fellowship * 1956 – Elected to the National Academy of Sciences * 1969 – Remsen Award of the American Chemical Society * 1986 – Passano Foundation Award


External links

Forthcoming in ''New Dictionary of Scientific Biography''
{{DEFAULTSORT:Lehninger, Albert L. Category:1917 births Category:1986 deaths Category:American biochemists Category:American science writers Category:American textbook writers Category:Medical educators Category:Science teachers Category:People from Bridgeport, Connecticut Category:Wesleyan University alumni Category:University of Wisconsin–Madison alumni Category:University of Wisconsin–Madison faculty Category:University of Chicago faculty Category:Members of the United States National Academy of Sciences Category:20th-century American male writers Category:20th-century American non-fiction writers Category:American male non-fiction writers