The Additional Articles of the Constitution of the Republic of China are the revisions and s to the to meet the requisites of the nation and the . The Additional Articles are usually attached after the original constitution as a separate document. It also has its own and article ordering different from the original constitution. The Additional Articles are the fundamental law of the present on since 1991, last amended in 2005.


Free area

The territory controlled by the changed significantly after the . This created difficulties in holding on a national scale. Thus, the Additional Articles of the Constitution defines the (: , : Zìyóu Dìqū, : Chū-iû Tē-khu, : Chhṳ-yù Thi-khî) to address the territory and the people under the 's effective jurisdiction. Only the citizens of the Free Area may exercise the full civil and political rights, including and .

Direct presidential election

The Additional Articles requires of the by the citizens of the . The first . Under the original constitution, the was elected by the .

Government reform and reorganization

The Additional Articles of the Constitution reformed the from a to a . The is abolished, and its functions are exercised directly by the citizens of the . The five-power governmental structure is retained, though it functions closer to the traditional Western in practice.

Constitutional referendum

The Additional Articles were ratified on June 7, 2005, or national territory alteration have to be ratified by more than half (50%) of voters of the Free Area in a after passed in with a . Before that, or national territory alteration were ratified by the .

Comparison of the governmental structure

The present structure of government are regulated by the Additional Articles in 2005.中華民國憲法與其相關法規彙編 by Hsien-Mo Liao


The Additional Articles of the Constitution has been amended seven times since the 1990s. Current Additional Articles of the Constitution contains 12 articles: * Article 1: Referendum on amendment to the Constitution and alteration of the national territory. * Article 2: and the . * Article 3: and the . * Article 4: . * Article 5: . * Article 6: . * Article 7: . * Article 8: Remuneration and pay of the members of the . * Article 9: . * Article 10: Fundamental national policy. * Article 11: (rights and obligations between people of the and ). * Article 12: Procedure for amending the Constitution.

See also

* * * *


External links

Additional Articles of the Constitution
by the Office of the President, Republic of China (Taiwan)

* ttp://www.taiwandocuments.org/constitution07.htm English translation of the Constitutionby the Taiwan Documents Project.
Constitution day and constitutional government
{{DEFAULTSORT:Constitution Of Taiwan
Taiwan Taiwan (), officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a country in East Asia. Neighbouring countries include the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the northwest, Japan to the northeast, and the Philippines to the south. The main islan ...