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The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award of Merit for Directing) is an award presented annually by the
Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS, often pronounced ; also known as simply the Academy or the Motion Picture Academy) is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion ...
(AMPAS). It is given in honor of a
film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the film crew and actors in the fulfilment of that Goal, vision. The director has a key role in choosing the Casting (perfo ...
who has exhibited outstanding directing while working in the
film industry The film industry or motion picture industry comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking Filmmaking (film production) is the process by which a is . Filmmaking involves a number of complex and discrete stages, sta ...
. The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with the award being split into "Dramatic" and "Comedy" categories;
Frank Borzage Frank Borzage (; April 23, 1894 – June 19, 1962) was an Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry The film industry or motion picture industry co ...

Frank Borzage
and
Lewis Milestone Lewis Milestone (born Leib Milstein (Russian: Лейб Мильштейн); September 30, 1895 – September 25, 1980) was a Russian-American Russian Americans ( rus, ру́сские америка́нцы, links= y, r= rússkiye amerikántsy ...
won for '' 7th Heaven'' and ''
Two Arabian Knights ''Two Arabian Knights'' (1927) is an American comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences that communicate ideas, ...
'', respectively. However, these categories were merged for all subsequent ceremonies. Nominees are determined by
single transferable vote Single transferable vote (STV) is a type of ranked preferential electoral system An electoral system or voting system is a set of rules that determine how elections and referendums are conducted and how their results are determined. Poli ...
within the directors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy. For the first eleven years of the Academy Awards, directors were allowed to be nominated for multiple films in the same year. However, after the nomination of
Michael Curtiz Michael Curtiz ( ; born Manó Kertész Kaminer; December 24, 1886 April 10, 1962) was a Hungarian-born American film director, recognized as one of the most prolific directors in history. He directed classic films from the silent era and numer ...
for two films, ''
Angels with Dirty Faces ''Angels with Dirty Faces'' is a 1938 American gangster film directed by Michael Curtiz Michael Curtiz ( ; born Manó Kertész Kaminer; December 24, 1886 April 11, 1962) was a Hungarian-born American film director, recognized as one of the ...
'' and ''
Four Daughters ''Four Daughters'' is a 1938 American musical film, musical drama (film and television), drama film that tells the story of a happy musical family whose lives and loves are disrupted by the arrival of a cynical young composer who interjects himsel ...
'', at the 11th Academy Awards, the rules were revised so that an individual could only be nominated for one film at each ceremony. That rule has since been amended, although the only director who has received multiple nominations in the same year was
Steven Soderbergh Steven Andrew Soderbergh (; born January 14, 1963) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer, and editor. An early pioneer of modern , Soderbergh is an acclaimed and prolific filmmaker. Soderbergh's directorial-brea ...
for ''
Erin Brockovich Erin Brockovich (born Pattee; June 22, 1960) is an American legal clerk, consumer advocate, and environmental activist, who, despite her lack of education in the law, was instrumental in building a case against the Pacific Gas & Electric Compan ...
'' and ''
Traffic Traffic on roads A road is a thoroughfare, route, or way on land between two places that has been paved or otherwise improved to allow travel by foot or by some form of conveyance (including a motor vehicle Electric bicycles parked i ...
'' in 2000, winning the award for the latter. The Academy Awards for Best Director and
Best PictureThis is a list of categories of awards commonly awarded through organizations that bestow film awards, including those presented by various film, festivals, and people's awards. Best Actor/Best Actress *See Best Actor#Film awards, Best Actress#Fi ...
have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 92 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 66 have also been awarded Best Director. Since its inception, the award has been given to 72 directors or directing teams.
John Ford John Martin Feeney (February 1, 1894 – August 31, 1973), known professionally as John Ford, was an American film director and naval officer. He is renowned both for Westerns Western is a genre of fiction Fiction generally is a narra ...

John Ford
has received the most awards in this category with four.
William Wyler William Wyler (; born Willi Wyler (); July 1, 1902 – July 27, 1981) was a Swiss-German-American film director and producer who won the Academy Award for Best Director three times, those being for ''Mrs. Miniver'' (1942), ''The Best Years of O ...
was nominated on twelve occasions, more than any other individual.
Damien Chazelle Damien Sayre Chazelle (born January 19, 1985) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. He is best known for his films ''Whiplash Whiplash may refer to: * The long flexible part of a whip * Whiplash (medicine), a neck injury ** W ...

Damien Chazelle
became the youngest director in history to receive this award, at the age of 32 for his work on ''
La La Land ''La La Land'' is a 2016 American musical Musical is the adjective of music Music is the art of arranging sounds in time through the elements of melody, harmony, rhythm, and timbre. It is one of the universal cultural aspects of all ...

La La Land
''.
John Singleton John Daniel Singleton (January 6, 1968 April 28, 2019) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and actor. He was best known for writing and directing ''Boyz n the Hood ''Boyz n the Hood'' is a 1991 American coming-of-age hoo ...
became the youngest director to be nominated for this award, at age 24 for his work on ''
Boyz n the Hood ''Boyz n the Hood'' is a 1991 American coming-of-age hood drama Drama is the specific Mode (literature), mode of fiction Mimesis, represented in performance: a Play (theatre), play, opera, mime, ballet, etc., performed in a theatre, or ...
''. Two directing teams have shared the award;
Robert Wise Robert Earl Wise (September 10, 1914 – September 14, 2005) was an American film director, producer, and editor. He won the Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in t ...
and
Jerome Robbins Jerome Robbins (October 11, 1918 – July 29, 1998) was an American choreographer, director, dancer, and theater producer who worked in classical ballet, on stage, film, and television. Among his numerous stage productions were ''On the Town (mu ...

Jerome Robbins
for ''
West Side Story ''West Side Story'' is a Musical theatre, musical conceived by Jerome Robbins with music by Leonard Bernstein, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim, and a Book (musical theatre), book by Arthur Laurents. Inspired by William Shakespeare's play ''Romeo and ...
'' in 1961 and
Joel and Ethan Coen Joel Coen (born November 29, 1954) and Ethan Coen (born September 21, 1957),State of Minnesota. ''Minnesota Birth Index, 1935–2002''. Minnesota Department of Health. collectively referred to as the Coen Brothers (), are American film director ...
for ''
No Country for Old Men ''No Country for Old Men'' is a 2005 novel by United States, American author Cormac McCarthy, who had originally written the story as a screenplay. The story occurs in the vicinity of the Mexico–United States border in 1980 and concerns an ill ...
'' in 2007. The Coen brothers are the only siblings to have won the award.
Kathryn Bigelow Kathryn Ann Bigelow (; born November 28, 1951) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. Covering a wide range of genres, her films include ''Near Dark'' (1987), ''Point Break'' (1991), ''Strange Days (film), Strange Days'' (1995), ...
is the only woman to have won the award, for 2009's ''
The Hurt Locker ''The Hurt Locker'' is a 2008 American war film, war thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow and written by Mark Boal. It stars Jeremy Renner, Anthony Mackie, Brian Geraghty, Christian Camargo, Ralph Fiennes, David Morse (actor), David Morse, a ...
''. As of the 2020 ceremony,
Bong Joon-ho Bong Joon-ho (, ; Hanja: 奉俊昊; born September 14, 1969) is a South Korean film director, producer and screenwriter. His films are characterised by the use of social themes, genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode ...
is the most recent winner in this category for his work on ''
Parasite Parasitism is a Symbiosis, close relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or inside another organism, the Host (biology), host, causing it some harm, and is adaptation (biology), adapted structurally to this w ...
''.


Winners and nominees

In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in
Los Angeles County Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the most populous county in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), o ...
,
California California is a U.S. state, state in the Western United States. With over 39.3million residents across a total area of approximately , it is the List of states and territories of the United States by population, most populous and the List of ...

California
; the ceremonies are always held the following year. For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. Levy 2003, page 52 For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31.


1920s


1930s


1940s


1950s


1960s


1970s


1980s


1990s


2000s


2010s


2020s


Multiple wins and nominations


Multiple wins


Multiple nominations


Age superlatives


Diversity of nominees/winners


Asian nominees/winners

Seven directors of Asian descent have been nominated a total of nine times in this category, and two individuals have won the award (with Ang Lee winning twice). * 1965 –
Hiroshi Teshigahara was a Japanese avant-garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or ' vanguard', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.John Picchione, The New Avan ...
for ''
Woman in the Dunes A woman is an adult female human. The term ''woman'' may also refer to a girl (a female child or Adolescence, adolescent). The plural ''women'' is sometimes used for female humans regardless of age, as in phrases such as "women's rights." Typi ...
'' * 1985 –
Akira Kurosawa was a Japanese film director, screenwriter, and producer who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years. He is regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema. Kurosawa entered the Japanese fil ...
for '' Ran'' * 1999 – for ''
The Sixth Sense ''The Sixth Sense'' is a 1999 American supernatural fiction, supernatural psychological thriller film written and directed by M. Night Shyamalan. It stars Bruce Willis as a child psychologist whose patient (Haley Joel Osment) can talk to the dead ...

The Sixth Sense
'' † * 2000 –
Ang Lee Ang Lee (; born 23 October 1954) is a Taiwanese film director, producer, and screenwriter. Born in the Pingtung County Pingtung County is a County (Taiwan), county in Southern Taiwan. It has a warm tropical monsoon climate and is known for ...

Ang Lee
for ''
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon ''Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon'' () is a 2000 '' wuxia'' film directed by Ang Lee and written by Wang Hui-ling, James Schamus and Kuo Jung Tsai. The film features an international cast of actors of Chinese people, Chinese ethnicity, includi ...
'' † * 2005 – for † * 2012 – for † * 2019 –
Bong Joon-ho Bong Joon-ho (, ; Hanja: 奉俊昊; born September 14, 1969) is a South Korean film director, producer and screenwriter. His films are characterised by the use of social themes, genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode ...
for ‡ * 2020 –
Lee Isaac Chung Lee Isaac Chung (born October 19, 1978) is an American film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that ...
for '' Minari''† * 2020 –
Chloé Zhao Chloé Zhao, born Zhao Ting (, born 31 March 1982), is a Chinese-born heiress and filmmaker, known primarily for her work on independent films. Zhao's debut feature film, ''Songs My Brothers Taught Me'' (2015), premiered at Sundance Film Festiva ...
for '' Nomadland''†


Black nominees

Six black directors have been nominated a total of six times in this category, and none have won the award. * 1991 –
John Singleton John Daniel Singleton (January 6, 1968 April 28, 2019) was an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and actor. He was best known for writing and directing ''Boyz n the Hood ''Boyz n the Hood'' is a 1991 American coming-of-age hoo ...
for ''
Boyz n the Hood ''Boyz n the Hood'' is a 1991 American coming-of-age hood drama Drama is the specific Mode (literature), mode of fiction Mimesis, represented in performance: a Play (theatre), play, opera, mime, ballet, etc., performed in a theatre, or ...
'' § * 2009 –
Lee Daniels Lee Daniels (born December 24, 1959) is an American film director, producer, and screenwriter. His first producer credit was ''Monster's Ball'' (2001), with which he became the first African-American film producer to solely produce an Oscar-win ...
for '' Precious'' † * 2013 –
Steve McQueen Terrence Stephen McQueen (March 24, 1930November 7, 1980), known as Steve McQueen in his film career, nicknamed the "King of Cool" (during moto races used alias Harvey Mushman), was an American actor. His persona, emphasized during the height ...
for ''
12 Years a Slave ''Twelve Years a Slave'' is an 1853 memoir A memoir (; from French: ''mémoire'': ''memoria'', meaning ''memory'' or ''reminiscence'') is any nonfiction narrative A narrative, story or tale is any account of a series of related events or ex ...
'' ‡ * 2016 –
Barry Jenkins Barry Jenkins (born November 19, 1979) is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and member of The Chopstars collective. After making his filmmaking debut with the short film ''My Josephine'', he received an Independent Spirit Award ...

Barry Jenkins
for ''
Moonlight Moonlight consists of mostly sunlight (with little earthlight (astronomy), earthlight) reflected from the parts of the Moon, Moon's surface where the Sun, Sun's light strikes. Illumination The intensity of moonlight varies greatly depending on ...
'' ‡ * 2017 –
Jordan Peele Jordan Haworth Peele (born February 21, 1979) is an American actor, comedian and filmmaker. He is best known for his film and television work in the comedy and horror genres. Peele's breakout role came in 2003, when he was hired as a cast membe ...
for ''
Get Out ''Get Out'' is a 2017 American horror film A horror film is one that seeks to elicit or in its audience for entertainment purposes. Initially inspired by from authors such as , , and , horror has existed as a film genre for more than ...
'' §† * 2018 –
Spike Lee Shelton Jackson "Spike" Lee (born March 20, 1957) is an American film director, producer, screenwriter, actor, and professor. His production company, , has produced more than 35 films since 1983. He made his with ' (1986). He has since written ...

Spike Lee
for ''
BlacKkKlansman ''BlacKkKlansman'' is a 2018 American biographical film, biographical black comedy crime film directed by Spike Lee and written by Charlie Wachtel, David Rabinowitz, Kevin Willmott and Lee, based on the 2014 memoir ''Black Klansman'' by Ron Stal ...
'' †


Latin American nominees/winners

Five Latin American directors have been nominated a total of eight times in this category, and three have won the award five times. * 1985 – /
Héctor Babenco Héctor Eduardo Babenco (February 7, 1946July 13, 2016) was an Argentine-Brazilian film director, screenwriter, Film producer, producer and actor who worked in several countries including Brazil, Argentina, and the United States. He was one of t ...

Héctor Babenco
for '' Kiss of the Spider Woman'' † * 2003 –
Fernando Meirelles Fernando Ferreira Meirelles (; born 9 November 1955) is a Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million squa ...

Fernando Meirelles
for ''
City of GodThe term City of God may refer to the unity between the Holy Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. The term may also refer to: Places *Cidade de Deus (Osasco), the Banco Bradesco headquarters in Osasco, São Paulo, Brazil *C ...
'' * 2006 – for '' Babel'' † * 2013 –
Alfonso Cuarón Alfonso Cuarón ( , ; born 28 November 1961) is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer and editor. Cuaron is the first Mexico-born filmmaker to win the Academy Award for Best Director The Academy Award for Best Dire ...

Alfonso Cuarón
for ''
Gravity Gravity (), or gravitation, is a by which all things with or —including s, s, , and even —are attracted to (or ''gravitate'' toward) one another. , gravity gives to s, and the causes the s of the oceans. The gravitational attracti ...
'' † * 2014 – for '' Birdman'' ‡ * 2015 – for '' The Revenant'' † * 2017 –
Guillermo del Toro Guillermo del Toro Gómez (; born October 9, 1964) is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, and author. He is best known for his Academy Awards, Academy Award-winning fantasy films ''Pan's Labyrinth'' (2006) and ''The Shape of Water'' ...
for ''
The Shape of Water ''The Shape of Water'' is a 2017 American romantic fantasy film Fantasy films are films that belong to the fantasy genre with fantastic themes, usually magic, supernatural events, mythology, folklore Folklore is the expressive bod ...
'' ‡ * 2018 –
Alfonso Cuarón Alfonso Cuarón ( , ; born 28 November 1961) is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer and editor. Cuaron is the first Mexico-born filmmaker to win the Academy Award for Best Director The Academy Award for Best Dire ...

Alfonso Cuarón
for ''
Roma Roma or ROMA may refer to: Places Australia * Roma, Queensland, a town ** Roma Airport ** Roma Courthouse ** Electoral district of Roma Roma was an electoral district An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative ...
'' †


Oceanic nominees/winners

Seven Oceanic directors have been nominated a total of eleven times in this category, and one has won the award. * 1942 –
John Farrow John Villiers Farrow, Order of the Holy Sepulchre, KGCHS (10 February 190427 January 1963) was an Australian film director, producer and screenwriter. Spending a considerable amount of his career in the United States, in 1942 he was nominated ...

John Farrow
for ''
Wake Island Wake Island ( mh, Ānen Kio, translation=island of the Sida fallax, kio flower; also known as Wake Atoll) is a coral atoll in the western Pacific Ocean in the northeastern area of the Micronesia subregion, east of Guam, west of Honolulu, sou ...
'' † * 1983 –
Bruce Beresford Bruce Beresford (; born 16 August 1940) is an Australian film director who has made more than 30 feature films over a 50-year career. Notable films he has directed include ' (1980), ' (1983), ' (1986) and ' (1989). Biography Early life Beresfo ...
for ''
Tender Mercies ''Tender Mercies'' is a 1983 American drama (film and television), drama film directed by Bruce Beresford. The screenplay by Horton Foote focuses on Mac Sledge, a recovering alcoholism, alcoholic country music singer who seeks to turn his life aro ...
'' † * 1985 –
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
for ''
Witness In law, a witness is someone who has knowledge about a matter, whether they have sensed it or are testifying on another witnesses' behalf. In law a witness is someone who, either voluntarily or under compulsion, provides testimonial evidence, ei ...
'' † * 1989 –
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
for ''
Dead Poets Society ''Dead Poets Society'' is a 1989 American teen drama film written by Tom Schulman, directed by Peter Weir, and starring Robin Williams Robin McLaurin Williams (July 21, 1951August 11, 2014) was an American actor and comedian. Known for h ...
'' † * 1993 – for † * 1995 –
Chris Noonan Chris Noonan (born 14 November 1952) is an Australian Film director, filmmaker and actor. He is best known for the family film ''Babe (film), Babe'' (1995), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and Academy Award f ...

Chris Noonan
for ''
Babe Babe or babes may refer to: People Nickname * Babe Adams Charles Benjamin "Babe" Adams (May 18, 1882 – July 27, 1968) was an American right-handed pitcher player Noah Syndergaard pitching for the New York Mets in 2015 In baseball, the pitc ...
'' † * 1998 –
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
for ''
The Truman Show ''The Truman Show'' is a 1998 American psychological Psychology is the science of mind and behavior. Psychology includes the study of consciousness, conscious and Unconscious mind, unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought. It ...

The Truman Show
'' * 2001 –
Peter Jackson Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director A film director controls a film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences t ...

Peter Jackson
for '' The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring'' † * 2003 –
Peter Jackson Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director A film director controls a film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art used to simulate experiences t ...

Peter Jackson
for '' The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King'' ‡ * 2003 –
Peter Weir Peter Lindsay Weir, AM ( ; born 21 August 1944) is an Australian film director. He was a leading figure in the Australian New Wave The Australian New Wave (also known as the Australian Film Revival, Australian Film Renaissance, or New Australi ...
for '' Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World'' † * 2015 –
George MillerGeorge Miller may refer to: Entertainment *George Miller (comedian) (1941–2003), comedian *George Miller (filmmaker) (born 1945), Australian film director, producer and screenwriter *George T. Miller (born 1943), Australian film and television di ...
for '' Mad Max: Fury Road'' †


Female nominees/winners

Seven female directors have been nominated in the category, and one has won the award. * 1976 – for ''
Seven Beauties ''Seven Beauties'' ( it, Pasqualino Settebellezze) is a 1975 Italian language Italian (''italiano'' or ) is a Romance languages, Romance language of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European language family. Italian is, by most measures and ...
'' * 1993 – for † * 2003 – for '' Lost in Translation'' † * 2009 – for ‡ * 2017 –
Greta Gerwig Greta Celeste Gerwig (; born August 4, 1983) is an American actress and filmmaker. She first garnered attention after working on and appearing in several mumblecore films Mumblecore is a subgenre of independent filmHoberman, J. (August 14, 2007 ...
for '' Lady Bird'' † * 2020 –
Emerald Fennell Emerald Lilly Fennell (; born 1 October 1985) is an English actress, writer, director, and producer. She appeared in period drama films, such as ''Albert Nobbs'' (2011), ''Anna Karenina (2012 film), Anna Karenina'' (2012), ''The Danish Girl (fil ...
for ''
Promising Young Woman ''Promising Young Woman'' is a 2020 black comedy Black comedy, also known as black humor, dark humor, dark comedy, morbid humor, or gallows humor, is a style of comedy that makes light of subject matter that is generally considered taboo, par ...
'' §† * 2020 –
Chloé Zhao Chloé Zhao, born Zhao Ting (, born 31 March 1982), is a Chinese-born heiress and filmmaker, known primarily for her work on independent films. Zhao's debut feature film, ''Songs My Brothers Taught Me'' (2015), premiered at Sundance Film Festiva ...
for '' Nomadland'' †


Non-English language nominees/winners

Thirty directors of non-English language films have been nominated a total of thirty-five times in this category, and two have won the award. * 1961 –
Federico Fellini Federico Fellini, (; 20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter known for his distinctive style, which blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness. He is recognized as one of the greatest and most ...

Federico Fellini
for ''
La Dolce Vita ''La dolce vita'' (; Italian Italian may refer to: * Anything of, from, or related to the country and nation of Italy ** Italians, an ethnic group or simply a citizen of the Italian Republic ** Italian language, a Romance language *** Regional ...

La Dolce Vita
'', Italian * 1962 –
Pietro Germi Pietro Germi (; 14 September 1914 – 5 December 1974) was an Italian actor, screenwriter, and director. Germi was born in Genoa, Liguria, to a lower-middle-class family. He briefly attended nautical school before deciding on a career in actin ...

Pietro Germi
for ''
Divorce Italian Style ''Divorce Italian Style'' ( it, Divorzio all'italiana) is a 1961 Italian drama-comedy film A comedy film is a category of film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts a ...
'', Italian * 1963 –
Federico Fellini Federico Fellini, (; 20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter known for his distinctive style, which blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness. He is recognized as one of the greatest and most ...

Federico Fellini
for '' '', Italian * 1964 – /
Michael Cacoyannis Michael Cacoyannis ( el, Μιχάλης Κακογιάννης, ''Michalis Kakogiannis''; 11 June 1922 – 25 July 2011) was a Greek Cypriot filmmaker, best known for his 1964 film ''Zorba the Greek ''Zorba the Greek'' ( el, Βίος ...
for ''
Zorba the Greek ''Zorba the Greek'' ( el, Βίος και Πολιτεία του Αλέξη Ζορμπά, , Life and Times of Alexis Zorbas) is a novel written by the Cretan author Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1946. It is the tale of a young Greek int ...
'', Greek † * 1965 –
Hiroshi Teshigahara was a Japanese avant-garde The avant-garde (; In 'advance guard' or ' vanguard', literally 'fore-guard') are people or works that are experimental, radical, or unorthodox with respect to art, culture, or society.John Picchione, The New Avan ...
for ''
Woman in the Dunes A woman is an adult female human. The term ''woman'' may also refer to a girl (a female child or Adolescence, adolescent). The plural ''women'' is sometimes used for female humans regardless of age, as in phrases such as "women's rights." Typi ...
'', Japanese * 1966 –
Michelangelo Antonioni Michelangelo Antonioni (, ; 29 September 1912 – 30 July 2007) was an Italian film director, screenwriter, editor, and painter. He is best known for his "trilogy on modernity and its discontents" – ''L'Avventura'' (1960), ''La Notte'' ...

Michelangelo Antonioni
for ''
Blowup ''Blowup'' (sometimes styled as ''Blow-up'' or ''Blow Up'') is a 1966 mystery Mystery, The Mystery, Mysteries or The Mysteries may refer to: People * Mystery (pickup artist) Erik von Markovik (born September 24, 1971), more popularly known ...

Blowup
'', Italian * 1966 –
Claude Lelouch Claude Barruck Joseph Lelouch (; born 30 October 1937) is a French film director A film director controls a film A film, also called a movie, motion picture or moving picture, is a work of visual art The visual arts are art ...

Claude Lelouch
for ''
A Man and a Woman ''A Man and a Woman'' (french: Un homme et une femme) is a 1966 French film written and directed by Claude Lelouch and starring Anouk Aimée and Jean-Louis Trintignant. Written by Lelouch and Pierre Uytterhoeven, the film is about a young widow a ...

A Man and a Woman
'', French * 1968 –
Gillo Pontecorvo Gillo Pontecorvo (; 19 November 1919 – 12 October 2006) was an Italian filmmaker. He worked as a film director for more than a decade before his best known film '' La battaglia di Algeri'' (''The Battle of Algiers'', 1966) was released. It won th ...

Gillo Pontecorvo
for ''
The Battle of Algiers ''The Battle of Algiers'' ( it, La battaglia di Algeri; ar, معركة الجزائر, Maʿrakat al-Jazāʾir) is a 1966 Italian- Algerian historical History (from Ancient Greek, Greek , ''historia'', meaning "inquiry; knowledge acquired by in ...
'', Arabic & French * 1969 – /
Costa-Gavras Costa-Gavras (short for Konstantinos Gavras; el, Κωνσταντίνος Γαβράς; born 12 February 1933) is a Greek-French film director, screenwriter and producer who lives and works in France. He is known for films with political and so ...
for '' Z'', French † * 1970 –
Federico Fellini Federico Fellini, (; 20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter known for his distinctive style, which blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness. He is recognized as one of the greatest and most ...

Federico Fellini
for ''
Fellini Satyricon ''Fellini Satyricon'', or simply ''Satyricon'', is a 1969 Italian fantasy drama film In film and television show, television, drama is a category of narrative fiction (or docudrama, semi-fiction) intended to be more serious than humour, humo ...
'', Italian * 1972 –
Jan Troell Jan Gustaf Troell (born 23 July 1931) is a Swedish film director. Usually, Troell writes his own scripts and serves as his own director of photography A cinematographer or director of photography (sometimes shortened to DP or DOP) is the chief ...

Jan Troell
for '' The Emigrants'', Swedish † * 1973 –
Ingmar Bergman Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish film director, screenwriter, producer and playwright. Widely considered one of the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's highly regarded work ...
for ''
Cries and Whispers ''Cries and Whispers'' ( sv, Viskningar och rop, lit=Whispers and Cries) is a 1972 Swedish period drama A historical drama (also period drama, costume drama, and period piece) is a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context o ...
'', Swedish † * 1974 –
François Truffaut François Roland Truffaut ( , ; ; 6 February 1932 – 21 October 1984) was a French film director, screenwriter, producer, actor, and Film criticism, film critic. He is widely regarded as one of the founders of the French New Wave. In a career ...
for ''
Day for Night Day for night is a set of cinematic techniques used to simulate a night scene while filming in daylight. It is often employed when it is too difficult or expensive to actually shoot during nighttime. Because both film stocks and digital image sen ...
'', French * 1975 –
Federico Fellini Federico Fellini, (; 20 January 1920 – 31 October 1993) was an Italian film director and screenwriter known for his distinctive style, which blends fantasy and baroque images with earthiness. He is recognized as one of the greatest and most ...

Federico Fellini
for ''
Amarcord ''Amarcord'' () is a 1973 Italian comedy-drama film directed by Federico Fellini, a semi- autobiographical tale about Titta, an adolescent boy growing up among an eccentric cast of characters in the village of Borgo San Giuliano (situated near th ...

Amarcord
'', Italian * 1976 –
Ingmar Bergman Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish film director, screenwriter, producer and playwright. Widely considered one of the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's highly regarded work ...
for '' Face to Face'', Swedish * 1976 – for ''
Seven Beauties ''Seven Beauties'' ( it, Pasqualino Settebellezze) is a 1975 Italian language Italian (''italiano'' or ) is a Romance languages, Romance language of the Indo-European languages, Indo-European language family. Italian is, by most measures and ...
'', Italian * 1979 – Édouard Molinaro for '' La Cage aux Folles'', French * 1982 –
Wolfgang Petersen Wolfgang Petersen (born 14 March 1941) is a German film director, producer and screenwriter. He was nominated for two Academy Awards The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the fil ...

Wolfgang Petersen
for ''
Das Boot ''Das Boot'' (, English: "The Boat") is a 1981 West German war film written and directed by Wolfgang Petersen, produced by Günter Rohrbach, and starring Jürgen Prochnow, Herbert Grönemeyer, and Klaus Wennemann. It has been exhibited both as a ...
'', German * 1983 –
Ingmar Bergman Ernst Ingmar Bergman (14 July 1918 – 30 July 2007) was a Swedish film director, screenwriter, producer and playwright. Widely considered one of the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's highly regarded work ...
for ''
Fanny and Alexander ''Fanny and Alexander'' ( sv, Fanny och Alexander) is a 1982 period drama A historical drama (also period drama, costume drama, and period piece) is a work set in a past time period, usually used in the context of film and television. Histori ...
'', Swedish * 1985 –
Akira Kurosawa was a Japanese film director, screenwriter, and producer who directed 30 films in a career spanning 57 years. He is regarded as one of the most important and influential filmmakers in the history of cinema. Kurosawa entered the Japanese fil ...
for '' Ran'', Japanese * 1987 –
Lasse Hallström Lars Sven "Lasse" Hallström (; born 2 June 1946) is a Swedish film director. He first became known for directing almost all the music videos by the pop music, pop group ABBA, and subsequently became a feature film director. He was nominated for ...

Lasse Hallström
for '' My Life as a Dog'', Swedish * 1994 – for '' Three Colours: Red'', French * 1995 –
Michael Radford Michael James Radford (born 24 February 1946) is an Anglo-Indian The term Anglo-Indian can refer to at least two groups of people: those with multiracial people, mixed Indian people, Indian and British people, British ancestry and people ...
for '' Il Postino: The Postman'', Italian & Spanish † * 1998 –
Roberto Benigni Roberto Remigio Benigni (; born 27 October 1952) is an Italian actor, comedian, screenwriter and director. He gained international recognition for writing, directing and starring in the holocaust comedy-drama film '' Life Is Beautiful'' (1997), fo ...
for ''
Life Is Beautiful ''Life Is Beautiful'' ( it, La vita è bella, ) is a 1997 Italian comedy-drama Comedy-drama, or dramedy, is a genre of dramatic works that combines elements of comedy and Drama (film and television), drama. History The advent of radio drama ...
'', Italian † * 2000 –
Ang Lee Ang Lee (; born 23 October 1954) is a Taiwanese film director, producer, and screenwriter. Born in the Pingtung County Pingtung County is a County (Taiwan), county in Southern Taiwan. It has a warm tropical monsoon climate and is known for ...

Ang Lee
for ''
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon ''Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon'' () is a 2000 '' wuxia'' film directed by Ang Lee and written by Wang Hui-ling, James Schamus and Kuo Jung Tsai. The film features an international cast of actors of Chinese people, Chinese ethnicity, includi ...
'', Mandarin Chinese † * 2002 –
Pedro Almodóvar Pedro Almodóvar Caballero (; born 25 September 1949) is a Spanish filmmaker, director, screenwriter, producer, and former actor. His films are marked by his employment of certain actors including Antonio Banderas and Penelope Cruz and creative ...

Pedro Almodóvar
for ''
Talk to Her ''Talk to Her'' ( es, Hable con ella) is a 2002 Spanish drama written and directed by Pedro Almodóvar, and starring Javier Cámara, Darío Grandinetti, Leonor Watling Leonor Elizabeth Ceballos Watling (born 28 July 1975) is a Spanish film a ...
'', Spanish * 2003 –
Fernando Meirelles Fernando Ferreira Meirelles (; born 9 November 1955) is a Brazil Brazil ( pt, Brasil; ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million squa ...

Fernando Meirelles
for ''
City of GodThe term City of God may refer to the unity between the Holy Roman Empire and the Roman Catholic Church in the Middle Ages. The term may also refer to: Places *Cidade de Deus (Osasco), the Banco Bradesco headquarters in Osasco, São Paulo, Brazil *C ...
'', Portuguese * 2006 –
Clint Eastwood Clinton Eastwood Jr. (born May 31, 1930) is an American actor, film director, producer, and composer. After achieving success in the Western (genre), Western TV series ''Rawhide (TV series), Rawhide'', he rose to international fame with his ...

Clint Eastwood
for ''
Letters from Iwo Jima is a 2006 Japanese-language American war film War film is a film genre A film genre is a Genre, stylistic or thematic category for Film, motion pictures based on similarities either in the narrative , narrative elements, aesthetic app ...
'', Japanese † * 2007 –
Julian Schnabel Julian Schnabel (born October 26, 1951) is an American painter and filmmaker. In the 1980s, he received international attention for his "plate paintings" — with broken ceramic plates set onto large-scale paintings. Since the 1990s, he has been ...

Julian Schnabel
for ''
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly ''The Diving Bell and the Butterfly'' (original French title: ''Le Scaphandre et le Papillon'') is a memoir by journalist Jean-Dominique Bauby. It describes his life before and after suffering a massive stroke that left him with locked-in syndrom ...
'', French * 2012 –
Michael Haneke Michael Haneke (; born 23 March 1942) is an Austrian film director A film director controls a 's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the (or script) while guiding the and s in the fulfilment of that . The director has a key role ...
for '' Amour'', French † * 2018 –
Alfonso Cuarón Alfonso Cuarón ( , ; born 28 November 1961) is a Mexican film director, producer, screenwriter, cinematographer and editor. Cuaron is the first Mexico-born filmmaker to win the Academy Award for Best Director The Academy Award for Best Dire ...

Alfonso Cuarón
for ''
Roma Roma or ROMA may refer to: Places Australia * Roma, Queensland, a town ** Roma Airport ** Roma Courthouse ** Electoral district of Roma Roma was an electoral district An electoral district, also known as an election district, legislative ...
'', Spanish † * 2018 – Paweł Pawlikowski for ''
Cold War The Cold War was a period of geopolitical Geopolitics (from Greek#REDIRECT Greek Greek may refer to: Greece Anything of, from, or related to Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, , ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country loc ...
'', Polish * 2019 –
Bong Joon-ho Bong Joon-ho (, ; Hanja: 奉俊昊; born September 14, 1969) is a South Korean film director, producer and screenwriter. His films are characterised by the use of social themes, genre Genre () is any form or type of communication in any mode ...
for ''
Parasite Parasitism is a Symbiosis, close relationship between species, where one organism, the parasite, lives on or inside another organism, the Host (biology), host, causing it some harm, and is adaptation (biology), adapted structurally to this w ...
'', Korean ‡ * 2020 –
Lee Isaac Chung Lee Isaac Chung (born October 19, 1978) is an American film director A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay (or script) while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that ...
for '' Minari'', Korean † * 2020 –
Thomas Vinterberg Thomas Vinterberg (; born 19 May 1969) is a Danish film director who, along with Lars von Trier Lars von Trier (born Lars Trier; 30 April 1956) is a Danish film director and screenwriter with a prolific and controversial career spanning almos ...
for '' Another Round'', Danish bold — Indicates winner
§ — Directorial feature film debut
† — Film nominated for Best Picture
‡ — Film won for Best Picture


Notes


See also

* BAFTA Award for Best Direction * Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Director * Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film * Golden Globe Award for Best Director * Independent Spirit Award for Best Director


References


Bibliography

* *


External links


Oscars.org
(official Academy site)

(official site)
Oscar.com
(official ceremony promotional site) {{DEFAULTSORT:Academy Award For Best Directing Academy Awards, Directing Best Directing Academy Award winners, * Films whose director won the Best Directing Academy Award, * Awards for best director