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ABC are the first three letters of the Latin script known as the
alphabet An alphabet is a standardized set of basic written symbols A symbol is a mark, sign, or word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semanti ...

alphabet
. ABC or abc may also refer to:


Arts, entertainment, and media


Broadcasting

*
American Broadcasting Company The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American multinational commercial broadcast television network A television network or broadcaster is a telecommunications network A telecommunications network is a group of nodes intercon ...
, a commercial U.S. TV broadcaster **
Disney–ABC Television Group Walt Disney Television is an American entertainment company that oversees television content and assets owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney (), is an American diversified multi ...
, the former name of the parent organization of ABC Television Network **
ABC Audio ABC Audio is a radio syndicator, radio network and digital audio network in the United States The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country Contiguous United States, primar ...

ABC Audio
(ABC Radio from 2015 to 2019), the current radio network relaunched by Disney/ABC News since 2015 ** ABC Radio, the former name of the American radio network
Cumulus Media Networks Cumulus Media Networks was an American radio network There are two types of radio network currently in use around the world: the one-to-many (simplex communication Simplex communication is a communication channel Different types of physica ...
*
Australian Broadcasting Corporation The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's national broadcaster. It is principally funded by the direct grants from the Australian government, and is administered by a board appointed by the government of the day. The ABC ...
, one of the national publicly funded broadcasters of Australia **
ABC TV (Australian TV network) ABC TV, formerly known as The ABC National Television Service or ABC Television from 1956 until 2008, and as ABC1 from 2008 until 2014, is a national public In public relations and communication science, publics are groups of individu ...
, the flagship TV channel of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation **
ABC (TV station) ABC is the Australian Broadcasting Corporation The Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) is Australia's national broadcaster. It is principally funded by the direct grants from the Australian government, and is administered by a boa ...
, Canberra **
ABC Australia (Southeast Asian TV channel) ABC Australia is an Australia Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a Sovereign state, sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australia (continent), Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and numerous ...
, an international pay TV channel **
ABC Online ABC Online, largely indistinguishable from just the ABC ABC are the first three letters of the Latin script known as the alphabet. ABC or abc may also refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Broadcasting * American Broadcasting Comp ...
* ''ABC'' (Swedish news programme), a regional news programme * ABC Development Corporation, former name of
TV5 Network TV5 Network Inc., commonly known as TV5, is a Media of the Philippines, Filipino media company based in Mandaluyong, with its alternate studios based in Novaliches, Quezon City. It is owned by MediaQuest Holdings, an investee company of Phili ...
, Inc., a Philippine television company ** ABC 5, the former name of
TV5 (Philippines) TV5 (also known as 5 and formerly known as ABC) is a Philippine The Philippines (; fil, Pilipinas or ''Filipinas'' ), officially the Republic of the Philippines ( fil, Republika ng Pilipinas), * bik, Republika kan Filipinas * ceb, Re ...
, a Philippine free-to-air network *
ABC Radio (disambiguation)ABC Radio may refer to: * Australian Broadcasting Corporation ** ABC Local Radio, a network of local radio stations in Australia ** ABC Radio National, an Australia-wide radio network ** ABC News (Australian radio network), ABC NewsRadio, a national ...
*
Asahi Broadcasting Corporation is a certified broadcasting holding company headquartered in Osaka, Japan. Until March 31, 2018, it was a radio station, radio and television station, television broadcaster serving in the Kansai region. On April 1, 2018, took over radio broadc ...
, a Japanese commercial television and radio station *
ABC Weekend TV ABC Weekend TV was one of a number of commercial television companies established in the United Kingdom during the 1950s by cinema chain companies, in an attempt to safeguard their business by becoming involved with television, which was taking ...
, a former British television company * Associated Broadcasting Company, a former name of
Associated Television Associated Television (ATV; originally stylized as Associated TeleVision) was a British television broadcaster within the Independent Television (ITV) network. It provided a service to London London is the Capital city, capital and Li ...
, a British television company


Music


Groups

*
ABC (band) ABC are an English pop Pop or POP may refer to: Places * Gregorio Luperón International Airport (IATA code POP), Puerto Plata, Dominican Republic * Pop, a tributary of the river Jijia in eastern Romania * Poppleton railway station (station c ...
, an English new wave band * A.B.C-Z (A.B.C. till 2008), a Japanese boyband managed by Johnny's and Associates *
Acid Black Cherry Acid Black Cherry (abbreviated as ABC) is the solo project of the former lead vocalist of Janne Da Arc, Yasu. The group was formed after Janne Da Arc announced their indefinite hiatus. Information Acid Black Cherry is the solo project of Yasunori ...
, a Japanese rock band *
Alien Beat Club Alien Beat Club (often abbreviated as ABC) were a Denmark, Danish pop/R&B group, best known as second-place winners on Series 2 of ''X Factor (Denmark), The X Factor''. Its members - Kasper Spring Ehlers, Marcel Mark Gbekle, Patricia Namakula Mbaba ...
, a Danish pop band *
Another Bad Creation Another Bad Creation (sometimes called ABC for short) Overview )))]. Retrieved November 7, 2007. Demetrius and Marliss ("Red" and "Mark", respectively) Pugh, as well as Adrian "G.A." (General Austin) Witcher. They were discovered by Michael Bivins ...
, an American R&B and rap musical group


Labels

*
ABC Classics ABC Classics is the classical music Classical music is art music produced or rooted in the traditions of Western culture, including both Religious music, liturgical (Religion, religious) and secular music, secular music. Historically, the term ...
, an Australian record label *
ABC Records ABC Records was an American record label founded in New York City New York, often called New York City to distinguish it from New York State New York is a state State may refer to: Arts, entertainment, and media Literature * ''Sta ...
, an American record label


Albums

* ''ABC'' (The Jackson 5 album), a 1970 album by The Jackson 5 * ''ABC'' (Jin album), a 2007 album by Chinese-American rapper Jin * ''ABC'' (Kreidler album), a 2014 album by the band Kreidler


Other uses in music

*
ABC song (disambiguation)ABC song or similar terms may refer to: * Alphabet song, any song intended to help teach an alphabet, including "The A.B.C.", a popular alphabet song for children first copyrighted in 1835 * ABC (Anna Book song), "ABC" (Anna Book song), 1986 * ABC ( ...
, various songs with this title *
ABC notation ABC notation is a shorthand form of musical notation Music notation or musical notation is any system used to visually represent aurally perceived music Music is the of arranging s in time through the of melody, harmony, rhythm, a ...
, a musical notation language *
O2 ABC Glasgow The O2 ABC was a nightclub A nightclub (music club, discothèque, disco club, or simply ''club'') is an entertainment venue during night Night (also described as night time, night-time, or nighttime, unconventionally spelled as '' ...
, a music venue


Periodicals

* ''ABC'' (magazine), an Italian magazine published between 1960 and 1977 * ''ABC'' (newspaper), a Spanish daily newspaper founded in 1903 * ''
ABC Color ''ABC Color'' is a major Paraguayan newspaper with offices in the city of Asunción. The editorial that publishes the newspaper (Azeta) was founded August 8, 1967 by Aldo Zuccolillo. It is one of the most widely read daily newspapers in Paraguay ...

ABC Color
'', a Paraguayan newspaper founded in 1967


Other uses in arts, entertainment, and media

*
ABC Cinemas ABC Cinemas (''Associated British Cinemas'') was a movie theatre, cinema chain in the United Kingdom. Originally a wholly owned subsidiary of Associated British Picture Corporation (ABPC), it operated between the 1930s and the 1980s. The brand n ...
, a UK cinema chain *
Alphabet book An alphabet book is a book A book is a medium for recording information Information can be thought of as the resolution of uncertainty; it answers the question of "What an entity is" and thus defines both its essence and the nature of ...
, any of several children's books depicting the alphabet * ''
America's Best Comics America's Best Comics (ABC) is a comic book publishing brand. It was set up by Alan Moore in 1999 as an imprint (trade name), imprint of WildStorm Productions, WildStorm, an idea proposed to Moore by WildStorm founder Jim Lee when it was still un ...
'', an imprint of DC Comics


Places

*
ABC countries
ABC countries
, Argentina, Brazil, and Chile *
ABC Islands (Alaska) The ABC Islands is the colloquial name for the Alaska, Alaskan islands of Admiralty Island, Admiralty, Baranof Island, Baranof, and Chichagof Island, Chichagof in the northern part of the Alexander Archipelago, which are all part of the Tongass ...
, Admiralty Island, Baranof Island, and Chichagof Island *
ABC islands (Leeward Antilles) The ABC islands is the physical group of Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao, the three westernmost islands of the Leeward Antilles in the Caribbean Sea. These have a shared political history and a status of Dutch underlying ownership, since the A ...
, Aruba, Bonaire, and Curaçao *
ABC Region The term ABC Region is an industrial region in Greater São Paulo, Brazil. The name refers to three smaller cities south of São Paulo, capital of the Brazilian São Paulo (state), state of the same name. Originally, these three cities were San ...
, an industrial area outside of São Paulo, Brazil *
Albacete Airport Albacete Airport is an airport located at the Los Llanos Air Base, about south of the city of Albacete Albacete (, also , ; ar, ﭐَلبَسِيط, Al-Basīṭ) is a city and municipality in the Spanish autonomous community of Castilla– ...
, a joint civilian/military airport serving Albacete, Spain (IATA: ABC) * Altnabreac railway station, Scotland, by National Rail code * Appa Balwant Chowk, area of Pune, India, famous for its bookshops


Brands and enterprises


Companies


Financial

*
Agricultural Bank of China Agricultural Bank of China (ABC), also known as AgBank, is one of the " Big Four" bank A bank is a financial institution that accepts Deposit account, deposits from the public and creates a demand deposit while simultaneously making loans. ...
, a bank in the People's Republic of China *
Arab Banking Corporation Arab Banking Corporation (also called Bank ABC) is an international bank with headquarters in the Diplomatic Area of Manama, in Bahrain. It was incorporated as a joint stock company in 1980 through a special decree by the Amir of Bahrain. It obtain ...
, an international bank headquartered in Bahrain


Food and beverage

*
ABC (food) PT Heinz ABC Indonesia is an Indonesia Indonesia ( ), officially the Republic of Indonesia ( id, Republik Indonesia, links=yes ), is a country in Southeast Asia and Oceania between the Indian Ocean, Indian and Pacific Ocean, Pacific oceans. ...
, an Indonesian-based food division of the H. J. Heinz Company *
Aerated Bread Company The Aerated Bread Company Ltd (A.B.C.) was a company founded and headquartered in the United Kingdom. Although it is often remembered as running a large chain of tea rooms in Britain and other parts of the world, it was originally established in ...
, a once-famous British bakery and tea-room chain * Appalachian Brewing Company, an American brewery


Transport

* ABC (1906 automobile), an American car *
ABC (1920 automobile) The ABC was an English car manufactured between 1920 and 1929 by ABC Motors. It was a light car (305 kg), powered by a 1203 cc flat-twin, air-cooled engine designed by Granville Bradshaw (the man who was also responsible for the ABC Mo ...
, an English car * ABC (1922 automobile), a planned American car *
ABC motorcycles ABC motorcycles was a British motorcycle manufacturer established in 1914 by Ronald Charteris in London. Several British motorcycle firms started up with the name "ABC", including Sopwith Aviation Company, Sopwith. The All British Engine Company ...
, a British motorcycle manufacturer *
ABC Motors ABC Motors Limited (All British (Engine) Company) of Hersham, Surrey Surrey () is a county in South East England which borders Kent to the east, East Sussex to the southeast, West Sussex to the south, Hampshire to the west, Berkshire to the ...
, an English manufacturer of aircraft, aero engines and cars *
ABC Rail Guide The ''ABC Rail Guide'', first published in 1853 as ''The ABC or Alphabetical Railway Guide'', was a monthly railway timetable guide to the United Kingdom that was organised on an alphabetical basis that made it easier to use than its competitor ...
, British railway guide published between 1853 and 2007


Other companies

*
ABC Learning ABC Learning was an Australian company that was once the world's largest provider of early childhood education services. It was listed on the Australian Securities Exchange with its market capitalisation reaching A$2.5 billion in March 2006. T ...
Centres, a former Australian childcare business *
ABC Stores (Hawaii) Image:ABC Store Guam.jpg, An ABC Store in Tamuning, Guam ABC Stores is a chain of convenience stores based in Honolulu owned by MNS Ltd. The chain operates 73 stores, 57 of which are located in the state of Hawaii, with the remaining locations in ...
, a chain of convenience stores in Hawaii * Aircraft Builders Council, a provider of aviation products liability insurance * Anglo Belgian Corporation, a diesel engine manufacturer *
Audit Bureau of Circulations (disambiguation) International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations The International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC) is an organisation founded in 1963 in Stockholm Stockholm (; ) is the capital Capital most commonly refers t ...
, publication circulation auditing companies **
Audit Bureau of Circulations (India) The Audit Bureau of Circulations (ABC) of India is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collecti ...
, a non-profit circulation-auditing organisation **
Audit Bureau of Circulations (North America) International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations The International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations Logo The International Federation of Audit Bureaux of Circulations (IFABC) is an organisation founded in 1963 in Stockholm ...
**
Audit Bureau of Circulations (UK) The Audit Bureau of Circulations (UK) (ABC) is a non-profit organisation owned and developed by the media industry. ABC delivers industry-agreed standards for media brand measurement of print publications, digital channels and events. The comp ...


Mathematics

* ''abc'' conjecture, a concept in number theory * ABC formula *
Approximate Bayesian computation Approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) constitutes a class of Computational science, computational methods rooted in Bayesian statistics that can be used to estimate the posterior distributions of model parameters. In all model-based statistica ...
, a family of statistical techniques


Organizations


Political organizations and unions

*
ABC (Cuba) The ABC was a Cuban political organization founded in 1931 in opposition to the government of Gerardo Machado. It used a Clandestine cell system, hierarchy of clandestine cells, in which each member would oversee a cell on the next level. The first ...
, Cuban political organization 1931–1952, named after the system for labeling its clandestine cells *
All Basotho Convention The All Basotho Convention (ABC) is a political party A political party is an organization that coordinates candidates to compete in a country's elections. It is common for the members of a political party to have similar ideas about politic ...
, a political party in Lesotho * Alliance for Barangay Concerns, a political party in the Philippines * American Bakery and Confectionery Workers International Union, a predecessor to the contemporary
Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union The Bakery, Confectionery, Tobacco Workers and Grain Millers' International Union (BCTGM) is a trade union, labor union in the United States and Canada primarily representing workers in the food processing industry. The union was established in 188 ...
* Americans Battling Communism, founded 1947 *
Anarchist Black Cross The Anarchist Black Cross (ABC), formerly the Anarchist Red Cross, is an anarchist Anarchism is a political philosophy and Political movement, movement that is sceptical of authority and rejects all involuntary, coercive forms of hierarchy ...
, a political organization *
Anything But Conservative Anything But Conservative (french: À bas les conservateurs or ''N'importe quoi d'autre que conservateur''), also known as the ABC campaign and Vote ABC, is a political campaign A political campaign is an organized effort which seeks to i ...
, a 2008 Canadian political campaign * Association of Barangay Captains, an organization of all the barangays (villages) in the Philippines now known as the
League of Barangays in the Philippines The ''Liga ng mga Barangay sa Pilipinas'' (League of Barangays in the Philippines) and the ''Asosasyon ng mga Kapitan ng Barangay (Association of Barangay Captains)'' or ''ABC'' are formal organizations of all the ''barangay A barangay (; a ...
*
Association of British Counties The Association of British Counties (ABC) is a non-party-political society formed in 1989 by television personality Russell Grant Russell John Dammerall Grant (born 5 February 1951) is a British astrologer and media personality. He has writt ...
, of historic counties


Religious organizations

*
American Baptist Convention The American Baptist Churches USA (ABCUSA) is a mainline Baptist Baptists form a major branch of Protestant Protestantism is a form of Christianity that originated with the 16th-century Reformation, a movement against what its followers p ...
, former name of American Baptist Churches USA * Association of Baptist Churches in Ireland, in Ireland and the United Kingdom


Sports organizations

*
ABC Futebol Clube ABC Futebol Clube, or ABC, as they are usually called, is a Brazilian Football League Teams, Brazilian football team from Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Natal in Rio Grande do Norte. Founded on June 29, 1915. ABC is the Brazilian club that has won ...
, a football (soccer) club based in Natal, Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil * American Bowling Congress, which merged in 2005 with other bowling organizations to form the
United States Bowling Congress The United States Bowling Congress (USBC) is a sports membership organization dedicated to ten-pin bowling in the United States of America, United States. It was formed in 2005 by a merger of the American Bowling Congress—the original codifier o ...
(USBC) *
Association of Boxing Commissions The Association of Boxing Commissions (ABC) is a North American North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. It can also be described as the northern subcontinent of th ...
, a North American not-for-profit professional boxing and mixed martial arts (MMA) organization *
Indianapolis ABCs The Indianapolis ABCs were a Negro league baseball The Negro leagues were United States professional baseball Baseball is a bat-and-ball games, bat-and-ball game played between two opposing teams who take turns batting (baseball), bat ...
, a 1900s Negro league baseball team


Other organizations

* Academia Británica Cuscatleca, a school in Santa Tecla, El Salvador * Afrikan Black Coalition, a University of California student organization *
American Bird Conservancy The American Bird Conservancy (ABC) is a non-profit A nonprofit organization (NPO), also known as a non-business entity, not-for-profit organization, or nonprofit institution, is a legal entity organized and operated for a collective, public or ...
, a non-profit membership organization * Association of Black Cardiologists, a North American non-profit * Australian Bird Count, a project of the Royal Australasian Ornithologists Union * Virginia Department of Alcoholic Beverage Control, Virginia, US


Science and technology


Biology and medicine

*
ABC (medicine) ABC and its variations are initialism An acronym is a word In linguistics, a word of a spoken language can be defined as the smallest sequence of phonemes that can be uttered in isolation with semantic, objective or pragmatics, practical me ...
, a mnemonic for "Airway, Breathing, Circulation" *
Abacavir Abacavir, sold under the brand name Ziagen, is a medication A medication (also called medicament, medicine, pharmaceutical drug, medicinal drug or simply drug) is a drug used to medical diagnosis, diagnose, cure, therapy, treat, or prev ...

Abacavir
, an antiretroviral drug used to treat HIV/AIDS *
ABC model of flower development The ABC model of flower development is a scientific model Scientific modelling is a scientific activity, the aim of which is to make a particular part or feature of the world easier to understand, define, quantify, visualize, or simulate ...
, a genetic model *
Abortion–breast cancer hypothesis The abortion–breast cancer hypothesis posits that having an induced abortion Abortion is the ending of a pregnancy Pregnancy, also known as gestation, is the time during which one or more offspring develops inside a woman. A multip ...
, a posited connection between breast cancer and abortion * Alien big cat, large feline outside its indigenous range *
Aneurysmal bone cyst Aneurysmal bone cyst, abbreviated ABC, is an osteolytic bone A bone is a Stiffness, rigid tissue (anatomy), tissue that constitutes part of the vertebrate skeleton in animals. Bones protect the various organs of the body, produce red blood cel ...
, a kind of lesion *
ATP-binding cassette transporter The ATP ATP may refer to: Companies and organizations * Association of Tennis Professionals * American Technical Publishers * ', a Danish pension * Armenia Tree Project * Association for Transpersonal Psychology * ATP architects engineers of ...
, a transmembrane protein


Computing


Hardware

* ABC, a line of computers by
Dataindustrier AB Dataindustrier AB (literal translation: computer industries shareholding company) or DIAB was a Sweden, Swedish computer engineering and manufacturing firm, founded in 1970 by Lars Karlsson and active in the 1970s through 1990s. The company's firs ...
*
Acorn Business Computer The Acorn Business Computer (ABC) was a series of microcomputer A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer A computer is a machine that can be programmed to carry out sequences of arithmetic or logical operations automati ...
, a series of microcomputers announced at the end of 1983 by the British company Acorn Computers *
Atanasoff–Berry computer The Atanasoff–Berry computer (ABC) was the first automatic electronic digital computer. Limited by the technology of the day, and execution, the device has remained somewhat obscure. The ABC's priority is debated among historians of computer tech ...
, an early electronic digital computer


Other uses in computing

* ABC (computer virus), a memory-resident, file-infecting computer virus *
ABC (programming language) ABC is an imperative general-purpose programming language A programming language is a formal language comprising a Instruction set architecture, set of instructions that produce various kinds of Input/output, output. Programming languages are ...
, a programming language and environment * ABC (stream cipher), a stream cipher algorithm * .abc, ActionScript Byte Code files; see
comparison of application virtual machines Application virtualization software refers to both application virtual machines and software responsible for implementing them. Application virtual machines are typically used to allow application bytecode to run portably on many different computer ...
*.abc, or Alembic (computer graphics) file format * Abstract base class, a programming language concept * Artificial bee colony algorithm, a search algorithm


Economics

*ABC analysis, an inventory categorization technique *Activity-based costing, an accounting method *Assignment for the benefit of creditors, a concept in bankruptcy law


Psychology

*ABC data collection, a descriptive functional behavior assessment method in applied behavior analysis * Affective-behavioral-cognitive (ABC) model, an Attitude (psychology)#Attitude component model, attitude component model


Transportation

* Active Body Control, a type of automobile suspension technology * Automatic Buffer Couplers, a type of railway couplers


Other uses in science and technology

* ABC dry chemical, a fire extinguishing agent * ABC weapon, a weapon of mass destruction * Accelerated bridge construction, a technique for building bridges * Aerial bundled cable, for power lines * Airborne Cigar, a British military electronic countermeasure system used during World War II (WWII) to jam Luftwaffe night fighter communications * Atomic, biological, and chemical defense, now rendered as chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear defense


Other uses

* Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope (1883–1963), nicknamed ABC, British WWII admiral * ABC strategy, for "Abstinence, be faithful, use a condom", a sex-education strategy * American-born Chinese, people of Chinese ethnicity born in the United States * Australian-born Chinese, people of Chinese ethnicity born in Australia * Advance Booking Charter, a type of air travel * Air batu campur, also known as ''ais kacang'', a Malaysian dessert * Architectural, building and construction, an industry; for example see Industry Foundation Classes


See also

* .abc (disambiguation) * Alcoholic Beverage Control (disambiguation) {{Disambiguation