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Year 972 ( CMLXXII) was a
leap year starting on Monday A leap year starting on Monday is any year with 366 days (i.e. it includes 29 February) that begins on Monday, 1 January, and ends on Leap year starting on Tuesday, Tuesday, 31 December. Its dominical letters hence are GF. The most recent year of su ...
(link will display the full calendar) of the
Julian calendar The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar Gaius Julius Caesar (; 12 July 100 BC – 15 March 44 BC) was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century B ...
.


Events


By place


Byzantine Empire

* Spring – Emperor
John I Tzimiskes John I Tzimiskes (; – 10 January 976) was the senior Byzantine Emperor This is a list of the Byzantine emperors from the foundation of Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier ...
divides the
Bulgaria Bulgaria (; bg, България, Bǎlgariya), officially the Republic of Bulgaria ( bg, Република България, links=no, Republika Bǎlgariya, ), is a country in Southeast Europe. It is bordered by Romania to the north, Serbia ...

Bulgaria
n territories, recently held by the
Kievan Rus' Kievan Rus' ( orv, , Rusĭ, or , , "Rus' land") or Kyivan Rus', was a loose federation A federation (also known as a federal state) is a political entity A polity is an identifiable political entity—any group of people who have a ...
, into six new
themes Theme or themes may refer to: * Theme (arts), the unifying subject or idea of the type of visual work * Theme (Byzantine district), an administrative district in the Byzantine Empire governed by a Strategos * Theme (computing), a custom graphical a ...
. He turns his attention to the East against the
Abbasid Caliphate The Abbasid Caliphate ( or ar, اَلْخِلَافَةُ ٱلْعَبَّاسِيَّةُ, ') was the third caliphate A caliphate ( ar, خِلَافَة, ) is an Islamic state under the leadership of an Islamic steward with the tit ...

Abbasid Caliphate
and its
vassal A vassal or liege subject is a person regarded as having a mutual obligation to a lord Lord is an appellation for a person or deity who has authority, control, or power (social and political), power over others, acting as a master, a chief ...
s, beginning with an invasion of
Upper Mesopotamia Upper Mesopotamia is the name used for the Upland and lowland, uplands and great outwash plain of northwestern Iraq, northeastern Syria and southeastern Turkey, in the northern Middle East. Since the early Muslim conquests of the mid-7th century, ...
. John transfers Byzantine troops to
Macedonia Macedonia most commonly refers to: * North Macedonia North Macedonia, ; sq, Maqedonia e Veriut, (Macedonia until February 2019), officially the Republic of North Macedonia,, is a country in Southeast Europe. It gained independence in ...
and the region of Philippopolis in
Thrace Thrace (; el, Θράκη, Thráki; bg, Тракия, Trakiya; tr, Trakya) or Thrake is a geographical and historical region in Southeast Europe, now split among Bulgaria, Greece, and Turkey, which is bounded by the Balkan Mountains to th ...
to dilute the
Slavs Slavs are an ethno-linguistic group of people who speak the various Slavic languages of the larger Balto-Slavic language, Balto-Slavic linguistic group of the Indo-European languages. They are native to Eurasia, stretching from Central Europe, ...

Slavs
. * John I removes various Bulgarian
boyar A boyar or bolyar was a member of the highest rank of the feudal Feudalism, also known as the feudal system, was a combination of the legal, economic, military, and cultural customs that flourished in Medieval Europe between the 9th and 15th ...
s from their homes and settle them in
Constantinople la, Constantinopolis ota, قسطنطينيه , alternate_name = Byzantion (earlier Greek name), Nova Roma ("New Rome"), Miklagard/Miklagarth (Old Norse Old Norse, Old Nordic, or Old Scandinavian is a stage of development of North Germa ...

Constantinople
and
Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia and the westernmost protrusion of the Asian continent. It makes up the majority of modern-day Turkey. The region ...
(modern
Turkey Turkey ( tr, Türkiye ), officially the Republic of Turkey, is a country located mainly on Anatolia Anatolia,, tr, Anadolu Yarımadası), and the Anatolian plateau. also known as Asia Minor, is a large peninsula in Western Asia an ...

Turkey
), where they are given high titles and lands. *
John I John I may refer to: People * John I (bishop of Jerusalem)John I of Jerusalem was the seventh Greek Orthodox Patriarch of Jerusalem, Bishop of Jerusalem. He was, according to Eusebius, a Jewish Christian born to Jewish parents who kept the Law of ...
grants a charter for the Monastic Republic of Holy
Mount Athos Mount Athos (; el, Ἄθως, ) is a mountain and peninsula A peninsula ( la, paeninsula from 'almost' and 'island') is a landform A landform is a natural or artificial feature of the solid surface of the Earth or other planetary bod ...

Mount Athos
, in
Greece Greece ( el, Ελλάδα, Elláda, ), officially the Hellenic Republic, is a country located in Southeastern Europe Southeast Europe or Southeastern Europe () is a geographical subregion A subregion is a part of a larger region In geogr ...

Greece
.


Europe

* Spring – Grand Prince
Sviatoslav I Sviatoslav I Igorevich ( orv, Ст҃ославъ / Свѧтославъ Игорєвичь, Svętoslavŭ Igorevičǐ; uk, Святослав Ігорович, Sviatoslav Ihorovych; 943 – 26 March 972), also spelled Svyatoslav, was a Grand P ...
is
ambush An ambush is a long-established military tactic Military tactics encompasses the art of organizing and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield A battlefield, battleground, or field of battle is the location of a present or ...

ambush
ed by the
Pechenegs The Pechenegs or Patzinaks were a from speaking the which belonged to the branch of the . Ethnonym The Pechenegs were mentioned as ''Bjnak'', ''Bjanak'' or ''Bajanak'' in medieval and texts, as ''Be-ča-nag'' in documents, and as '' ...
(possibly in the service of the Byzantines) and killed during his attempt to cross the
Dnieper rapids The Dnieper Rapids ( uk, Дніпрові пороги, ) are the historical rapids on the Dnieper river composed of outcrops of granites, gneisses and other types of bedrock of the Ukrainian Shield. The rapids began below the present-day city of ...
(modern
Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also shares borders with to the north; , , and to the west; and to the south; and has a coastli ...

Ukraine
). His skull is made into a . Sviatoslav is succeeded by his eldest son as ruler of
Kiev Kyiv ( uk, Київ) or Kiev . is the capital and most populous city of Ukraine Ukraine ( uk, Україна, Ukraïna, ) is a country in . It is the in Europe after , which it borders to the east and north-east. Ukraine also share ...

Kiev
, which leads to a civil war between his brother
Oleg Oleg (russian: Олег), Oleh ( uk, Олег), or Aleh Aleh is a transliteration from Belarusian Belarusian may refer to: * Something of, or related to Belarus * Belarusians, people from Belarus, or of Belarusian descent * A citizen of Belarus, ...
. *
April 14 Events *43 BC __NOTOC__ Year 43 BC was either a common year starting on Sunday A common year starting on Sunday is any non-leap year A leap year (also known as an intercalary year or wikt:bissextile, bissextile year) is a calendar year tha ...
Otto II Otto II (955 – 7 December 983), called the Red (''der. Rote''), was Holy Roman Emperor The Holy Roman Emperor, originally and officially the Emperor of the Romans ( la, Imperator The Latin word "imperator" derives from the stem of the ...

Otto II
(the Red), joint-ruler and son of
Otto I Otto I (23 November 912 – 7 May 973), traditionally known as Otto the Great (german: Otto der Große, it, Ottone il Grande), was East Francian king from 936 and Holy Roman Emperor from 962 until his death in 973. He was the oldest son of Henr ...

Otto I
(the Great), marries the Byzantine princess
Theophanu Theophanu (; also ''Theophania'', ''Theophana'', or ''Theophano''; Medieval Greek Medieval Greek (also known as Middle Greek or Byzantine Greek) is the stage of the Greek language Greek ( el, label=Modern Greek Modern Greek (, , ...

Theophanu
(niece or granddaughter of John I). She is crowned empress by Pope at
Rome , established_title = Founded , established_date = 753 BC , founder = King Romulus , image_map = Map of comune of Rome (metropolitan city of Capital Rome, region Lazio, Italy).svg , map_caption = The te ...

Rome
. Creating an
alliance An alliance is a relationship among people A people is any plurality of person A person (plural people or persons) is a being that has certain capacities or attributes such as reason Reason is the capacity of consciously applying ...

alliance
between the
Ottonian Dynasty The Ottonian dynasty (german: Ottonen) was a Saxon The Saxons ( la, Saxones, german: Sachsen, ang, Seaxan, osx, Sahson, nds, Sassen, nl, Saksen) were a group of early Germanic Germanic may refer to: * Germanic peoples, an ethno-linguist ...
and the Byzantine Empire (called the Marriage Charter of Empress Theophanu, Tzimiscian Peace). * June 24 – Battle of Cedynia: The Polans (western), Polans under prince (or Duke) Mieszko I of Poland, Mieszko I, defeat at their stronghold in Cedynia (with the help of hidden reinforcements) the German forces of the Duchy of Saxony, Saxon count Odo I, Margrave of the Saxon Ostmark, Odo I. The battle – one of the first in History of Poland, Polish history – strengthen Mieszko's hold over Western Pomerania.


Africa

* Buluggin ibn Ziri is appointed viceroy in Ifriqiya (modern Tunisia) and becomes the first ruler (emir) of the Zirid dynasty, Zirid Dynasty.


By topic


Religion

* September 6 – John XIII dies at Rome after a 6-year reign. He is succeeded by Pope Benedict VI, Benedict VI as the 134th pope of the Catholic Church. * The monastery at the site of Peterborough Cathedral is rebuilt by Dunstan, archbishop of Diocese of Canterbury, Canterbury.


Births

* January 16 – Emperor Shengzong of Liao, Sheng Zong, emperor of the Liao dynasty, Liao Dynasty (d. 1031) * March 27 – Robert II of France, Robert II (the Pious), king of France in the Middle Ages, France (d. 1031) *Abdussamed Babek, Kurdish ulama, author and poet (d. 1019/1020) * Al-Mawardi, Abbasid Faqīh, jurist and diplomat (d. 1058) * Ermesinde of Carcassonne, Ermesinde, countess and regent of County of Barcelona, Barcelona (d. 1058) * Fujiwara no Seishi, Japanese empress consort (d. 1025) * Fujiwara no Yukinari, Japanese Calligraphy, calligrapher (d. 1027) * Pope Gregory V, Gregory V, pope of the Catholic Church (d. AD 999, 999) * Ramon Borrell, Count of Barcelona, Ramon Borrell, count of Barcelona (d. 1017)


Deaths

* September 6 –
John XIII
John XIII
, pope of the Catholic Church * December 18 (or 973) – Eberhard IV of Nordgau, Eberhard IV, Frankish Nobility, nobleman (or 973) * Ælfwold I (bishop of Crediton), Ælfwold I (or Ælfweald), bishop of Diocese of Exeter, Crediton * Arnulf II, Count of Boulogne, Arnulf II, count of County of Boulogne, Boulogne (approximate date) * Boleslaus I, Duke of Bohemia, Boleslaus I (the Cruel), duke of Duchy of Bohemia, Bohemia (or 967) * Feng Yanlu, Chinese official (approximate date) * Fujiwara no Koretada, Japanese statesman (b. 924) * Khottiga Amoghavarsha, ruler of the Rashtrakuta dynasty, Rashtrakuta Empire * Kūya, Japanese priest of Pure land, Pure Land Buddhism (b. 903) * Liutprand of Cremona, Liutprand, Lombard bishop and historian *
Sviatoslav I Sviatoslav I Igorevich ( orv, Ст҃ославъ / Свѧтославъ Игорєвичь, Svętoslavŭ Igorevičǐ; uk, Святослав Ігорович, Sviatoslav Ihorovych; 943 – 26 March 972), also spelled Svyatoslav, was a Grand P ...
(Igorevich), Grand Prince of Kiev


References

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